We demonstrate how to convert several arbitrary optical fiber modes into a single mode and vice versa using superimposed long period gratings (SLPG). As an example, we theoretically consider SLPG consisting of five gratings, which couple first six LP0j modes of a single mode fiber. We optimize the SLPG output to form light beams that are focused at a distance 0.5 mm and 1 mm from the fiber. In addition, we optimize the SLPG output to generate a beam with an amplitude that is uniform inside a 40 angle with a ±0.2 % accuracy. In the latter case, the refractive index profile of the SLPG is calculated for an SMF-28 fiber. The proposed SLPG devices can be used as efficient all-fiber mode focusers and beam shapers.
©2008 Optical Society of America
OSA Recommended Articles
Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.