Abstract

Fluorescence lidar techniques offer considerable potential for remote, non-invasive diagnostics of stone cultural heritage in the outdoor environment. Here we present the results of a joint Italian-Swedish experiment, deploying two hyperspectral fluorescence lidar imaging systems, for the documentation of past conservation interventions on the Colosseum, Rome. Several portions of the monument were scanned and we show that it was possible to discriminate among masonry materials, reinforcement structures and protective coatings inserted during past conservation interventions, on the basis of their fluorescence signatures, providing useful information for a first quick, large-scale in situ screening of the monument.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2006 (2)

C. Fischer and I. Kakoulli, "Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging technologies in conservation: current research and potential applications," Reviews in Conservation 7, 3-16 (2006).

M. Laurenzi Tabasso and S. Simon, "Testing methods and criteria for the selection/evaluation of products for the conservation of porous building materials," Reviews in Conservation 7, 67-82 (2006).

2005 (1)

C . af Klinteberg, M. Andreasson, O. Sandström, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, "Compact medical fluorosensor for minimally invasive tissue characterization," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 034303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

P. Weibring, J.N. Smith, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Development and testing of a frequency-agile optical parametric oscillator system for differential absorption lidar," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4478-4484 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Versatile mobile lidar system for environmental monitoring," Appl. Opt. 42, 3583-3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

P. Weibring, T. Johansson, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, B. Sundnér, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments," Appl. Opt. 40, 6111-6120 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Ballerini, S. Bracci, L. Pantani, and P. Tiano, "Lidar remote sensing of stone cultural heritage: Detection of protective treatments," Opt. Eng. 40, 1579-1583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, "Anfiteatro Flavio: Il restauro delle superfici in travertino," Arkos: Scienza e Restauro 2, 22-27 (2001).

2000 (1)

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

1994 (2)

G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani, R. Valentini, D. Tirelli, and P. De Angelis, "Remote sensing of chlorophyll a fluorescence of vegetation canopies: 1. Near and far field measurement techniques," Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 18-28 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, and E. Wallinder, "Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation," Appl. Opt. 33, 2471-2479 (1994).

1992 (2)

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Breschi, D. Tirelli, and G. Valmori, "FLIDAR: A multipurpose fluorosensor-spectrometer," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 72-78 (1992).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

af Klinteberg, C

C . af Klinteberg, M. Andreasson, O. Sandström, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, "Compact medical fluorosensor for minimally invasive tissue characterization," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 034303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andersson-Engels, S.

C . af Klinteberg, M. Andreasson, O. Sandström, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, "Compact medical fluorosensor for minimally invasive tissue characterization," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 034303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andreasson, M.

C . af Klinteberg, M. Andreasson, O. Sandström, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, "Compact medical fluorosensor for minimally invasive tissue characterization," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 034303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ballerini, G.

G. Ballerini, S. Bracci, L. Pantani, and P. Tiano, "Lidar remote sensing of stone cultural heritage: Detection of protective treatments," Opt. Eng. 40, 1579-1583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bazzani, M.

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Bosco, M.

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

Bracci, S.

G. Ballerini, S. Bracci, L. Pantani, and P. Tiano, "Lidar remote sensing of stone cultural heritage: Detection of protective treatments," Opt. Eng. 40, 1579-1583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Breschi, B.

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Breschi, D. Tirelli, and G. Valmori, "FLIDAR: A multipurpose fluorosensor-spectrometer," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 72-78 (1992).

Cecchi, G.

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

P. Weibring, T. Johansson, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, B. Sundnér, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments," Appl. Opt. 40, 6111-6120 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar monitoring of historic buildings," Appl. Opt. 37, 1089-1098 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani, R. Valentini, D. Tirelli, and P. De Angelis, "Remote sensing of chlorophyll a fluorescence of vegetation canopies: 1. Near and far field measurement techniques," Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 18-28 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Breschi, D. Tirelli, and G. Valmori, "FLIDAR: A multipurpose fluorosensor-spectrometer," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 72-78 (1992).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Chiari, R.

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar monitoring of historic buildings," Appl. Opt. 37, 1089-1098 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Conti, C.

C. Conti, "Anfiteatro Flavio: Il restauro delle superfici in travertino," Arkos: Scienza e Restauro 2, 22-27 (2001).

De Angelis, P.

