Abstract

We report on an optical parametric amplification system which is pumped and seeded by fiber generated laser radiation. Due to its low broadening threshold, high spatial beam quality and high stability, the fiber based broad bandwidth signal generation is a promising alternative to white light generation in bulky glass or sapphire plates. We demonstrate a novel and successful signal engineering implemented in a setup for parametric amplification and subsequent recompression of resonant linear waves resulting from soliton fission in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. The applied pump source is a high repetition rate ytterbium-doped fiber chirped pulse amplification system. The presented approach results in the generation of ~50 fs pulses at MHz repetition rate. The potential of generating even shorter pulse duration and higher pulse energies will be discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. Bagnoud, F. Salin, "Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S165-S170 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I.N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A.J. Langley. J.L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V.V. Lozhkarev, G.I. Freidman, V.N. Ginzburg, E.V. Katin, E.A. Khazanov, A.V. Kirsanov, G.A. Luchinin, A.N. Malshakov, M.A. Martyanov, O.V. Palashov, A.K. Poteomkin, A.M. Sergeev, A.A. Shaykin and I.V. Yakovlev, S.G. Garanin, S.A. Sukharev, N.N. Rukavishnikov, A.V. Charukhchev, R.R. Gerke, V.E. Yashin, "200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 1, 446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Killi, A. Steinmann, G. Palmer, U. Morgner, H. Bartelt, and J. Kobelke, "Megahertz optical parametric amplifier pumped by a femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Lett. 31, 125-127 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. Tauser, F. Adler, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Widely tunable sub-30-fs pulses from a compact erbium-doped fiber source," Opt. Lett. 29, 5, 516 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump-seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express,  13, 17, 6550 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Limpert, C. Aguergaray, S. Montant, I. Manek-Hönninger, E. Cormier, F. Salin, "Ultra-broad bandwidth parametric amplification at degeneracy," Opt. Express 13, 19, 7386 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. V. Andersen, O. Schmidt, C. Bruchmann, J. Limpert, C. Aguergaray, E. Cormier and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate tunable femtosecond pulses and broadband amplification from fiber laser pumped parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 4765 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. www.sandia.gov/imrl/X1118/xxtal.htm.
  12. T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, "Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter," Opt. Lett.  22, 1494 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Niels Asger Mortensen, "Effective area of photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 10, 7, 341 (2002),
    [PubMed]
  14. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Kodama, Y. , and A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. QE- 23, 510-524, 1987.
  16. G.P. Agrawal, in : Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, San Diego, NY, 1995.
  17. Akhmediev, N. , and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607, 1995
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Schreiber, T. Andersen, D. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Supercontinuum generation by femtosecond single and dual wavelength pumping in photonic crystal fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 23, 9556-9569 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 20, 203901 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Dudley and S. Coen, "Fundamental limits to few-cycle pulse generation from compression of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2423-2428 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 2, 233-244 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, "Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 12, 7, 1313-1319 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, and S. D. Silvestri, "Sub 8-fs pulses from an ultra broadband optical parametric amplifier in the visible," Opt. Lett. 23, 1283-1285 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  24. I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945-2956 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  25. F. Tauser, A. Zach, F. Lison, F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Two Alternative Approaches to Broadband Visible Light Generation with Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JWB37.

2006 (5)

2005 (3)

2004 (4)

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 20, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

V. Bagnoud, F. Salin, "Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S165-S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

I.N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A.J. Langley. J.L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Akhmediev, N. , and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607, 1995
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

Kodama, Y. , and A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. QE- 23, 510-524, 1987.

Adler, F.

Aguergaray, C.

Akhmediev,

Akhmediev, N. , and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607, 1995
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, T.

Andersen, T. V.

Bagnoud, V.

V. Bagnoud, F. Salin, "Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S165-S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

Bartelt, H.

Broeng, J.

Bruchmann, C.

Butkus, R.

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Charukhchev, A.V.

Coen, S.

Cormier, E.

Danielius, R.

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dubietis, A.

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Freidman, G.I.

Fuji, T.

Garanin, S.G.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gerke, R.R.

Ginzburg, V.N.

Hasegawa, A.

Kodama, Y. , and A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. QE- 23, 510-524, 1987.

Herrmann, J.

A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 20, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

Husakou, A.V.

A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 20, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishii, N.

Jakobsen, C.

Karlsson, M.

Akhmediev, N. , and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607, 1995
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katin, E.V.

Khazanov, E.A.

Killi, A.

Kirsanov, A.V.

Kobelke, J.

Kodama,

Kodama, Y. , and A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. QE- 23, 510-524, 1987.

Köhler, S.

Krausz, F.

Langley, A.J.

I.N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A.J. Langley. J.L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Lozhkarev, V.V.

Luchinin, G.A.

Malshakov, A.N.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Martyanov, M.A.

Matousek, P.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2945-2956 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I.N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A.J. Langley. J.L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Metzger, T.

Montant, S.

Morgner, U.

New, G. H. C.

Nisoli, M.

Nolte, S.

Osvay, K.

Palashov, O.V.

Palmer, G.

Petersson, A.

