Abstract

The phosphor NaGd(PO3)4:Dy3+ was synthesized by solid-state reaction technique at high temperature. The vacuum ultraviolet (VUV)-UV excitation spectra and visible emission spectra under VUV/UV excitation were investigated. The sample NaGd(PO3)4:Dy3+ showed suitable spectroscopic characteristics such as broad and strong absorption around 172 nm, intensive emission with the chromaticity coordinates (0.33, 0.38) in warm-white light region. Additionally, this efficient white-emitting phosphor is activated by a single Dy3+ ion and with a lower preparation temperature, which tend to decrease the consumption of rare earth resource and energy. Therefore, the phosphor NGP:Dy3+ may be considered as a suitable candidate for Hg-free lamps application.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

J. P. Zhong, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and G. B. Zhang, "Effects of crystal structure on the luminescence properties and energy transfer between Gd3+ and Ce3+ ions in MGd(PO3)4:Ce3+ (M = Li, Na, K, Cs)," J. Mater. Chem. 17, 4679 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Parreu, J. M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, "Growth, spectroscopy and laser operation of Yb:KGd(PO3)4 single crystal," Opt. Express 15, 2360 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, "Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln= Ce, Tb)," J. Solid State Chem. 179, 1291 (2006).

2005

K. Jaouadi, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and M. Pierrot, "Synthesis and crystal structure of sodium-bismuth polyphosphate NaBi(PO3)4," J. Cryst. Growth 273, 638 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, "Crystal growth, structural characterization, and linear thermal evolution of KGd(PO3)4," Chem. Mater. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Amami, M. Ferid, and M. Trabelsi-Ayedi, "Crystal structure and spectroscopic studies of NaGd(PO3)4," Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 2144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

H. Ettis, H. Naili, and T. Mhiri, "Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a New Potassium-Gadolinium Cyclotetraphosphate, KGdP4O12," Cryst. Growth Des. 3, 599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Jaouadi, H. Naili, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and A. Daoud, "Synthesis and crystal structure of a new form of potassium-bismuth polyphosphate KBi(PO3)4," J. Alloys Compd. 354, 104 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, Q. Su, and S. B. Wang, "VUV-UV photoluminescence spectra of strontium orthophosphate doped with rare earth ions," J. Solid State Chem. 167, 435 (2002).

2001

T. Jüstel, J. C. Krupa, and D. U. Wiechert, "VUV spectroscopy of luminescent materials for plasma display panels and Xe discharge lamps," J. Lumin. 93, 179 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. Dorenbos, "The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds," J. Lumin. 91, 155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, "New development in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1976

R. D. Shannon, "Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides," Acta Cryst. A 32, 751 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975

H. Y. P. Hong, "Crystal structure of NdLiP4O12," Mater. Res. Bull. 10, 635 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1962

C. K. Jørgensen, "Electron transfer spectra of lanthanide complexes," Mol. Phys. 5, 271 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

I. Parreu, J. M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, "Growth, spectroscopy and laser operation of Yb:KGd(PO3)4 single crystal," Opt. Express 15, 2360 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, "Crystal growth, structural characterization, and linear thermal evolution of KGd(PO3)4," Chem. Mater. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Amami, J.

J. Amami, M. Ferid, and M. Trabelsi-Ayedi, "Crystal structure and spectroscopic studies of NaGd(PO3)4," Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 2144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. X.

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Daoud, A.

K. Jaouadi, H. Naili, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and A. Daoud, "Synthesis and crystal structure of a new form of potassium-bismuth polyphosphate KBi(PO3)4," J. Alloys Compd. 354, 104 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

I. Parreu, J. M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, "Growth, spectroscopy and laser operation of Yb:KGd(PO3)4 single crystal," Opt. Express 15, 2360 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, "Crystal growth, structural characterization, and linear thermal evolution of KGd(PO3)4," Chem. Mater. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dorenbos, P.

P. Dorenbos, "The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds," J. Lumin. 91, 155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ettis, H.

H. Ettis, H. Naili, and T. Mhiri, "Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a New Potassium-Gadolinium Cyclotetraphosphate, KGdP4O12," Cryst. Growth Des. 3, 599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferid, M.

J. Amami, M. Ferid, and M. Trabelsi-Ayedi, "Crystal structure and spectroscopic studies of NaGd(PO3)4," Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 2144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y. B.

