Abstract

We present a compact variable delay buffer for storage of 40 byte packets. The recirculating buffer is based on an InP SOA gate array two-by-two switch which provides greater than 40 dB of extinction, sub-nanosecond switching, and fiber-to-fiber gain. The switch is used with a fiber delay loop 450 centimeters, or 23 ns, in length. The buffer is demonstrated with greater than 98% packet recovery at 40 Gb/s for up to 184 ns of storage.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E.F. Burmeister, D.J. Blumenthal, and J.E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Optical Switching and Networking 5, 10–18 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Beheshti, Y. Ganjali, R. Rajaduray, D. Blumenthal, and N. McKeown, “Buffer sizing in all-optical packet switches,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThF8.
  5. K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical buffering of 40-Gb/s data packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 442–444 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Chi, Z. Wang, and S. Yu, “A large variable delay, fast reconfigurable optical buffer based on multi-loop configuration and an optical crosspoint switch matrix,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFO7.
  7. C. P. Larsen and M. Gustavsson, “Linear crosstalk in 4×4 semiconductor optical amplifier gate switch matrix,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1865–1870 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. F. Burmeister and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated gate matrix switch for optical packet buffering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 103–106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Mason, J. S. Barton, G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren, and S. P. Denbaars, “Design of sampled grating DBR lasers with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 762–764 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Lal, W. Donat, A. Pedretti Tauke, L. Coldren, D. Blumenthal, and J. Piprek, “Broadband rate-equation model including many-body gain for WDM traveling-wave SOAs,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, (IEEE, IEEE LEOS, 2005), pp. 125–126.

2008 (1)

E.F. Burmeister, D.J. Blumenthal, and J.E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Optical Switching and Networking 5, 10–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

E. F. Burmeister and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated gate matrix switch for optical packet buffering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 103–106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. Mason, J. S. Barton, G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren, and S. P. Denbaars, “Design of sampled grating DBR lasers with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 762–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical buffering of 40-Gb/s data packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 442–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

C. P. Larsen and M. Gustavsson, “Linear crosstalk in 4×4 semiconductor optical amplifier gate switch matrix,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1865–1870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, R. B.

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J. S.

B. Mason, J. S. Barton, G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren, and S. P. Denbaars, “Design of sampled grating DBR lasers with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 762–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beheshti, N.

N. Beheshti, Y. Ganjali, R. Rajaduray, D. Blumenthal, and N. McKeown, “Buffer sizing in all-optical packet switches,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThF8.

Blumenthal, D.

N. Beheshti, Y. Ganjali, R. Rajaduray, D. Blumenthal, and N. McKeown, “Buffer sizing in all-optical packet switches,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThF8.

V. Lal, W. Donat, A. Pedretti Tauke, L. Coldren, D. Blumenthal, and J. Piprek, “Broadband rate-equation model including many-body gain for WDM traveling-wave SOAs,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, (IEEE, IEEE LEOS, 2005), pp. 125–126.

Blumenthal, D.J.

E.F. Burmeister, D.J. Blumenthal, and J.E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Optical Switching and Networking 5, 10–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

E. F. Burmeister and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated gate matrix switch for optical packet buffering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 103–106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J.E.

E.F. Burmeister, D.J. Blumenthal, and J.E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Optical Switching and Networking 5, 10–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Burmeister, E. F.

E. F. Burmeister and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated gate matrix switch for optical packet buffering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 103–106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burmeister, E.F.

E.F. Burmeister, D.J. Blumenthal, and J.E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Optical Switching and Networking 5, 10–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

N. Chi, Z. Wang, and S. Yu, “A large variable delay, fast reconfigurable optical buffer based on multi-loop configuration and an optical crosspoint switch matrix,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFO7.

Coldren, L.

V. Lal, W. Donat, A. Pedretti Tauke, L. Coldren, D. Blumenthal, and J. Piprek, “Broadband rate-equation model including many-body gain for WDM traveling-wave SOAs,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, (IEEE, IEEE LEOS, 2005), pp. 125–126.

Coldren, L. A.

B. Mason, J. S. Barton, G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren, and S. P. Denbaars, “Design of sampled grating DBR lasers with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 762–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Corwell, W. D.

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, D.

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

Denbaars, S. P.

B. Mason, J. S. Barton, G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren, and S. P. Denbaars, “Design of sampled grating DBR lasers with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 762–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, E.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Donat, W.

V. Lal, W. Donat, A. Pedretti Tauke, L. Coldren, D. Blumenthal, and J. Piprek, “Broadband rate-equation model including many-body gain for WDM traveling-wave SOAs,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, (IEEE, IEEE LEOS, 2005), pp. 125–126.

Eiselt, M.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fish, G. A.

B. Mason, J. S. Barton, G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren, and S. P. Denbaars, “Design of sampled grating DBR lasers with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 762–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ganjali, Y.

N. Beheshti, Y. Ganjali, R. Rajaduray, D. Blumenthal, and N. McKeown, “Buffer sizing in all-optical packet switches,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThF8.

Gilfedder, T. H.

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

Großkopf, G.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gustavsson, M.

C. P. Larsen and M. Gustavsson, “Linear crosstalk in 4×4 semiconductor optical amplifier gate switch matrix,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1865–1870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hall, K. L.

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical buffering of 40-Gb/s data packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 442–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, D. K.

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

Küller, L.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lal, V.

V. Lal, W. Donat, A. Pedretti Tauke, L. Coldren, D. Blumenthal, and J. Piprek, “Broadband rate-equation model including many-body gain for WDM traveling-wave SOAs,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, (IEEE, IEEE LEOS, 2005), pp. 125–126.

Langenhorst, R.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, C. P.

C. P. Larsen and M. Gustavsson, “Linear crosstalk in 4×4 semiconductor optical amplifier gate switch matrix,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1865–1870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Legg, P. J.

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mason, B.

B. Mason, J. S. Barton, G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren, and S. P. Denbaars, “Design of sampled grating DBR lasers with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 762–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McKeown, N.

N. Beheshti, Y. Ganjali, R. Rajaduray, D. Blumenthal, and N. McKeown, “Buffer sizing in all-optical packet switches,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThF8.

Pieper, W.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Piprek, J.

V. Lal, W. Donat, A. Pedretti Tauke, L. Coldren, D. Blumenthal, and J. Piprek, “Broadband rate-equation model including many-body gain for WDM traveling-wave SOAs,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, (IEEE, IEEE LEOS, 2005), pp. 125–126.

Rajaduray, R.

N. Beheshti, Y. Ganjali, R. Rajaduray, D. Blumenthal, and N. McKeown, “Buffer sizing in all-optical packet switches,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThF8.

Rauschenbach, K. A.

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical buffering of 40-Gb/s data packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 442–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tauke, A. Pedretti

V. Lal, W. Donat, A. Pedretti Tauke, L. Coldren, D. Blumenthal, and J. Piprek, “Broadband rate-equation model including many-body gain for WDM traveling-wave SOAs,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, (IEEE, IEEE LEOS, 2005), pp. 125–126.

Wang, Z.

N. Chi, Z. Wang, and S. Yu, “A large variable delay, fast reconfigurable optical buffer based on multi-loop configuration and an optical crosspoint switch matrix,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFO7.

Weber, H.G.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

N. Chi, Z. Wang, and S. Yu, “A large variable delay, fast reconfigurable optical buffer based on multi-loop configuration and an optical crosspoint switch matrix,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFO7.

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

D. K. Hunter, D. Cotter, R. B. Ahmad, W. D. Corwell, T. H. Gilfedder, P. J. Legg, and I. Andonovic, “Buffered switch fabrics for traffic routing, merging, and shaping in photonic cell networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 86–101, (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Larsen and M. Gustavsson, “Linear crosstalk in 4×4 semiconductor optical amplifier gate switch matrix,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1865–1870 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

E. F. Burmeister and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated gate matrix switch for optical packet buffering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 103–106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Mason, J. S. Barton, G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren, and S. P. Denbaars, “Design of sampled grating DBR lasers with integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 762–764 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical buffering of 40-Gb/s data packets,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 442–444 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Journal of Lightwave Technology (1)

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Groβkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H.G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” Journal of Lightwave Technology 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Optical Switching and Networking (1)

E.F. Burmeister, D.J. Blumenthal, and J.E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Optical Switching and Networking 5, 10–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

N. Beheshti, Y. Ganjali, R. Rajaduray, D. Blumenthal, and N. McKeown, “Buffer sizing in all-optical packet switches,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThF8.

V. Lal, W. Donat, A. Pedretti Tauke, L. Coldren, D. Blumenthal, and J. Piprek, “Broadband rate-equation model including many-body gain for WDM traveling-wave SOAs,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices, (IEEE, IEEE LEOS, 2005), pp. 125–126.

N. Chi, Z. Wang, and S. Yu, “A large variable delay, fast reconfigurable optical buffer based on multi-loop configuration and an optical crosspoint switch matrix,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, of 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFO7.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a two-by-two switch with amplifiers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SEM image of the switch affixed and wire-bonded to a submount with inset of deeply etched bend.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental and theoretical gain for a pre-amplifier and switching amplifier.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Oscilloscope screen image showing the switching speed of a 650 micron long SOA. The time scale is 2 ns/div.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

a) BER vs. optical power at 40 Gb/s RZ 231-1. b) Operable range of input powers for the path from the input port to the delay port.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Optical signal-to-noise ratios as a function of number of circulations for a range of input powers. The solid lines are theoretical.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

a) Packet recovery measurements for varying input power for a delay of 4 circulations. b) Packet recovery percentage as a function of received power for back-to-back and 1, 8, and 10 circulations.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Improvement shown in packet recovery by using a bandpass filter in the delay line.

Metrics