Abstract

In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate flexible wavelength conversion, in which the input signals can be freely converted to output wavelengths through widely and arbitrarily tuning the pump wavelength within a broad second harmonic (SH) bandwidth up to 25 nm. The scheme is based on the cascaded ? (2) process in a 20-mm periodically poled MgO-doped LiNbO3 (PPMgLN). Also, wavelength broadcasting can be performed by simultaneous use of multiple pumps with wavelengths located in the broad SH bandwidth.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "1.5 µm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO3 channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561(1993)
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. H. Chou, J. Hauden, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, "1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on difference-frequency generation in LiNbO3 waveguides with integrated coupling structures," Opt. Lett. 23, 1004-1006 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. Stegeman, "Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020-1022 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, "1.5-µm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 channel waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. L. Zeng, X. F. Chen, Y. P. Chen, Y. X. Xia, and Y. L. Chen, "Observation of all-optical wavelength conversion based on cascaded effect in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 187-190 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. L. Lee, C. Jung, Y. -C. Noh, M. Park, C. Byeon, D. -K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Channel-selective wavelength conversion and tuning in periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2649-2655 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Wang, J. Sun, C. Lou, and Q. Sun, "Experimental demonstration of wavelength conversion between ps-pulses based on cascaded sum- and difference frequency generation (SFG+DFG) in LiNbO3 waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 7405-7414 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundköter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 5-ps pulses by cascaded sum- and difference frequency generation (cSFG/DFG) in a Ti:PPLN waveguide," OFC �??03, Atlanta, GA/USA, March 2003, 767-768.
  9. H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, "Multiple-channel wavelength conversion by use of engineered quasi-phase-matching structures in LiNbO3 waveguides," Opt. Lett. 24,1157-1159 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "Multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 wavelength converter with a continuously phase-modulated domain structure," Opt. Lett. 28, 558-560 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, J. Yamawaku, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous and Arbitrary Wavelength Conversion of WDM Signals Using Multiple Wavelength Quasi Phase Matched LiNbO3 waveguide," OFC �??04, Los Angels/USA, paper FL6 (2004).
  13. Y. W. Lee, F. C. Fan, Y. C. Huang, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and M. H. Chou, "Nonlinear multiwavelength conversion based on an aperiodic optical superlattice in lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 27, 2191-2193 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Zhou, C.-Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei. A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, "Efficient 1.5-µm-band MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 796-798, (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. -Q. Xu and B. Chen, "Cascaded wavelength conversions based on sum-frequency generation and difference-frequency generation," Opt. Lett. 29, 292-294 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, "Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications band," Opt. Lett. 27, 1046-1048 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Zhang, Y. Chen, F. Lu, W. Lu, W. Dang, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Effect of MgO doping of periodically poled lithium niobate on second-harmonic generation of femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Opt. 46,7792-7796 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Chen, R. Wu, X. Zeng, Y. Xia, and X. Chen, "Type-I Qaphase-matched blue secong harmonic generation with different polarization in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 19-22 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and D. Jundt, "Infrared corrected Sellmeier coefficients for congruently grown lithium niobate and 5 mol.% magnesium oxide -doped lithium niobate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3319-3322 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Gurkan, M. C. Hauer, A. B. Sahin, Z. Pan, S. Lee, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "Demonstration of multi-wavelength all-optical header recognition using a PPLN and optical correlators," in Proc. 27th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam The Netherlands: Sep. 30-Oct. 4 2001, Vol. 3, pp. 312-313.
  21. C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, "All-Optical Signal Processing Using �?(2) Nonlinearities in Guided-Wave Devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2579-2592 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Chen, F. Lu, W. Lu, W. Dang, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Effect of MgO doping of periodically poled lithium niobate on second-harmonic generation of femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Opt. 46,7792-7796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, "All-Optical Signal Processing Using �?(2) Nonlinearities in Guided-Wave Devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2579-2592 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, R. Wu, X. Zeng, Y. Xia, and X. Chen, "Type-I Qaphase-matched blue secong harmonic generation with different polarization in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 19-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, Y. Nishida, and H. Suzuki, "Multiple quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 wavelength converter with a continuously phase-modulated domain structure," Opt. Lett. 28, 558-560 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zeng, X. F. Chen, Y. P. Chen, Y. X. Xia, and Y. L. Chen, "Observation of all-optical wavelength conversion based on cascaded effect in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 187-190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

