Abstract

This paper gives the simulation results on micro-diameter-scale liquid core optical fiber (LCOF) filled with different kinds of liquids. The nonlinear and group velocity dispersion (GVD) properties of the micro-diameter-scale LCOF are achieved. The simulation of supercontinuum generation of LCOF is also obtained. The calculations show that LOCF can provide huge nonlinear parameter and large span of slow varying GVD characteristics in the infrared region, which have potential applications in optical communications and nonlinear optics. Besides, LOCF has advantage of easy fabricating and robustness compared with silica nano-wire.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (6)

2004 (6)

2003 (4)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samoc, "Dispersion of refractive properties of solvents: Chloroform, toluene, benzene, and carbon disulfide in ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared" J. Appl. Phys. 94, 6167-6174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Saito, A. Honda, and K. Uchida, "Photochromic liquid-core fibers with nonlinear input-output characteristics," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2255-2261 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, "Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1180-1182 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, "All-optical signal processing using fiber nonlinearity" Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 2, 428-429 (2002).

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

G. S. He and G. C. Xu, "Efficient amplification of a broad-band optical signal through stimulated Kerr scattering in a CS2 liquid-core fiber system," J.Quantum Electron. 28, 323-329 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

G. S. He, R. Burzynski, and P. N. Prasad, "A novel nonlinear optical effect: Stimulated Raman-Kerr scattering in a benzene liquid-core fiber," J. Chem. Phys. 93, 7647-7655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. S. He and P. N. Prasad, "Stimulated Rayleight-Kerr scattering in a CS2 liquid-core fiber system," Opt. Commun. 73, 61-164 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

Argyros, A.

Ashcom, J. B.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, J. L.

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Belardi, W.

Bhawalkar, J. D.

Birks, T.

Blondy, J. M.

Burzynski, R.

G. S. He, M. Casstevens, R. Burzynski, and X. Li, "Broadband, multiwavelength stimulated-emission source based on stimulated Kerr and Raman scattering in a liquid-core fiber system," Appl. Opt. 34, 444-454 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, R. Burzynski, and P. N. Prasad, "A novel nonlinear optical effect: Stimulated Raman-Kerr scattering in a benzene liquid-core fiber," J. Chem. Phys. 93, 7647-7655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

Casstevens, M.

Chabay, I.

Chaux, R.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Chinaud, J.

Coen, S.

Couris, S.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cox, F. M.

Danso, D.

K. B. Lodge and D. Danso, "The measurement of fugacity and the Henry???s law constant for volatile organic compounds containing chromophores," Fluid Phase Equilibria 253, 74-79 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Delaye, P.

Dudley, J. M.

Faucher, O.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Février, S.

Foster, M.

Frey, R.

Fuerbach,

Furusawa, K.

Gaeta, A.

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gawith, C.

Giessen, H.

Groothoff, N.

He, G. S.

G. S. He, M. Yoshida, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, "Two-photon resonance-enhanced refractive-index change and self-focusing in a dye-solution-filled hollow fiber system," Appl. Opt. 36, 1155-1163 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, M. Casstevens, R. Burzynski, and X. Li, "Broadband, multiwavelength stimulated-emission source based on stimulated Kerr and Raman scattering in a liquid-core fiber system," Appl. Opt. 34, 444-454 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He and G. C. Xu, "Efficient amplification of a broad-band optical signal through stimulated Kerr scattering in a CS2 liquid-core fiber system," J.Quantum Electron. 28, 323-329 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, R. Burzynski, and P. N. Prasad, "A novel nonlinear optical effect: Stimulated Raman-Kerr scattering in a benzene liquid-core fiber," J. Chem. Phys. 93, 7647-7655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He and P. N. Prasad, "Stimulated Rayleight-Kerr scattering in a CS2 liquid-core fiber system," Opt. Commun. 73, 61-164 (1989).
[CrossRef]

He, S. L.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Honda, A.

Huang, K.

Ishizawa, N.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Kakehata, H.

N. Karasawa, H. Kakehata, K. Mishina, J. Yamamoto, and S. Kobayashi, "Phase and amplitude comparison between experiment and calculation of ultrabroad-band pulses generated in a taper fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 31-34 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karasawa, N.

