Abstract

Amplified spontaneous emission from planar waveguides and quasi-waveguides based on Pyrromethene 567-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) thin films deposited onto quartz and glass substrates is investigated. Films with different thickness were prepared and pumped optically at 532 nm with pulses of up to 8 MW/cm2. Pump thresholds for the onset of ASE emission, optical gains and losses were assessed. Net gain coefficients were estimated by fitting the data provided by variable stripe length measurements with a theoretical expression which takes into account saturation. In this way, net gain coefficients of up to 56±9 cm-1 at a pump intensity of 5.3 MW/cm2 for quasi-waveguides and up to 20.6±2.7 cm-1 at a pump intensity of 3.4 MW/cm2 for waveguides, were obtained. Loss coefficients in the waveguides were estimated to be 3.8±0.4 cm-1 and 6.1±1.3 cm-1 for 15 µm and 5 µm thick films, respectively. The results obtained seem to indicate a stronger self-mode-restriction capability in the quasi-waveguides than in conventional total internal-reflection waveguides.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Errata

A. Costela, O. García, L. Cerdán, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain measurements from pyrromethene 567 �?? doped polymer waveguides and quasi-waveguides: erratum," Opt. Express 16, 7587-7587 (2008)
https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-16-10-7587

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Materials for solid-state dye lasers," in Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices, H. S. Nalwa, ed., (Academic, San Diego, Ca., 2001), vol. 7, Chap. 4, p.161.
  2. A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Manaa and S. M. Al-Alawi, "Optical gain measurements in polymethyl methacrylate plastic doped with perylimide dyes," J. Lumin. 94-95, 55-58 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Kawabe, L. Wang, T. Nakamura, and N. Ogata, "Thin-film lasers based on dye-deoxyribonucleic acid-lipid complexes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1372-1374 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S.-S. Yap, W.-O. Siew, T.-Y. Tou, and S.-W. Ng, "Red-green-blue laser emission from dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films," Appl. Opt. 41, 1725-1728 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, "Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 27, 1220-1222 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda, "Fabrication of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a grating structure in its plastic waveguide," Appl. Opt. 41, 5030-5035 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, "Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers," Opt. Commun. 214, 277-283 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Oki, M. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, H. Watanabe, and M. Maeda, "Development of Quasi-End-Fired Waveguide Plastic Dye Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 389-396 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Tsutsumi, A. Fujihara, and D. Hayashi, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with a threshold in the nanojoule range in an organic guest-host polymeric waveguide," Appl. Opt. 45, 5748-5751 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye-doped cladding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. W. Lu, B. Zhong, and D. Ma, "Amplified spontaneous emission and gain from optically pumped films of dye-doped polymers," Appl. Opt. 43, 5074-5078 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. Zhang and D. Ma, "Improved amplified spontaneous emission by doping of green fluorescent dye C545T in red fluorescent dye DCJTB:PS polymer films," Appl. Opt. 46, 2996-3000 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz García, "Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 7, 093103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).
  21. E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, "Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 10, 1471-1483 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. K. Sakai, T. Tsuzuki, Y. Itoh, M. Ichikawa, and Y. Taniguchi, "Using proton-transfer dyes for organic laser diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 189-193 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, and W. J. Blau, "Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161114 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  26. D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. Kawasaki and S. Mine, "Novel lasing action in dye-doped polymer films coated on large Pseudotabular Ag Islands," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15052-15054 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. H. Goudket, T. H. Nhung, B. Ea-Kim, G. Roger, and M. Canva, "Importance of dye host on absorption, propagation losses, and amplified spontaneous emission for dye-doped polymer thin films," Appl. Opt. 45, 7736-7741 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. Z. Yu, W. Li, J. A. Hagen, Y. Zhou, D. Klotzkin, J. G. Grote, and A.J. Steckl, "Photoluminescence and lasing from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) thin films doped with sulforhodamine," Appl. Opt. 46, 1507-1513 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. A. Büttner and U. D. Zeitner, "Experimental realization of monolithic diffractive broad-area polymeric waveguide dye lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 545-551 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  31. P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. X. Zhu and D. Lo, "Sol-gel glass distributed-feedback waveguide laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917-919 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  33. D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, "Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2707-2709 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  34. J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo,and X. Zhu, "Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 90-92(2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. D. Lo, C. Ye, and J. Wang, "Distributed feedback laser action by polarization modulation," Appl. Phys. B 76, 649-653 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  36. C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  37. X. Peng, L. Liu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Z. Hou, L. Xu, W. Wang, F. Li, and M. Ye, "Wide-range amplified spontaneous emission wavelength tuning in a solid-state dye waveguide," Opt. Lett. 25, 314-316 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  38. M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  39. T. Saraidarov, R. Reisfeld, M. Kazes, and U. Banin, "Blue laser dye spectroscopic properties in sol-gel inorganic-organic hybrid films," Opt. Lett. 31, 356-358 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. T. G. Pavlopoulos, "Scaling of dye lasers with improved laser dyes," Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 193-224 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  41. D. B. Hall and C. Yeh, "Leaky waves in a heteroepitaxial film," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2271-2274 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  42. T.-N. Ding and E. Garmire, "Measuring refractive index and thickness of thin films: a new technique," Appl. Opt. 22, 3177-3181 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. K. Sasaki, T. Fukao, T. Saito, and O. Hamano, "Thin-film waveguide evanescent dye laser and its gain measurement," J. Appl. Phys. 51, 3090-3092 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  44. V. M. Arutuyan, G. P. Djotyan, A. V. Karmenyan, T. E. Melicksetyan, and E. M. Sarkissyan, "Thin-film narrowband tunable dye laser," Opt. Commun. 36, 227-228 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  45. D. Shamrakov and R. Reisfeld, "Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye doped silica-polymethylmethacrylate," Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47-53 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  46. G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, P. N. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, "Dye film leaky waveguide laser," Opt. Commun. 111, 82-85 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  47. C. Lowe, Surface Coatings Technology (John Wiley&Sons, London, 1997), Vol. 5, Chap. VI, p. 60-62.
  48. M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  49. L. W. Casperson and A. Yariv, "Spectral narrowing in High-Gain Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 80-85 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  50. A. Penzkofer, W. Holzer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Leaky-mode emission of luminescent thin films on transparent substrates," Opt. Commun. 229, 279-290 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2007

