Abstract

We present a high peak power degenerated parametric amplifier operating at 1030 nm and 97 kHz repetition rate. Pulses of a state-of-the art fiber chirped-pulse amplification (FCPA) system with 840 fs pulse duration and 410 µJ pulse energy are used as pump and seed source for a two stage optical parametric amplifier. Additional spectral broadening of the seed signal in a photonic crystal fiber creates enough bandwidth for ultrashort pulse generation. Subsequent amplification of the broadband seed signal in two 1 mm BBO crystals results in 41 µJ output pulse energy. Compression in a SF 11 prism compressor yields 37 µJ pulses as short as 52 fs. Thus, pulse shortening of more than one order of magnitude is achieved. Further scaling in terms of average power and pulse energy seems possible and will be discussed, since both concepts involved, the fiber laser and the parametric amplifier have the reputation to be immune against thermo-optical effects.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2001

1998

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1988

M. Ferray, A. L???Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

Adachi, S.

Aguergaray, C.

Andersen, T. V.

Aquila, A.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arisholm, G.

Attwood, D. T.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, K.

Bruchmann, C.

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, G. C.

Christov, I. P.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cormier, E.

Descamps, D.

Durfee, C.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

Farrow, R. L.

Fermann, M. E.

Ferray, M.

M. Ferray, A. L???Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gaudiosi, D.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, E. A.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, G.

Gullikson, E.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hadley, G. R.

Hädrich, S.

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 16729-16736 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanna, D.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Hariharan, A.

Harter, D.

Holtsnider, J.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homoelle, D.

Ishii, H.

Ishii, N.

Jara, H.

Johann, U.

Kanai, T.

Kapteyn, H.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Kosuge, A.

Krausz, F.

J. Seres, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Streli, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, "Generation of coherent keV x-rays with intense femtosecond laser pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 1-11 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krok, P.

L???Huillier, A.

M. Ferray, A. L???Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. F.

M. Ferray, A. L???Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system," Opt. Lett. 32, 3495-3497 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-24-3495
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate fiber amplifier pumped sub-20 fs optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 16729-16736 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Schimpf, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and D. C. Hanna, "Theoretical analysis of the gain bandwidth for noncollinear parametric amplification of ultrafast pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2837-2846 (2007). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-11-2837
[CrossRef]

T. V. Andersen, O. Schmidt, C. Bruchmann, J. Limpert, C. Aguergaray, E. Cormier, and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate tunable femtosecond pulses and broadband amplification from fiber laser pumped parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 4765-4773 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, C. Aguergaray, S. Montant, I. Manek-Hönninger, S. Petit, D. Descamps, E. Cormier, and F. Salin, "Ultra-broad bandwidth parametric amplification at degeneracy," Opt. Express 13, 7386-7392 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Röser, J. Rothhardt, B. Ortac, A. Liem, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "131 W 220 fs fiber laser system," Opt. Lett. 30, 2754-2756 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lochbrunner, S.

Lompre, L. A.

M. Ferray, A. L???Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

Mainfray, G.

M. Ferray, A. L???Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Manus, C.

M. Ferray, A. L???Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, "Multiple harmonic conversion of 1064 nm radiation in rare gases," J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

McIntyre, I. A.

McPherson, A.

Miao, J.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Montant, S.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ortac, B.

Paschotta, R.

Paul, A.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, I. P. Christov, D. T. Attwood, E. Gullikson, A. Aquila, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Coherent Soft X-ray Generation in the Water Window with Quasi-Phase Matching," Science 302, 95-98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petit, S.

Raymondson, D.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhodes, C. K.

Riedle, E.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Salin, F.

Salmassi, F.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandberg, R.

R. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, "Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Schriever, C.

Seres, E.

J. Seres, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Streli, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, "Generation of coherent keV x-rays with intense femtosecond laser pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 1-11 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seres, J.

J. Seres, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Streli, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, "Generation of coherent keV x-rays with intense femtosecond laser pulses," New J. Phys. 8, 1-11 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Song, C.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic overview of the experimental setup including fiber chirped pulse amplification (CPA system), signal generation via spectral broadening in a photonic crystal fiber, second harmonic generation (SHG), two optical parametric amplifiers (OPA) and prism compressor.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured autocorrelation trace of the fiber CPA system 410µJ output pulses (red) and corresponding Gaussian fit (black)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured autocorrelation trace of the frequency doubled pulses at 227 µJ pulse energy and corresponding Gaussian fit (black)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectral bandwidth at the fiber end (blue) and compressed pulse duration (green) versus fiber length

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Peak power of the compressed pulses normalized to the initial pulse peak power (black) and Fourier limited pulse peak power (red) versus fiber length.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured spectrum, broadened in 8 cm photonic crystal fiber (black) and corresponding result of a numerical simulation (red dots)

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured conversion efficiency versus seed signal average power using a 1 mm long BBO crystal

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Measured conversion efficiency versus signal gain using a 1 mm long BBO crystal

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Experimental setup of the ultrashort pulse OPA (HWP: Half wave plate, QWP: Quarter wave plate, PBS: Polarizing beam splitter)

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Spectra of the signal (black) after the first amplifier (blue) and after the main amplifier (red)

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Measured autocorrelation trace of the compressed output pulses (black) and TOD corrected Fourier transform of the measured spectrum (red)

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Far field beam profiles of the amplified beams. a) amplified beam after the first OPA stage b) amplified beam after the second OPA stage. Beam sizes cannon be compared due to different scaling of the images. The beam diameters were measured to be 0.34 mm and 0.9 mm at the output of the first and the second OPA stage.

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