G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani, R. Valentini, D. Tirelli, and P. De Angelis, "Remote sensing of chlorophyll a fluorescence of vegetation canopies: 1. Near and far field measurement techniques," Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 18-28 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Edner, H.

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Versatile mobile lidar system for environmental monitoring," Appl. Opt. 42, 3583-3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, J.N. Smith, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Development and testing of a frequency-agile optical parametric oscillator system for differential absorption lidar," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4478-4484 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

P. Weibring, T. Johansson, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, B. Sundnér, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments," Appl. Opt. 40, 6111-6120 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, and E. Wallinder, "Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation," Appl. Opt. 33, 2471-2479 (1994).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Fischer, C.

C. Fischer and I. Kakoulli, "Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging technologies in conservation: current research and potential applications," Reviews in Conservation 7, 3-16 (2006).

Johansson, J.

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, and E. Wallinder, "Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation," Appl. Opt. 33, 2471-2479 (1994).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Johansson, T.

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

P. Weibring, T. Johansson, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, B. Sundnér, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments," Appl. Opt. 40, 6111-6120 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, Th.

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kakoulli, I.

C. Fischer and I. Kakoulli, "Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging technologies in conservation: current research and potential applications," Reviews in Conservation 7, 3-16 (2006).

Lamenti, G.

D. Lognoli, G. Lamenti, L. Pantani, D. Tirelli, P. Tiano, and L. Tomaselli, "Detection and characterisation of biodeteriogens on stone cultural heritage by fluorescence lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 1780-1787 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

Laurenzi Tabasso, M.

M. Laurenzi Tabasso and S. Simon, "Testing methods and criteria for the selection/evaluation of products for the conservation of porous building materials," Reviews in Conservation 7, 67-82 (2006).

Lognoli, D.

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Lognoli, G. Lamenti, L. Pantani, D. Tirelli, P. Tiano, and L. Tomaselli, "Detection and characterisation of biodeteriogens on stone cultural heritage by fluorescence lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 1780-1787 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mazzinghi, P.

G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani, R. Valentini, D. Tirelli, and P. De Angelis, "Remote sensing of chlorophyll a fluorescence of vegetation canopies: 1. Near and far field measurement techniques," Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 18-28 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Mochi, I.

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pantani, L.

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

D. Lognoli, G. Lamenti, L. Pantani, D. Tirelli, P. Tiano, and L. Tomaselli, "Detection and characterisation of biodeteriogens on stone cultural heritage by fluorescence lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 1780-1787 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Ballerini, S. Bracci, L. Pantani, and P. Tiano, "Lidar remote sensing of stone cultural heritage: Detection of protective treatments," Opt. Eng. 40, 1579-1583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, T. Johansson, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, B. Sundnér, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments," Appl. Opt. 40, 6111-6120 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar monitoring of historic buildings," Appl. Opt. 37, 1089-1098 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani, R. Valentini, D. Tirelli, and P. De Angelis, "Remote sensing of chlorophyll a fluorescence of vegetation canopies: 1. Near and far field measurement techniques," Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 18-28 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Breschi, D. Tirelli, and G. Valmori, "FLIDAR: A multipurpose fluorosensor-spectrometer," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 72-78 (1992).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Radicati, B.

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Raimondi, V.

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, T. Johansson, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, B. Sundnér, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments," Appl. Opt. 40, 6111-6120 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar monitoring of historic buildings," Appl. Opt. 37, 1089-1098 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Sandström, O.

C . af Klinteberg, M. Andreasson, O. Sandström, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, "Compact medical fluorosensor for minimally invasive tissue characterization," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 034303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Simon, S.

M. Laurenzi Tabasso and S. Simon, "Testing methods and criteria for the selection/evaluation of products for the conservation of porous building materials," Reviews in Conservation 7, 67-82 (2006).

Smith, J.N.

P. Weibring, J.N. Smith, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Development and testing of a frequency-agile optical parametric oscillator system for differential absorption lidar," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4478-4484 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sundnér, B.

Svanberg, S.

C . af Klinteberg, M. Andreasson, O. Sandström, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, "Compact medical fluorosensor for minimally invasive tissue characterization," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 034303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Versatile mobile lidar system for environmental monitoring," Appl. Opt. 42, 3583-3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, J.N. Smith, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Development and testing of a frequency-agile optical parametric oscillator system for differential absorption lidar," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4478-4484 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

P. Weibring, T. Johansson, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, B. Sundnér, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments," Appl. Opt. 40, 6111-6120 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, and E. Wallinder, "Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation," Appl. Opt. 33, 2471-2479 (1994).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Tiano, P.

