Abstract

This paper reports two advances in a slow light device consisting of chirped photonic crystal slab coupled waveguide on SOI substrate. One is concerning the delay-bandwidth product, indicating the buffering capacity of the device. We experimentally evaluated a record high value of 57 (a 40 ps delay and a 1.4 THz bandwidth). We also observed ~1 ps wide optical pulse transmission in the cross-correlation measurement. Regarding the pulse as a signal and considering the broadening of the pulse width due to the imperfect dispersion compensation in the device, storage of more than 12 signal bits was confirmed. The other is a wide-range tuning of the pulse delay. We propose a technique for externally controlling the chirping to permit variable delay. We demonstrate tuning of the pulse delay up to 23 ps, corresponding to a ~7 mm extension of the free space length.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 12, 1551-1561 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Asano, K. Kiyota, D. Kumamoto, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4690-4692 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. A. Vlasov, M. O???Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Watanabe, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, "The effect of higher-order dispersion on slow light propagation in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 1658-1672 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2007

T. Baba and D. Mori, "Slowlight engineering in photonic crystals," J. Phys. D 40, 2659-2665 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nature Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, "Fundamental limit to linear one-dimensional slow light structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 203903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nature Photon. 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Parra and J. R. Lowell, "Toward applications of slow light technology," Opt. Photon. News 18, 40-45 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Settle, R. J. P. Engelen, M. Salib, A. Michaeli, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, "Flatband slow light in photonic crystals featuring spatial pulse compression and terahertz bandwidth," Opt. Express 15, 219-226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Huang, M. Kato, E. Kuramochi, C. P. Lee, and M. Notomi, "Time-domain and spectral-domain investigation of inflection-point slow-light modes in photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 3543-3549 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mori, S. Kubo, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, "Experimental demonstration of wideband dispersion-compensated slow light by a chirped photonic crystal directional coupler," Opt. Express 15, 5264-5270 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kawasaki, D. Mori, and T. Baba, "Experimental observation of slow light in photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 10274-10281 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kubo, D. Mori, and T. Baba, "Low-group-velocity and low-dispersion slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Lett. 32, 2981-2983 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O???Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Tucker, P-C. Ku, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow-light optical buffers-capabilities and fundamental limitations," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4046-4066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Mori and T. Baba, "Wideband and low dispersion slow light by chirped photonic crystal coupled waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 9398-9408 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, "Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 484-491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 12, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Asano, K. Kiyota, D. Kumamoto, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4690-4692 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Mori and T. Baba, "Dispersion-controlled optical group delay device by chirped photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1101-1103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, "Stopping light all optically," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asakawa, K.

Asano, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Asano, K. Kiyota, D. Kumamoto, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4690-4692 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

Baumberg, J. J.

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borel, P. I.

Cattaneo, F.

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Charlton, M. D. B.

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Rose, G. A.

Engelen, R. J. P.

Fage-Pedersen, J.

Fan, S.

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, "Stopping light all optically," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finlayson, C. E.

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frandsen, L. H.

Gersen, H.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O???Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, S. C.

Inoshita, K.

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, "Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 484-491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kato, M.

Kawasaki, T.

Kiyota, K.

T. Asano, K. Kiyota, D. Kumamoto, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4690-4692 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Korterik, J. P.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Watanabe, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, "The effect of higher-order dispersion on slow light propagation in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 1658-1672 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

Ku, P-C.

Kubo, S.

Kuipers, L.

Kumamoto, D.

T. Asano, K. Kiyota, D. Kumamoto, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4690-4692 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

Kuroki, Y.

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, "Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 484-491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lavrinenko, A. V.

Lee, C. P.

Lowell, J. R.

E. Parra and J. R. Lowell, "Toward applications of slow light technology," Opt. Photon. News 18, 40-45 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O???Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michaeli, A.

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, "Fundamental limit to linear one-dimensional slow light structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 203903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mitsugi, S.

Mori, D.

Nagashima, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Netti, M. C.

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Asano, K. Kiyota, D. Kumamoto, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4690-4692 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

S. C. Huang, M. Kato, E. Kuramochi, C. P. Lee, and M. Notomi, "Time-domain and spectral-domain investigation of inflection-point slow-light modes in photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 3543-3549 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nature Photon. 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 12, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O???Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O???Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parker, G. J.

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parra, E.

E. Parra and J. R. Lowell, "Toward applications of slow light technology," Opt. Photon. News 18, 40-45 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perney, N. M. B.