2006

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, and W. J. Blau, "Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kawasaki and S. Mine, "Novel lasing action in dye-doped polymer films coated on large Pseudotabular Ag Islands," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15052-15054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Goudket, T. H. Nhung, B. Ea-Kim, G. Roger, and M. Canva, "Importance of dye host on absorption, propagation losses, and amplified spontaneous emission for dye-doped polymer thin films," Appl. Opt. 45, 7736-7741 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Saraidarov, R. Reisfeld, M. Kazes, and U. Banin, "Blue laser dye spectroscopic properties in sol-gel inorganic-organic hybrid films," Opt. Lett. 31, 356-358 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tsutsumi, A. Fujihara, and D. Hayashi, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with a threshold in the nanojoule range in an organic guest-host polymeric waveguide," Appl. Opt. 45, 5748-5751 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Oki, M. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, H. Watanabe, and M. Maeda, "Development of Quasi-End-Fired Waveguide Plastic Dye Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 389-396 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz García, "Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 7, 093103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, "Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 10, 1471-1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Sakai, T. Tsuzuki, Y. Itoh, M. Ichikawa, and Y. Taniguchi, "Using proton-transfer dyes for organic laser diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Lu, B. Zhong, and D. Ma, "Amplified spontaneous emission and gain from optically pumped films of dye-doped polymers," Appl. Opt. 43, 5074-5078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Penzkofer, W. Holzer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Leaky-mode emission of luminescent thin films on transparent substrates," Opt. Commun. 229, 279-290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo,and X. Zhu, "Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 90-92(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, C. Ye, and J. Wang, "Distributed feedback laser action by polarization modulation," Appl. Phys. B 76, 649-653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

T. G. Pavlopoulos, "Scaling of dye lasers with improved laser dyes," Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 193-224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and D. Lo, "Sol-gel glass distributed-feedback waveguide laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917-919 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, "Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2707-2709 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kawabe, L. Wang, T. Nakamura, and N. Ogata, "Thin-film lasers based on dye-deoxyribonucleic acid-lipid complexes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1372-1374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S.-S. Yap, W.-O. Siew, T.-Y. Tou, and S.-W. Ng, "Red-green-blue laser emission from dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films," Appl. Opt. 41, 1725-1728 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, "Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 27, 1220-1222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda, "Fabrication of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a grating structure in its plastic waveguide," Appl. Opt. 41, 5030-5035 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, "Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers," Opt. Commun. 214, 277-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