B. Zhou, C.-Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei. A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, "Efficient 1.5-µm-band MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 796-798, (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, "1.5-µm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 channel waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, "Multiple-channel wavelength conversion by use of engineered quasi-phase-matching structures in LiNbO3 waveguides," Opt. Lett. 24,1157-1159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. Stegeman, "Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020-1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and D. Jundt, "Infrared corrected Sellmeier coefficients for congruently grown lithium niobate and 5 mol.% magnesium oxide -doped lithium niobate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3319-3322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "1.5 µm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO3 channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561(1993)
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

Asobe, M.

Assanto, G.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. Stegeman, "Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020-1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, "1.5-µm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 channel waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chou, K. R. Parameswaran, M. M. Fejer, and I. Brener, "Multiple-channel wavelength conversion by use of engineered quasi-phase-matching structures in LiNbO3 waveguides," Opt. Lett. 24,1157-1159 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Byeon, C.

Cha, M.

Chaban, E. E.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, "1.5-µm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 channel waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

C. -Q. Xu and B. Chen, "Cascaded wavelength conversions based on sum-frequency generation and difference-frequency generation," Opt. Lett. 29, 292-294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, C.-Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei. A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, "Efficient 1.5-µm-band MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 796-798, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

J. Zhang, Y. Chen, F. Lu, W. Lu, W. Dang, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Effect of MgO doping of periodically poled lithium niobate on second-harmonic generation of femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Opt. 46,7792-7796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, R. Wu, X. Zeng, Y. Xia, and X. Chen, "Type-I Qaphase-matched blue secong harmonic generation with different polarization in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 19-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. F.

X. L. Zeng, X. F. Chen, Y. P. Chen, Y. X. Xia, and Y. L. Chen, "Observation of all-optical wavelength conversion based on cascaded effect in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 187-190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

J. Zhang, Y. Chen, F. Lu, W. Lu, W. Dang, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Effect of MgO doping of periodically poled lithium niobate on second-harmonic generation of femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Opt. 46,7792-7796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, R. Wu, X. Zeng, Y. Xia, and X. Chen, "Type-I Qaphase-matched blue secong harmonic generation with different polarization in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 19-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. L.

X. L. Zeng, X. F. Chen, Y. P. Chen, Y. X. Xia, and Y. L. Chen, "Observation of all-optical wavelength conversion based on cascaded effect in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 187-190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. P.

X. L. Zeng, X. F. Chen, Y. P. Chen, Y. X. Xia, and Y. L. Chen, "Observation of all-optical wavelength conversion based on cascaded effect in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 187-190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chou, M. H.

Christman, S. B.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, "1.5-µm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 channel waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dang, W.

Dong, B. Z.

Fan, F. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Furukawa, H.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gallo, K.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. Stegeman, "Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020-1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gu, B. Y.

Hauden, J.

Huang, Y. C.

Jundt, D.

Jung, C.

Kawahara, M.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "1.5 µm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO3 channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561(1993)
[CrossRef]

Ko, D. -K.

Kumar, S.

Kurimura, S.

Langrock, C.

Lee, J.

Lee, Y. L.

Lee, Y. W.

Lou, C.

Lu, F.

Lu, W.

McGeehan, J. E.

Miyazaki, T.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, H.

Nihei, Y.

B. Zhou, C.-Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei. A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, "Efficient 1.5-µm-band MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 796-798, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nirmalathas, A.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Noh, Y. -C.