N. Karasawa, H. Kakehata, K. Mishina, J. Yamamoto, and S. Kobayashi, "Phase and amplitude comparison between experiment and calculation of ultrabroad-band pulses generated in a taper fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 31-34 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, "All-optical signal processing using fiber nonlinearity" Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 2, 428-429 (2002).

Kivistö, S.

Kobayashi, S.

N. Karasawa, H. Kakehata, K. Mishina, J. Yamamoto, and S. Kobayashi, "Phase and amplitude comparison between experiment and calculation of ultrabroad-band pulses generated in a taper fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 31-34 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Koudoumas, E.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Large, M. C. J.

Lavorel, B.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Leon-Saval, S.

Li, X.

Lodge, K. B.

K. B. Lodge and D. Danso, "The measurement of fugacity and the Henry???s law constant for volatile organic compounds containing chromophores," Fluid Phase Equilibria 253, 74-79 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Lou, J.

Lou, J. Y.

J. Y. Lou, L. M. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing," Opt. Express 12, 2135-2140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyytikainen, K.

Martelli, C.

Mason, M.

Maxwell, I.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meiser, D.

Michaut, X.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mishina, K.

N. Karasawa, H. Kakehata, K. Mishina, J. Yamamoto, and S. Kobayashi, "Phase and amplitude comparison between experiment and calculation of ultrabroad-band pulses generated in a taper fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 31-34 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Nau, D.

Okhotnikov, O.

Petropoulos, P.

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, M. Yoshida, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, "Two-photon resonance-enhanced refractive-index change and self-focusing in a dye-solution-filled hollow fiber system," Appl. Opt. 36, 1155-1163 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, R. Burzynski, and P. N. Prasad, "A novel nonlinear optical effect: Stimulated Raman-Kerr scattering in a benzene liquid-core fiber," J. Chem. Phys. 93, 7647-7655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He and P. N. Prasad, "Stimulated Rayleight-Kerr scattering in a CS2 liquid-core fiber system," Opt. Commun. 73, 61-164 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Renard, M.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Roosen, G.

Rouvie, A.

Roy, P.

Russell, P. St. J.

Rusu, M.

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Saito, M.

Sakakibara, S.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Schaefer, J. C.

Shen, M. Y.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Teipel, J.

Tong, L.

Tong, L. M.

J. Y. Lou, L. M. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing," Opt. Express 12, 2135-2140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turu, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Uchida, K.

Viale, P.

Wadsworth, W.

Xu, G. C.

G. S. He and G. C. Xu, "Efficient amplification of a broad-band optical signal through stimulated Kerr scattering in a CS2 liquid-core fiber system," J.Quantum Electron. 28, 323-329 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Yamamoto, J.

N. Karasawa, H. Kakehata, K. Mishina, J. Yamamoto, and S. Kobayashi, "Phase and amplitude comparison between experiment and calculation of ultrabroad-band pulses generated in a taper fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 31-34 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

Ye, Z.

J. Lou, L. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Dispersion shifts in optical nanowires with thin dielectric coatings," Opt. Express 14, 6993-6998 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Lou, L. M. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing," Opt. Express 12, 2135-2140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yiou, S.

Yoshida, M.

Zhang, R.

Zhang, X.

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, "An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fluid Phase Equilibria (1)

K. B. Lodge and D. Danso, "The measurement of fugacity and the Henry???s law constant for volatile organic compounds containing chromophores," Fluid Phase Equilibria 253, 74-79 (2007)
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Samoc, "Dispersion of refractive properties of solvents: Chloroform, toluene, benzene, and carbon disulfide in ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared" J. Appl. Phys. 94, 6167-6174 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. S. He, R. Burzynski, and P. N. Prasad, "A novel nonlinear optical effect: Stimulated Raman-Kerr scattering in a benzene liquid-core fiber," J. Chem. Phys. 93, 7647-7655 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J.Quantum Electron. (1)

G. S. He and G. C. Xu, "Efficient amplification of a broad-band optical signal through stimulated Kerr scattering in a CS2 liquid-core fiber system," J.Quantum Electron. 28, 323-329 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (1)

K. Kikuchi, "All-optical signal processing using fiber nonlinearity" Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 2, 428-429 (2002).