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poon, J. K.

Ryu, H.

Salib, M.

Sasaki, H.

Sekaric, L.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nature Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Settle, M. D.

Shinya, A.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nature Photon. 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 12, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, B. S.

T. Asano, K. Kiyota, D. Kumamoto, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4690-4692 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

Sugiya, T.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, J.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nature Photon. 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taniyama, H.

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nature Photon. 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

Upham, J.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N. F.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Watanabe, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, "The effect of higher-order dispersion on slow light propagation in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 1658-1672 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlasov, Y.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nature Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O???Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, Y.

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nature Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanik, M. F.

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, "Stopping light all optically," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, L.

Zoorob, M. E.

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Asano, K. Kiyota, D. Kumamoto, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Time-domain measurement of picosecond light-pulse propagation in a two-dimensional photonic crystal-slab waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4690-4692 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Mori and T. Baba, "Dispersion-controlled optical group delay device by chirped photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1101-1103 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, "Light localization in line defect photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 484-491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Phys. D

T. Baba and D. Mori, "Slowlight engineering in photonic crystals," J. Phys. D 40, 2659-2665 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

Y. Tanaka, J. Upham, T. Nagashima, T. Sugiya, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Dynamic control of the Q factor in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 6, 862-865 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, A. Shinya, and H. Taniyama, "Trapping and delaying photons for one nanosecond in an ultrasmall high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Nature Photon. 1, 49-52 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O???Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Photon.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nature Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, Y. Watanabe, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, "The effect of higher-order dispersion on slow light propagation in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 1658-1672 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. H. Frandsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Photonic crystal waveguides with semislow light and tailored dispersion properties," Opt. Express 14, 9444-9446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Settle, R. J. P. Engelen, M. Salib, A. Michaeli, L. Kuipers, and T. F. Krauss, "Flatband slow light in photonic crystals featuring spatial pulse compression and terahertz bandwidth," Opt. Express 15, 219-226 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Huang, M. Kato, E. Kuramochi, C. P. Lee, and M. Notomi, "Time-domain and spectral-domain investigation of inflection-point slow-light modes in photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 3543-3549 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mori, S. Kubo, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, "Experimental demonstration of wideband dispersion-compensated slow light by a chirped photonic crystal directional coupler," Opt. Express 15, 5264-5270 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kawasaki, D. Mori, and T. Baba, "Experimental observation of slow light in photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 10274-10281 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 12, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mori and T. Baba, "Wideband and low dispersion slow light by chirped photonic crystal coupled waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 9398-9408 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photonics News

E. Parra and J. R. Lowell, "Toward applications of slow light technology," Opt. Photon. News 18, 40-45 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. B. Miller, "Fundamental limit to linear one-dimensional slow light structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 203903 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, "Stopping light all optically," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Chirped PCCW connected with I/O PCWs. (a) Scanning electron microscope image of the device fabricated on a SOI substrate and the measured airhole diameter 2r. (b) Magnified image of the branch between the input PCW and PCCW. (c) Schematic photonic band diagram (ω-k) and group index spectrum (ω-n g) in unchirped structure (left) and chirped structures (center and right). Here illustrates the case that the band shifts to higher frequencies with increasing 2r.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission characteristics of chirped PCCW. Design is the same as in Fig. 1. (a) Transmission spectrum. (b) Group delay measured using modulation phase shift method (black line). Circles denote the delay evaluated from the pulse peak in d. (c) Spectrum of input optical pulse. A shoulder-like bump is a nature of the used mode-locked fiber laser. (d) Cross-correlation trace of output optical pulse. Top one is the self-correlation trace of input pulse. Pulse widths Δτi and Δτo are evaluated from the FWHM of the trace Δτc. In (b)–(d), the same color indicates pulses having the same wavelength.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Delay and group index spectra in unchirped PCCW with laser heating centered at the branch. Modulation phase-shift method was used. The airhole diameter 2r was fixed at 0.25 µm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Cross-correlation trace of output optical pulse in chirped PCCW with laser heating. Device used is the same as for Fig. 1. Colors correspond to those in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Cross-correlation trace of output optical pulse at λp=1.546 µm in chirped PCCW (another sample) with heating by the smallest spot. The heating was centerd (a) at the branch and (b) at the confluence. Compared with the previous sample, the absolute delay was small because of slightly larger chirping and the short I/O PCWs.

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