H. Manaa and S. M. Al-Alawi, "Optical gain measurements in polymethyl methacrylate plastic doped with perylimide dyes," J. Lumin. 94-95, 55-58 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

X. Peng, L. Liu, J. Wu, Y. Li, Z. Hou, L. Xu, W. Wang, F. Li, and M. Ye, "Wide-range amplified spontaneous emission wavelength tuning in a solid-state dye waveguide," Opt. Lett. 25, 314-316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, P. N. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, "Dye film leaky waveguide laser," Opt. Commun. 111, 82-85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. Shamrakov and R. Reisfeld, "Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye doped silica-polymethylmethacrylate," Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47-53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1983

1981

V. M. Arutuyan, G. P. Djotyan, A. V. Karmenyan, T. E. Melicksetyan, and E. M. Sarkissyan, "Thin-film narrowband tunable dye laser," Opt. Commun. 36, 227-228 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

K. Sasaki, T. Fukao, T. Saito, and O. Hamano, "Thin-film waveguide evanescent dye laser and its gain measurement," J. Appl. Phys. 51, 3090-3092 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1973

D. B. Hall and C. Yeh, "Leaky waves in a heteroepitaxial film," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2271-2274 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972

L. W. Casperson and A. Yariv, "Spectral narrowing in High-Gain Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 80-85 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Adês, D.

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Al-Alawi, S. M.

H. Manaa and S. M. Al-Alawi, "Optical gain measurements in polymethyl methacrylate plastic doped with perylimide dyes," J. Lumin. 94-95, 55-58 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ariu, M.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arutuyan, V. M.

V. M. Arutuyan, G. P. Djotyan, A. V. Karmenyan, T. E. Melicksetyan, and E. M. Sarkissyan, "Thin-film narrowband tunable dye laser," Opt. Commun. 36, 227-228 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Athanassiou, A.

D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bacher, A.

A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Banin, U.

Belton, C.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blau, W. J.

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, and W. J. Blau, "Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boj, P. G.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz García, "Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 7, 093103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. D. C.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, A. R.

A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buratto, S. K.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burzynski, R.

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, P. N. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, "Dye film leaky waveguide laser," Opt. Commun. 111, 82-85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Büttner, A.

A. Büttner and U. D. Zeitner, "Experimental realization of monolithic diffractive broad-area polymeric waveguide dye lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 545-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Calzado, E. V.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz García, "Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 7, 093103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Canva, M.

Capuj, N. E.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Casalboni, M.

M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Casperson, L. W.

L. W. Casperson and A. Yariv, "Spectral narrowing in High-Gain Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 80-85 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Castex, M. C.

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chisaki, Y.

Chmelka, B. F.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cingolani, R.

D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cordero, S. R.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costela, A.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Matteis, F.

M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deng, T.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Díaz García, M. A.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz García, "Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 7, 093103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Díaz-García, M. A.

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ding, T.-N.

Djotyan, G. P.

V. M. Arutuyan, G. P. Djotyan, A. V. Karmenyan, T. E. Melicksetyan, and E. M. Sarkissyan, "Thin-film narrowband tunable dye laser," Opt. Commun. 36, 227-228 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ea-Kim, B.

Fischer, A.

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Flämmich, M.

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, and W. J. Blau, "Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fotakis, C.

D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fox, A. M.

A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujihara, A.

Fukao, T.

K. Sasaki, T. Fukao, T. Saito, and O. Hamano, "Thin-film waveguide evanescent dye laser and its gain measurement," J. Appl. Phys. 51, 3090-3092 (1980).
[CrossRef]

García-Moreno, I.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E.

Geetha, K.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghulinyan, M.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gómez, R.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gonzálex-Pérez, S.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goudket, H.

Grote, J. G.

Gupta, R.

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, J. A.

Hall, D. B.

D. B. Hall and C. Yeh, "Leaky waves in a heteroepitaxial film," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2271-2274 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hamano, O.