Nature (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelenth-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. S. He and P. N. Prasad, "Stimulated Rayleight-Kerr scattering in a CS2 liquid-core fiber system," Opt. Commun. 73, 61-164 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, "Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2," Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (13)

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Zhang, J. Teipel, X. Zhang, D. Nau, and H. Giessen, "Group velocity dispersion of tapered fibers immersed in different liquids," Opt. Express 12, 1700-1707 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Leon-Saval, T. Birks, W. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and M. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Foster and A. Gaeta, "Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3137-3143 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Meiser, and H. Giessen, "Mode and group velocity dispersion evolution in the tapered region of a single-mode tapered fiber," Opt. Express 12, 5840-5849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuerbach, P. Steinvurzel, J. Bolger, and B. Eggleton, "Nonlinear pulse propagation at zero dispersion wavelength in anti-resonant photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 2977-2987 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Martelli, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, and N. Groothoff, "Water-core Fresnel fiber," Opt. Express,  13, 3890-3895 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yiou, P. Delaye, A. Rouvie, J. Chinaud, R. Frey, G. Roosen, P. Viale, S. Février, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy, "Stimulated Raman scattering in an ethanol core microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Express 13, 4786-4791 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rusu, S. Kivistö, C. Gawith, and O. Okhotnikov, "Red-green-blue (RGB) light generator using tapered fiber pumped with a frequency-doubled Yb-fiber laser," Opt. Express 13, 8547-8554 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, "Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber," Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Zhang, J. Teipel, and H. Giessen, "Theoretical design of a liquid-core photonic crystal fiber for supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 14, 6800-6812 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lou, L. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Dispersion shifts in optical nanowires with thin dielectric coatings," Opt. Express 14, 6993-6998 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Lou, L. M. Tong, and Z. Ye, "Modeling of silica nanowires for optical sensing," Opt. Express 12, 2135-2140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Karasawa, H. Kakehata, K. Mishina, J. Yamamoto, and S. Kobayashi, "Phase and amplitude comparison between experiment and calculation of ultrabroad-band pulses generated in a taper fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 31-34 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics - Optics and Photonics, Third Edition, (Academic Press, New York, 2001).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Mathematic model of the micro-diameter-scale liquid core optical fiber. (a) Crosssection view and (b) refractive index profile of the fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The GVD of the micro-diameter-scale LCOF filled for four different kinds of liquid.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The effective area of the mode of the micro-diameter-scale liquid core optical fibers filled with carbon disulfide or toluene (a) at the wavelength of 800nm; (b) at the wavelength of 1550nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The nonlinear parameter of the micro-diameter-scale liquid core optical fibers filled with carbon disulfide or toluene (a) at the wavelength of 800nm; (b) at the wavelength of 1550nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The calculated output spectrum generated by a 1mm long LCOF with 0.6um inner diameter full of (a) carbon disulfide and (b) toluene with a pump wavelength of 800nm, and a pulse duration of 100fs, with different input peak power P

Equations (10)

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n cs 2 ( λ ) = 1.580826 + 1.52389 × 10 2 λ 2 + 4.8578 × 10 4 λ 4 8.2863 × 10 5 λ 6 + 1.4619 × 10 5 λ 8 ;
n toluene ( λ ) = 1.474775 + 0.699031 × 10 2 λ 2 + 2.1776 × 10 4 λ 4 ;
n benzene ( λ ) = 1.475922 + 0.967157 × 10 2 λ 2 5.2538 × 10 4 λ 4 + 8.5442 × 10 5 λ 6 2.6163 × 10 5 λ 8 ;
n nitrobenzene ( λ ) = 1.5205 + 0.79 × 10 2 λ 2 + 1.670 × 10 3 λ 4 3.1 × 10 4 λ 6 + 3.0 × 10 5 λ 8 ;
Dispersion = 2 π c λ d 2 β d ω 2 ,
γ = n ̂ 2 ω c A eff ,
A eff = ( F ( x , y ) 2 dxdy ) 2 F ( x , y ) 4 dxdy ,
carbon disulfide : n ̂ 2 = 1.2 e 18 ( m 2 w )
toluene : n ̂ 2 = 1.3 e 19 ( m 2 w ) ,
A z = { ( i 2 β 2 2 T 2 + 1 6 β 3 3 T 3 α 2 ) + i γ [ A 2 + i ω 0 1 A T ( A 2 A ) T R A 2 T ] } A

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