Abstract

Gain and phase dynamics in InAs/GaAs quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers are investigated. It is shown that gain recovery is dominated by fast processes, whereas phase recovery is dominated by slow processes. Relative strengths and time constants of the underlying processes are measured. We find that operation at high bias currents optimizes the performance for nonlinear cross-gain signal processing if a low chirp is required.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. D.  Bimberg, G.  Fiol, M.  Kuntz, C.  Meuer, M.  Laemmlin, N. N. Ledentsov, and A. R.  Kovsh, "High speed nanophotonic devices based on quantum dots," Phys. Status Solidi A 203, 3523-3532 (2006).
  2. T.  Akiyama, H.  Kuwatsuka, T.  Simoyama, Y.  Nakata, K.  Mukai, M.  Sugawara, O.  Wada, and H.  Ishikawa, "Nonlinear gain dynamics in quantum-dot optical amplifiers and its application to optical communication devices," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 1059-1065 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F.  Lelarge, B.  Dagens, J.  Renaudier, R.  Brenot, A.  Accard, F.  van Dijk, D.  Make, O.  Le Gouezigou, J-G.  Provost, F.  Poingt, J.  Landreau, O.  Drisse, E.  Derouin, B.  Rousseau, F.  Pommereau, and G-H.  Duan, "Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based, semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 111-124 (2007).
  4. A. J. Zilkie, J.  Meier, P. W. E. Smith, M.  Mojahedi, J. S. Aitchison, P. J. Poole, C. N. Allen, P.  Barrios, and D.  Poitras, "Femtosecond gain and index dynamics in an InAs/InGaAsP quantum dot amplifier operating at 1.55 µm," Opt. Express 14, 11453-11459 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T.  Piwonski, I.  O’Driscoll, J.  Houlihan, G.  Huyet, and R. J.  Manning and A. V.  Uskov, "Carrier capture dynamics of InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 122108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Schneider, P. Borri, W. Langbein, U. Woggon, R. L. Sellin, D. Ouyang, and D. Bimberg, "Linewidth enhancement factor in InGaAs quantum-dot amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1423-1429 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. van der Poel, E. Gehrig, O. Hess, D. Birkedal, and J. Hvam, "Ultrafast gain dynamics in quantum-dot amplifiers: Theoretical analysis and experimental investigations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1115-1123 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. van der Poel, J. Mork, A. Somers, A. Forchel, J. P. Reithmaier, and G. Eisenstein, "Ultrafast gain and index dynamics of quantum dash structures emitting at 1.55µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. L.  Hall, G.  Lenz, A. M.  Darwish, and E. P.  Ippen, "Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers," Opt. Commun. 111, 589-612 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. V.  Uskov, E. P.  O’Reilly, M.  Laemmlin, N. N.  Ledentsov, and D.  Bimberg, "On gain saturation in quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Commun 248, 211-219 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Uskov, E. O’Reilly, R. Manning, R. Webb, D. Cotter, M. Laemmlin, N. Ledentsov, and D. Bimberg, "On ultrafast optical switching based on quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers in nonlinear Interferometers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1265-1267 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.  Wang, A.  Maitra, C. G.  Poulton, W.  Freude, and J.  Leuthold, "Temporal dynamics of the alpha factor in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 891-900 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Wang, A. Maitra, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, " Regenerative properties of interferometric cross-gain and cross-phase modulation DPSK wavelength converters," in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper NTuB2. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NP-2007-NTuB2

2007

T.  Piwonski, I.  O’Driscoll, J.  Houlihan, G.  Huyet, and R. J.  Manning and A. V.  Uskov, "Carrier capture dynamics of InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 122108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F.  Lelarge, B.  Dagens, J.  Renaudier, R.  Brenot, A.  Accard, F.  van Dijk, D.  Make, O.  Le Gouezigou, J-G.  Provost, F.  Poingt, J.  Landreau, O.  Drisse, E.  Derouin, B.  Rousseau, F.  Pommereau, and G-H.  Duan, "Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based, semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 111-124 (2007).