K. Sasaki, T. Fukao, T. Saito, and O. Hamano, "Thin-film waveguide evanescent dye laser and its gain measurement," J. Appl. Phys. 51, 3090-3092 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, D.

He, G. S.

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, P. N. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, "Dye film leaky waveguide laser," Opt. Commun. 111, 82-85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heeger, A. J.

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Henari, F. Z.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Holzer, W.

A. Penzkofer, W. Holzer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Leaky-mode emission of luminescent thin films on transparent substrates," Opt. Commun. 229, 279-290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hörhold, H.-H.

A. Penzkofer, W. Holzer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Leaky-mode emission of luminescent thin films on transparent substrates," Opt. Commun. 229, 279-290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Z.

Huang, H. C.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ichikawa, M.

K. Sakai, T. Tsuzuki, Y. Itoh, M. Ichikawa, and Y. Taniguchi, "Using proton-transfer dyes for organic laser diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, Y.

K. Sakai, T. Tsuzuki, Y. Itoh, M. Ichikawa, and Y. Taniguchi, "Using proton-transfer dyes for organic laser diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, G.

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, and W. J. Blau, "Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kapoor, A.

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, "Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 10, 1471-1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karmenyan, A. V.

V. M. Arutuyan, G. P. Djotyan, A. V. Karmenyan, T. E. Melicksetyan, and E. M. Sarkissyan, "Thin-film narrowband tunable dye laser," Opt. Commun. 36, 227-228 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kawabe, Y.

Y. Kawabe, L. Wang, T. Nakamura, and N. Ogata, "Thin-film lasers based on dye-deoxyribonucleic acid-lipid complexes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1372-1374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawahira, T.

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, M.

M. Kawasaki and S. Mine, "Novel lasing action in dye-doped polymer films coated on large Pseudotabular Ag Islands," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15052-15054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazes, M.

Klotzkin, D.

Kobayashi, T.

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, and W. J. Blau, "Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kretsch, K. P.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R.

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, "Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 10, 1471-1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lahoz, F.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Li, W.

Li, Y.

Lipson, S.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

Lo, D.

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo,and X. Zhu, "Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 90-92(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, C. Ye, and J. Wang, "Distributed feedback laser action by polarization modulation," Appl. Phys. B 76, 649-653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and D. Lo, "Sol-gel glass distributed-feedback waveguide laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917-919 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, "Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2707-2709 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, W.

Ma, D.

Maeda, M.

Y. Oki, M. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, H. Watanabe, and M. Maeda, "Development of Quasi-End-Fired Waveguide Plastic Dye Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 389-396 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, "Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers," Opt. Commun. 214, 277-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda, "Fabrication of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a grating structure in its plastic waveguide," Appl. Opt. 41, 5030-5035 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, "Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 27, 1220-1222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Manaa, H.

H. Manaa and S. M. Al-Alawi, "Optical gain measurements in polymethyl methacrylate plastic doped with perylimide dyes," J. Lumin. 94-95, 55-58 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martin, I. R.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McGehee, M. D.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mele, E.

D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Melicksetyan, T. E.

V. M. Arutuyan, G. P. Djotyan, A. V. Karmenyan, T. E. Melicksetyan, and E. M. Sarkissyan, "Thin-film narrowband tunable dye laser," Opt. Commun. 36, 227-228 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Merlo, V.

M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Michelon, J.

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miller, E. K.

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mine, S.

M. Kawasaki and S. Mine, "Novel lasing action in dye-doped polymer films coated on large Pseudotabular Ag Islands," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15052-15054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyamoto, S.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, "Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 27, 1220-1222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, "Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers," Opt. Commun. 214, 277-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, C. N.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mousel, S.

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, T.

Y. Kawabe, L. Wang, T. Nakamura, and N. Ogata, "Thin-film lasers based on dye-deoxyribonucleic acid-lipid complexes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1372-1374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nampoori, V. P. N.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Urrios, D.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ng, S.-W.

Nhung, T. H.

Ogata, N.

Y. Kawabe, L. Wang, T. Nakamura, and N. Ogata, "Thin-film lasers based on dye-deoxyribonucleic acid-lipid complexes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1372-1374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

Y. Oki, M. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, H. Watanabe, and M. Maeda, "Development of Quasi-End-Fired Waveguide Plastic Dye Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 389-396 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oki, Y.

