Abstract

We have demonstrated wavelength beam combining of a 1450-nm diode laser array with a novel smile compensation method. We have achieved 20-W cw from a 25-element single bar with an M2 of 1.9 (fast axis)×10 (wavelength-beam-combined dimension).

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. D. Mayor and S. M. Spuler, "Raman-shifted eye-safe aerosol lidar," Appl. Opt. 43, 3915-3924 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, "Efficient Er:YAG laser operating at 1645 and 1617 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182-186 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Mahdi and S-J Sheih, "Low-noise 1480-nm pumped L-band erbium-doped fibre amplifiers incorporating a bypass isolator," Opt. Commun. 237, 295-299 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. Richardson, and J. Nillson, " Highly Efficient High-Power Erbium-Ytterbium Co-Doped Large Core Fiber Laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB33.
  5. M. S. Webb, P. F. Moulton, J. J. Kasinski, R. L. Burnham, G. Loiacono, and R. Stolzenberger, "High-average-power KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 23, 1161-1163 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. A. Kurnit, D. E. Watkins, and G. W. York, "High-repetition-rate Raman amplification of 16-?m radiation," Proc. SPIE 380, 173-180 (1983).
  7. T.Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power high-radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Chann, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, B. L. Volodin, and V. S. Ban, "Efficient, high-brightness wavelength-beam-combined commercial off-the-shelf diode stacks achieved by use of a wavelength-chirped volume Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 1253-1255 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. Chann, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, M. Kanskar, and V. Zhao, "High-brightness, high-power, wavelength-beam-combined (WBC) diode arrays and stacks," IEEE/LEOS Semiconductor Las. Workshop (2007).
  10. R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. F. Monjardin, K. M. Nowak, H. J. Baker, and D. R. Hall, "Correction of beam errors in high power laser diode bars and stacks," Opt. Express 14, 8178 -8183 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhol, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, "High power laser source with spectrally beam combined diode laser bars," in Proceedings of High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications II, M. S. Zediker, ed. (SPIE, Bellavue, WA 2004), pp. 1-10.
  13. R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, M. L. Osowski, C. Pania, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, and J. E. Ungar, "Advances in high brightness high power semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 6216, 62160B-1-62160B-2 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, "Coherent (phased array) and wavelength (spectral) beam combining compared," Proc. SPIE 5709, 157-164 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missigia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. W. Milonni and J. H. Eberly, Lasers (Wiley, New York, New York, 1988).

2007 (1)

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

T.Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power high-radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, "Coherent (phased array) and wavelength (spectral) beam combining compared," Proc. SPIE 5709, 157-164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missigia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

M. A. Mahdi and S-J Sheih, "Low-noise 1480-nm pumped L-band erbium-doped fibre amplifiers incorporating a bypass isolator," Opt. Commun. 237, 295-299 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Mayor and S. M. Spuler, "Raman-shifted eye-safe aerosol lidar," Appl. Opt. 43, 3915-3924 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1983 (1)

N. A. Kurnit, D. E. Watkins, and G. W. York, "High-repetition-rate Raman amplification of 16-?m radiation," Proc. SPIE 380, 173-180 (1983).

Baker, H. J.

Ban, V. S.

Burnham, R. L.

Chann, B.

Donnelly, J. P.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missigia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, T. Y.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, B. L. Volodin, and V. S. Ban, "Efficient, high-brightness wavelength-beam-combined commercial off-the-shelf diode stacks achieved by use of a wavelength-chirped volume Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 1253-1255 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missigia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, "Coherent (phased array) and wavelength (spectral) beam combining compared," Proc. SPIE 5709, 157-164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T.Y.

T.Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power high-radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Goyal, A. K.

Hall, D. R.

Harris, C. T.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missigia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, R. K.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missigia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasinski, J. J.

Klotz, M. J.

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, "Efficient Er:YAG laser operating at 1645 and 1617 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182-186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kurnit, N. A.

N. A. Kurnit, D. E. Watkins, and G. W. York, "High-repetition-rate Raman amplification of 16-?m radiation," Proc. SPIE 380, 173-180 (1983).

Leyva, V.

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, "Efficient Er:YAG laser operating at 1645 and 1617 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182-186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liau, Z. L.

