Abstract

An all-single-mode-fiber L-band super-fluorescent fiber source (SFS) with 1 W output power, 34.3 nm bandwidth (FWHM) and 54% optical conversion efficiency is constructed by seeding a high power erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) with a low power L-band ASE seed source to avoid parasitic lasing. The source is resonantly pumped by a high power C-band SFS peaked at 1545 nm.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Elect. 27, 211–266 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Highly efficient Er,Yb-doped fiber laser with 188W free-running and >100W tunable output power,” Opt. Express 134916–4921 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645–657 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12, 6088–6092 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Wang, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Power Scaling of Ytterbium-doped Fiber Superfluorescent Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 580–587 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. P. Espindola, G. Ales, J. Park, and T. A. Strasser, “80 nm spectrally flattened, high power erbium amplified spontaneous emission fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1263–1265 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, “High Pumping-Efficiency L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber ASE Source Using Double-Pass Bidirectional-Pumping Configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197–199 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Lin and C.-H. Chang, “High power C+L-band Erbium ASE source using optical circulator with double-pass and bi-directional pumping configuration,” Opt. Express 12, 6135–6140 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Gray, J. D. Minelly, A. B. Grudinin, and J. E. Caplen, “1Watt Er/Yb singlemode superfluorescent optical fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1382–1383 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-W. Xu, R. Guo, and K.-C. Lu, “Watt-level L band super-fluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13, 1531–1536 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, and K.-C. Lu, “Dual-stage superfluorescent fiber source with 1.16-W output power centered at 1561 nm,” Opt. Eng. 45, 055003-1–055003-4 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

P. Wang, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Power Scaling of Ytterbium-doped Fiber Superfluorescent Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 580–587 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, and K.-C. Lu, “Dual-stage superfluorescent fiber source with 1.16-W output power centered at 1561 nm,” Opt. Eng. 45, 055003-1–055003-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, “High Pumping-Efficiency L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber ASE Source Using Double-Pass Bidirectional-Pumping Configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197–199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Elect. 27, 211–266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. P. Espindola, G. Ales, J. Park, and T. A. Strasser, “80 nm spectrally flattened, high power erbium amplified spontaneous emission fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1263–1265 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Gray, J. D. Minelly, A. B. Grudinin, and J. E. Caplen, “1Watt Er/Yb singlemode superfluorescent optical fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1382–1383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ales, G.

R. P. Espindola, G. Ales, J. Park, and T. A. Strasser, “80 nm spectrally flattened, high power erbium amplified spontaneous emission fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1263–1265 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Elect. 27, 211–266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J. E.

S. Gray, J. D. Minelly, A. B. Grudinin, and J. E. Caplen, “1Watt Er/Yb singlemode superfluorescent optical fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1382–1383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-H.

Chen, S.-P.

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, and K.-C. Lu, “Dual-stage superfluorescent fiber source with 1.16-W output power centered at 1561 nm,” Opt. Eng. 45, 055003-1–055003-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-W. Xu, R. Guo, and K.-C. Lu, “Watt-level L band super-fluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13, 1531–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. K.

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, “High Pumping-Efficiency L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber ASE Source Using Double-Pass Bidirectional-Pumping Configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197–199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

P. Wang, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Power Scaling of Ytterbium-doped Fiber Superfluorescent Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 580–587 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Highly efficient Er,Yb-doped fiber laser with 188W free-running and >100W tunable output power,” Opt. Express 134916–4921 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Espindola, R. P.

R. P. Espindola, G. Ales, J. Park, and T. A. Strasser, “80 nm spectrally flattened, high power erbium amplified spontaneous emission fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1263–1265 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Francis, M. P.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S.

S. Gray, J. D. Minelly, A. B. Grudinin, and J. E. Caplen, “1Watt Er/Yb singlemode superfluorescent optical fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1382–1383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

S. Gray, J. D. Minelly, A. B. Grudinin, and J. E. Caplen, “1Watt Er/Yb singlemode superfluorescent optical fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1382–1383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guo, R.

Jedrzejewski, K. P.

J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Konves, J. R.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Law, P. C.

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, “High Pumping-Efficiency L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber ASE Source Using Double-Pass Bidirectional-Pumping Configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197–199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.-G.