D. Lognoli, G. Lamenti, L. Pantani, D. Tirelli, P. Tiano, and L. Tomaselli, "Detection and characterisation of biodeteriogens on stone cultural heritage by fluorescence lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 1780-1787 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Ballerini, S. Bracci, L. Pantani, and P. Tiano, "Lidar remote sensing of stone cultural heritage: Detection of protective treatments," Opt. Eng. 40, 1579-1583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

Tirelli, D.

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

D. Lognoli, G. Lamenti, L. Pantani, D. Tirelli, P. Tiano, and L. Tomaselli, "Detection and characterisation of biodeteriogens on stone cultural heritage by fluorescence lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 1780-1787 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani, R. Valentini, D. Tirelli, and P. De Angelis, "Remote sensing of chlorophyll a fluorescence of vegetation canopies: 1. Near and far field measurement techniques," Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 18-28 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Breschi, D. Tirelli, and G. Valmori, "FLIDAR: A multipurpose fluorosensor-spectrometer," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 72-78 (1992).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Tomaselli, L.

D. Lognoli, G. Lamenti, L. Pantani, D. Tirelli, P. Tiano, and L. Tomaselli, "Detection and characterisation of biodeteriogens on stone cultural heritage by fluorescence lidar," Appl. Opt. 41, 1780-1787 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

Trambusti, M.

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

Valentini, R.

G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani, R. Valentini, D. Tirelli, and P. De Angelis, "Remote sensing of chlorophyll a fluorescence of vegetation canopies: 1. Near and far field measurement techniques," Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 18-28 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Valmori, G.

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Breschi, D. Tirelli, and G. Valmori, "FLIDAR: A multipurpose fluorosensor-spectrometer," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 72-78 (1992).

Wallinder, E.

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, and E. Wallinder, "Fluorescence lidar multicolor imaging of vegetation," Appl. Opt. 33, 2471-2479 (1994).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

Weibring, P.

P. Weibring, J.N. Smith, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Development and testing of a frequency-agile optical parametric oscillator system for differential absorption lidar," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4478-4484 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Versatile mobile lidar system for environmental monitoring," Appl. Opt. 42, 3583-3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Weibring, T. Johansson, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, B. Sundnér, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments," Appl. Opt. 40, 6111-6120 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Lognoli, G. Cecchi, I. Mochi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, R. Chiari, Th. Johansson, P. Weibring, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of the cathedral and baptistery of Parma," Appl. Phys. B 76, 457-465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing (2)

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B. Breschi, D. Tirelli, and G. Valmori, "FLIDAR: A multipurpose fluorosensor-spectrometer," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 72-78 (1992).

H. Edner, J. Johansson, S. Svanberg, E. Wallinder, M. Bazzani, B. Breschi, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, B.  Radicati, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, G. Valmori, and P. Mazzinghi, "Laser-induced fluorescence monitoring of vegetation in Tuscany," EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing 1, 119-130 (1992).

J. Cult. Heritage (1)

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, P. Tiano, and R. Chiari, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the remote sensing of stone monuments," J. Cult. Heritage 1, 29-36 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. Ballerini, S. Bracci, L. Pantani, and P. Tiano, "Lidar remote sensing of stone cultural heritage: Detection of protective treatments," Opt. Eng. 40, 1579-1583 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, L. Tomaselli, G. Lamenti, M. Bosco, and P. Tiano, "Fluorescence lidar technique for the monitoring of biodeteriogens on the cultural heritage," Proc. SPIE 2960, 137-147 (1996).

L. Pantani, G. Cecchi, D. Lognoli, I. Mochi, V. Raimondi, D. Tirelli, M. Trambusti, G. Valmori, P. Weibring, H. Edner, T. Johansson, and S. Svanberg, "Lithotypes characterization with a fluorescence lidar imaging system using a multi-wavelength excitation source," Proc. SPIE 4886, 151-159 (2003).