Piskarskas, A.

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poteomkin, A.K.

Reich, M.

Röser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 2, 233-244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

Ross, I.N.

I.N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A.J. Langley. J.L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rukavishnikov, N.N.

Salin, F.

J. Limpert, C. Aguergaray, S. Montant, I. Manek-Hönninger, E. Cormier, F. Salin, "Ultra-broad bandwidth parametric amplification at degeneracy," Opt. Express 13, 19, 7386 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Bagnoud, F. Salin, "Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S165-S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schimpf, D.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Sergeev, A.M.

Shaykin, A.A.

Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S. D.

Stabinis, A.

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

Steinmann, A.

Sukharev, S.A.

Tauser, F.

Teisset, C. Y.

Towrie, M.

I.N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A.J. Langley. J.L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Yakovlev, I.V.

Yashin, V.E.

Zellmer, H.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

V. Bagnoud, F. Salin, "Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S165-S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 2, 233-244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. QE (1)

Kodama, Y. , and A. Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. QE- 23, 510-524, 1987.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

I.N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A.J. Langley. J.L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, "Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 12, 7, 1313-1319 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dudley and S. Coen, "Fundamental limits to few-cycle pulse generation from compression of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2423-2428 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump-seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express,  13, 17, 6550 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, C. Aguergaray, S. Montant, I. Manek-Hönninger, E. Cormier, F. Salin, "Ultra-broad bandwidth parametric amplification at degeneracy," Opt. Express 13, 19, 7386 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schreiber, T. Andersen, D. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "Supercontinuum generation by femtosecond single and dual wavelength pumping in photonic crystal fibers with two zero dispersion wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 23, 9556-9569 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V.V. Lozhkarev, G.I. Freidman, V.N. Ginzburg, E.V. Katin, E.A. Khazanov, A.V. Kirsanov, G.A. Luchinin, A.N. Malshakov, M.A. Martyanov, O.V. Palashov, A.K. Poteomkin, A.M. Sergeev, A.A. Shaykin and I.V. Yakovlev, S.G. Garanin, S.A. Sukharev, N.N. Rukavishnikov, A.V. Charukhchev, R.R. Gerke, V.E. Yashin, "200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 1, 446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Andersen, O. Schmidt, C. Bruchmann, J. Limpert, C. Aguergaray, E. Cormier and A. Tünnermann, "High repetition rate tunable femtosecond pulses and broadband amplification from fiber laser pumped parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 14, 4765 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niels Asger Mortensen, "Effective area of photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 10, 7, 341 (2002),
[PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Akhmediev, N. , and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607, 1995
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A.V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 20, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

www.sandia.gov/imrl/X1118/xxtal.htm.

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, "Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter," Opt. Lett.  22, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G.P. Agrawal, in : Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Academic Press, San Diego, NY, 1995.

F. Tauser, A. Zach, F. Lison, F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Two Alternative Approaches to Broadband Visible Light Generation with Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JWB37.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (670 KB)     

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Calculated phase-matching curve of a Type 1 BBO crystal pumped by 515 nm light at a pump tilt angle of 2.6°.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Typical visible part of a supercontinuum generated in a photonic crystal fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated phase-mismatch (black) and group velocity mismatch (red) to 1030 nm radiation in the PCF with a zero-dispersion wavelength of 975 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Duration and energy of the input pulse for this simulated spectral evolution were chosen to create a fourth order soliton so that we can clearly see the breathings behavior [16] and the appearance resonant waves (logarithmic scale 30dB). See text for details of parameters.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Initial parameters are chosen in such a way that the simulated spectrogram exhibits several phase jumps. Continuum generated in a 15 cm long PCF with ZDW at 975 nm, input pulse parameters: 150 fs, 1030 nm, 5nJ; red curve: group delay with respect to 1030 nm of the PCF. [Media 1]

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental spectrum with a single resonant wave and soliton created in a 15cm long PCF fiber with ZDW = 975 nm, input pulse parameters: 50 fs, 1030 nm, 350pJ.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Spectral evolution of a 2nd order soliton propagating in a 15 cm long fiber, input pulse parameters: 50 fs, 1030 nm, 350pJ, N=3.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Spectrogram of a continuum with the same parameters as Fig. 7.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Experimental setup of the short pulse parametric amplification system, PCF photonic crystal fiber, BBO: beta barium borate crystal.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Spectrum of parametrically amplified lower wavelength part of the supercontinuum.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Measured autocorrelation trace of amplified and recompressed pulse.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P k = ( 2 N 2 k + 1 ) 2 N 2 P 0 T k = T 0 2 N 2 k + 1
with k [ 1 , N ] and N 2 = γ P 0 T 0 2 β 2
Δϕ ( ω ) = ϕ r ( ω ) ϕ s ( ω s ) = 0
ϕ r ( ω ) = n eff ( ω ) ∙ω∙ L c ω∙ L v s
ϕ s ( ω s ) = n eff ( ω s ) ω s L c + n 2 I∙ω s L 2 ∙c ω s L v s
Δ β 1 ( ω ) = β 1 ( ω ) β 1 ( ω s )

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