Okayama, H.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "1.5 µm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO3 channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561(1993)
[CrossRef]

Parameswaran, K. R.

Park, M.

Ro, J. H.

Shinada, S.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Small, D. L.

Stegeman, G.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. Stegeman, "Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020-1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Sun, Q.

Suzuki, H.

Tadanaga, O.

Taira, T.

Tsuboya, H.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wada, N.

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Willner, A. E.

Wu, R.

Y. Chen, R. Wu, X. Zeng, Y. Xia, and X. Chen, "Type-I Qaphase-matched blue secong harmonic generation with different polarization in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 19-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

J. Zhang, Y. Chen, F. Lu, W. Lu, W. Dang, X. Chen, and Y. Xia, "Effect of MgO doping of periodically poled lithium niobate on second-harmonic generation of femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Opt. 46,7792-7796 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, R. Wu, X. Zeng, Y. Xia, and X. Chen, "Type-I Qaphase-matched blue secong harmonic generation with different polarization in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 19-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. X.

X. L. Zeng, X. F. Chen, Y. P. Chen, Y. X. Xia, and Y. L. Chen, "Observation of all-optical wavelength conversion based on cascaded effect in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 187-190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. Q.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "1.5 µm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO3 channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561(1993)
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. -Q.

Xu, C.-Q.

B. Zhou, C.-Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei. A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, "Efficient 1.5-µm-band MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 796-798, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N. E.

Zelmon, D. E.

Zeng, X.

Y. Chen, R. Wu, X. Zeng, Y. Xia, and X. Chen, "Type-I Qaphase-matched blue secong harmonic generation with different polarization in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 19-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, X. L.

X. L. Zeng, X. F. Chen, Y. P. Chen, Y. X. Xia, and Y. L. Chen, "Observation of all-optical wavelength conversion based on cascaded effect in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 187-190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhou, B.

B. Zhou, C.-Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei. A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, "Efficient 1.5-µm-band MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 796-798, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Gallo, G. Assanto, and G. Stegeman, "Efficient wavelength shifting over the erbium amplifier bandwidth via cascaded second order processes in lithium niobate waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1020-1022 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "1.5 µm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO3 channel waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3559-3561(1993)
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, "1.5-µm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 channel waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Furukawa, A. Nirmalathas, N. Wada, S. Shinada, H. Tsuboya, and T. Miyazaki, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 160-Gb/s RZ optical signals by cascade SFG-DFG generation in PPLN waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 384-386 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

B. Zhou, C.-Q. Xu, B. Chen, Y. Nihei. A. Harada, X. F. Yang, and C. Lu, "Efficient 1.5-µm-band MgO-doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 796-798, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Technol.

Y. Chen, R. Wu, X. Zeng, Y. Xia, and X. Chen, "Type-I Qaphase-matched blue secong harmonic generation with different polarization in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 19-22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zeng, X. F. Chen, Y. P. Chen, Y. X. Xia, and Y. L. Chen, "Observation of all-optical wavelength conversion based on cascaded effect in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 187-190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

Y. H. Min, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Lee, W. Grundköter, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion of 5-ps pulses by cascaded sum- and difference frequency generation (cSFG/DFG) in a Ti:PPLN waveguide," OFC �??03, Atlanta, GA/USA, March 2003, 767-768.

D. Gurkan, M. C. Hauer, A. B. Sahin, Z. Pan, S. Lee, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, "Demonstration of multi-wavelength all-optical header recognition using a PPLN and optical correlators," in Proc. 27th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., Amsterdam The Netherlands: Sep. 30-Oct. 4 2001, Vol. 3, pp. 312-313.

E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, J. Yamawaku, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous and Arbitrary Wavelength Conversion of WDM Signals Using Multiple Wavelength Quasi Phase Matched LiNbO3 waveguide," OFC �??04, Los Angels/USA, paper FL6 (2004).

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