Abstract

We report for the first time measurements and modelization of the angular distributions of absorption and fluorescence in a monoclinic crystal. Studies on Nd:YCOB revealed specific topologies with ombilics. These new data upgrade the knowledge on low symmetry crystal optics.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Rare earth ion lasers - Nd3+," Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications, Vol. II, Edited by C. E. Webb and J. D. C. Jones, IOP Publishing, 353 (2004).
  2. F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 : an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 164 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Born & Wolf, Principles of Optics (Oxford Pergamon press, 1965).
  5. P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).
  7. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. M. Weber, G. Von Bally, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Reflection-type photorefractive gratings in the hypotiodiphosphate," Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 74, 29 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Shumelyuk, A. Volkov, A. Selinger, M. Imlau, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency-degenerate nonlinear light scattering in low-symmetry crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 150 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

A. Shumelyuk, A. Volkov, A. Selinger, M. Imlau, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency-degenerate nonlinear light scattering in low-symmetry crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 150 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. M. Weber, G. Von Bally, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Reflection-type photorefractive gratings in the hypotiodiphosphate," Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 74, 29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 : an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 : an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Bayramian, A. J.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Bohaty, L.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boulanger, B.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boulon, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Campbell, R.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Chai, B. H. T.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cross, R.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Dardenne, K.

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 : an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ebbers, C. A.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Eichenholz, J. M.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fei, Y.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Fontana, M. D.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Freitas, B. L.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Gadret, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hammons, D. A.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, H.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Imlau, M.

Kahn-Harari, A.

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 : an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Liebertz, J.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mangin, J.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ménaert, B.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mougel, F.

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 : an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S.

A. Shumelyuk, A. Volkov, A. Selinger, M. Imlau, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency-degenerate nonlinear light scattering in low-symmetry crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 150 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weber, G. Von Bally, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Reflection-type photorefractive gratings in the hypotiodiphosphate," Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 74, 29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peale, R. E

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pelenc, D.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Porée, F.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ridcharson, M.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salvestrini, J. P.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Segonds, P.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Selinger, A.

Shah, L.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shumelyuk, A.

A. Shumelyuk, A. Volkov, A. Selinger, M. Imlau, and S. Odoulov, "Frequency-degenerate nonlinear light scattering in low-symmetry crystals," Opt. Lett. 33, 150 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weber, G. Von Bally, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Reflection-type photorefractive gratings in the hypotiodiphosphate," Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 74, 29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S.

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Vivien, D.

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 : an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, A.

Von Bally, G.

A. M. Weber, G. Von Bally, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Reflection-type photorefractive gratings in the hypotiodiphosphate," Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 74, 29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weber, A. M.

A. M. Weber, G. Von Bally, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Reflection-type photorefractive gratings in the hypotiodiphosphate," Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 74, 29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zaccaro, J.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E Peale, M. Ridcharson, and B. H. T. Chai, "Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B Lasers Opt. (1)

A. M. Weber, G. Von Bally, A. Shumelyuk, and S. Odoulov, "Reflection-type photorefractive gratings in the hypotiodiphosphate," Appl. Phys. B Lasers Opt. 74, 29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3 : an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorgé, F. Porée, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Optical characterization of Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystals," Opt. Mater. 29, 975 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (1)

C. A. Ebbers, A. J. Bayramian, R. Campbell, R. Cross, B. L. Freitas, Z. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. A. Caird, C. P. J. Barty, Y. Fei, and B. H. T. Chai, "High Average Power Frequency Conversion with Large Aperture YCOB," inProceedings of Adv. Solid State Photon. (ASSP) 2008, WD3 (2008).

Other (2)

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, "Rare earth ion lasers - Nd3+," Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications, Vol. II, Edited by C. E. Webb and J. D. C. Jones, IOP Publishing, 353 (2004).

Born & Wolf, Principles of Optics (Oxford Pergamon press, 1965).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Angular distributions of the real part (a) and of the imaginary part (b) of the complex index in the X-Z plane of an orthorhombic crystal. VZ and V℉Z are the optical axes angles.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Top view of the experimental setup for both absorption (λi=0.812 µm) and fluorescence (λi=1.061 µm) angular distributions measurements. λpump=0.812 µm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Perpendicular (⊥) (dots) and parallel (//) (squares) components of the absorption coefficient at 0.812 µm (a) and of the normalized fluorescence power at 1.061 µm (b) as a function of the angle θ in the X-Z plane of Nd:YCOB.

Equations (5)

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n ( θ ) = n 2 n // ( θ ) = [ n 1 2 cos 2 ( θ ) + n 3 2 sin 2 ( θ ) ] 1 2
n ( θ ) = n 2 n // ( θ ) = [ n 1 3 n 1 cos 2 ( θ ) + n 3 3 n 3 sin 2 ( θ ) ] n // ( θ ) 3
ε ̂ = [ ε xx 0 0 0 ε yy 0 0 0 ε zz ] + j [ ε xx 0 ε xz 0 ε yy 0 ε zx 0 ε zz ]
[ n ̂ 2 ε ̂ yy ε 0 ] [ ( ε ̂ xx ε 0 sin 2 ( θ ) + ε ̂ zz ε 0 cos 2 ( θ ) + 2 ε ̂ xz ε 0 cos ( θ ) sin ( θ ) ) n ̂ 2 + ( ε ̂ xz ε 0 ) 2 ε ̂ xx ε ̂ zz ε 0 2 ] = 0
n ( θ ) = ε yy 2 ε 0 ε yy and n // ( θ ) = [ ε xx 2 ε xx 2 cos 2 ( θ ) + ε zz 2 ε zz 2 sin 2 ( θ ) ε xz ε xx ε zz cos ( θ ) sin ( θ ) ] n // ( θ ) 3

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