Abstract

Polarization properties and energy stability are measured for few-cycle pulses that are generated by filamentation in dual Ar-filled tubes in tandem. The dual-tube geometry enhances the contribution of self-phase modulation to spectral broadening. The polarization extinction ratio (I/I) is improved for the beam transmitted through the second tube compared to the first tube and of the incident laser beam. Polarization control of few-cycle pulses is realized in simple fashion by a half-wave plate placed prior to the dual-tube assembly. We show that intensity clamping in the filament affords a major advantage in accomplishing a significant reduction in energy fluctuations compared to those inherent in the incident laser beam.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takashaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Berge and A. Couairon, "Gas-Induced Solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1003-6 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmayer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament," Opt. Lett. 31, 274-276 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z Xu, "Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 kHz through cascade filamentation," Opt. Lett. 32, 2402-2404 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, "Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation," New J. Phys. 10, 025023-38 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Pulse shortening, spatial mode cleaning, and intense terahertz generation by filamentation in xenon," Phys. Rev. A. 76, 063819-26 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, 73-75 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Brodeur, F. A. Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence,"Opt. Commun. 129, 193 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, "Filamentation nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 86, 477-483 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Couairon, "Dynamics of femtosecond filamentation from saturation of self-focusing laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A. 68, 015801-4 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Sieffer, and O. Vasseur, "Saptial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31,2601-2603 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. N. Akozbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New. J. Phys. 8, 177-1-12 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. D. Silvestri, M. Nisoli, G. Sanaone, S. Stagaria, and O. Svelto, "Few-cycle pulses by external compression," Top. Appl. Phys. B 95, 137-177 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-594 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort pulses in optical media," Opt. Lett. 31, 2184-2186 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, "White light induced fragmentation of methane," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9399-9404 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Francois, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. Akturk, C. Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "A simple method for determination of nonlinear propagation regimes in gases," Opt. Express 15, 15260-15267 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. R. R. Alfano, The Supercontinuum Laser Source, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), pp. 58-60.
  30. D. Mathur, A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and J. A. Dharmadhikari, "Molecular symmetry effects in the ionization of CS2 by intense, few-cycle laser pulses," arXiv:0801.2046v1 Phys. Opt.
  31. D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and J. A. Dharmadhikari, "Strong-field ionization of water by intense, few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A - submitted.
    [PubMed]

2008

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, "Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation," New J. Phys. 10, 025023-38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Pulse shortening, spatial mode cleaning, and intense terahertz generation by filamentation in xenon," Phys. Rev. A. 76, 063819-26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, "White light induced fragmentation of methane," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9399-9404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, "Filamentation nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 86, 477-483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z Xu, "Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 kHz through cascade filamentation," Opt. Lett. 32, 2402-2404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Akturk, C. Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "A simple method for determination of nonlinear propagation regimes in gases," Opt. Express 15, 15260-15267 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmayer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament," Opt. Lett. 31, 274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort pulses in optical media," Opt. Lett. 31, 2184-2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Sieffer, and O. Vasseur, "Saptial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31,2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Silvestri, M. Nisoli, G. Sanaone, S. Stagaria, and O. Svelto, "Few-cycle pulses by external compression," Top. Appl. Phys. B 95, 137-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Couairon, "Dynamics of femtosecond filamentation from saturation of self-focusing laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A. 68, 015801-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. Berge and A. Couairon, "Gas-Induced Solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1003-6 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takashaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur, F. A. Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence,"Opt. Commun. 129, 193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1970

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abel, M. J.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Akturk, S.

S. Akturk, C. Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "A simple method for determination of nonlinear propagation regimes in gases," Opt. Express 15, 15260-15267 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Pulse shortening, spatial mode cleaning, and intense terahertz generation by filamentation in xenon," Phys. Rev. A. 76, 063819-26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Amico, C.

Berge, L.

L. Berge and A. Couairon, "Gas-Induced Solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1003-6 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Brodeur, A.

A. Brodeur, F. A. Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence,"Opt. Commun. 129, 193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bruck, M.

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buersing, H.

Chen, X.

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, "Filamentation nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 86, 477-483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur, F. A. Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence,"Opt. Commun. 129, 193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, "Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation," New J. Phys. 10, 025023-38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Akturk, C. Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "A simple method for determination of nonlinear propagation regimes in gases," Opt. Express 15, 15260-15267 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Pulse shortening, spatial mode cleaning, and intense terahertz generation by filamentation in xenon," Phys. Rev. A. 76, 063819-26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Sieffer, and O. Vasseur, "Saptial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31,2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, "Dynamics of femtosecond filamentation from saturation of self-focusing laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A. 68, 015801-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Berge and A. Couairon, "Gas-Induced Solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1003-6 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D'Amico, C.

S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Pulse shortening, spatial mode cleaning, and intense terahertz generation by filamentation in xenon," Phys. Rev. A. 76, 063819-26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dharmadhikari, A. K.

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, "White light induced fragmentation of methane," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9399-9404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort pulses in optical media," Opt. Lett. 31, 2184-2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and J. A. Dharmadhikari, "Strong-field ionization of water by intense, few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A - submitted.
[PubMed]

Dharmadhikari, J. A.

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and J. A. Dharmadhikari, "Strong-field ionization of water by intense, few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A - submitted.
[PubMed]

Du, D.

Eberle, B.

Franco, M.

Francois, M. A.

Gallmann, L.

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ge, X.

Grillon, G.

Guandalini, A.

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F. W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Holler, M.

Ilkov, F. A.

A. Brodeur, F. A. Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence,"Opt. Commun. 129, 193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U

Keller, U.

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, "Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation," New J. Phys. 10, 025023-38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takashaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Kornelis, W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krenz, M.

