Abstract

We demonstrated that placing a pair of prism sheets in front of a display and rotating them overcomes the upper resolution limit of Integral Photograpy (IP) / Integral Videography (IV) imposed by the Nyquist sampling theorem. A pair of prism sheet with the same pitch placed in front of an IP or IV display parallel-shifts the light rays in the 3D space. Rotating the pair shifts the light rays, causing them to appear to rotate around their original positions. Changing the gap between the sheets changes the diameter of the apparent rotation. Changing the speed at which the sheets are rotated changes the speed of the image movement. Experimental results showed that the quality of the IP and IV images is improved by using this technique. It is a simple and effective way to improve the viewing resolution of IP and IV images without reducing their 3D aspects, such as image depth. It also eliminates the need to move the lenslet array.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S-W. Min, S. Jung, J-H. Park, and B. Lee, "Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array," Opt. Eng. 41, 2572-2576 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  11. H Liao, M. Iwahara, T. Koike, N. Hata, I. Sakuma, and T. Dohi, "Scalable high-resolution integral videography autostereoscopic display by use of seamless multi-projection," Appl. Opt. 44, 305-315 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. J. S. Jang and B. Javidi, "Improved viewing resolution of 3-D integral imaging with nonstationary micro-optics," Opt. Lett. 27, 324-326 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing and reconstruction with time-division multiplexed computational integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 42, 7036-7042 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, and G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 22, 597-603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H Liao, M. Iwahara, T. Koike, N. Hata, I. Sakuma, and T. Dohi, "Scalable high-resolution integral videography autostereoscopic display by use of seamless multi-projection," Appl. Opt. 44, 305-315 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

2003 (5)

2002 (4)

J. S. Jang and B. Javidi, "Improved viewing resolution of 3-D integral imaging with nonstationary micro-optics," Opt. Lett. 27, 324-326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S.-W. Min, and B. Javidi, "Theoretical analysis for three-dimensional integral imaging systems with double devices," Appl. Opt. 41, 4856-4865 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S-W. Min, S. Jung, J-H. Park, and B. Lee, "Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array," Opt. Eng. 41, 2572-2576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, and B. Javidi, "Viewing-angle-enhanced Integral 3-D Imaging using double display devices with masks," Opt. Eng. 41, 2389-2390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1978 (1)

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer generated integral photograph," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1908 (1)

M. G. Lippmann, "Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief," J. Phys. 7, 821-825 (1908).

Arai, J.

Choi, H.

Dohi, T.

Hata, N.

Hong, S. H.

Hoshino, H.

Igarishi, Y.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer generated integral photograph," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Iwahara, M.

Jang, J. S.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, and G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 22, 597-603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Jang, Y. S. Oh, and B. Javidi, "Spatiotemporally multiplexed integral imaging projector for large-scale high-resolution three-dimensional display," Opt. Express 12, 557-563 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Hong and B. Javidi, "Improved resolution 3-D object reconstruction using computational integral imaging with time multiplexing," Opt. Express 12, 4579-4588 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Jang, Y. S. Oh, and B. Javidi, "Spatiotemporally multiplexed integral imaging projector for large-scale high-resolution three-dimensional display," Opt. Express 12, 557-563 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kishk and B. Javidi, "Improved resolution 3-D object sensing and recognition using time multiplexed computational integral imaging," Opt. Express 11, 3528-3541 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S-W. Min, B. Javidi, and B. Lee, "Enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging system by use of double display devices," Appl. Opt. 42, 4186-4195 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing and reconstruction with time-division multiplexed computational integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 42, 7036-7042 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-S. Jang, F. Jin, and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional integral imaging with large depth of focus by use of real and virtual image fields," Opt. Lett. 28, 1421-1423 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lee, S.-W. Min, and B. Javidi, "Theoretical analysis for three-dimensional integral imaging systems with double devices," Appl. Opt. 41, 4856-4865 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Jang and B. Javidi, "Improved viewing resolution of 3-D integral imaging with nonstationary micro-optics," Opt. Lett. 27, 324-326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, and B. Javidi, "Viewing-angle-enhanced Integral 3-D Imaging using double display devices with masks," Opt. Eng. 41, 2389-2390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jin, F.

Jung, S.

