Abstract

A fiber chirped pulse amplification system at 1558nm was demonstrated using a large-aperture volume Bragg grating stretcher and compressor made of Photo-Thermal-Refractive (PTR) glass. Such PTR-glass based gratings represent a new type of pulse stretching and compressing devices which are compact, monolithic and optically efficient. Furthermore, since PTR glass technology enables volume gratings with transverse apertures which are large, homogeneous and scalable, it also enables high pulse energies and powers far exceeding those achievable with other existing compact pulse-compression technologies. Additionally, reciprocity of chirped gratings with respect to stretching and compression also enables to address a long-standing problem in CPA system design of stretcher-compressor dispersion mismatch.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  2. V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.
  3. A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. Galvanauskas, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Feijer, and D. Harter, “Chirped pulse amplificatin circuits for fiber amplifiers, based on chirped-period quasiphase-matching gratings,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1695–1697 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, and A. Tuennerman, “All fiber chirped-pulse amplification system based on compression in air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express,  11, 3332–3337 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. Galvanuaskas, A. Heaney, I. Erdogan, and D. Harter, “Use of volume chirped Bragg gratings for compact high-energy chirped pulse amplification circuits,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  6, Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), p.362.
  7. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-frequency Bragg gratings in a photothermorefractive glass,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1693–1695 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg grating (Academic, 1999).
  9. A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, High-energy femtosecond pulse compression in chirped fiber gratings, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp 499 –500
  10. L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickly, and I. V. Ciapurin, “New approach to robust optics for HEL systems,” Proc. SPIE Vol.  4724, 101–109 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  11. L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Laser damage resistance of photo-thermo-refractive glass Bragg gratings,” presented at 15th Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, Albuquerque, NM, 3–6 June 2004.
  12. A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, G. G. Vienne, and J. E. Caplen, “Broad-area diode-pump 1 W femtosecond fiber system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.9 of 1996OSA Technical Digest Series.

2004 (1)

L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Laser damage resistance of photo-thermo-refractive glass Bragg gratings,” presented at 15th Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, Albuquerque, NM, 3–6 June 2004.

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickly, and I. V. Ciapurin, “New approach to robust optics for HEL systems,” Proc. SPIE Vol.  4724, 101–109 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1998 (2)

A. Galvanauskas, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Feijer, and D. Harter, “Chirped pulse amplificatin circuits for fiber amplifiers, based on chirped-period quasiphase-matching gratings,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1695–1697 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Galvanuaskas, A. Heaney, I. Erdogan, and D. Harter, “Use of volume chirped Bragg gratings for compact high-energy chirped pulse amplification circuits,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  6, Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), p.362.

1995 (1)

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[Crossref]

Abramov, M.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

Agrawal, G. P.

A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, High-energy femtosecond pulse compression in chirped fiber gratings, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp 499 –500

Arbore, M. A.

Bennion, I.

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

Caplen, J. E.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, G. G. Vienne, and J. E. Caplen, “Broad-area diode-pump 1 W femtosecond fiber system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.9 of 1996OSA Technical Digest Series.

Ciapurin, I. V.

L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickly, and I. V. Ciapurin, “New approach to robust optics for HEL systems,” Proc. SPIE Vol.  4724, 101–109 (2002).
[Crossref]

Efimov, O. M.

Erdogan, I.

A. Galvanuaskas, A. Heaney, I. Erdogan, and D. Harter, “Use of volume chirped Bragg gratings for compact high-energy chirped pulse amplification circuits,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  6, Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), p.362.

Feijer, M. M.

Ferin, S.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

Fermann, M. E.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, G. G. Vienne, and J. E. Caplen, “Broad-area diode-pump 1 W femtosecond fiber system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.9 of 1996OSA Technical Digest Series.

Fermann, M.E.

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fomin, V.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Feijer, and D. Harter, “Chirped pulse amplificatin circuits for fiber amplifiers, based on chirped-period quasiphase-matching gratings,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1695–1697 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, High-energy femtosecond pulse compression in chirped fiber gratings, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp 499 –500

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, G. G. Vienne, and J. E. Caplen, “Broad-area diode-pump 1 W femtosecond fiber system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.9 of 1996OSA Technical Digest Series.

Galvanuaskas, A.

A. Galvanuaskas, A. Heaney, I. Erdogan, and D. Harter, “Use of volume chirped Bragg gratings for compact high-energy chirped pulse amplification circuits,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  6, Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), p.362.

Gapontsev, D.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

Gapontsev, V.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

Glebov, L. B.

