Abstract

The worldwide first all-fiber THz time-domain spectrometer for operation at 1.5 µm is presented. Applications up to 3 THz are demonstrated. Key devices are photoconductive antennas based on novel LT InGaAs/InAlAs multi-layer structures.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. S. Gupta, J. F. Whitaker, and G. A. Mourou, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in III-V semiconductors grown by molecular-beam epitaxy at very low substrate temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2464 (1992)
    [Crossref]
  2. D. Mittleman, ed., “Terahertz Imaging,” in Sensing with Terahertz Radiation, ISBN 3-540-43110-1 (Springer Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, New York, 2003), pp. 117–153.
  3. I. Duling and D. Zimdars, “Compact TD-THz systems offer flexible, turnkey imaging solutions,” Laser Focus World, April 2007
  4. M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs THz emitters for 1.56 µm wavelength excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051104 (2005)
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors triggered by 1.56 µm femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 163504 (2005)
    [Crossref]
  6. N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
    [Crossref]
  7. H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, R. Gibis, and G. Urmann, “Material properties of In0.53Ga0.47As on InP by low-Temperature Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1347 (1992)
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

2005 (3)

M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs THz emitters for 1.56 µm wavelength excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051104 (2005)
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors triggered by 1.56 µm femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 163504 (2005)
[Crossref]

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, R. Gibis, and G. Urmann, “Material properties of In0.53Ga0.47As on InP by low-Temperature Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1347 (1992)
[Crossref]

B. S. Gupta, J. F. Whitaker, and G. A. Mourou, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in III-V semiconductors grown by molecular-beam epitaxy at very low substrate temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2464 (1992)
[Crossref]

Bernas, H.

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

Biermann, K.

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Blary, K.

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

Böttcher, J.

H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, R. Gibis, and G. Urmann, “Material properties of In0.53Ga0.47As on InP by low-Temperature Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1347 (1992)
[Crossref]

Chimot, N.

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

Crozat, P.

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

Duling, I.

I. Duling and D. Zimdars, “Compact TD-THz systems offer flexible, turnkey imaging solutions,” Laser Focus World, April 2007

Gibis, R.

H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, R. Gibis, and G. Urmann, “Material properties of In0.53Ga0.47As on InP by low-Temperature Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1347 (1992)
[Crossref]

Gupta, B. S.

B. S. Gupta, J. F. Whitaker, and G. A. Mourou, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in III-V semiconductors grown by molecular-beam epitaxy at very low substrate temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2464 (1992)
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Joulaud, L.

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Kozma, I. Z.

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Künzel, H.

H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, R. Gibis, and G. Urmann, “Material properties of In0.53Ga0.47As on InP by low-Temperature Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1347 (1992)
[Crossref]

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Lampin, J. F.

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

Mangeney, J.

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

Mei, M.

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Mikulics, M.

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Mourou, G. A.

B. S. Gupta, J. F. Whitaker, and G. A. Mourou, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in III-V semiconductors grown by molecular-beam epitaxy at very low substrate temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2464 (1992)
[Crossref]

Sartorius, B.

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs THz emitters for 1.56 µm wavelength excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051104 (2005)
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors triggered by 1.56 µm femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 163504 (2005)
[Crossref]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors triggered by 1.56 µm femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 163504 (2005)
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs THz emitters for 1.56 µm wavelength excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051104 (2005)
[Crossref]

Urmann, G.

H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, R. Gibis, and G. Urmann, “Material properties of In0.53Ga0.47As on InP by low-Temperature Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1347 (1992)
[Crossref]

Whitaker, J. F.

B. S. Gupta, J. F. Whitaker, and G. A. Mourou, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in III-V semiconductors grown by molecular-beam epitaxy at very low substrate temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2464 (1992)
[Crossref]

Wilk, R.

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

Zimdars, D.

I. Duling and D. Zimdars, “Compact TD-THz systems offer flexible, turnkey imaging solutions,” Laser Focus World, April 2007

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs THz emitters for 1.56 µm wavelength excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051104 (2005)
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki and M. Tonouchi, “Fe-implanted InGaAs photoconductive terahertz detectors triggered by 1.56 µm femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 163504 (2005)
[Crossref]

N. Chimot, J. Mangeney, L. Joulaud, P. Crozat, H. Bernas, K. Blary, and J. F. Lampin, “Terahertz radiation from heavy-ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As photoconductive antenna excited at 1.55 µm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193510 (2005)
[Crossref]

H. Künzel, J. Böttcher, R. Gibis, and G. Urmann, “Material properties of In0.53Ga0.47As on InP by low-Temperature Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1347 (1992)
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. S. Gupta, J. F. Whitaker, and G. A. Mourou, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in III-V semiconductors grown by molecular-beam epitaxy at very low substrate temperatures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2464 (1992)
[Crossref]

Other (3)

D. Mittleman, ed., “Terahertz Imaging,” in Sensing with Terahertz Radiation, ISBN 3-540-43110-1 (Springer Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, New York, 2003), pp. 117–153.

I. Duling and D. Zimdars, “Compact TD-THz systems offer flexible, turnkey imaging solutions,” Laser Focus World, April 2007

R. Wilk, M. Mikulics, K. Biermann, H. Künzel, I. Z. Kozma, R. Holzwarth, B. Sartorius, M. Mei, and M. Koch, “THz time-domain spectrometer based on LT-InGaAs photoconductive antennas exited by a 1.55 µm fibre laser,” paper CThR2 on Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, May 6–11, 2007

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of fiber based optical THz system

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Carrier concentration of LT InGaAs

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Be doping and carrier concentration

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). embedded photoconductor; (b). electron trapping; (c). multilayer structure

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Resistivity of differently processed InGaAs

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Emitter module

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Scheme of spectrometer system

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Autocorrelator trace after 10 m SMF, at the antenna position

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(a). Pulse trace under nitrogen purging; (b). Fourier spectrum, extending up to 3 THz

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

(a). Pulse and FFT without nitrogen purging; (b). associated absorption spectrum

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

THz through box

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