Abstract

We demonstrate a novel scheme for 2R burst mode reception capable of operating error-free with 40 Gb/s variable length, asynchronous optical data packets that exhibit up to 9 dB packet-to-packet power variation. It consists of a single, hybrid integrated, SOA-based Mach-Zehnder Interferometer (SOA-MZI) with unequal splitting ratio couplers, configured to operate as a self-switch. We analyze theoretically the power equalization properties of unequal splitting ratio SOA-MZI switches and show good agreement between theory and experiment.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network," IEEE Communications Magazine 40, S66-S73, (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Su, L-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606, (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  3. AnV.  Trao, C. Chae and R. S. Tucker, "Optical Packet Power EquaIization with Large Dynamic Range using Controlled Gain-Clamped SOA," in Optical Fiber Communication Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OME46
  4. G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, and E. Ciaramella," Reshaping Capability of Cross-Gain Compression in Semiconductor Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2526 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Leuthold.; M. Kauer, "Power equalisation and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters," IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1567 - 1569, (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Wolfson et al., "Experimental Investigation at 10 Gb/s of the Noise Suppression Capabilities in a Pass-Through Configuration in SOA-Based Interferometric Structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 837-839 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, and Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s Burst-Mode Optical 2R Regenerator,", IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. 17, 2194-2196, (2005)
  8. http://mufins.cti.gr/
  9. M. Eiselt, W. Pieper and H. G. Weber, "SLALOM: Semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13,2099-2112, (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Pleros et al. "Recipe for amplitude modulation reduction in SOA-based interferometric switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22,12, 2834-2842,(2004)
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, "Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOAbased all-optical switches using optical filtering" in Optical Fiber Communication Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OThE7.

2005 (2)

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, and E. Ciaramella," Reshaping Capability of Cross-Gain Compression in Semiconductor Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, and Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s Burst-Mode Optical 2R Regenerator,", IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. 17, 2194-2196, (2005)

2004 (1)

N. Pleros et al. "Recipe for amplitude modulation reduction in SOA-based interferometric switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22,12, 2834-2842,(2004)
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. Leuthold.; M. Kauer, "Power equalisation and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters," IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1567 - 1569, (2002)
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network," IEEE Communications Magazine 40, S66-S73, (2002)
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Wolfson et al., "Experimental Investigation at 10 Gb/s of the Noise Suppression Capabilities in a Pass-Through Configuration in SOA-Based Interferometric Structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 837-839 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

C. Su, L-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606, (1997)
[CrossRef]

Akatsu, Y.

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, and Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s Burst-Mode Optical 2R Regenerator,", IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. 17, 2194-2196, (2005)

Calabretta, N.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, and E. Ciaramella," Reshaping Capability of Cross-Gain Compression in Semiconductor Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L-K.

C. Su, L-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606, (1997)
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K.-W.

C. Su, L-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606, (1997)
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, and E. Ciaramella," Reshaping Capability of Cross-Gain Compression in Semiconductor Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, and E. Ciaramella," Reshaping Capability of Cross-Gain Compression in Semiconductor Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, and Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s Burst-Mode Optical 2R Regenerator,", IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. 17, 2194-2196, (2005)

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network," IEEE Communications Magazine 40, S66-S73, (2002)
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold.; M. Kauer, "Power equalisation and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters," IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1567 - 1569, (2002)
[CrossRef]

Ohki, A.

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, and Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s Burst-Mode Optical 2R Regenerator,", IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. 17, 2194-2196, (2005)

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network," IEEE Communications Magazine 40, S66-S73, (2002)
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

N. Pleros et al. "Recipe for amplitude modulation reduction in SOA-based interferometric switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22,12, 2834-2842,(2004)
[CrossRef]

Proietti, R.

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, and E. Ciaramella," Reshaping Capability of Cross-Gain Compression in Semiconductor Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sato, R.

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, and Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s Burst-Mode Optical 2R Regenerator,", IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. 17, 2194-2196, (2005)

Shibata, Y.

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, and Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s Burst-Mode Optical 2R Regenerator,", IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. 17, 2194-2196, (2005)

Su, C.

C. Su, L-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606, (1997)
[CrossRef]

Wolfson, D.

D. Wolfson et al., "Experimental Investigation at 10 Gb/s of the Noise Suppression Capabilities in a Pass-Through Configuration in SOA-Based Interferometric Structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 837-839 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEE Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Leuthold.; M. Kauer, "Power equalisation and signal regeneration with delay interferometer all-optical wavelength converters," IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1567 - 1569, (2002)
[CrossRef]

IEEE Communications Magazine (1)

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): building a next-generation optical access network," IEEE Communications Magazine 40, S66-S73, (2002)
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol (1)

N. Pleros et al. "Recipe for amplitude modulation reduction in SOA-based interferometric switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22,12, 2834-2842,(2004)
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Su, L-K. Chen, and K.-W. Cheung, "Theory of burst-mode receiver and its applications in optical multi-access networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 590-606, (1997)
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. (1)

R. Sato, T. Ito, Y. Shibata, A. Ohki, and Y. Akatsu, "40 Gb/s Burst-Mode Optical 2R Regenerator,", IEEE J. Lightwave Tecnol. 17, 2194-2196, (2005)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Wolfson et al., "Experimental Investigation at 10 Gb/s of the Noise Suppression Capabilities in a Pass-Through Configuration in SOA-Based Interferometric Structures," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 837-839 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Contestabile, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, and E. Ciaramella," Reshaping Capability of Cross-Gain Compression in Semiconductor Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2523-2526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

AnV.  Trao, C. Chae and R. S. Tucker, "Optical Packet Power EquaIization with Large Dynamic Range using Controlled Gain-Clamped SOA," in Optical Fiber Communication Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OME46

http://mufins.cti.gr/

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper and H. G. Weber, "SLALOM: Semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13,2099-2112, (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, "Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOAbased all-optical switches using optical filtering" in Optical Fiber Communication Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005) paper OThE7.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Configuration of unequal splitting ratio Mach-Zehnder Interferometer

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Theoretically obtained graphs for mout vs Uin/Usat for coupling ratios: (a)50/50 (b) 70/30 (c) 90/10

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Input (top row) and output (bottom row) pulse traces (timescale:1ns) and eye diagrams (timescale:10ps) for input packets with (a) 2 power levels and (b) 4 power levels

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

BER curves for two demuxed channels for : 2P. level input, 4P.level input, 2P level output, 4P. level output

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P S ( t ) = { a 2 G 1 ( t ) + ( 1 a ) 2 G 2 ( t ) 2 ( 1 a ) a G 1 ( t ) G 2 ( t ) cos ( α n 2 ℓn G 2 ( t ) G 1 ( t ) ) } P in
U in k ( t ) = P 0 ( 1 + m in cos ( Ω k T ) ) t a ( t ´ ) dt ´
m o p m in = 1 + U in U sat · { ( 1 G 1 | m = 0 ) [ a 3 + a 2 ( 1 a ) exp ( π α n ) ] + [ 1 G 1 | m = 0 exp ( 2 π α n ) ] [ ( 1 a ) 3 exp ( 2 π α n ) + a ( 1 a ) 2 exp ( π α n ) ] } a 2 + ( 1 a ) 2 exp ( 2 π α n ) + 2 a ( 1 a ) exp ( π α n )

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