Abstract

Guided-wave propagation of sub-ps terahertz (THz) pulses in a highly birefringent plastic photonic crystal fiber was studied by using a THz time domain spectroscopy technique. The plastic photonic crystal fiber was fabricated by using high density polyethylene tubes and solid filaments. The fabricated THz plastic photonic crystal fibers exhibit an extremely large birefringence of ~2.1×10-2, which is almost one order of magnitude larger than that of previously reported photonic crystal fibers.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]

2005

T. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, "THz Sommerfeld wave propagation on single metal wire," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161904 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004

Q1. M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, "Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Lett. 43, L317-L319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Wang and M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nature 432, 376-379 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ritari, H. Ludvigsen, M. Wegmuller, M. Legre, N. Gisin, J. R. Folkenberg, and M. D. Nielsen, "Experimental study of polarization properties of highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 5931-5939 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Benkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joanonopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, and J. Kim, "THz pulse propagation in plastic photonic crystal fiber,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2634-2636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, "Terahertz waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 17, 851-863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, "Plastic ribbon THz waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4449-4451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McCowan, and D. Grischkowsky, "Single-mode waveguide propagation and reshaping of sub-ps terahertz pulses in sapphire fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1987-1989 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Ibanescu, Y. Fink, S. Fan, E. L. Thomas and J. D. Joannopolous, "An all-dielectric coaxial waveguide," Science 289, 415-418 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Moro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broaderick and P. J. Bennett, "Modeling large air fraction holey optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 50-56 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre. J. J. Miret, and P. Andres, "Full-vector analysis of a realistic photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 276-278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A, Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

D. Mogilevtsev, T. A, Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Group-velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 23, 1662-1664 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A, Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell and J.-P. de Sandro, "Large mode area photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 34, 1347-1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1989

K. Tajima and Y. Sasaki, "Transmission loss of a 125 µm diameter PANDA fiber with circular stress-applying parts," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 674-679 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1971

G. W. Chantry, J. W. Fleming and P. M. Smith, "Far infrared and millimeter-wave absorption spectra of low-loss polymers," Chem. Phys. Lett. 10, 473-477 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. P. Jamison, R. W. McCowan, and D. Grischkowsky, "Single-mode waveguide propagation and reshaping of sub-ps terahertz pulses in sapphire fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1987-1989 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Han, H. Park, M. Cho, and J. Kim, "THz pulse propagation in plastic photonic crystal fiber,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2634-2636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, "THz Sommerfeld wave propagation on single metal wire," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161904 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

G. W. Chantry, J. W. Fleming and P. M. Smith, "Far infrared and millimeter-wave absorption spectra of low-loss polymers," Chem. Phys. Lett. 10, 473-477 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. C. Knight, T. A, Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell and J.-P. de Sandro, "Large mode area photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 34, 1347-1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonic. Technol. Lett.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, "Plastic ribbon THz waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4449-4451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

T. M. Moro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broaderick and P. J. Bennett, "Modeling large air fraction holey optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 50-56 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Tajima and Y. Sasaki, "Transmission loss of a 125 µm diameter PANDA fiber with circular stress-applying parts," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 674-679 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

G. Gallot, S. P. Jamison, R. W. McGowan, and D. Grischkowsky, "Terahertz waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 17, 851-863 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Lett.

Q1. M. Goto, A. Quema, H. Takahashi, S. Ono, and N. Sarukura, "Teflon photonic crystal fiber as terahertz waveguide," Jpn. J. Appl. Lett. 43, L317-L319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature

K. Wang and M. Mittleman, "Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding," Nature 432, 376-379 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Benkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joanonopoulos, and Y. Fink, "Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Optl. Lett.

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre. J. J. Miret, and P. Andres, "Full-vector analysis of a realistic photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 276-278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. Ibanescu, Y. Fink, S. Fan, E. L. Thomas and J. D. Joannopolous, "An all-dielectric coaxial waveguide," Science 289, 415-418 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A, Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems (Wiley, 1997).

H. Han, "Plastic photonic crystal fiber for terahertz wave transmission and method for manufacturing thereof," US Patent 7106933 (2006).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical micrograph of a birefringent plastic photonic crystal fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated field distribution of two guided modes with different polarizations at (a) 0.3, (b) 1.0, (c) 2.0 THz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured (dots) and calculated (solid line) THz pulses after propagating through a 2 cm-long PM PPCF. (a) x-polarization, (b) y-polarization.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Amplitude spectra of measured (dots) and calculated (solid line) pulses with (a) x-polarization and (b) y-polarization after propagating through a 2 cm-long PM PPCF. The dotted and dashed lines show the input pulse spectrum and |C|2, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Effective indices of x-polarization (dots) and y-polarization (triangles) modes. The solid lines show the calculated results.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured (dots) and calculated (solid line) birefringence.

Equations (2)

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E out ( ω ) = E in ( ω ) T ( ω ) C 2 ( ω ) exp [ i ( β β 0 ) z α z 2 ]
C ( ω ) = E in ( ω ) E m ( ω ) dx dy

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