Abstract

We report the experimental demonstration of directly produced polarization squeezing at 1064 nm from a type I optical parametric amplifier (OPA) based on a periodically poled KTP crystal (PPKTP). The orthogonal polarization modes of the polarization squeezed state are both defined by the OPA cavity mode, and the birefringence induced by the PPKTP crystal is compensated by a second, but inactive, PPKTP crystal. Stokes parameter squeezing of 3.6 dB and anti squeezing of 9.4 dB is observed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
Related Articles
Squeezing and entanglement in doubly resonant, type II, second-harmonic generation

Ulrik L. Andersen and Preben Buchhave
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(9) 1947-1958 (2003)

Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers

Joel Heersink, Vincent Josse, Gerd Leuchs, and Ulrik L. Andersen
Opt. Lett. 30(10) 1192-1194 (2005)

Observation of a comb of optical squeezing over many gigahertz of bandwidth

R.J. Senior, G.N. Milford, J. Janousek, A.E. Dunlop, K. Wagner, H-A. Bachor, T.C. Ralph, E.H. Huntington, and C.C. Harb
Opt. Express 15(9) 5310-5317 (2007)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. I. Cirac and P. Zoller, “Quantum Computations with Cold Trapped Ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4091–4094 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, “Spin Squeezed Atoms: A Macroscopic Entangled Ensemble Created by Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1319–1322 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. G. Stokes, “On the composition and resolution of streams of polarized light from different sources,” Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 9, 399Ű416 (1852).
  4. A. E. Siegman, LASERS (University Science Books, 1986).
  5. A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Yu. Paraschuk, “Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light,” Quantum Electron 23, 870–874 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).
  8. D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn, Quantum Optics, 1st. edition, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).
  9. H-A. Bachor and T. C. Ralph, A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics, 2nd edition, (Wiley, 2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153–2156 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and Ch. Silberhorn, “Polarization squeezing and continuous-variable polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052306–052318 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1192–1194, (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. W. P. Bowen, R. Schnabel, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Polarization Squeezing of Continuous Variable Stokes Parameters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093601–093605 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. F. Sherson and K. Mølmer, “Polarization squeezing by optical Faraday rotation”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 143602–143606 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Polarization squeezing and entanglement produced by a frequency doubler,” J. Opt. B. 5, 486–491 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  18. U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Green bright squeezed light from a cw periodically poled KTP second harmonic generator,” Opt. Express 10, 887–896 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  19. T. Tanimura, D. Akamatsu, Y. Yokoi, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma “Generation of a squeezed vacuum resonant on Rubidium D1 line with periodically-poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2344–2346 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  21. Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” quant-ph/0702139, (2007).
  22. T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, and A. Furusawa “Squeezing at 946nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Express 14, 6930–6935 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).
  24. S. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Zhang, “Investigation of fundamental and second harmonic squeezed lights from a singly resonant PPKTP frequency doubler,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39, 4163–4168 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  25. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  26. R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  27. G. S. Agarwal and S. Chaturvedi, “Scheme to measure quantum Stokes parameters and their fluctuations and correlations,” J. Mod. Opt. 50, 711–716 (2003).
    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

T. Aoki, G. Takahashi, and A. Furusawa “Squeezing at 946nm with periodically-poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Express 14, 6930–6935 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Zhang, “Investigation of fundamental and second harmonic squeezed lights from a singly resonant PPKTP frequency doubler,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39, 4163–4168 (2006)
[Crossref]

J. F. Sherson and K. Mølmer, “Polarization squeezing by optical Faraday rotation”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 143602–143606 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Tanimura, D. Akamatsu, Y. Yokoi, A. Furusawa, and M. Kozuma “Generation of a squeezed vacuum resonant on Rubidium D1 line with periodically-poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2344–2346 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2003 (5)

U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Polarization squeezing and entanglement produced by a frequency doubler,” J. Opt. B. 5, 486–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. S. Agarwal and S. Chaturvedi, “Scheme to measure quantum Stokes parameters and their fluctuations and correlations,” J. Mod. Opt. 50, 711–716 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and Ch. Silberhorn, “Polarization squeezing and continuous-variable polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052306–052318 (2002).
[Crossref]