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, and B. Lee, "Wide-viewing integral three-dimensional imaging by use of orthogonal polarization switching," Appl. Opt. 42, 2513-2520 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S-W. Min, S. Jung, J-H. Park, and B. Lee, "Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array," Opt. Eng. 41, 2572-2576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, and B. Javidi, "Viewing-angle-enhanced Integral 3-D Imaging using double display devices with masks," Opt. Eng. 41, 2389-2390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kishk, S.

Koike, T.

Lee, B.

Liao, H

Liao, H.

Lippmann, M. G.

M. G. Lippmann, "Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief," J. Phys. 7, 821-825 (1908).

Martínez-Corral, M.

M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, and G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 22, 597-603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martínez-Cuenca, R.

M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, and G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 22, 597-603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Min, S.-W.

Min, S-W.

S-W. Min, B. Javidi, and B. Lee, "Enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging system by use of double display devices," Appl. Opt. 42, 4186-4195 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S-W. Min, S. Jung, J-H. Park, and B. Lee, "Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array," Opt. Eng. 41, 2572-2576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murata, H.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer generated integral photograph," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y. S.

Okano, F.

Park, J.-H.

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, and B. Lee, "Wide-viewing integral three-dimensional imaging by use of orthogonal polarization switching," Appl. Opt. 42, 2513-2520 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, and B. Javidi, "Viewing-angle-enhanced Integral 3-D Imaging using double display devices with masks," Opt. Eng. 41, 2389-2390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, J-H.

S-W. Min, S. Jung, J-H. Park, and B. Lee, "Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array," Opt. Eng. 41, 2572-2576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saavedra, G.

M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, and G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 22, 597-603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakuma, I.

Stern, A.

Ueda, M.

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer generated integral photograph," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt. (7)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. (1)

M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, and G. Saavedra, "Multifacet structure of observed reconstructed integral images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 22, 597-603 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. (1)

M. G. Lippmann, "Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief," J. Phys. 7, 821-825 (1908).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer generated integral photograph," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

S-W. Min, S. Jung, J-H. Park, and B. Lee, "Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array," Opt. Eng. 41, 2572-2576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, and B. Javidi, "Viewing-angle-enhanced Integral 3-D Imaging using double display devices with masks," Opt. Eng. 41, 2389-2390 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

H. Liao, Y. Ito, K. Matsumiya, K. Masamune and and T. Dohi, "Object based image rendering and synthesis for computer generated integral videography," ACM SIGGRAPH 2006 Boston, USA, (2006), Research poster, CD-ROM.

H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata, I. Sakuma, T. Dohi, T. Koike, Y. Momoi, T. Minakawa, M. Yamasaki, F. Tajima, and H. Takeda, "High-resolution integral videography autostereoscopic display using multi-projector," in The Proceedings of the Ninth International Display Workshops IDW02, (Hiroshima, Japan, 2002), pp.1229-1232.

H. Liao, S. Nakajima, M. Iwahara, E. Kobayashi, I. Sakuma, N. Yahagi, and T. Dohi, "Intra-operative real-time 3-D information display system based on integral videography," Fourth International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer assisted Intervention --MICCAI 2001, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS 2208, 392-400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MPG (2418 KB)     

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Light rays parallel-shifted using rhomboid prism; (b) effect of moving lens array down.

Fig.2.
Fig.2.

(a). Division of rhomboid prism into prismlets; (b). formation of double-faced prism sheet; (c). two single-faced prism sheets; (d). sheet rotation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Effects of rotating pair of prism sheets counterclockwise: (a) at starting position (0°), sheets are horizontally aligned, and light rays are shifted downwards. (b) 90° rotation, sheets are vertical aligned, and rays are shifted rightwards; (c) 180° rotation, sheets are again horizontally aligned, and rays are shifted upward; (d) 270° rotation, sheets are again vertically aligned, and rays shifted leftward. The rotated radius can be adjusted by changing the distance between the sheets and the lens array or by changing the gap between the sheets.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Light rays appear to rotate around their original positions when prism sheets are rotated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Configuration of system used to investigate effects of prism sheet rotation for improving image quality.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Prototype of rotating prism sheet device.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Improved viewing resolution due to the use of rotated prism sheets: (a) original IV image; (b) prism sheets placed in front of image; (c) IV image viewed after prism sheets rotated.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Movie of IV image without and with rotated prism sheets (2.4 MB). [Media 1]

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