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, "Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln= Ce, Tb)," J. Solid State Chem. 179, 1291 (2006).

Gavaldà, J.

I. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, "Crystal growth, structural characterization, and linear thermal evolution of KGd(PO3)4," Chem. Mater. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guo, B.

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, "Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln= Ce, Tb)," J. Solid State Chem. 179, 1291 (2006).

Han, B.

J. P. Zhong, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and G. B. Zhang, "Effects of crystal structure on the luminescence properties and energy transfer between Gd3+ and Ce3+ ions in MGd(PO3)4:Ce3+ (M = Li, Na, K, Cs)," J. Mater. Chem. 17, 4679 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, H.

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hong, H. Y. P.

H. Y. P. Hong, "Crystal structure of NdLiP4O12," Mater. Res. Bull. 10, 635 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Jaouadi, K.

K. Jaouadi, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and M. Pierrot, "Synthesis and crystal structure of sodium-bismuth polyphosphate NaBi(PO3)4," J. Cryst. Growth 273, 638 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Jaouadi, H. Naili, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and A. Daoud, "Synthesis and crystal structure of a new form of potassium-bismuth polyphosphate KBi(PO3)4," J. Alloys Compd. 354, 104 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jørgensen, C. K.

C. K. Jørgensen, "Electron transfer spectra of lanthanide complexes," Mol. Phys. 5, 271 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Jüstel, T.

T. Jüstel, J. C. Krupa, and D. U. Wiechert, "VUV spectroscopy of luminescent materials for plasma display panels and Xe discharge lamps," J. Lumin. 93, 179 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, "New development in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krupa, J. C.

T. Jüstel, J. C. Krupa, and D. U. Wiechert, "VUV spectroscopy of luminescent materials for plasma display panels and Xe discharge lamps," J. Lumin. 93, 179 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H. B.

J. P. Zhong, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and G. B. Zhang, "Effects of crystal structure on the luminescence properties and energy transfer between Gd3+ and Ce3+ ions in MGd(PO3)4:Ce3+ (M = Li, Na, K, Cs)," J. Mater. Chem. 17, 4679 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, "Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln= Ce, Tb)," J. Solid State Chem. 179, 1291 (2006).

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, Q. Su, and S. B. Wang, "VUV-UV photoluminescence spectra of strontium orthophosphate doped with rare earth ions," J. Solid State Chem. 167, 435 (2002).

Lin, H. H.

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, "Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln= Ce, Tb)," J. Solid State Chem. 179, 1291 (2006).

Massons, J.

I. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, "Crystal growth, structural characterization, and linear thermal evolution of KGd(PO3)4," Chem. Mater. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

Mhiri, T.

K. Jaouadi, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and M. Pierrot, "Synthesis and crystal structure of sodium-bismuth polyphosphate NaBi(PO3)4," J. Cryst. Growth 273, 638 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Ettis, H. Naili, and T. Mhiri, "Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a New Potassium-Gadolinium Cyclotetraphosphate, KGdP4O12," Cryst. Growth Des. 3, 599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Jaouadi, H. Naili, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and A. Daoud, "Synthesis and crystal structure of a new form of potassium-bismuth polyphosphate KBi(PO3)4," J. Alloys Compd. 354, 104 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Naili, H.

K. Jaouadi, H. Naili, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and A. Daoud, "Synthesis and crystal structure of a new form of potassium-bismuth polyphosphate KBi(PO3)4," J. Alloys Compd. 354, 104 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Ettis, H. Naili, and T. Mhiri, "Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a New Potassium-Gadolinium Cyclotetraphosphate, KGdP4O12," Cryst. Growth Des. 3, 599 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nikol, H.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, "New development in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Parreu, I.

I. Parreu, J. M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, "Growth, spectroscopy and laser operation of Yb:KGd(PO3)4 single crystal," Opt. Express 15, 2360 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, "Crystal growth, structural characterization, and linear thermal evolution of KGd(PO3)4," Chem. Mater. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Pierrot, M.

K. Jaouadi, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and M. Pierrot, "Synthesis and crystal structure of sodium-bismuth polyphosphate NaBi(PO3)4," J. Cryst. Growth 273, 638 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, J. M. C.

Ronda, C.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, "New development in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, R. D.

R. D. Shannon, "Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides," Acta Cryst. A 32, 751 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Solé, R.

I. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, "Crystal growth, structural characterization, and linear thermal evolution of KGd(PO3)4," Chem. Mater. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

J. P. Zhong, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and G. B. Zhang, "Effects of crystal structure on the luminescence properties and energy transfer between Gd3+ and Ce3+ ions in MGd(PO3)4:Ce3+ (M = Li, Na, K, Cs)," J. Mater. Chem. 17, 4679 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, "Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln= Ce, Tb)," J. Solid State Chem. 179, 1291 (2006).

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, Q. Su, and S. B. Wang, "VUV-UV photoluminescence spectra of strontium orthophosphate doped with rare earth ions," J. Solid State Chem. 167, 435 (2002).

Tao, Y.

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, Q. Su, and S. B. Wang, "VUV-UV photoluminescence spectra of strontium orthophosphate doped with rare earth ions," J. Solid State Chem. 167, 435 (2002).

Tian, Z. F.

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, "Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln= Ce, Tb)," J. Solid State Chem. 179, 1291 (2006).

Trabelsi-Ayedi, M.

J. Amami, M. Ferid, and M. Trabelsi-Ayedi, "Crystal structure and spectroscopic studies of NaGd(PO3)4," Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 2144 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. B.

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, Q. Su, and S. B. Wang, "VUV-UV photoluminescence spectra of strontium orthophosphate doped with rare earth ions," J. Solid State Chem. 167, 435 (2002).

Wiechert, D. U.

T. Jüstel, J. C. Krupa, and D. U. Wiechert, "VUV spectroscopy of luminescent materials for plasma display panels and Xe discharge lamps," J. Lumin. 93, 179 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. H.

H. B. Liang, Y. Tao, J. H. Xu, H. He, H. Wu, W. X. Chen, S. B. Wang, and Q. Su, "Photoluminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Tb3+ activated Sr3Ln(PO4)3 under VUV-UV excitation," J. Solid State Chem. 177, 901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. B.

J. P. Zhong, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and G. B. Zhang, "Effects of crystal structure on the luminescence properties and energy transfer between Gd3+ and Ce3+ ions in MGd(PO3)4:Ce3+ (M = Li, Na, K, Cs)," J. Mater. Chem. 17, 4679 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. F. Tian, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, Q. Su, B. Guo, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, "Luminescence of NaGdFPO4:Ln3+ after VUV excitation: A comparison with GdPO4:Ln3+ (Ln= Ce, Tb)," J. Solid State Chem. 179, 1291 (2006).

Zhong, J. P.

J. P. Zhong, H. B. Liang, B. Han, Q. Su, and G. B. Zhang, "Effects of crystal structure on the luminescence properties and energy transfer between Gd3+ and Ce3+ ions in MGd(PO3)4:Ce3+ (M = Li, Na, K, Cs)," J. Mater. Chem. 17, 4679 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zouari, N.

K. Jaouadi, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and M. Pierrot, "Synthesis and crystal structure of sodium-bismuth polyphosphate NaBi(PO3)4," J. Cryst. Growth 273, 638 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Jaouadi, H. Naili, N. Zouari, T. Mhiri, and A. Daoud, "Synthesis and crystal structure of a new form of potassium-bismuth polyphosphate KBi(PO3)4," J. Alloys Compd. 354, 104 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Acta Cryst. A

R. D. Shannon, "Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides," Acta Cryst. A 32, 751 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, "New development in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

I. Parreu, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, "Crystal growth, structural characterization, and linear thermal evolution of KGd(PO3)4," Chem. Mater. 17, 822 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

XRD patterns of samples NaGd(PO3)4, NaGd0.95Dy0.05(PO3)4 and NaDy(PO3)4.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Excitation and emission spectra of NaGd0.95Dy0.05(PO3)4

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Emission spectra of NaGd1-xDyx(PO3)4ex=349 nm)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

VUV spectra of NaGd0.95Dy0.05(PO3)4 (labeled as NGP:Dy3+) and commercial phosphor (Y,Gd)BO3:Eu3+ (YGB: Eu3+) and Zn2SiO4:Mn2+ (ZSM)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The VUV spectra of undoped NaGd(PO3)4 at RT

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The CIE color coordinates of NGP:Dy3+ together with that of commercial phosphor YGB:Eu3+ and ZSM.

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