U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Green bright squeezed light from a cw periodically poled KTP second harmonic generator,” Opt. Express 10, 887–896 (2002).
[PubMed]

W. P. Bowen, R. Schnabel, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Polarization Squeezing of Continuous Variable Stokes Parameters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093601–093605 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, “Spin Squeezed Atoms: A Macroscopic Entangled Ensemble Created by Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1319–1322 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J. I. Cirac and P. Zoller, “Quantum Computations with Cold Trapped Ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4091–4094 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Yu. Paraschuk, “Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light,” Quantum Electron 23, 870–874 (1993).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153–2156 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

1852 (1)

G. G. Stokes, “On the composition and resolution of streams of polarized light from different sources,” Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 9, 399Ű416 (1852).

Agarwal, G. S.

G. S. Agarwal and S. Chaturvedi, “Scheme to measure quantum Stokes parameters and their fluctuations and correlations,” J. Mod. Opt. 50, 711–716 (2003).
[Crossref]

Akamatsu, D.

Andersen, U. L.

J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1192–1194, (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Polarization squeezing and entanglement produced by a frequency doubler,” J. Opt. B. 5, 486–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Green bright squeezed light from a cw periodically poled KTP second harmonic generator,” Opt. Express 10, 887–896 (2002).
[PubMed]

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

Aoki, T.

Bachor, H.-A.

R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
[Crossref]

W. P. Bowen, R. Schnabel, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Polarization Squeezing of Continuous Variable Stokes Parameters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093601–093605 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bachor, H-A.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

H-A. Bachor and T. C. Ralph, A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics, 2nd edition, (Wiley, 2004).
[Crossref]

Bowen, W. P.

R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
[Crossref]

W. P. Bowen, R. Schnabel, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Polarization Squeezing of Continuous Variable Stokes Parameters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093601–093605 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

Bramati, A.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buchhave, P.

U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Polarization squeezing and entanglement produced by a frequency doubler,” J. Opt. B. 5, 486–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Green bright squeezed light from a cw periodically poled KTP second harmonic generator,” Opt. Express 10, 887–896 (2002).
[PubMed]

Buchler, B. C.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chaturvedi, S.

G. S. Agarwal and S. Chaturvedi, “Scheme to measure quantum Stokes parameters and their fluctuations and correlations,” J. Mod. Opt. 50, 711–716 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chekhova, M.V.

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

Chirkin, A. S.

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Yu. Paraschuk, “Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light,” Quantum Electron 23, 870–874 (1993).
[Crossref]

Cirac, J. I.

J. I. Cirac and P. Zoller, “Quantum Computations with Cold Trapped Ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4091–4094 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dantan, A.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, R.

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

Drever, R.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Ford, G.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Furusawa, A.

Gaber, T.

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
[Crossref]

Giacobino, E.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glöckl, O.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
[Crossref]

Goda, K.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).

Grangier, P.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153–2156 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hald, J.

J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, “Spin Squeezed Atoms: A Macroscopic Entangled Ensemble Created by Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1319–1322 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hall, J.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Harb, C. C.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

Heersink, J.

J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1192–1194, (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

Hétet, G.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hough, J.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Josse, V.

J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1192–1194, (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

Klimov, A. B.

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

Korolkova, N.

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and Ch. Silberhorn, “Polarization squeezing and continuous-variable polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052306–052318 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kowalski, F.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kozuma, M.

Lam, P. K.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
[Crossref]

W. P. Bowen, R. Schnabel, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Polarization Squeezing of Continuous Variable Stokes Parameters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093601–093605 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

LaPorta, A.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153–2156 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

J. Heersink, V. Josse, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Efficient polarization squeezing in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1192–1194, (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and Ch. Silberhorn, “Polarization squeezing and continuous-variable polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052306–052318 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

Li, Y.

S. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Zhang, “Investigation of fundamental and second harmonic squeezed lights from a singly resonant PPKTP frequency doubler,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39, 4163–4168 (2006)
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

S. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Zhang, “Investigation of fundamental and second harmonic squeezed lights from a singly resonant PPKTP frequency doubler,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39, 4163–4168 (2006)
[Crossref]

Lorenz, S.

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
[Crossref]

Loudon, R.

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and Ch. Silberhorn, “Polarization squeezing and continuous-variable polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052306–052318 (2002).
[Crossref]

Marquardt, Ch.

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

Mavalvala, N.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).

Mikhailov, E. E.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).

Milburn, G. J.

D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn, Quantum Optics, 1st. edition, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).

Miyakawa, O.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).

Mølmer, K.

J. F. Sherson and K. Mølmer, “Polarization squeezing by optical Faraday rotation”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 143602–143606 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munley, A.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Orlov, A. A.

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Yu. Paraschuk, “Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light,” Quantum Electron 23, 870–874 (1993).
[Crossref]

Paraschuk, D. Yu.

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Yu. Paraschuk, “Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light,” Quantum Electron 23, 870–874 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pilypas, K. A.

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pinard, M.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polzik, E. S.

J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, “Spin Squeezed Atoms: A Macroscopic Entangled Ensemble Created by Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1319–1322 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ralph, T. C.

R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and Ch. Silberhorn, “Polarization squeezing and continuous-variable polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052306–052318 (2002).
[Crossref]

H-A. Bachor and T. C. Ralph, A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics, 2nd edition, (Wiley, 2004).
[Crossref]

Sanchez-Soto, L. L.

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

Saraf, S.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).

Schnabel, R.

R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
[Crossref]

W. P. Bowen, R. Schnabel, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Polarization Squeezing of Continuous Variable Stokes Parameters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093601–093605 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schori, C.

J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, “Spin Squeezed Atoms: A Macroscopic Entangled Ensemble Created by Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1319–1322 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sherson, J. F.

J. F. Sherson and K. Mølmer, “Polarization squeezing by optical Faraday rotation”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 143602–143606 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, LASERS (University Science Books, 1986).

Silberhorn, Ch.

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and Ch. Silberhorn, “Polarization squeezing and continuous-variable polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052306–052318 (2002).
[Crossref]

Slusher, R. E.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153–2156 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sørensen, J. L.

J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, “Spin Squeezed Atoms: A Macroscopic Entangled Ensemble Created by Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1319–1322 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stokes, G. G.

G. G. Stokes, “On the composition and resolution of streams of polarized light from different sources,” Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 9, 399Ű416 (1852).

Takahashi, G.

Takeno, Y.

Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” quant-ph/0702139, (2007).

Tanimura, T.

Treps, N.

R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
[Crossref]

Vass, S.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).

Vernac, L.

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walls, D. F.

D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn, Quantum Optics, 1st. edition, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).

Ward, H.

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

Weinstein, A.

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).

Yokoi, Y.

Yonezawa, H.

Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” quant-ph/0702139, (2007).

Yukawa, M.

Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” quant-ph/0702139, (2007).

Yurke, B.

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153–2156 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, K.

S. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Zhang, “Investigation of fundamental and second harmonic squeezed lights from a singly resonant PPKTP frequency doubler,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39, 4163–4168 (2006)
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Zhang, “Investigation of fundamental and second harmonic squeezed lights from a singly resonant PPKTP frequency doubler,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39, 4163–4168 (2006)
[Crossref]

Zoller, P.

J. I. Cirac and P. Zoller, “Quantum Computations with Cold Trapped Ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4091–4094 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Drever, J. Hall, F. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. Ford, A. Munley, and H. Ward, Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interactions of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

G. S. Agarwal and S. Chaturvedi, “Scheme to measure quantum Stokes parameters and their fluctuations and correlations,” J. Mod. Opt. 50, 711–716 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. B. (1)

U. L. Andersen and P. Buchhave, “Polarization squeezing and entanglement produced by a frequency doubler,” J. Opt. B. 5, 486–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (2)

