Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel protection scheme for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) employing colorless optical transceivers. The proposed network employs 2 × N arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs) to utilize its routing characteristics. The colorless operation is achieved by using wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes (FP-LDs) injected with spectrum-sliced amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) light. The experimental results show that the restoration can be achieved within 8 ms against the feeder fiber fault and the power penalty introduced by the restoration process is negligible.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. -J. Park, C. -H. Lee, K. -T. Jeong, H. -J. Park, J. -G. Ahn, and K. -H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2582–2591 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. K. Chan, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. -H. Park, J. -S Baik, and C. -H. Lee, “Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.
  4. U. Hilbk, M. Burmeister, B. Hoen, T. Herems, J. Saniter, and F. -J. Westphal, “Selective OTDR measurements at the central office of individual fiber links in a PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper TuK3.
    [Crossref]
  5. K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523–525 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660–1662 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 631–633 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.
  9. E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Han, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM-PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper OFI4.
  10. Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. -K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 717–719 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network accommodating GbE and 10-Gb Ethernet services,” IEEE. J. Lightwave. Technol. 24, 2045–2051(2006).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. D. Kim, S. -G Kang, and C. -H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067–1069 (2000).
    [Crossref]

2006 (3)

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523–525 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 631–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network accommodating GbE and 10-Gb Ethernet services,” IEEE. J. Lightwave. Technol. 24, 2045–2051(2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. -K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 717–719 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660–1662 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S. -G Kang, and C. -H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

C. K. Chan, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J. -G.

Baik, J. -S

J. -H. Park, J. -S Baik, and C. -H. Lee, “Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.

Burmeister, M.

U. Hilbk, M. Burmeister, B. Hoen, T. Herems, J. Saniter, and F. -J. Westphal, “Selective OTDR measurements at the central office of individual fiber links in a PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper TuK3.
[Crossref]

Chan, C. K.

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 631–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660–1662 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. K. Chan, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. -K.

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. -K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 717–719 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chan, T. J.

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660–1662 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. K.

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 631–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. -K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 717–719 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660–1662 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. K. Chan, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y. C.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Han, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM-PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper OFI4.

Han, J. H.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Han, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM-PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper OFI4.

Han, K. H.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Han, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM-PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper OFI4.

Herems, T.

U. Hilbk, M. Burmeister, B. Hoen, T. Herems, J. Saniter, and F. -J. Westphal, “Selective OTDR measurements at the central office of individual fiber links in a PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper TuK3.
[Crossref]

Hilbk, U.

U. Hilbk, M. Burmeister, B. Hoen, T. Herems, J. Saniter, and F. -J. Westphal, “Selective OTDR measurements at the central office of individual fiber links in a PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper TuK3.
[Crossref]

Ho, K. P.

C. K. Chan, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hoen, B.

U. Hilbk, M. Burmeister, B. Hoen, T. Herems, J. Saniter, and F. -J. Westphal, “Selective OTDR measurements at the central office of individual fiber links in a PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper TuK3.
[Crossref]

Hwang, S.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.

Iwatsuki, K.

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network accommodating GbE and 10-Gb Ethernet services,” IEEE. J. Lightwave. Technol. 24, 2045–2051(2006).
[Crossref]

Jeong, K. -T.

Jung, D. K.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.

Kang, S. B.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523–525 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kang, S. -G

H. D. Kim, S. -G Kang, and C. -H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kani, J.

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network accommodating GbE and 10-Gb Ethernet services,” IEEE. J. Lightwave. Technol. 24, 2045–2051(2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S. -G Kang, and C. -H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lam, D.

C. K. Chan, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. -H.

S. -J. Park, C. -H. Lee, K. -T. Jeong, H. -J. Park, J. -G. Ahn, and K. -H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2582–2591 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. D. Kim, S. -G Kang, and C. -H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. -H. Park, J. -S Baik, and C. -H. Lee, “Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.

Lee, H. K.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523–525 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Han, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM-PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper OFI4.

Lee, K.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523–525 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lim, D. S.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523–525 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. -K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 717–719 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, H.

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network accommodating GbE and 10-Gb Ethernet services,” IEEE. J. Lightwave. Technol. 24, 2045–2051(2006).
[Crossref]

Oh, Y. J.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.

Park, H. -J.

Park, J. -H.

J. -H. Park, J. -S Baik, and C. -H. Lee, “Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.

Park, S.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.

Park, S. -J.

Saniter, J.

U. Hilbk, M. Burmeister, B. Hoen, T. Herems, J. Saniter, and F. -J. Westphal, “Selective OTDR measurements at the central office of individual fiber links in a PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper TuK3.
[Crossref]

Shim, C. S.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.

Shin, D. J.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.

Shin, H. S.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.

Son, E. S.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Han, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM-PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper OFI4.

Song, K. -H.

Sorin, W. V.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523–525 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 631–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. -K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 717–719 (2005).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, H.

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network accommodating GbE and 10-Gb Ethernet services,” IEEE. J. Lightwave. Technol. 24, 2045–2051(2006).
[Crossref]

Tong, F.

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660–1662 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. K. Chan, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. -K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 717–719 (2005).
[Crossref]

Westphal, F. -J.

U. Hilbk, M. Burmeister, B. Hoen, T. Herems, J. Saniter, and F. -J. Westphal, “Selective OTDR measurements at the central office of individual fiber links in a PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper TuK3.
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523–525 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1660–1662 (2003).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, C. K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 631–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. K. Chan, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, K. P. Ho, and D. Lam, “Fiber-fault identification for branched access networks using a wavelength-sweeping monitoring source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 614–616 (1999).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. -K. Chan, and L. K. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 717–719 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. D. Kim, S. -G Kang, and C. -H. Lee, “A low cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067–1069 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE. J. Lightwave. Technol. (1)

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network accommodating GbE and 10-Gb Ethernet services,” IEEE. J. Lightwave. Technol. 24, 2045–2051(2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (4)

J. -H. Park, J. -S Baik, and C. -H. Lee, “Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper JThB79.

U. Hilbk, M. Burmeister, B. Hoen, T. Herems, J. Saniter, and F. -J. Westphal, “Selective OTDR measurements at the central office of individual fiber links in a PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper TuK3.
[Crossref]

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper JWA57.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Han, J. H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM-PON,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Anaheim, CA., 2005), paper OFI4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Self-restorable bidirectional WDM-PON scheme.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup (P1: Measurement point, OS: Optical switch, C/L: WDM filter, PPG: Pulse pattern generator, TIA: Trans impedance amplifier, BLS: Broadband light source).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured optical spectra in the normal (solid line) and restoration (dash line) state.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured restoration switching time.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured BER curves of downstream and upstream signals in the normal and restoration state (+ x: back-to-back transmission, solid: normal state, open: restoration state).

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