Y. Oki, M. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, H. Watanabe, and M. Maeda, "Development of Quasi-End-Fired Waveguide Plastic Dye Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 389-396 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, "Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers," Opt. Commun. 214, 277-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda, "Fabrication of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a grating structure in its plastic waveguide," Appl. Opt. 41, 5030-5035 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Maeda, and N. J. Vasa, "Multiwavelength distributed-feedback dye laser array and its application to spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 27, 1220-1222 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Olivero, C.

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oton, C. J.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, C.-K.

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, P. N. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, "Dye film leaky waveguide laser," Opt. Commun. 111, 82-85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pavlopoulos, T. G.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, "Scaling of dye lasers with improved laser dyes," Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 193-224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

Penty, R. V.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Penzkofer, A.

A. Penzkofer, W. Holzer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Leaky-mode emission of luminescent thin films on transparent substrates," Opt. Commun. 229, 279-290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Persano, L.

D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfeiffer, S.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pisignano, D.

D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, P. N. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, "Dye film leaky waveguide laser," Opt. Commun. 111, 82-85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Prosposito, P.

M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quintana, J. A.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz García, "Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 7, 093103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Radhakrishnan, P.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rajesh, M.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ramon, M.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reilly, M. A.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

T. Saraidarov, R. Reisfeld, M. Kazes, and U. Banin, "Blue laser dye spectroscopic properties in sol-gel inorganic-organic hybrid films," Opt. Lett. 31, 356-358 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Shamrakov and R. Reisfeld, "Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye doped silica-polymethylmethacrylate," Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47-53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

Rost, H.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Russo, R.

M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rüther, M.

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, and W. J. Blau, "Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saito, T.

K. Sasaki, T. Fukao, T. Saito, and O. Hamano, "Thin-film waveguide evanescent dye laser and its gain measurement," J. Appl. Phys. 51, 3090-3092 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, K.

K. Sakai, T. Tsuzuki, Y. Itoh, M. Ichikawa, and Y. Taniguchi, "Using proton-transfer dyes for organic laser diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, W.

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Samuel, I. D. W.

A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saraidarov, T.

Sarkissyan, E. M.

V. M. Arutuyan, G. P. Djotyan, A. V. Karmenyan, T. E. Melicksetyan, and E. M. Sarkissyan, "Thin-film narrowband tunable dye laser," Opt. Commun. 36, 227-228 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

K. Sasaki, T. Fukao, T. Saito, and O. Hamano, "Thin-film waveguide evanescent dye laser and its gain measurement," J. Appl. Phys. 51, 3090-3092 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sastre, R.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schutzmann, S.

M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scott, B.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segura, J. L.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).

Shamrakov, D.

D. Shamrakov and R. Reisfeld, "Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye doped silica-polymethylmethacrylate," Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47-53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sheridan, A. K.

A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo,and X. Zhu, "Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 90-92(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, "Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2707-2709 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Siew, W.-O.

Singh, A. P.

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, "Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 10, 1471-1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siove, A.

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Steckl, A.J.

Stucky, G. D.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, M.

Y. Oki, M. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, H. Watanabe, and M. Maeda, "Development of Quasi-End-Fired Waveguide Plastic Dye Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 389-396 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, "Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers," Opt. Commun. 214, 277-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, Y.

K. Sakai, T. Tsuzuki, Y. Itoh, M. Ichikawa, and Y. Taniguchi, "Using proton-transfer dyes for organic laser diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Teuschel, A.

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tillmann, H.

A. Penzkofer, W. Holzer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Leaky-mode emission of luminescent thin films on transparent substrates," Opt. Commun. 229, 279-290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tou, T.-Y.

Tripathi, K. N.

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, "Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 10, 1471-1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsumi, N.

N. Tsutsumi, A. Fujihara, and D. Hayashi, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with a threshold in the nanojoule range in an organic guest-host polymeric waveguide," Appl. Opt. 45, 5748-5751 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsuzuki, T.

K. Sakai, T. Tsuzuki, Y. Itoh, M. Ichikawa, and Y. Taniguchi, "Using proton-transfer dyes for organic laser diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vallabhan, C. P. G.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vasa, N. J.