Loiacono, G.

Mahdi, M. A.

M. A. Mahdi and S-J Sheih, "Low-noise 1480-nm pumped L-band erbium-doped fibre amplifiers incorporating a bypass isolator," Opt. Commun. 237, 295-299 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mayor, S. D.

Missaggia, L. J.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Missigia, L. J.

Monjardin, J. F.

Moulton, P. F.

Nowak, K. M.

Reeder, R. A.

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, "Efficient Er:YAG laser operating at 1645 and 1617 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182-186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, A.

T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, "Coherent (phased array) and wavelength (spectral) beam combining compared," Proc. SPIE 5709, 157-164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez-Rubio, A.

Sheih, S-J

M. A. Mahdi and S-J Sheih, "Low-noise 1480-nm pumped L-band erbium-doped fibre amplifiers incorporating a bypass isolator," Opt. Commun. 237, 295-299 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spariosu, K.

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, "Efficient Er:YAG laser operating at 1645 and 1617 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182-186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spuler, S. M.

Stolzenberger, R.

Turner, G. W.

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missigia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, "Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining," Opt. Lett. 30, 2104-2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volodin, B. L.

Watkins, D. E.

N. A. Kurnit, D. E. Watkins, and G. W. York, "High-repetition-rate Raman amplification of 16-?m radiation," Proc. SPIE 380, 173-180 (1983).

Webb, M. S.

York, G. W.

N. A. Kurnit, D. E. Watkins, and G. W. York, "High-repetition-rate Raman amplification of 16-?m radiation," Proc. SPIE 380, 173-180 (1983).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Spariosu, V. Leyva, R. A. Reeder, and M. J. Klotz, "Efficient Er:YAG laser operating at 1645 and 1617 nm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 182-186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T.Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power high-radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. K. Huang, B. Chann, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, G. W. Turner, A. K. Goyal, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez-Rubio, "High-brightness wavelength beam combined semiconductor laser diode arrays," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 209-211 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. A. Mahdi and S-J Sheih, "Low-noise 1480-nm pumped L-band erbium-doped fibre amplifiers incorporating a bypass isolator," Opt. Commun. 237, 295-299 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (2)

N. A. Kurnit, D. E. Watkins, and G. W. York, "High-repetition-rate Raman amplification of 16-?m radiation," Proc. SPIE 380, 173-180 (1983).

T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, "Coherent (phased array) and wavelength (spectral) beam combining compared," Proc. SPIE 5709, 157-164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

P. W. Milonni and J. H. Eberly, Lasers (Wiley, New York, New York, 1988).

C. Hamilton, S. Tidwell, D. Meekhol, J. Seamans, N. Gitkind, and D. Lowenthal, "High power laser source with spectrally beam combined diode laser bars," in Proceedings of High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications II, M. S. Zediker, ed. (SPIE, Bellavue, WA 2004), pp. 1-10.

R. M. Lammert, S. W. Oh, M. L. Osowski, C. Pania, P. T. Rudy, T. Stakelon, and J. E. Ungar, "Advances in high brightness high power semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 6216, 62160B-1-62160B-2 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. Richardson, and J. Nillson, " Highly Efficient High-Power Erbium-Ytterbium Co-Doped Large Core Fiber Laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB33.

B. Chann, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, M. Kanskar, and V. Zhao, "High-brightness, high-power, wavelength-beam-combined (WBC) diode arrays and stacks," IEEE/LEOS Semiconductor Las. Workshop (2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Top view of experimental setup. All lenses in the cavity are cylindrical. The 50 mm, 250 mm, and 300 mm lenses act in the WBC combined dimension, or slow axis. The 700 mm lens acts in the vertical or fast dimension. SAC; slow axis collimating lens. FAC; fast axis collimating lens. (b) Side view of experimental setup. The red line represents a single laser element with smile; the black, a single laser element without smile.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Wavelength versus near-field image of laser bar at 50 A. (b) Corresponding high resolution optical spectrum.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Power and beam quality for a 25-element bar. Left axis: Output power versus current for the WBC output (solid line) and the reference laser bar with an 18% coating (dashed line). Right axis: Beam quality versus current for x-axis (WBC dimension, dashed) and y-axis (fast axis, solid).

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