Abstract

Intense sub-5-fs pulses were generated by filamentation in a noble gas and subsequent chirped-mirror pulse compression. The transversal spatial dependence of the temporal pulse profile was investigated by spatial selection of parts of the output beam. Selecting the central core of the beam is required for obtaining the shortest possible pulses. Higher energy efficiency is only obtained at the expense of pulse contrast since towards the outer parts of the beam the energy is spread into satellite structures leading to a double-pulse profile on the very off-axis part of the beam. Depending on the requirements for a particular application, a trade-off between the pulse duration and the pulse energy has to be done. The energy of the sub-5-fs pulses produced was sufficient for the generation of high order harmonics in Argon. In addition, full simulation is performed in space and time on pulse propagation through filamentation that explains the double-pulse structure observed as part of a conical emission enhanced by the plasma defocusing.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70,766-769 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Ph. Antoine, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Sansone, E. B., F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöecs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22,522-524 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).
  12. A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30,2657-2659 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration," Opt. Lett. 3,274-276 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24,1314-1316 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and U. Keller, "Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-filed reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 28,281-283 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23,792-794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441,47-189 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse Propagation in the Single-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,3282 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. A. Zozulya, S. A. Diddams, and T. S. Clement, "Investigatins of nonlinear femtosecond pulse propagation with the inclusion of Raman, shock, and third-order phase effects," Phys. Rev. A. 58,3303 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  28. Dalgarno and Kingston, "The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases," Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A. 259, (1966).
  29. D. P. Shelton "Nonlinear-optical susceptibilities of gases measured at 1064 and 1319 nm," Phys. Rev. A. 42,2578 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton "Dispersion of Nonlinear Susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 Measured and Compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,696 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).
  32. K. Ishikawa, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, "High-power regime of femtosecond-laser pulse propagation in silica: Multiple-cone formation," Phys. Rev. E. 66,056608 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Dubietis, E. Gaižauskas, G. Tamŏsauskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Light Filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,253903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  35. D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  36. A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441,47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (8)

G. Sansone, E. B., F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration," Opt. Lett. 3,274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).

A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30,2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Dubietis, E. Gaižauskas, G. Tamŏsauskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Light Filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,253903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

K. Ishikawa, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, "High-power regime of femtosecond-laser pulse propagation in silica: Multiple-cone formation," Phys. Rev. E. 66,056608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24,1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23,792-794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Zozulya, S. A. Diddams, and T. S. Clement, "Investigatins of nonlinear femtosecond pulse propagation with the inclusion of Raman, shock, and third-order phase effects," Phys. Rev. A. 58,3303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

Ph. Antoine, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70,766-769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

D. P. Shelton "Nonlinear-optical susceptibilities of gases measured at 1064 and 1319 nm," Phys. Rev. A. 42,2578 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton "Dispersion of Nonlinear Susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 Measured and Compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abel, M. J.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Akozbek, N.

F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anscombe, M. P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, Ph.

Ph. Antoine, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apolonski, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auge, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30,2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and U. Keller, "Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-filed reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 28,281-283 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse Propagation in the Single-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bragheri, F.

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bramati, A.

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
[CrossRef]

Breger, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buersing, H.

Carré, B.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiron, A.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Clement, T. S.

A. A. Zozulya, S. A. Diddams, and T. S. Clement, "Investigatins of nonlinear femtosecond pulse propagation with the inclusion of Raman, shock, and third-order phase effects," Phys. Rev. A. 58,3303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441,47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).

A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30,2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

Degiorgio, V.

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, E. Gaižauskas, G. Tamŏsauskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Light Filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,253903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Zozulya, S. A. Diddams, and T. S. Clement, "Investigatins of nonlinear femtosecond pulse propagation with the inclusion of Raman, shock, and third-order phase effects," Phys. Rev. A. 58,3303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, D.

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dubietis, A.

A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, E. Gaižauskas, G. Tamŏsauskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Light Filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,253903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eberle, B.

Eckle, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Faccio, D.

A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

Franco, M.

Gaižauskas, E.

A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, E. Gaižauskas, G. Tamŏsauskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Light Filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,253903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24,1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, C. L.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70,766-769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grasbon, F.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guandalini, A.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hauri, C. P.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F. W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iaconis, C.

Ishikawa, K.

K. Ishikawa, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, "High-power regime of femtosecond-laser pulse propagation in silica: Multiple-cone formation," Phys. Rev. E. 66,056608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30,2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and U. Keller, "Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-filed reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 28,281-283 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24,1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kmetec, J. D.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70,766-769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopold, R.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kornelis, W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and U. Keller, "Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-filed reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 28,281-283 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse Propagation in the Single-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöecs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22,522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krenz, M.

Kumagai, H.