Veenstra, S.

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Villalvilla, J. M.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz García, "Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 7, 093103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo,and X. Zhu, "Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 90-92(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, C. Ye, and J. Wang, "Distributed feedback laser action by polarization modulation," Appl. Phys. B 76, 649-653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, "Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2707-2709 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Y. Kawabe, L. Wang, T. Nakamura, and N. Ogata, "Thin-film lasers based on dye-deoxyribonucleic acid-lipid complexes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1372-1374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Watanabe, H.

Y. Oki, M. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, H. Watanabe, and M. Maeda, "Development of Quasi-End-Fired Waveguide Plastic Dye Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 389-396 (2006).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Whitesides, G. M.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wirnsberger, G.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

Xia, R.

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

Yang, P.

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yap, S.-S.

Yariv, A.

L. W. Casperson and A. Yariv, "Spectral narrowing in High-Gain Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 80-85 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C.

D. Lo, C. Ye, and J. Wang, "Distributed feedback laser action by polarization modulation," Appl. Phys. B 76, 649-653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ye, M.

Yeh, C.

D. B. Hall and C. Yeh, "Leaky waves in a heteroepitaxial film," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2271-2274 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Yoshiura, T.

Yu, Z.

Zeitner, U. D.

A. Büttner and U. D. Zeitner, "Experimental realization of monolithic diffractive broad-area polymeric waveguide dye lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 545-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

Zhang, G.-X.

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo,and X. Zhu, "Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 90-92(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, "Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2707-2709 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. F.

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, P. N. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, "Dye film leaky waveguide laser," Opt. Commun. 111, 82-85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, B.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, X.

J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, L. Shi, D. Lo,and X. Zhu, "Tunable multiwavelength distributed-feedback zirconia waveguide lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 90-92(2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, "Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2707-2709 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and D. Lo, "Sol-gel glass distributed-feedback waveguide laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917-919 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, D.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, "Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers," Opt. Commun. 214, 277-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

S.-S. Yap, W.-O. Siew, T.-Y. Tou, and S.-W. Ng, "Red-green-blue laser emission from dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films," Appl. Opt. 41, 1725-1728 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Oki, T. Yoshiura, Y. Chisaki, and M. Maeda, "Fabrication of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a grating structure in its plastic waveguide," Appl. Opt. 41, 5030-5035 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lu, B. Zhong, and D. Ma, "Amplified spontaneous emission and gain from optically pumped films of dye-doped polymers," Appl. Opt. 43, 5074-5078 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zhang and D. Ma, "Improved amplified spontaneous emission by doping of green fluorescent dye C545T in red fluorescent dye DCJTB:PS polymer films," Appl. Opt. 46, 2996-3000 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Tsutsumi, A. Fujihara, and D. Hayashi, "Tunable distributed feedback lasing with a threshold in the nanojoule range in an organic guest-host polymeric waveguide," Appl. Opt. 45, 5748-5751 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Amplified spontaneous emission in polymer films doped with a perylenediimide derivative," Appl. Opt. 46, 3836-3842 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Goudket, T. H. Nhung, B. Ea-Kim, G. Roger, and M. Canva, "Importance of dye host on absorption, propagation losses, and amplified spontaneous emission for dye-doped polymer thin films," Appl. Opt. 45, 7736-7741 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, W. Li, J. A. Hagen, Y. Zhou, D. Klotzkin, J. G. Grote, and A.J. Steckl, "Photoluminescence and lasing from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) thin films doped with sulforhodamine," Appl. Opt. 46, 1507-1513 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T.-N. Ding and E. Garmire, "Measuring refractive index and thickness of thin films: a new technique," Appl. Opt. 22, 3177-3181 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

