Abstract

We demonstrate that the left-handed materials (LHMs) with unity dendritic unit cells arrayed in disorder state present still passband and negative refractive. The resonance behavior of LHMs in disturbed periodic lattice, quasi-periodic lattice and random array are experimentally investigated. Employing amended retrieval method, the LHMs with disordered state exhibits a negative index of refraction. Basing on such LHMs lens, the subwavelength imaging experiment give a clearly point image with a full wave at half maximum width of 0.4 λ at 9.3 GHz. Similarly, the power field distribution of "N" shaped antenna is measured beyond the diffraction limit.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, and D. J. Robbins, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. A. Shelby, D.R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-47 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Magnetic response of dendritic structures at infrared frequencies," Solid State Commun. 140, 9-13 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Metamaterials with dendriticlike structure at infrared frequencies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191904 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Zhou, Q. H. Fu, J. Zhao, Y. Yang, and X. P. Zhao, "Negative permeability and subwavelength focusing of quasi-periodic dendritic cell metamaterials," Opt. Express 14, 7188-7197 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Yao and X. P. Zhao, "Multilevel dendritic structure with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 124904 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Zhou and X. P. Zhao, "Resonant condition of unitary dendritic structure with overlapping negative permittivity and permeability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181908 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Aydin, K. Guven, N. Katsarakis, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Effect of disorder on magnetic resonance band gap of split-ring resonator structures," Opt. Express 12, 5896-5901 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Mitsumata and S. Tomita, "Negative permeability of magnetic nanocomposite films for designing left-handed metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 223104 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. P. Zhao, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, J. Song, and Q. H. Fu, "Defect effect of split ring resonators in left-handed metamaterials," Phys. Lett. A 346, 87-91 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Chen, L. Ran, D. Wang, J. Huangfu, Q. Jiang, and J. A. Kong, "Metamaterial with randomized patterns for negative refraction of electromagnetic waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031908 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Wang, J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Measurement of negative permittivity and permeability from experimental transmission and reflection with effects of cell misalignment," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123114 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, "Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2929-2936 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (7)

H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Metamaterials with dendriticlike structure at infrared frequencies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yao and X. P. Zhao, "Multilevel dendritic structure with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 124904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou and X. P. Zhao, "Resonant condition of unitary dendritic structure with overlapping negative permittivity and permeability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Mitsumata and S. Tomita, "Negative permeability of magnetic nanocomposite films for designing left-handed metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 223104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Magnetic response of dendritic structures at infrared frequencies," Solid State Commun. 140, 9-13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, L. Ran, D. Wang, J. Huangfu, Q. Jiang, and J. A. Kong, "Metamaterial with randomized patterns for negative refraction of electromagnetic waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Measurement of negative permittivity and permeability from experimental transmission and reflection with effects of cell misalignment," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, Q. H. Fu, J. Zhao, Y. Yang, and X. P. Zhao, "Negative permeability and subwavelength focusing of quasi-periodic dendritic cell metamaterials," Opt. Express 14, 7188-7197 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Zhao, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, J. Song, and Q. H. Fu, "Defect effect of split ring resonators in left-handed metamaterials," Phys. Lett. A 346, 87-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, "Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2929-2936 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D.R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, and D. J. Robbins, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aydin, K.

Chen, H.

D. Wang, J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Measurement of negative permittivity and permeability from experimental transmission and reflection with effects of cell misalignment," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, L. Ran, D. Wang, J. Huangfu, Q. Jiang, and J. A. Kong, "Metamaterial with randomized patterns for negative refraction of electromagnetic waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Etrich, C.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Q. H.

X. Zhou, Q. H. Fu, J. Zhao, Y. Yang, and X. P. Zhao, "Negative permeability and subwavelength focusing of quasi-periodic dendritic cell metamaterials," Opt. Express 14, 7188-7197 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Zhao, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, J. Song, and Q. H. Fu, "Defect effect of split ring resonators in left-handed metamaterials," Phys. Lett. A 346, 87-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gay-Balmaz, P.

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, "Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2929-2936 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gollub, J.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grzegorczyk, T. M.

D. Wang, J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Measurement of negative permittivity and permeability from experimental transmission and reflection with effects of cell misalignment," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guven, K.

Hand, T.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, and D. J. Robbins, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huangfu, J.