L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Laser damage resistance of photo-thermo-refractive glass Bragg gratings,” presented at 15th Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, Albuquerque, NM, 3–6 June 2004.

L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickly, and I. V. Ciapurin, “New approach to robust optics for HEL systems,” Proc. SPIE Vol.  4724, 101–109 (2002).
[Crossref]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-frequency Bragg gratings in a photothermorefractive glass,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1693–1695 (2000).
[Crossref]

Glebova, L. N.

L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Laser damage resistance of photo-thermo-refractive glass Bragg gratings,” presented at 15th Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, Albuquerque, NM, 3–6 June 2004.

Harter, D.

A. Galvanuaskas, A. Heaney, I. Erdogan, and D. Harter, “Use of volume chirped Bragg gratings for compact high-energy chirped pulse amplification circuits,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  6, Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), p.362.

A. Galvanauskas, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Feijer, and D. Harter, “Chirped pulse amplificatin circuits for fiber amplifiers, based on chirped-period quasiphase-matching gratings,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1695–1697 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, High-energy femtosecond pulse compression in chirped fiber gratings, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp 499 –500

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, G. G. Vienne, and J. E. Caplen, “Broad-area diode-pump 1 W femtosecond fiber system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.9 of 1996OSA Technical Digest Series.

Heaney, A.

A. Galvanuaskas, A. Heaney, I. Erdogan, and D. Harter, “Use of volume chirped Bragg gratings for compact high-energy chirped pulse amplification circuits,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  6, Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), p.362.

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg grating (Academic, 1999).

Limpert, J.

Mashkin, A.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

Minelly, J. D.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, G. G. Vienne, and J. E. Caplen, “Broad-area diode-pump 1 W femtosecond fiber system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.9 of 1996OSA Technical Digest Series.

Nolte, S.

Platonov, N.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

Radic, S.

A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, High-energy femtosecond pulse compression in chirped fiber gratings, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp 499 –500

Schreiber, T.

Shkurikhim, O.

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

Smirnov, V. I.

L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Laser damage resistance of photo-thermo-refractive glass Bragg gratings,” presented at 15th Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, Albuquerque, NM, 3–6 June 2004.

L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickly, and I. V. Ciapurin, “New approach to robust optics for HEL systems,” Proc. SPIE Vol.  4724, 101–109 (2002).
[Crossref]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-frequency Bragg gratings in a photothermorefractive glass,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1693–1695 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stickly, C. M.

L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickly, and I. V. Ciapurin, “New approach to robust optics for HEL systems,” Proc. SPIE Vol.  4724, 101–109 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sugden, K.

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[Crossref]

Tuennerman, A.

Vienne, G. G.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, G. G. Vienne, and J. E. Caplen, “Broad-area diode-pump 1 W femtosecond fiber system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.9 of 1996OSA Technical Digest Series.

Zellmer, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Galvanauskas, M.E. Fermann, D. Harter, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “All-fiber femtosecond pulse amplification circuit using chirped Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1053–1055 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickly, and I. V. Ciapurin, “New approach to robust optics for HEL systems,” Proc. SPIE Vol.  4724, 101–109 (2002).
[Crossref]

Technical Digest Series (1)

A. Galvanuaskas, A. Heaney, I. Erdogan, and D. Harter, “Use of volume chirped Bragg gratings for compact high-energy chirped pulse amplification circuits,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.  6, Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), p.362.

Other (5)

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg grating (Academic, 1999).

A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, S. Radic, and G. P. Agrawal, High-energy femtosecond pulse compression in chirped fiber gratings, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9, 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp 499 –500

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhim, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, “2kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” Proc. Converence on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Munich, Germany, June 12-17,2005, Page(s) 508.

L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, and V. I. Smirnov, “Laser damage resistance of photo-thermo-refractive glass Bragg gratings,” presented at 15th Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, Albuquerque, NM, 3–6 June 2004.

A. Galvanauskas, M. E. Fermann, D. Harter, J. D. Minelly, G. G. Vienne, and J. E. Caplen, “Broad-area diode-pump 1 W femtosecond fiber system,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol.9 of 1996OSA Technical Digest Series.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Setup for the CVBG based FCPA system. Reciprocal setup is adapted for the volume grating to match the stretching and compression phase chirp.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured incident/reflected spectra. The reflected spectrum is centered at 1558-nm with 3-nm bandwidth.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Reflectivity of the CVBG remains constant (70%) for the entire incident power testing range up to 9.4 W.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured and calculated autocorrelation traces showed that recompressed pulses were 1.1-ps transform limited pulses. (b) Spectrum of the recompressed pulse.

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