Abstract

We present an all-polarization-maintaining Er-doped ultrashortpulse fiber laser using a single-wall carbon nanotube polyimide nanocomposite saturable absorber. The maximum average power for single-pulse operation is 4.8 mW, and the repetition frequency is 41.3 MHz. Self-start and stable mode-locking operation is achieved. The RF amplitude noise is also examined and it is confirmed that the noise figure is as low as that of a solid-state laser. Using a polarization-maintaining anomalous dispersive fiber, a 314 fs output pulse is compressed to 107 fs via higher-order soliton compression. The peak power of the compressed pulse is up to 1.1 kW.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. E. Fermann, "Ultrafast fiber oscillators," in Ultrafast Lasers, M. E. Fermann, ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003), Chap. 3.
  2. I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=CLEO-2005-CThG1.
  3. C. K. Nielsen, B. Ortac, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, R. Hohmuth, W. Richter, and A. Tunnermann, "Self-starting self-similar all-polarization maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser," Opt. Express 13, 9346-9351 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. W. Nicholson and M. Andrejco, "A polarization maintaining, dispersion managed, femtosecond figure-eight fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 8160-8167 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Y. Set, H. Yamaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, "Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.
  6. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates and fibers and their application to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Nakazawa, S. Nakahara, T. Hirooka, M. Yoshida, T. Kaino, and K. Komatsu, "Polymer saturable absorber materials in the 1.5 um band using poly-methyl-methacrylate and polystyrene with single-wall carbon nanotubes and their application to a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 915-917 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, "Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 148-150 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. W. Nicholson, R. S. Windeler, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Optically driven deposition of single-wall carbon-nanotube saturable absorbers on optical fiber end-faces," Opt. Express 15, 9176-9183 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, "Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite," Opt. Lett. 32, 2242-2244 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, "Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Sakakibara, K. Kintaka, A. G. Rozhin, T. Itatani, W. M. Soe, H. Itatani, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, "Optically uniform carbon nanotube-polyimide nanocomposite: application to 165 fs mode-locked fiber laser and waveguide," Proceedings of ECOC???05, 1, 37 (2005).
  14. S. Bourquin, A. D. Aguirre, I. Hartl, P. Hsiung, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, U. Bunting, and D. Kopf, "Ultrahigh resolution real time OCT imaging using a compact femtosecond Nd:Glass laser and nonlinear fiber," Opt. Express 11, 3290-3297 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymber-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic Press, 2007).

2008 (1)

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, "Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

Achiba, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aguirre, A. D.

Andrejco, M.

Birks, T. A.

Bourquin, S.

Bunting, U.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Goh, C. S.

Hartl, I.

Hirooka, T.

Hohmuth, R.

Hsiung, P.

Inoue, Y.

Itoga, E.

Jablonski, M.

Kaino, T.

Kataura, H.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymber-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazaoui, S.

Kieu, K.

Ko, T. H.

Komatsu, K.

Kopf, D.

Limpert, J.

Mansuripur, M.

Maruyama, S.

Minami, N.

Minoshima, K.

Miyashita, K.

Murakami, Y.

Nakahara, S.

Nakazawa, M.

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nielsen, C. K.

Ortac, B.

Richter, W.

Rozhin, A. G.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymber-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schibli, T. R.

Schreiber, T.

Set, S. Y.

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, "Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, "Carbon nanotube mode lockers with enhanced nonlinearity via evanescent field interaction in D-shaped fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 148-150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, "Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymber-embedded carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 13, 8025-8031 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tunnermann, A.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Windeler, R. S.

Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yoshida, M.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, "Sub-200-fs pulsed erbium-doped fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-polyvinylalcohol mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, "Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (5)

M. E. Fermann, "Ultrafast fiber oscillators," in Ultrafast Lasers, M. E. Fermann, ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003), Chap. 3.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=CLEO-2005-CThG1.

Y. Sakakibara, K. Kintaka, A. G. Rozhin, T. Itatani, W. M. Soe, H. Itatani, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, "Optically uniform carbon nanotube-polyimide nanocomposite: application to 165 fs mode-locked fiber laser and waveguide," Proceedings of ECOC???05, 1, 37 (2005).

S. Y. Set, H. Yamaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, and K. Kikuchi, "Mode-locked fiber lasers based on a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD44.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic Press, 2007).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Configuration of all-polarization-maintaining (PM) passively mode-locked Er-doped ultrashort-pulse fiber laser using SWNT–polyimide film. WDM, wavelength division multiplexed coupler; EDF, Er-doped fiber. Inset shows the fiber connector with the SWNT–polyimide film.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption spectrum of SWNT-polyimide film. This absorption is almost due to the semiconductor SWNT.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Power and performance of the laser as a function of pump power. (I) Q-switching, (II) single-pulse oscillation, and (III) multiple-pulse oscillation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Characteristics of output pulse from fiber laser when output power was 4.5 mW, showing optical spectra on (a) linear and (b) log scale, (c) pulse train, and (d) autocorrelation trace.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Observed RF noise of our all-PM SWNT fiber laser.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a). Variation of temporal width of compressed pulse as a function of fiber length, and (b) observed autocorrelation traces of output pulse from fiber laser and achieved shortest pulse after compression.

Metrics