Leone, S. R.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Li, X.

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, "Filamentation nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 86, 477-483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lopez-Martens, R. B.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mathur, D.

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, "White light induced fragmentation of methane," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9399-9404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort pulses in optical media," Opt. Lett. 31, 2184-2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and J. A. Dharmadhikari, "Strong-field ionization of water by intense, few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A - submitted.
[PubMed]

Merano, M.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, 73-75 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, "Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation," New J. Phys. 10, 025023-38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Pulse shortening, spatial mode cleaning, and intense terahertz generation by filamentation in xenon," Phys. Rev. A. 76, 063819-26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Akturk, C. Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "A simple method for determination of nonlinear propagation regimes in gases," Opt. Express 15, 15260-15267 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Sieffer, and O. Vasseur, "Saptial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31,2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Grillon, M. A. Francois, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, N2, and O2 by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, P. M.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Neumark, D. M.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Nisoli, M.

S. D. Silvestri, M. Nisoli, G. Sanaone, S. Stagaria, and O. Svelto, "Few-cycle pulses by external compression," Top. Appl. Phys. B 95, 137-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

Prade, B. S.

Rajgara, F. A.

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, "White light induced fragmentation of methane," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9399-9404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, "Depolarization of white light generated by ultrashort pulses in optical media," Opt. Lett. 31, 2184-2186 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and J. A. Dharmadhikari, "Strong-field ionization of water by intense, few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A - submitted.
[PubMed]

Rey, G.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakane, I.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takashaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sanaone, G.

S. D. Silvestri, M. Nisoli, G. Sanaone, S. Stagaria, and O. Svelto, "Few-cycle pulses by external compression," Top. Appl. Phys. B 95, 137-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schapper, F.

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takashaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sieffer, D.

Silvestri, S. D.

S. D. Silvestri, M. Nisoli, G. Sanaone, S. Stagaria, and O. Svelto, "Few-cycle pulses by external compression," Top. Appl. Phys. B 95, 137-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Stagaria, S.

S. D. Silvestri, M. Nisoli, G. Sanaone, S. Stagaria, and O. Svelto, "Few-cycle pulses by external compression," Top. Appl. Phys. B 95, 137-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Steinmayer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Svelto, O.

S. D. Silvestri, M. Nisoli, G. Sanaone, S. Stagaria, and O. Svelto, "Few-cycle pulses by external compression," Top. Appl. Phys. B 95, 137-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takashaka, M.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takashaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Theberge, F.

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, "Filamentation nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 86, 477-483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Trisorio, A.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vasseur, O.

Wei, P.

Xu, Z

Zaïr, A.

Zhavoronkov, N.

Appl. Phys. B

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, F. Theberge, and W. Liu, "Filamentation nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 86, 477-483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Comparison of the filamentation and the hollow-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," Appl. Phys. B 86, 561-566 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, M. Bruck, F. W. Helbing, C. P. Hauri, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Single-shot dynamics of pulses from a gas-filled hollow fiber," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1033-1039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takashaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs visible pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 1511251-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. A

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, "White light induced fragmentation of methane," J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9399-9404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and U. Keller, "Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation," New J. Phys. 10, 025023-38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. Brodeur, F. A. Ilkov, and S. L. Chin, "Beam filamentation and the white light continuum divergence,"Opt. Commun. 129, 193 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rep.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

D. Mathur, F. A. Rajgara, A. K. Dharmadhikari, and J. A. Dharmadhikari, "Strong-field ionization of water by intense, few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A - submitted.
[PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A.

S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Pulse shortening, spatial mode cleaning, and intense terahertz generation by filamentation in xenon," Phys. Rev. A. 76, 063819-26 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, "Dynamics of femtosecond filamentation from saturation of self-focusing laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A. 68, 015801-4 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

L. Berge and A. Couairon, "Gas-Induced Solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1003-6 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Top. Appl. Phys. B

S. D. Silvestri, M. Nisoli, G. Sanaone, S. Stagaria, and O. Svelto, "Few-cycle pulses by external compression," Top. Appl. Phys. B 95, 137-177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

N. Akozbek, S. A. Trushin, A. Baltuska W. Fuss, E. Goulielmakis, K. Kosma, F. Krausz, S. Panja, M. Uiberacker, W. E. Schmid, A. Becker, M. Scalora, and M. Bloemer, "Extending the supercontinuum spectrum down to 200nm with few-cycle pulses," New. J. Phys. 8, 177-1-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano, The Supercontinuum Laser Source, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989), pp. 58-60.

D. Mathur, A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and J. A. Dharmadhikari, "Molecular symmetry effects in the ionization of CS2 by intense, few-cycle laser pulses," arXiv:0801.2046v1 Phys. Opt.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for generation of few-cycle pulses by filamentation in two Ar-filled tubes in tandem. M1 is a plane mirror. M2–M5 are concave mirrors of focal length 1m. CDM1, CDM2, and M6 are chirped dielectric mirrors. A1–A3 are apertures.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral profiles of broadened light emerging from Ar-filled gas tubes 1 (red) and 2 (blue). The spectral profile of the incident laser beam (black) is also shown.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SPIDER traces of the compressed laser pulse emerging from tube 2 showing a) the temporal profile, and b) the spectral profile. The pressure in the first tube was kept at 1.2 atm while in the second tube it was 0.9 atm of Ar.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Extinction ratio plotted as a function of argon pressure in a) tube 1 and b) tube 2. The solid lines are simply a guide to the eye.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spatial profile of a) the incident laser beam and b) the beam after spatial self-cleaning in filamentation (diameter is 2mm at 1/e2).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Energy fluctuations as a function of time, note the 45% reduction in fluctuations after tube 2 with respect to the laser.

Metrics