G. Hétet, O. Glöckl, K. A. Pilypas, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, H-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Squeezed light for bandwidth-limited atom optics experiments at the rubidium D1 line,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 221–226 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Liu, and K. Zhang, “Investigation of fundamental and second harmonic squeezed lights from a singly resonant PPKTP frequency doubler,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39, 4163–4168 (2006)
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

N. Korolkova, G. Leuchs, R. Loudon, T. C. Ralph, and Ch. Silberhorn, “Polarization squeezing and continuous-variable polarization entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 052306–052318 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Heersink, T. Gaber, S. Lorenz, O. Glöckl, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Polarization squeezing of intense pulses with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013815–013827 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Schnabel, W. P. Bowen, N. Treps, T. C. Ralph, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Stokes operator squeezed continuous variable polarization states,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 012316–012327 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

J. I. Cirac and P. Zoller, “Quantum Computations with Cold Trapped Ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4091–4094 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, “Spin Squeezed Atoms: A Macroscopic Entangled Ensemble Created by Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1319–1322 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. Grangier, R. E. Slusher, B. Yurke, and A. LaPorta, “Squeezed light-enhanced polarization interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2153–2156 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. P. Bowen, R. Schnabel, H.-A. Bachor, and P. K. Lam, “Polarization Squeezing of Continuous Variable Stokes Parameters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093601–093605 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Josse, A. Dantan, L. Vernac, A. Bramati, M. Pinard, and E. Giacobino, “Polarization squeezing with cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103601–103604 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Sherson and K. Mølmer, “Polarization squeezing by optical Faraday rotation”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 143602–143606 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron (1)

A. S. Chirkin, A. A. Orlov, and D. Yu. Paraschuk, “Quantum theory of two-mode interactions in optically anisotropic media with cubic nonlinearities: generation of quadrature- and polarization-squeezed light,” Quantum Electron 23, 870–874 (1993).
[Crossref]

Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. (1)

G. G. Stokes, “On the composition and resolution of streams of polarized light from different sources,” Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 9, 399Ű416 (1852).

Other (6)

A. E. Siegman, LASERS (University Science Books, 1986).

Ch. Marquardt, J. Heersink, R. Dong, M.V. Chekhova, A. B. Klimov, L. L. Sanchez-Soto, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum reconstruction of an intense polarization squeezed optical state,” quant-ph/0701123, (2007).

D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn, Quantum Optics, 1st. edition, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).

H-A. Bachor and T. C. Ralph, A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics, 2nd edition, (Wiley, 2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Takeno, M. Yukawa, H. Yonezawa, and A. Furusawa, “Observation of -9 dB quadrature squeezing with improvement of phase stability in homodyne measurement,” quant-ph/0702139, (2007).

K. Goda, E. E. Mikhailov, O. Miyakawa, S. Saraf, S. Vass, A. Weinstein, and N. Mavalvala, “Generation of a stable low-frequency squeezed vacuum field with periodically-poled KTiOPO4 at 1064 nm,” quant-ph/0703001, (2007).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of the experimental setup to generate amplitude and polarization squeezing. PBS: polarizing beam splitter. DM: dichroic mirror. λ/2: half-wave plate. λ/4: quarter-wave plate. Pol. SQL: polarization squeezed light. θ: phase between pump and seed. The PPKTP1 crystal is the squeezing crystal while PPKTP2 is the birefringence compensating crystal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

a) Bright amplitude squeezed. b) Ŝ 0 and Ŝ 1. c) Ŝ 2. d) Ŝ 3. The measurements are taken at 14 MHz in zero span mode with RBW=300 kHz and VBW=300 Hz. CB: coherent beam. SQL: amplitude squeezed light.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V S ̂ i V S ̂ j ε ijk S ̂ k 2 ,
V 0 = V 1 = α s 2 V s + + α p 2 V p +
V 2 ( θ ) = cos 2 ( θ ) ( α s 2 V p + + α p 2 V s + ) + sin 2 ( θ ) ( α s 2 V p + α p 2 V s )
V 3 ( θ ) = V 2 ( θ π 2 ) ,

Metrics