J.  Wang, A.  Maitra, C. G.  Poulton, W.  Freude, and J.  Leuthold, "Temporal dynamics of the alpha factor in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 891-900 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. J. Zilkie, J.  Meier, P. W. E. Smith, M.  Mojahedi, J. S. Aitchison, P. J. Poole, C. N. Allen, P.  Barrios, and D.  Poitras, "Femtosecond gain and index dynamics in an InAs/InGaAsP quantum dot amplifier operating at 1.55 µm," Opt. Express 14, 11453-11459 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. van der Poel, J. Mork, A. Somers, A. Forchel, J. P. Reithmaier, and G. Eisenstein, "Ultrafast gain and index dynamics of quantum dash structures emitting at 1.55µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D.  Bimberg, G.  Fiol, M.  Kuntz, C.  Meuer, M.  Laemmlin, N. N. Ledentsov, and A. R.  Kovsh, "High speed nanophotonic devices based on quantum dots," Phys. Status Solidi A 203, 3523-3532 (2006).

2005

A. V.  Uskov, E. P.  O’Reilly, M.  Laemmlin, N. N.  Ledentsov, and D.  Bimberg, "On gain saturation in quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Commun 248, 211-219 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. van der Poel, E. Gehrig, O. Hess, D. Birkedal, and J. Hvam, "Ultrafast gain dynamics in quantum-dot amplifiers: Theoretical analysis and experimental investigations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1115-1123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. Uskov, E. O’Reilly, R. Manning, R. Webb, D. Cotter, M. Laemmlin, N. Ledentsov, and D. Bimberg, "On ultrafast optical switching based on quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers in nonlinear Interferometers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1265-1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Schneider, P. Borri, W. Langbein, U. Woggon, R. L. Sellin, D. Ouyang, and D. Bimberg, "Linewidth enhancement factor in InGaAs quantum-dot amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1423-1429 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

T.  Akiyama, H.  Kuwatsuka, T.  Simoyama, Y.  Nakata, K.  Mukai, M.  Sugawara, O.  Wada, and H.  Ishikawa, "Nonlinear gain dynamics in quantum-dot optical amplifiers and its application to optical communication devices," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 1059-1065 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1994

K. L.  Hall, G.  Lenz, A. M.  Darwish, and E. P.  Ippen, "Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers," Opt. Commun. 111, 589-612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T.  Piwonski, I.  O’Driscoll, J.  Houlihan, G.  Huyet, and R. J.  Manning and A. V.  Uskov, "Carrier capture dynamics of InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 122108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. van der Poel, J. Mork, A. Somers, A. Forchel, J. P. Reithmaier, and G. Eisenstein, "Ultrafast gain and index dynamics of quantum dash structures emitting at 1.55µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

T.  Akiyama, H.  Kuwatsuka, T.  Simoyama, Y.  Nakata, K.  Mukai, M.  Sugawara, O.  Wada, and H.  Ishikawa, "Nonlinear gain dynamics in quantum-dot optical amplifiers and its application to optical communication devices," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 1059-1065 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Schneider, P. Borri, W. Langbein, U. Woggon, R. L. Sellin, D. Ouyang, and D. Bimberg, "Linewidth enhancement factor in InGaAs quantum-dot amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1423-1429 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. van der Poel, E. Gehrig, O. Hess, D. Birkedal, and J. Hvam, "Ultrafast gain dynamics in quantum-dot amplifiers: Theoretical analysis and experimental investigations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1115-1123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

F.  Lelarge, B.  Dagens, J.  Renaudier, R.  Brenot, A.  Accard, F.  van Dijk, D.  Make, O.  Le Gouezigou, J-G.  Provost, F.  Poingt, J.  Landreau, O.  Drisse, E.  Derouin, B.  Rousseau, F.  Pommereau, and G-H.  Duan, "Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based, semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  13, 111-124 (2007).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

A. Uskov, E. O’Reilly, R. Manning, R. Webb, D. Cotter, M. Laemmlin, N. Ledentsov, and D. Bimberg, "On ultrafast optical switching based on quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers in nonlinear Interferometers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1265-1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun

A. V.  Uskov, E. P.  O’Reilly, M.  Laemmlin, N. N.  Ledentsov, and D.  Bimberg, "On gain saturation in quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifiers," Opt. Commun 248, 211-219 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

K. L.  Hall, G.  Lenz, A. M.  Darwish, and E. P.  Ippen, "Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers," Opt. Commun. 111, 589-612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Status Solidi A

D.  Bimberg, G.  Fiol, M.  Kuntz, C.  Meuer, M.  Laemmlin, N. N. Ledentsov, and A. R.  Kovsh, "High speed nanophotonic devices based on quantum dots," Phys. Status Solidi A 203, 3523-3532 (2006).

Other

J. Wang, A. Maitra, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, " Regenerative properties of interferometric cross-gain and cross-phase modulation DPSK wavelength converters," in Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper NTuB2. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NP-2007-NTuB2

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics