Abstract

This paper reports the development of a new zeolite thin filmcoated long period fiber grating (LPFG) sensor for direct measurement of trace organic vapors. The sensor was fabricated by growing pure silica MFItype zeolite thin film on the optical fiber grating by in situ hydrothermal crystallization. The sensor measures chemical vapor concentration by monitoring the molecular adsorption-induced shift of LPFG resonant wavelength (λR) in near infrared (IR) region. Upon loading analyte molecules, the zeolite’s refractive index changes in the close vicinity of the fiber index where the LPFG has a large response to achieve high sensitivity.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. J. Rao, "Recent progress in applications of in-fibre Bragggrating sensors," Opt. Laser Eng. 31, 297-324 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Hou, Z. Hassemlooy, A. Hassan, C. Lu, and K. P. Dowker, "Modeling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1709-1713 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Shu and L. Zhang, "Sensitivity Characteristics of Long-Period Fiber Gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255-262 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Tang and J. N. Wang, "Measurement of chloride-ion concentration with long-period grating technology," Smart Mater. Struct. 16, 665-672 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Mode transition in high refractive index coated long period gratings," Opt. Express 14, 19-34 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. Kalipcilar, S. K. Gade, R. D. Noble, and J. L. Falconer, "Synthesis and separation properties of B-ZSM-5 zeolite membranes on monolith supports," J. Membr. Sci. 210, 113-127 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. X. Gu, Z. Tang, and J. Dong, "On-stream modification of MFI zeolite membranes for enhancing hydrogen separation at high temperature," Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 111, 441-448 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Xiao, J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, R. Lee, and V. Romero, "Synthesis of MFI zeolite films on optical fibers for detection of chemical vapors," Opt. Lett. 30, 1270-1272 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. Zhang, M. Luo, H. Xiao, and J. Dong, "Interferometric study on the adsorption-dependent refractive index of silicalite thin films grown on optical fibers," Chem. Mater. 18, 4-6 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. Wei, J. Montoya, J. Zhang, J. Dong, and H. Xiao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by CO2 laser irradiations for high temperature applications," Proc. SPIE 6757, 675708 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

J. L. Tang and J. N. Wang, "Measurement of chloride-ion concentration with long-period grating technology," Smart Mater. Struct. 16, 665-672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Gu, Z. Tang, and J. Dong, "On-stream modification of MFI zeolite membranes for enhancing hydrogen separation at high temperature," Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 111, 441-448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Wei, J. Montoya, J. Zhang, J. Dong, and H. Xiao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by CO2 laser irradiations for high temperature applications," Proc. SPIE 6757, 675708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (5)

F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, G. D. Griffin, A. A. Vass, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of chemical and biological agent simulants," IEEE Sensors J. 5, 665-670 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. R. Heflin, R. H. Stolen, and S. Ramachandran, "Analysis of optical response of long period fiber gratings to nm-thick thin-film coating," Opt. Express 13, 2808-2813 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Xiao, J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, R. Lee, and V. Romero, "Synthesis of MFI zeolite films on optical fibers for detection of chemical vapors," Opt. Lett. 30, 1270-1272 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

N. D. Rees, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, and G. J. Ashwell, "Optical fiber long-period gratings with Langmuir-Blodgett thin-film overlays," Opt. Lett. 27, 686-688 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M.E. Davis, "Ordered porous materials for emerging applications," Nature 417, 813-821 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Shu and L. Zhang, "Sensitivity Characteristics of Long-Period Fiber Gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kalipcilar, S. K. Gade, R. D. Noble, and J. L. Falconer, "Synthesis and separation properties of B-ZSM-5 zeolite membranes on monolith supports," J. Membr. Sci. 210, 113-127 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

R. Hou, Z. Hassemlooy, A. Hassan, C. Lu, and K. P. Dowker, "Modeling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1709-1713 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

J. L. Meinershagen and T. J. Bein, "Optical sensing in nanopores. Encapsulation of the solvatochromic dye nile red in zeolites," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 448-449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Bhatia, "Application of long period fiber grating to single and multi-parameter sensing," Opt. Express 4, 457-463 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Rao, "Recent progress in applications of in-fibre Bragggrating sensors," Opt. Laser Eng. 31, 297-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

T. J. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Erdogan, "Cladding-mode resonances in short- and long-period fiber grating filters," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14, 1760-1767 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ashwell, G. J.

