Abstract

The effective nonlinear coefficient and temperature acceptance bandwidth of three Lu and Sc co-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 type nonlinear crystals were measured. NCPM for SHG in to the blue-UV spectral region can be obtained by controlling the co-dopant concentration. Measurements were based on intra-cavity SHG of a CW Ti:Sapphire laser, and the effective nonlinear coefficients were found to be in the range of 0.5 to 0.6 pm/V for the three crystals used. The FWHM temperature acceptance bandwidth was measured to be more than 35°C using a 6 mm long Gd0.871Lu0.129Ca4O(BO3)3 crystal. A maximum of 115 mW at 407.3 nm in a single direction was measured using a 6.5 mm long Gd0.96Sc0.04Ca4O(BO3)3 crystal.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich and T. W. Hänsch, "All solid state laser source for tunable blue and ultraviolet radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66,2318-2320 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. V. Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky and H. Walther, "Narrow-bandwidth diode-laser-based blue and ultraviolet light source," Appl. Phys. B 76,143-147 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Bourzeix, B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, F. de Tomasi, L. Julien and F. Biraben, "Ultra-violet light generation at 205 nm by two frequency doubling steps of a cw titanium-sapphire laser," Opt. Commun. 133,239-244 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Makio, T Miyai, M. Sato and T. Sasaki, "67-mW Continuous-Wave Blue Light Generation by Intracavity Frequency Doubling of a Diode Pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39,6539-6541 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Thorhauge, J.L. Mortensen, P. Tidemand-Licthenberg and P. Buchhave, "Tunable intra-cavity SHG of CW Ti:Sapphire lasers around 785 nm and 810 nm in BiBO-crystals," Opt. Express 14,2283-2286 (2006). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-6-2283
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Schmitt, A. Deninger, F. Lison and W. Keanders, "Recent advances in non-linear frequency conversion of high-power, single-mode diode lasers," Proceedings of. SPIE,  5707,16-22 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emmitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,0611141-0611143 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109,249-251 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAGBiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28432-434 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Gheorghe, V. Lupei, P. Loiseau, G. Aka and T. Taira, "Second-harmonic generations of blue light in nonlinear optical crystals of Gd1-XLuXCa4O(BO3)3 and Gd1.XScXCa4O(BO3)3 through noncritical phase matching," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23,1630-1634 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Z. Wang, X. Xu, K. Fu, R. Song, J. Wang, J. Wei, Y. Liu and Z. Shao, "Non-critical phase matching of Gd1-XYXCa4O(BO3)3(Gd1-XYXCOB) crystal," Solid State Commun. 120,397-400 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric Interaction of Focused Light Beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39,3597-3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]

2006

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emmitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,0611141-0611143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Thorhauge, J.L. Mortensen, P. Tidemand-Licthenberg and P. Buchhave, "Tunable intra-cavity SHG of CW Ti:Sapphire lasers around 785 nm and 810 nm in BiBO-crystals," Opt. Express 14,2283-2286 (2006). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-6-2283
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gheorghe, V. Lupei, P. Loiseau, G. Aka and T. Taira, "Second-harmonic generations of blue light in nonlinear optical crystals of Gd1-XLuXCa4O(BO3)3 and Gd1.XScXCa4O(BO3)3 through noncritical phase matching," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23,1630-1634 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

T. Schmitt, A. Deninger, F. Lison and W. Keanders, "Recent advances in non-linear frequency conversion of high-power, single-mode diode lasers," Proceedings of. SPIE,  5707,16-22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. V. Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky and H. Walther, "Narrow-bandwidth diode-laser-based blue and ultraviolet light source," Appl. Phys. B 76,143-147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAGBiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28432-434 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

Z. Wang, X. Xu, K. Fu, R. Song, J. Wang, J. Wei, Y. Liu and Z. Shao, "Non-critical phase matching of Gd1-XYXCa4O(BO3)3(Gd1-XYXCOB) crystal," Solid State Commun. 120,397-400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. Makio, T Miyai, M. Sato and T. Sasaki, "67-mW Continuous-Wave Blue Light Generation by Intracavity Frequency Doubling of a Diode Pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39,6539-6541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109,249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. Bourzeix, B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, F. de Tomasi, L. Julien and F. Biraben, "Ultra-violet light generation at 205 nm by two frequency doubling steps of a cw titanium-sapphire laser," Opt. Commun. 133,239-244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich and T. W. Hänsch, "All solid state laser source for tunable blue and ultraviolet radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66,2318-2320 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1968

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric Interaction of Focused Light Beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39,3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

Biraben, F.