H. Chen, L. Ran, D. Wang, J. Huangfu, Q. Jiang, and J. A. Kong, "Metamaterial with randomized patterns for negative refraction of electromagnetic waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Measurement of negative permittivity and permeability from experimental transmission and reflection with effects of cell misalignment," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Q.

H. Chen, L. Ran, D. Wang, J. Huangfu, Q. Jiang, and J. A. Kong, "Metamaterial with randomized patterns for negative refraction of electromagnetic waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, S.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, L.

X. P. Zhao, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, J. Song, and Q. H. Fu, "Defect effect of split ring resonators in left-handed metamaterials," Phys. Lett. A 346, 87-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J. A.

H. Chen, L. Ran, D. Wang, J. Huangfu, Q. Jiang, and J. A. Kong, "Metamaterial with randomized patterns for negative refraction of electromagnetic waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Measurement of negative permittivity and permeability from experimental transmission and reflection with effects of cell misalignment," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, Th.

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Metamaterials with dendriticlike structure at infrared frequencies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Magnetic response of dendritic structures at infrared frequencies," Solid State Commun. 140, 9-13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Markos, P.

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, "Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2929-2936 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mendonca, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mitsumata, C.

C. Mitsumata and S. Tomita, "Negative permeability of magnetic nanocomposite films for designing left-handed metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 223104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, and D. J. Robbins, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L.

D. Wang, J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Measurement of negative permittivity and permeability from experimental transmission and reflection with effects of cell misalignment," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, L. Ran, D. Wang, J. Huangfu, Q. Jiang, and J. A. Kong, "Metamaterial with randomized patterns for negative refraction of electromagnetic waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, and D. J. Robbins, "Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2075-2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sajuyigbe, S.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scharf, T.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D.R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, "Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies," Nat. Mater. 7, 31-47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D.R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

J. Gollub, T. Hand, S. Sajuyigbe, S. Mendonca, S. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, "Characterizing the effects of disorder in metamaterial," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 162907 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling electromagnetic fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D.R.

R. A. Shelby, D.R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

X. P. Zhao, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, J. Song, and Q. H. Fu, "Defect effect of split ring resonators in left-handed metamaterials," Phys. Lett. A 346, 87-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, S.

C. Mitsumata and S. Tomita, "Negative permeability of magnetic nanocomposite films for designing left-handed metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 223104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vier, D. C.

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Impact of inherent periodic structure on effective medium description of left-handed and related metamaterials," Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

H. Chen, L. Ran, D. Wang, J. Huangfu, Q. Jiang, and J. A. Kong, "Metamaterial with randomized patterns for negative refraction of electromagnetic waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031908 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Measurement of negative permittivity and permeability from experimental transmission and reflection with effects of cell misalignment," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 123114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Yao, Y.

Y. Yao and X. P. Zhao, "Multilevel dendritic structure with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 124904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, Q.

X. P. Zhao, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, J. Song, and Q. H. Fu, "Defect effect of split ring resonators in left-handed metamaterials," Phys. Lett. A 346, 87-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X. P.

X. Zhou and X. P. Zhao, "Resonant condition of unitary dendritic structure with overlapping negative permittivity and permeability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yao and X. P. Zhao, "Multilevel dendritic structure with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 124904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Metamaterials with dendriticlike structure at infrared frequencies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, Q. H. Fu, J. Zhao, Y. Yang, and X. P. Zhao, "Negative permeability and subwavelength focusing of quasi-periodic dendritic cell metamaterials," Opt. Express 14, 7188-7197 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Magnetic response of dendritic structures at infrared frequencies," Solid State Commun. 140, 9-13 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Zhao, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, J. Song, and Q. H. Fu, "Defect effect of split ring resonators in left-handed metamaterials," Phys. Lett. A 346, 87-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou and X. P. Zhao, "Resonant condition of unitary dendritic structure with overlapping negative permittivity and permeability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, Q. H. Fu, J. Zhao, Y. Yang, and X. P. Zhao, "Negative permeability and subwavelength focusing of quasi-periodic dendritic cell metamaterials," Opt. Express 14, 7188-7197 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

H. Liu and X. P. Zhao, "Metamaterials with dendriticlike structure at infrared frequencies," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou and X. P. Zhao, "Resonant condition of unitary dendritic structure with overlapping negative permittivity and permeability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 181908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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