K. Ishikawa, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, "High-power regime of femtosecond-laser pulse propagation in silica: Multiple-cone formation," Phys. Rev. E. 66,056608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lange, H. R.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, J.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Déroff, L.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leone, S.R.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ph. Antoine, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L'Huillier, A.

Ph. Antoine, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liberale, C.

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
[CrossRef]

Macklin, J. J.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70,766-769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matijosius, A.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

Méchain, G.

A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).

Midorikawa, K.

K. Ishikawa, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, "High-power regime of femtosecond-laser pulse propagation in silica: Multiple-cone formation," Phys. Rev. E. 66,056608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miloevi, D. B.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minardi, S.

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton "Dispersion of Nonlinear Susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 Measured and Compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
[CrossRef]

Muller, H. G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441,47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30,2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, P. M.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Neumark, D. M.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

Olivier, T.

A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, R.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prade, B.

A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ripoche, J-F.

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salières, P.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanpera, A.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. B., F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and U. Keller, "Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-filed reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 28,281-283 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartania, S.

Schlup, P.

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seiffer, D.

Shelton, D. P.

D. P. Shelton "Nonlinear-optical susceptibilities of gases measured at 1064 and 1319 nm," Phys. Rev. A. 42,2578 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton "Dispersion of Nonlinear Susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 Measured and Compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöecs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22,522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration," Opt. Lett. 3,274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24,1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stibenz, G.

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration," Opt. Lett. 3,274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24,1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Szipöecs, R.

Tamosauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, E. Gaižauskas, G. Tamŏsauskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Light Filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,253903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tisch, J. W. G.

Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Varanavicius, A.

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vasseur, O.

Vozzi, C.

Wahlström, C. G.

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

Walther, H.

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhavoronkov, N.

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration," Opt. Lett. 3,274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zozulya, A. A.

A. A. Zozulya, S. A. Diddams, and T. S. Clement, "Investigatins of nonlinear femtosecond pulse propagation with the inclusion of Raman, shock, and third-order phase effects," Phys. Rev. A. 58,3303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. B. (1)

L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (2)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).

Opt. Lett. (8)

M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöecs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22,522-524 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23,792-794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24,1314-1316 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and U. Keller, "Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-filed reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 28,281-283 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30,2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration," Opt. Lett. 3,274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441,47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A. (3)

A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Zozulya, S. A. Diddams, and T. S. Clement, "Investigatins of nonlinear femtosecond pulse propagation with the inclusion of Raman, shock, and third-order phase effects," Phys. Rev. A. 58,3303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shelton "Nonlinear-optical susceptibilities of gases measured at 1064 and 1319 nm," Phys. Rev. A. 42,2578 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E. (3)

D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Ishikawa, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, "High-power regime of femtosecond-laser pulse propagation in silica: Multiple-cone formation," Phys. Rev. E. 66,056608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

A. Dubietis, E. Gaižauskas, G. Tamŏsauskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Light Filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,253903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton "Dispersion of Nonlinear Susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 Measured and Compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse Propagation in the Single-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,3282 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70,766-769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ph. Antoine, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (5)

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. B., F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Dalgarno and Kingston, "The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases," Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A. 259, (1966).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Pulse shapes and associated spectra of (a) the input pulse (30 fs); (b) after the first filament cell (9.9 fs), and (c) after the second filament cell (4.9 fs).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spatial dependence of the temporal profile measured at the output of the two-stage filamentation system. When the central part of the filament beam is selected, the profile corresponds to a single 4.9-fs pulse (at x=0 mm transverse position). Towards the outer part of the beam (x>0 mm transverse position), the energy is distributed on satellites structures leading to a double-pulse structure in the temporal profile.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized harmonic signal versus photon energy for different driving pulse durations. The red line refers to the 30-fs pulse, the green line to the 10-fs pulse after the first filamentation stage, and the blue line to the sub-5-fs pulse obtained from the complete filamentation system.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Numerically computed spatiotemporal intensity distribution in the first gas cell. Log scale was used for all figures and the dynamic range of the colormap spans 4 decades. The distances are measured from the entrance window of the cell.

Fig, 5.
Fig, 5.

(a). On axis and (b–d) radially averaged temporal profiles (time scale in fs) of the pulse apertured by a ’numerical slit’ with boundaries indicated on each graph.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

U ε z = i 2 k 0 [ Δ + D ] ε + N ( ε )
ρ t = σ K ε 2 K ( ρ at ρ ) + σ U i ρ ε 2
ε ( r , t , z = 0 ) = ε 0 exp ( r 2 w 0 2 t 2 t p 2 i k 0 r 2 2 f )
N ( ε ) = i ω 0 c n 2 T 2 ε 2 ε σ 2 ( 1 + i ω 0 τ c ) ρ T β K 2 ( 1 ρ ρ at ) ε 2 K 2 ε

Metrics