Bein, T. J.

J. L. Meinershagen and T. J. Bein, "Optical sensing in nanopores. Encapsulation of the solvatochromic dye nile red in zeolites," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 448-449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bell, V. A.

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhatia, V.

V. Bhatia, "Application of long period fiber grating to single and multi-parameter sensing," Opt. Express 4, 457-463 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Braunbarth, C. M.

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campopiano, S.

A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Mode transition in high refractive index coated long period gratings," Opt. Express 14, 19-34 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chong, J. H.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cirera, A.

M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contessa, L.

A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Mode transition in high refractive index coated long period gratings," Opt. Express 14, 19-34 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cornet, A.

M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coronas, J.

M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cusano, A.

A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Mode transition in high refractive index coated long period gratings," Opt. Express 14, 19-34 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cutolo, A.

A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Mode transition in high refractive index coated long period gratings," Opt. Express 14, 19-34 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Davis, M.E.

M.E. Davis, "Ordered porous materials for emerging applications," Nature 417, 813-821 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, J.

T. Wei, J. Montoya, J. Zhang, J. Dong, and H. Xiao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by CO2 laser irradiations for high temperature applications," Proc. SPIE 6757, 675708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Gu, Z. Tang, and J. Dong, "On-stream modification of MFI zeolite membranes for enhancing hydrogen separation at high temperature," Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 111, 441-448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, M. Luo, H. Xiao, and J. Dong, "Interferometric study on the adsorption-dependent refractive index of silicalite thin films grown on optical fibers," Chem. Mater. 18, 4-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Xiao, J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, R. Lee, and V. Romero, "Synthesis of MFI zeolite films on optical fibers for detection of chemical vapors," Opt. Lett. 30, 1270-1272 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dowker, K. P.

R. Hou, Z. Hassemlooy, A. Hassan, C. Lu, and K. P. Dowker, "Modeling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1709-1713 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T. J.

T. J. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Erdogan, "Cladding-mode resonances in short- and long-period fiber grating filters," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14, 1760-1767 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Falconer, J. L.

H. Kalipcilar, S. K. Gade, R. D. Noble, and J. L. Falconer, "Synthesis and separation properties of B-ZSM-5 zeolite membranes on monolith supports," J. Membr. Sci. 210, 113-127 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gade, S. K.

H. Kalipcilar, S. K. Gade, R. D. Noble, and J. L. Falconer, "Synthesis and separation properties of B-ZSM-5 zeolite membranes on monolith supports," J. Membr. Sci. 210, 113-127 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gao, K.

Giordano, M.

A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Mode transition in high refractive index coated long period gratings," Opt. Express 14, 19-34 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Griffin, G. D.

F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, G. D. Griffin, A. A. Vass, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of chemical and biological agent simulants," IEEE Sensors J. 5, 665-670 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

X. Gu, Z. Tang, and J. Dong, "On-stream modification of MFI zeolite membranes for enhancing hydrogen separation at high temperature," Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 111, 441-448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gu, Z.

Guerra, G.

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haryono, H.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hassan, A.

R. Hou, Z. Hassemlooy, A. Hassan, C. Lu, and K. P. Dowker, "Modeling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1709-1713 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hassemlooy, Z.

R. Hou, Z. Hassemlooy, A. Hassan, C. Lu, and K. P. Dowker, "Modeling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1709-1713 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heflin, J. R.

Hillhouse, H. V.

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hou, R.

R. Hou, Z. Hassemlooy, A. Hassan, C. Lu, and K. P. Dowker, "Modeling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1709-1713 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Iadicicco, A.

A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Mode transition in high refractive index coated long period gratings," Opt. Express 14, 19-34 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jacubinas, R. M.

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

James, S. W.

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kalipcilar, H.

H. Kalipcilar, S. K. Gade, R. D. Noble, and J. L. Falconer, "Synthesis and separation properties of B-ZSM-5 zeolite membranes on monolith supports," J. Membr. Sci. 210, 113-127 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuznicki, S. M.