D. Lo, C. Ye, and J. Wang, "Distributed feedback laser action by polarization modulation," Appl. Phys. B 76, 649-653 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. J. Oton, D. Navarro-Urrios, N. E. Capuj, M. Ghulinyan, L. Pavesi, S. Gonzálex-Pérez, F. Lahoz, and I. R. Martin, "Optical gain in dye-impregnated oxidized porous silicon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and D. Lo, "Sol-gel glass distributed-feedback waveguide laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 917-919 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, L. Shi, J. Wang, G.-X. Zhang, and X. Zhu, "Zirconia and zirconia-organically modified silicate distributed feedback waveguide lasers tunable in the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2707-2709 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Reilly, C. Marinelli, C. N. Morgan, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, M. Ariu, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Rib waveguide dye-doped polymer amplifier with up to 26 dB optical gain at 625 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5137-5139 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Sakai, T. Tsuzuki, Y. Itoh, M. Ichikawa, and Y. Taniguchi, "Using proton-transfer dyes for organic laser diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Jordan, M. Flämmich, M. Rüther, T. Kobayashi, and W. J. Blau, "Light amplification at 501 nm and large nanosecond optical gain in organic dye-doped polymeric waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kawabe, L. Wang, T. Nakamura, and N. Ogata, "Thin-film lasers based on dye-deoxyribonucleic acid-lipid complexes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1372-1374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Casalboni, F. De Matteis, V. Merlo, P. Prosposito, R. Russo, and S. Schutzmann, "1.3 μm light amplification in dye-doped Irbid sol-gel channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett.  83, 416-418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, "Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533-2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci.

M. C. Castex, C. Olivero, A. Fischer, S. Mousel, J. Michelon, D. Adês, and A. Siove, "Polycarbazoles microcavities: towards plastic blue lasers," Appl. Surf. Sci. 197-198, 822-825 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

D. Shamrakov and R. Reisfeld, "Superradiant film laser operation in red perylimide dye doped silica-polymethylmethacrylate," Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 47-53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

L. W. Casperson and A. Yariv, "Spectral narrowing in High-Gain Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 80-85 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, M. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, H. Watanabe, and M. Maeda, "Development of Quasi-End-Fired Waveguide Plastic Dye Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 389-396 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Büttner and U. D. Zeitner, "Experimental realization of monolithic diffractive broad-area polymeric waveguide dye lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 545-551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, and M. A. Díaz García, "Tuneability of amplified spontaneous emission through control of the thickness in organic-based waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 7, 093103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sheridan, A. R. Buckley, A. M. Fox, A. Bacher, D. D. C. Bradley, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Efficient energy-transfer in organic thin films-implications for organic laser," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6367-6371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Kretsch, C. Belton, S. Lipson, W. J. Blau, F. Z. Henari, H. Rost, S. Pfeiffer, A. Teuschel, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Amplified spontaneous emission and optical gain spectra from stilbenoid and phenylene detrivative model compounds," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6155-6159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Sasaki, T. Fukao, T. Saito, and O. Hamano, "Thin-film waveguide evanescent dye laser and its gain measurement," J. Appl. Phys. 51, 3090-3092 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Hall and C. Yeh, "Leaky waves in a heteroepitaxial film," J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2271-2274 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

H. Manaa and S. M. Al-Alawi, "Optical gain measurements in polymethyl methacrylate plastic doped with perylimide dyes," J. Lumin. 94-95, 55-58 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

R. Kumar, A. P. Singh, A. Kapoor, and K. N. Tripathi, "Effect of dye doping in poly(vinyl alcohol) waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 10, 1471-1483 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.

K. Geetha, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Laser emission from transversely pumped dye-doped free-standimg polymer film," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys Chem.

E. V. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, R. Gómez, J. L. Segura, and M. A. Díaz García, "Effect of structural Modifications in the spectral and laser properties of perylendiimide derivatives," J. Phys Chem. 111, 13595-13605 (2007).

J. Phys. Chem. B

D. Pisignano, E. Mele, L. Persano, A. Athanassiou, C. Fotakis, and R. Cingolani, "Optical gain from the open form of a photochromic molecule in the solid state," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 4506-4509 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kawasaki and S. Mine, "Novel lasing action in dye-doped polymer films coated on large Pseudotabular Ag Islands," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15052-15054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, "Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation from distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers," Opt. Commun. 214, 277-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Arutuyan, G. P. Djotyan, A. V. Karmenyan, T. E. Melicksetyan, and E. M. Sarkissyan, "Thin-film narrowband tunable dye laser," Opt. Commun. 36, 227-228 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, P. N. Prasad, and R. Burzynski, "Dye film leaky waveguide laser," Opt. Commun. 111, 82-85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Penzkofer, W. Holzer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, "Leaky-mode emission of luminescent thin films on transparent substrates," Opt. Commun. 229, 279-290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