S. Bourzeix, B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, F. de Tomasi, L. Julien and F. Biraben, "Ultra-violet light generation at 205 nm by two frequency doubling steps of a cw titanium-sapphire laser," Opt. Commun. 133,239-244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bohat, L.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109,249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bourzeix, S.

S. Bourzeix, B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, F. de Tomasi, L. Julien and F. Biraben, "Ultra-violet light generation at 205 nm by two frequency doubling steps of a cw titanium-sapphire laser," Opt. Commun. 133,239-244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric Interaction of Focused Light Beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39,3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Buchhave, P.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cui, D.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Czeranowsky, C.

Dawson, M. D.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emmitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,0611141-0611143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Beauvoir, B.

S. Bourzeix, B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, F. de Tomasi, L. Julien and F. Biraben, "Ultra-violet light generation at 205 nm by two frequency doubling steps of a cw titanium-sapphire laser," Opt. Commun. 133,239-244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

de Tomasi, F.

S. Bourzeix, B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, F. de Tomasi, L. Julien and F. Biraben, "Ultra-violet light generation at 205 nm by two frequency doubling steps of a cw titanium-sapphire laser," Opt. Commun. 133,239-244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Deninger, A.

T. Schmitt, A. Deninger, F. Lison and W. Keanders, "Recent advances in non-linear frequency conversion of high-power, single-mode diode lasers," Proceedings of. SPIE,  5707,16-22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Friedenauer, A.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fu, K.

Z. Wang, X. Xu, K. Fu, R. Song, J. Wang, J. Wei, Y. Liu and Z. Shao, "Non-critical phase matching of Gd1-XYXCa4O(BO3)3(Gd1-XYXCOB) crystal," Solid State Commun. 120,397-400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Geng, A.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gheorghe, L.

Guo, L.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich and T. W. Hänsch, "All solid state laser source for tunable blue and ultraviolet radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66,2318-2320 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hastie, J. E.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emmitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,0611141-0611143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, H.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109,249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich and T. W. Hänsch, "All solid state laser source for tunable blue and ultraviolet radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66,2318-2320 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, M.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Hou, W.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Julien, L.

S. Bourzeix, B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, F. de Tomasi, L. Julien and F. Biraben, "Ultra-violet light generation at 205 nm by two frequency doubling steps of a cw titanium-sapphire laser," Opt. Commun. 133,239-244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kahra, S.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keanders, W.

T. Schmitt, A. Deninger, F. Lison and W. Keanders, "Recent advances in non-linear frequency conversion of high-power, single-mode diode lasers," Proceedings of. SPIE,  5707,16-22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emmitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,0611141-0611143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric Interaction of Focused Light Beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39,3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Krysa, A. B.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emmitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,0611141-0611143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liebertz, J.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109,249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lison, F.

T. Schmitt, A. Deninger, F. Lison and W. Keanders, "Recent advances in non-linear frequency conversion of high-power, single-mode diode lasers," Proceedings of. SPIE,  5707,16-22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Z. Wang, X. Xu, K. Fu, R. Song, J. Wang, J. Wei, Y. Liu and Z. Shao, "Non-critical phase matching of Gd1-XYXCa4O(BO3)3(Gd1-XYXCOB) crystal," Solid State Commun. 120,397-400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

Lupei, V.

Makio, S.

S. Makio, T Miyai, M. Sato and T. Sasaki, "67-mW Continuous-Wave Blue Light Generation by Intracavity Frequency Doubling of a Diode Pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39,6539-6541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Markert, F.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miyai, T

S. Makio, T Miyai, M. Sato and T. Sasaki, "67-mW Continuous-Wave Blue Light Generation by Intracavity Frequency Doubling of a Diode Pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39,6539-6541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, J.L.

Morton, L. G.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emmitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,0611141-0611143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nevsky, A. Y.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. V. Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky and H. Walther, "Narrow-bandwidth diode-laser-based blue and ultraviolet light source," Appl. Phys. B 76,143-147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nez, F.

S. Bourzeix, B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, F. de Tomasi, L. Julien and F. Biraben, "Ultra-violet light generation at 205 nm by two frequency doubling steps of a cw titanium-sapphire laser," Opt. Commun. 133,239-244 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peik, E.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. V. Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky and H. Walther, "Narrow-bandwidth diode-laser-based blue and ultraviolet light source," Appl. Phys. B 76,143-147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Q.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, "3.8 W of cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83,241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, L.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, J. S.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emmitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89,0611141-0611143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

S. Makio, T Miyai, M. Sato and T. Sasaki, "67-mW Continuous-Wave Blue Light Generation by Intracavity Frequency Doubling of a Diode Pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39,6539-6541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

S. Makio, T Miyai, M. Sato and T. Sasaki, "67-mW Continuous-Wave Blue Light Generation by Intracavity Frequency Doubling of a Diode Pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39,6539-6541 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, T.