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

G. Cecchi, P. Mazzinghi, L. Pantani, R. Valentini, D. Tirelli, and P. De Angelis, "Remote sensing of chlorophyll a fluorescence of vegetation canopies: 1. Near and far field measurement techniques," Remote Sens. Environ. 47, 18-28 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

P. Weibring, J.N. Smith, H. Edner, and S. Svanberg, "Development and testing of a frequency-agile optical parametric oscillator system for differential absorption lidar," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4478-4484 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C . af Klinteberg, M. Andreasson, O. Sandström, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, "Compact medical fluorosensor for minimally invasive tissue characterization," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 034303 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reviews in Conservation (2)

C. Fischer and I. Kakoulli, "Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging technologies in conservation: current research and potential applications," Reviews in Conservation 7, 3-16 (2006).

M. Laurenzi Tabasso and S. Simon, "Testing methods and criteria for the selection/evaluation of products for the conservation of porous building materials," Reviews in Conservation 7, 67-82 (2006).

Scienza e Restauro (1)

C. Conti, "Anfiteatro Flavio: Il restauro delle superfici in travertino," Arkos: Scienza e Restauro 2, 22-27 (2001).

Other (14)

J. Hällström, Architectural Conservation and Restoration, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, SE- 221 00 Lund, Sweden, and K. Barup, R. Grönlund, A. Johansson, S. Svanberg, L. Palombi, D. Lognoli, V. Raimondi, G. Cecchi, C. Conti, are preparing a manuscript to be called "Documentation of façades previously cleaned: A case study on the Colosseum, Rome, using hyperspectral imaging fluorescence lidars".

A. Gabucci, The Colosseum, (Electa, Milan, 2000).

M. Jonsson, La Cura dei Monumenti alle Origini. Restauro e Scavo di Monumenti Antichi a Roma 1800-1830, Acta Instituti Romani Regni Sueciae, Series altera in 8°, XIV (Stockholm, 1986).

S. Svanberg, "Fluorescence spectroscopy and imaging of lidar targets," in Laser Remote Sensing, T. Fujii and T. Fukuchi, eds. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2005), pp. 433-467.

F.E. Hoge, "Oceanic and terrestrial lidar measurement," in Laser Remote Chemical Analysis, R.M. Measures, ed. (John Wiley&Sons, New York, 1988), pp. 409-503.

V. Raimondi, L. Masotti, G. Cecchi, and L. Pantani, "Remote sensing of cultural heritage: a new field for lidar fluorosensors," in Proceedings of the 1st International Congress on Science and Technology for the Safeguard of Cultural Heritage in the Mediterranean Basin (Tipolitografia Luxograph s.r.l., Palermo, Italy, 1998) vol. II, pp. 935-938.

E. Ciliberto and G. Spoto, Modern Analytical Methods in Art and Archaeology - Vol. 155 in Chemical Analyses (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000).

A. Moropoulou, N. P. Avdelidis, and E. T. Delegou, "NDT and planning on historical buildings and complexes for the protection of cultural heritage," in Cultural Heritage Conservation and Environmental Impact Assessment by Non-Destructive Testing and Micro-Analysis, R. Van Grieken, K. Janssens, eds. (Taylor & Francis Group, London, UK, 2005), pp. 67-76.

R. Dallas, Guide for Practitioners 4: Measured Survey and Building Recording for Historic Buildings and Structures, (Historic Scotland, Edinburgh, 2004).

A. Aldrovandi, E. Buzzegoli, A. Keller, and D. Kunzelman, "Investigation of painted surfaces with a reflected UV false color technique," in Proceedings of Art�??05 - 8th International Conference on Non Destructive Investigations and Microanalysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage, C. Parisi ed. (ICR, Brescia, Italy, 2005), pp. 3-18.

A. C. Rencher, Methods of Multivariate Analysis (Wiley Interscience, New York, 2002).

P. F. Velleman and D. C. Hoaglin, Applications, Basics, and Computing of Exploratory Data Analysis, (Duxberry Press, Boston, 1981).

Y. Hochberg and A. C. Tamhane, Multiple Comparison Procedures (Wiley Interscience, New York, 1987).

R. Grönlund, J. Hällström, S. Svanberg, and K. Barup, "Fluorescence lidar imaging of historical monuments - �?vedskloster, a Swedish case study," in Lasers in the Conservation of Artworks: LACONA VI Proceedings, Vienna/Austria, Sept. 21-25, 2005, J. Nimmrichter, W. Kautek, and M. Schreiner, eds. (Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2007) pp. 583-592.

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