Abstract

A femtosecond pulse shaping apparatus based on a thermo-optically driven spatial phase modulator is presented. The modulator cell is illuminated by a standard projector and is easily controllable with a computer. In principle the setup allows for two dimensional pulse shaping, however, all initial demonstrations reported here, such as feedback controlled dispersion compensation or pulse train generation, are performed in a one dimensional phase-only shaping geometry.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Yelin, M. Meshulach, Y. Silberberg, "Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression," Opt. Lett. 22, 1793-1795 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, "Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback," Appl. Phys. B 65, 779-782 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Murnane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, G. Vdovin, "Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors," Opt. Lett. 24, 493-495 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Shapiro, P. Brumer, Principles of the quantum control of molecular processes (Wiley-Interscience, 2003).
  7. S. A. Rice, M. Zhao, Optical Control of Molecular Dynamics, (John Wiley and Sons, 2000).
  8. P. Wnuk, C. Radzewicz, J. S. Krasinski, "Bimorph piezo deformable mirror for femtosecond pulse shaping," Opt. Express 13, 4154-4159 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Verluise, V. Laude, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, P. Tournois, "Amplitude and phase control of ultrashort pulses by use of an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter: pulse compression and shaping," Opt. Lett. 25, 575-577 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, K. W. Stone, K. A. Nelson, "Analysis of replica pulses in femtosecond pulse shaping with pixelated devices," Opt. Express 14, 1314-1328 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Zeidler, S. Frey, K. L. Kompa, M. Motzkus, "Evolutionary algorithms and their application to optimal control studies," Phys. Rev. A 64, 023420 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Meshulach, Y. Silberberg, "Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse," Nature (London) 396, 239-242 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature (London) 418, 512-514 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Xu, J.M. Gunn, J.M. Dela Cruz, V. V. Lozovoy,M. Dantus, "Quantitative investigation of the multiphoton intrapulse interference phase scan method for simultaneous phase measurement and compensation of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 750-759 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Reinert, W. L¨uthy, "Optically controlled adaptive mirror," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 551-554 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Reinert, W. L¨uthy, "Thermo-optically driven adaptive mirror," in Laser Beam Control and Applications IX, A.V. Kudryashov et al. eds., Proc. SPIE 6101, 52-58 (2006).
  18. K. Osvay, K. Varju, A. P. Kovacs and G. Kurdi, "Higher order dispersion control in CPA lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001 Technical Digest, paper CTuM10.
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  20. SCHOTT Technical Information, TIE-29: Refractive Index and Dispersion, April (2005).
  21. T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, R. M. Koehl, K. A. Nelson, "Multidimensional control of femtosecond pulses by use of a programmable liquid-crystal matrix," Opt. Lett. 27, 652-654 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. K. DeLong, "Frog3 Program," http://www.femtosoft.biz.
  24. T. Feurer, A. Glass, R. Sauerbrey, "Two-photon photoconductivity in SiC photodiodes and its application to autocorrelation measurements of femtosecond optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 65, 295-297 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky,W. T. Vetterling, B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C++ (Cambridge University Press, 2002).
  26. T. Feurer, "Feedback-controlled optimization of soft-X-ray radiation from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas," Appl. Phys. B 68, 55-60 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, "Femtosecond pulse sequences used for optical manipulation of molecular motion," Science 247, 1317-1319 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. B. Schmidt, M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, "LAB2 - A virtual femtosecond laser lab," http://www.lab2.de.

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

F. Reinert, W. L¨uthy, "Optically controlled adaptive mirror," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 551-554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, R. M. Koehl, K. A. Nelson, "Multidimensional control of femtosecond pulses by use of a programmable liquid-crystal matrix," Opt. Lett. 27, 652-654 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature (London) 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1999 (2)

E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Murnane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, G. Vdovin, "Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors," Opt. Lett. 24, 493-495 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, "Feedback-controlled optimization of soft-X-ray radiation from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas," Appl. Phys. B 68, 55-60 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

D. Meshulach, Y. Silberberg, "Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse," Nature (London) 396, 239-242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

D. Yelin, M. Meshulach, Y. Silberberg, "Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression," Opt. Lett. 22, 1793-1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, "Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback," Appl. Phys. B 65, 779-782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, A. Glass, R. Sauerbrey, "Two-photon photoconductivity in SiC photodiodes and its application to autocorrelation measurements of femtosecond optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 65, 295-297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, "Femtosecond pulse sequences used for optical manipulation of molecular motion," Science 247, 1317-1319 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Baumert, T.

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, "Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback," Appl. Phys. B 65, 779-782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boyle, M.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, "Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback," Appl. Phys. B 65, 779-782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Busch, F.