M. D. McGehee, R. Gupta, S. Veenstra, E. K. Miller, M. A. Díaz-García, and A. J. Heeger, "Amplified spontaneous emission from photopumped films of a conjugated polymer," Phys. Rev. B 58, 7035-7039 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, "Scaling of dye lasers with improved laser dyes," Prog. Quantum Electron. 26, 193-224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science

P. Yang, G. Wirnsberger, H. C. Huang, S. R. Cordero, M. D. McGehee, B. Scott, T. Deng, G. M. Whitesides, B. F. Chmelka, S. K. Buratto, and G. D. Stucky, "Mirrorless lasing from mesostructured waveguides patterned by soft lithography," Science 287, 465-467 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, M. Ramon, R. Xia, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye-doped cladding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Costela, I. García-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Materials for solid-state dye lasers," in Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices, H. S. Nalwa, ed., (Academic, San Diego, Ca., 2001), vol. 7, Chap. 4, p.161.

C. Lowe, Surface Coatings Technology (John Wiley&Sons, London, 1997), Vol. 5, Chap. VI, p. 60-62.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dependence of the FWHM of the emission spectra (open squares) and intensity of the output emission (full squares) on pump intensity for sample 1. The dotted lines are a guide to the eye.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized emission spectra of sample 2 at different pump intensities. The inset represents the intensity of the output emission as a function of pump intensity. The dotted lines in the inset are a guide to the eye

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of the emission intensity on excitation length for sample 1 at pump intensity of 3.4 MW/cm2. The dashed line is a fit to the data using Eq.(2). The solid line is a fit to the data using Eq.(6).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Intensity of the light emitted from the edge of the waveguide as a function of the distance between the pump stripe and the edge of the sample for sample 1 at 3.4 MW/cm2 pump intensity. The solid line is a fit to the data using Eq.(4).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Dependence of the emission intensity on excitation length for sample 2 at pump intensity of 3.4 MW/cm2. The dashed line is a fit to the data using Eq.(2). The solid line is a fit to the data using Eq.(6).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Intensity of the light emitted from the edge of the waveguide as a function of the distance between the pump stripe and the edge of the sample for sample 2 at 3.4 MW/cm2 pump intensity. The solid line is a fit to the data using Eq.(4).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Dependence of the FWHM of the emission spectra (open squares) and intensity of the output emission (full squares) on pump intensity for sample 3. The dotted lines are a guide to the eye.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Dependence of the FWHM of the emission spectra (open squares) and intensity of the output emission (full squares) on pump intensity for sample 4. The dotted lines are a guide to the eye.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Dependence of the emission intensity on excitation length at various pump intensities for sample 3. The dashed lines are fits to the data using Eq.(2). The solid lines are fits to the data using Eq. (6).

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Dependence of the emission intensity on excitation length at various pump intensities for sample 4. The dashed lines are fits to the data using Eq.(2). The solid lines are fits to the data using Eq. (6).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Characteristics of the thin films studied and estimated threshold pump intensity (I th) for ASE emission.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Net gain coefficients g at different pump intensities I p for waveguides and quasi-waveguides obtained by using Eq. (2) (upper values) and Eq. (6) (lower values, in italic)

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d I ( λ , z ) dz = g ( λ ) I ( λ , z ) α I ( λ , z ) + η g ( λ ) ,
I ( λ ) = η g ( λ ) g ( λ ) ( e g ( λ ) l 1 ) ,
d I ( λ , z ) dz = g ( λ ) I ( λ , z ) 1 + s I ( λ , z ) α I ( λ , z ) + η g ( λ ) ,
I = I 0 e α x ,
d I ( λ , z ) dz = η g ( λ ) + [ η g ( λ ) s + g ( λ ) ] I ( λ , z ) 1 + s I ( λ , z ) ,
l = s I t ( λ ) + 1 η g ( λ ) s g ( λ ) + η g ( λ ) ln η g ( λ ) + [ η g ( λ ) + g ( λ ) ] I t ( λ ) η g ( λ ) ,

Metrics