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, R.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Hou, Z. Hassemlooy, A. Hassan, C. Lu, and K. P. Dowker, "Modeling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1709-1713 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luo, M.

J. Zhang, M. Luo, H. Xiao, and J. Dong, "Interferometric study on the adsorption-dependent refractive index of silicalite thin films grown on optical fibers," Chem. Mater. 18, 4-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Xiao, J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, R. Lee, and V. Romero, "Synthesis of MFI zeolite films on optical fibers for detection of chemical vapors," Opt. Lett. 30, 1270-1272 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meinershagen, J. L.

J. L. Meinershagen and T. J. Bein, "Optical sensing in nanopores. Encapsulation of the solvatochromic dye nile red in zeolites," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 448-449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Montoya, J.

T. Wei, J. Montoya, J. Zhang, J. Dong, and H. Xiao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by CO2 laser irradiations for high temperature applications," Proc. SPIE 6757, 675708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morante, J. R.

M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murad, S.

J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nair, S.

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noble, R. D.

H. Kalipcilar, S. K. Gade, R. D. Noble, and J. L. Falconer, "Synthesis and separation properties of B-ZSM-5 zeolite membranes on monolith supports," J. Membr. Sci. 210, 113-127 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Normann, R. A.

J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pilla, P.

A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Mode transition in high refractive index coated long period gratings," Opt. Express 14, 19-34 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, S.

Rao, M. K.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rao, Y. J.

Y. J. Rao, "Recent progress in applications of in-fibre Bragggrating sensors," Opt. Laser Eng. 31, 297-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rees, N. D.

Romero, V.

Santamaria, J.

M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

X. Shu and L. Zhang, "Sensitivity Characteristics of Long-Period Fiber Gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Tang, J. L.

J. L. Tang and J. N. Wang, "Measurement of chloride-ion concentration with long-period grating technology," Smart Mater. Struct. 16, 665-672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z.

X. Gu, Z. Tang, and J. Dong, "On-stream modification of MFI zeolite membranes for enhancing hydrogen separation at high temperature," Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 111, 441-448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tatam, R. P.

Toby, B. H.

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsapatsis, M.

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vass, A. A.

F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, G. D. Griffin, A. A. Vass, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of chemical and biological agent simulants," IEEE Sensors J. 5, 665-670 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vengasarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vilaseca, M.

M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vo-Dinh, T.

F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, G. D. Griffin, A. A. Vass, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of chemical and biological agent simulants," IEEE Sensors J. 5, 665-670 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wabuyele, M. B.

F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, G. D. Griffin, A. A. Vass, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of chemical and biological agent simulants," IEEE Sensors J. 5, 665-670 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. N.

J. L. Tang and J. N. Wang, "Measurement of chloride-ion concentration with long-period grating technology," Smart Mater. Struct. 16, 665-672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Wei, T.

T. Wei, J. Montoya, J. Zhang, J. Dong, and H. Xiao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by CO2 laser irradiations for high temperature applications," Proc. SPIE 6757, 675708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, H.

T. Wei, J. Montoya, J. Zhang, J. Dong, and H. Xiao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by CO2 laser irradiations for high temperature applications," Proc. SPIE 6757, 675708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, M. Luo, H. Xiao, and J. Dong, "Interferometric study on the adsorption-dependent refractive index of silicalite thin films grown on optical fibers," Chem. Mater. 18, 4-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Xiao, J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, R. Lee, and V. Romero, "Synthesis of MFI zeolite films on optical fibers for detection of chemical vapors," Opt. Lett. 30, 1270-1272 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

Yan, F.

F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, G. D. Griffin, A. A. Vass, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of chemical and biological agent simulants," IEEE Sensors J. 5, 665-670 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yohana, A.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

T. Wei, J. Montoya, J. Zhang, J. Dong, and H. Xiao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by CO2 laser irradiations for high temperature applications," Proc. SPIE 6757, 675708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, M. Luo, H. Xiao, and J. Dong, "Interferometric study on the adsorption-dependent refractive index of silicalite thin films grown on optical fibers," Chem. Mater. 18, 4-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Xiao, J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, R. Lee, and V. Romero, "Synthesis of MFI zeolite films on optical fibers for detection of chemical vapors," Opt. Lett. 30, 1270-1272 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

X. Shu and L. Zhang, "Sensitivity Characteristics of Long-Period Fiber Gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, "High-sensitivity optical chemosensor based on coated long-period gratings for sub-ppm chemical detection in water," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Catal. Today (1)

M. Vilaseca, J. Coronas, A. Cirera, A. Cornet, J. R. Morante, and J. Santamaria, "Use of zeolite films to improve the selectivity of reactive gas sensors," Catal. Today 82, 179-185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

J. Zhang, M. Luo, H. Xiao, and J. Dong, "Interferometric study on the adsorption-dependent refractive index of silicalite thin films grown on optical fibers," Chem. Mater. 18, 4-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sensors J. (1)

F. Yan, M. B. Wabuyele, G. D. Griffin, A. A. Vass, and T. Vo-Dinh, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of chemical and biological agent simulants," IEEE Sensors J. 5, 665-670 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

J. L. Meinershagen and T. J. Bein, "Optical sensing in nanopores. Encapsulation of the solvatochromic dye nile red in zeolites," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 448-449 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. M. Vengasarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band rejection filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Membr. Sci. (1)

H. Kalipcilar, S. K. Gade, R. D. Noble, and J. L. Falconer, "Synthesis and separation properties of B-ZSM-5 zeolite membranes on monolith supports," J. Membr. Sci. 210, 113-127 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

T. J. Erdogan, "Cladding-mode resonances in short- and long-period fiber grating filters," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14, 1760-1767 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

J. Zhang, J. Dong, M. Luo, H. Xiao, S. Murad, and R. A. Normann, "Zeolite-fiber integrated optical chemical sensors for detection of dissolved organics in water," Langmuir 21, 8609-8612 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lightwave Technol. (2)

X. Shu and L. Zhang, "Sensitivity Characteristics of Long-Period Fiber Gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255-262 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. Hou, Z. Hassemlooy, A. Hassan, C. Lu, and K. P. Dowker, "Modeling of long-period fibre grating response to refractive index higher than that of cladding," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1709-1713 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Microporous Mesoporous Mater. (1)

X. Gu, Z. Tang, and J. Dong, "On-stream modification of MFI zeolite membranes for enhancing hydrogen separation at high temperature," Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 111, 441-448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

S. M. Kuznicki, V. A. Bell, S. Nair, H. V. Hillhouse, R. M. Jacubinas, C. M. Braunbarth, B. H. Toby, and M. Tsapatsis, "A titanosilicate molecular sieve with adjustable pores for sizeselective adsorption of molecules," Nature 412, 720-723 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.E. Davis, "Ordered porous materials for emerging applications," Nature 417, 813-821 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, "Measurements of refractive index sensitivity using long-period grating refractometer," Opt. Commun. 229, 65-69 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Laser Eng. (1)

Y. J. Rao, "Recent progress in applications of in-fibre Bragggrating sensors," Opt. Laser Eng. 31, 297-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Wei, J. Montoya, J. Zhang, J. Dong, and H. Xiao, "Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings by CO2 laser irradiations for high temperature applications," Proc. SPIE 6757, 675708 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smart Mater. Struct. (1)

J. L. Tang and J. N. Wang, "Measurement of chloride-ion concentration with long-period grating technology," Smart Mater. Struct. 16, 665-672 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. Hoffmann and and F. Marlow, "Molecular sieve based materials for photonic applications," In Handbook of Zeolite Science and Technology, S. M. Auerbach, K. A. Carrado, and P. K. Dutta, eds., (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2003) pp. 921.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic showing cladding mode of LPFG with a film overcoat.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the sensor testing system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SEM pictures of the zeolite-LPFG surface (left) and fracture cross-section (right).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Displacement of transmission spectrum and λR as a function of isopropanol vapor concentration in air.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Displacement of transmission spectrum and λR as a function of toluene vapor concentration in air.

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