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, and K.-C. Lu, “Dual-stage superfluorescent fiber source with 1.16-W output power centered at 1561 nm,” Opt. Eng. 45, 055003-1–055003-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-W. Xu, R. Guo, and K.-C. Lu, “Watt-level L band super-fluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13, 1531–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, H.

Lu, K.-C.

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, and K.-C. Lu, “Dual-stage superfluorescent fiber source with 1.16-W output power centered at 1561 nm,” Opt. Eng. 45, 055003-1–055003-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-W. Xu, R. Guo, and K.-C. Lu, “Watt-level L band super-fluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13, 1531–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minelly, J. D.

S. Gray, J. D. Minelly, A. B. Grudinin, and J. E. Caplen, “1Watt Er/Yb singlemode superfluorescent optical fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1382–1383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Park, J.

R. P. Espindola, G. Ales, J. Park, and T. A. Strasser, “80 nm spectrally flattened, high power erbium amplified spontaneous emission fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1263–1265 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12, 6088–6092 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Setzler, S. D.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

Strasser, T. A.

R. P. Espindola, G. Ales, J. Park, and T. A. Strasser, “80 nm spectrally flattened, high power erbium amplified spontaneous emission fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1263–1265 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. R.

J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. C.

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, “High Pumping-Efficiency L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber ASE Source Using Double-Pass Bidirectional-Pumping Configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197–199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, T. C.

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, “High Pumping-Efficiency L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber ASE Source Using Double-Pass Bidirectional-Pumping Configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197–199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, and K.-C. Lu, “Dual-stage superfluorescent fiber source with 1.16-W output power centered at 1561 nm,” Opt. Eng. 45, 055003-1–055003-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-W. Xu, R. Guo, and K.-C. Lu, “Watt-level L band super-fluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13, 1531–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Power Scaling of Ytterbium-doped Fiber Superfluorescent Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 580–587 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, T.-W.

Young, Y. E.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhu, J.-P.

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, and K.-C. Lu, “Dual-stage superfluorescent fiber source with 1.16-W output power centered at 1561 nm,” Opt. Eng. 45, 055003-1–055003-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, Y. Zhang, T.-W. Xu, R. Guo, and K.-C. Lu, “Watt-level L band super-fluorescent fiber source,” Opt. Express 13, 1531–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (3)

R. P. Espindola, G. Ales, J. Park, and T. A. Strasser, “80 nm spectrally flattened, high power erbium amplified spontaneous emission fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1263–1265 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Minelly, P. R. Morkel, K. P. Jedrzejewski, E. R. Taylor, J. Wang, and D. N. Payne, “Nd3+-doped single mode fibre superfluorescent source with 320 mW output power,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1613–1614 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Gray, J. D. Minelly, A. B. Grudinin, and J. E. Caplen, “1Watt Er/Yb singlemode superfluorescent optical fibre source,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1382–1383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Power Scaling of Ytterbium-doped Fiber Superfluorescent Sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 580–587 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, “High Pumping-Efficiency L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber ASE Source Using Double-Pass Bidirectional-Pumping Configuration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197–199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S.-P. Chen, Y.-G. Li, J.-P. Zhu, H. Wang, and K.-C. Lu, “Dual-stage superfluorescent fiber source with 1.16-W output power centered at 1561 nm,” Opt. Eng. 45, 055003-1–055003-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Prog. Quantum Elect. (1)

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Elect. 27, 211–266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the high power flat L-band SFS. The configuration of the C-band pump source is illustrated in the dashed frame. ASE: amplified spontaneous emission; EDF: erbium-doped fiber; EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier; EYDF: erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber; LD: laser diode; LDA: laser diode array; WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; OTF: optical tunable filter; R: reflector; SFS: superfluorescent fiber source.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectra of the C-band SFS pump source. (a) Spectra at different points as indicated in Fig. 1; (b) Spectra at various emission wavelengths tuned by the OTF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power versus 980 nm LDA pump power of the C-band SFS pump source.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectrum of the high power flat L-band SFS variation with (a) seed source power and (b) 1545 nm pump power. Inset in (a) is the spectrum of the seed source.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power versus 1545 nm pump power under various seed source powers of the high power flat L-band SFS. Inset shows the output power variation with seed power.

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