T. Schmitt, A. Deninger, F. Lison and W. Keanders, "Recent advances in non-linear frequency conversion of high-power, single-mode diode lasers," Proceedings of. SPIE,  5707,16-22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmitz, H.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schtz, T.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schwedes, C.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. V. Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky and H. Walther, "Narrow-bandwidth diode-laser-based blue and ultraviolet light source," Appl. Phys. B 76,143-147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

Z. Wang, X. Xu, K. Fu, R. Song, J. Wang, J. Wei, Y. Liu and Z. Shao, "Non-critical phase matching of Gd1-XYXCa4O(BO3)3(Gd1-XYXCOB) crystal," Solid State Commun. 120,397-400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, R.

Z. Wang, X. Xu, K. Fu, R. Song, J. Wang, J. Wei, Y. Liu and Z. Shao, "Non-critical phase matching of Gd1-XYXCa4O(BO3)3(Gd1-XYXCOB) crystal," Solid State Commun. 120,397-400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Thorhauge, M.

Tidemand-Licthenberg, P.

Udem, T.

A. Friedenauer, F. Markert, H. Schmitz, L. Petersen, S. Kahra, M. Herrmann, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, T. Schtz, "High power all solid state laser system near 280 nm," Appl. Phys. B 84,371-373 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich and T. W. Hänsch, "All solid state laser source for tunable blue and ultraviolet radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66,2318-2320 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

C. Schwedes, E. Peik, J. V. Zanthier, A. Y. Nevsky and H. Walther, "Narrow-bandwidth diode-laser-based blue and ultraviolet light source," Appl. Phys. B 76,143-147 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Z. Wang, X. Xu, K. Fu, R. Song, J. Wang, J. Wei, Y. Liu and Z. Shao, "Non-critical phase matching of Gd1-XYXCa4O(BO3)3(Gd1-XYXCOB) crystal," Solid State Commun. 120,397-400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, X. Xu, K. Fu, R. Song, J. Wang, J. Wei, Y. Liu and Z. Shao, "Non-critical phase matching of Gd1-XYXCa4O(BO3)3(Gd1-XYXCOB) crystal," Solid State Commun. 120,397-400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J.

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The Ti:S laser setup: The NLC was placed in the circular beam waist formed between M4 and M5.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured spectrum of the Ti:S laser. The FHWM of the spectrum was measured to 31 pm centered around 811.98 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The dimensions of the used crystal: (left) Gd0.871Lu0.129Ca4O(BO3)3, (center) Gd0.93Lu0.07Ca4O(BO3)3 and s(right) Gd0.96Sc0.04Ca4O(BO3)3

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature acceptance bandwidth for the Gd0.871Lu0.129Ca4O(BO3)3 crystal measured at a fundamental wavelength of 799 nm. The optimum temperature was found to 41.5 ± 1 °C, and the FWHM temperature bandwidth was measured to 38.1 °C

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured temperature acceptance bandwidth and temperature dependence for: (left) Gd0.93Lu0.07Ca4O(BO3)3 at a fundamental wavelength of 812.0 nm. (right) Gd0.96Sc0.04Ca4O(BO3)3 at a fundamental wavelength of 814.8 nm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Generated intra-cavity 399.50 nm light for the Gd0.871Lu0.129Ca4O(BO3)3 crystal. (left) As function of pump power in a high finesse cavity. (right) as function of the inter-cavity field squared with a 1% output coupler.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Generated intra-cavity 405.60 nm light for the Gd0.93Lu0.07Ca4O(BO3)3 crystal. (left) As function of pump power in a high finesse cavity. (right) as function of the inter-cavity field squared with a 1% output coupler.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Generated intra-cavity 407.40 nm light for the Gd0.96Sc0.004Ca4O(BO3)3 crystal. (left) As function of pump power in a high finesse cavity. (right) as function of the inter-cavity field squared with a 1% output coupler.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Calculated NCPM fundamental wavelength and FWHM wavelength acceptance bandwidth of the used nonlinear crystals.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Measured and calculated NCPM fundamental wavelength and FWHM temperature acceptance bandwidth of the used nonlinear materials.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Summary of the parameters used for calculation of the effective nonlinear coefficients of the nonlinear materials

Equations (1)

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d eff = P 2 n 2 n 1 2 π w 0 2 4 ε 0 2 P 1 2 ω 2 μ 0 3 c 3 h ( B , ξ ) ,

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