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, E. E. B.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

Dantus, M.

Dela Cruz, J.M.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dudovich, N.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature (London) 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feurer, T.

J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, K. W. Stone, K. A. Nelson, "Analysis of replica pulses in femtosecond pulse shaping with pixelated devices," Opt. Express 14, 1314-1328 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, R. M. Koehl, K. A. Nelson, "Multidimensional control of femtosecond pulses by use of a programmable liquid-crystal matrix," Opt. Lett. 27, 652-654 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, "Feedback-controlled optimization of soft-X-ray radiation from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas," Appl. Phys. B 68, 55-60 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, A. Glass, R. Sauerbrey, "Two-photon photoconductivity in SiC photodiodes and its application to autocorrelation measurements of femtosecond optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 65, 295-297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frey, S.

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, "Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback," Appl. Phys. B 65, 779-782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A.

T. Feurer, A. Glass, R. Sauerbrey, "Two-photon photoconductivity in SiC photodiodes and its application to autocorrelation measurements of femtosecond optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 65, 295-297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gunn, J.M.

Hertel, I. V.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

Kiefer, W.

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koehl, R. M.

Korn, G.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krasinski, J. S.

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laude, V.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, "Femtosecond pulse sequences used for optical manipulation of molecular motion," Science 247, 1317-1319 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lozovoy, V. V.

Maginnis, K.

Materny, A.

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meshulach, D.

D. Meshulach, Y. Silberberg, "Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse," Nature (London) 396, 239-242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meshulach, M.

Motzkus, M.

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

Nelson, K. A.

Oron, D.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature (London) 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Radzewicz, C.

Reinert, F.

F. Reinert, W. L¨uthy, "Optically controlled adaptive mirror," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 551-554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rosenfeld, A.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russek, U.

Sauerbrey, R.

T. Feurer, A. Glass, R. Sauerbrey, "Two-photon photoconductivity in SiC photodiodes and its application to autocorrelation measurements of femtosecond optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 65, 295-297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seyfried, V.

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, "Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback," Appl. Phys. B 65, 779-782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature (London) 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Meshulach, Y. Silberberg, "Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse," Nature (London) 396, 239-242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Yelin, M. Meshulach, Y. Silberberg, "Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression," Opt. Lett. 22, 1793-1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

Stoian, R.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stone, K. W.

Strehle, M.

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, "Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback," Appl. Phys. B 65, 779-782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thoss, A.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tournois, P.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, J. C.

Vdovin, G.

Verluise, F.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, "Femtosecond pulse sequences used for optical manipulation of molecular motion," Science 247, 1317-1319 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, "Femtosecond pulse sequences used for optical manipulation of molecular motion," Science 247, 1317-1319 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wnuk, P.

Wohlleben, W.

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B.

Yelin, D.

Zeek, E.

Zeidler, D.

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, "Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback," Appl. Phys. B 65, 779-782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, A. Glass, R. Sauerbrey, "Two-photon photoconductivity in SiC photodiodes and its application to autocorrelation measurements of femtosecond optical pulses," Appl. Phys. B 65, 295-297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Feurer, "Feedback-controlled optimization of soft-X-ray radiation from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas," Appl. Phys. B 68, 55-60 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, I. V. Hertel, E. E. B. Campbell, "Laser ablation of dielectrics with temporally shaped femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 353-355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, W. Wohlleben, M. Motzkus, F. Busch, T. Chen, W. Kiefer, A. Materny, "Optimal control of ground-state dynamics in polymers," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5231-5235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Reinert, W. L¨uthy, "Optically controlled adaptive mirror," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 551-554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (2)

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature (London) 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Meshulach, Y. Silberberg, "Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse," Nature (London) 396, 239-242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, K. A. Nelson, "Femtosecond pulse sequences used for optical manipulation of molecular motion," Science 247, 1317-1319 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (10)

B. Schmidt, M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, T. Feurer, "LAB2 - A virtual femtosecond laser lab," http://www.lab2.de.

K. DeLong, "Frog3 Program," http://www.femtosoft.biz.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky,W. T. Vetterling, B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C++ (Cambridge University Press, 2002).

M. Shapiro, P. Brumer, Principles of the quantum control of molecular processes (Wiley-Interscience, 2003).

S. A. Rice, M. Zhao, Optical Control of Molecular Dynamics, (John Wiley and Sons, 2000).

D. Zeidler, S. Frey, K. L. Kompa, M. Motzkus, "Evolutionary algorithms and their application to optimal control studies," Phys. Rev. A 64, 023420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Reinert, W. L¨uthy, "Thermo-optically driven adaptive mirror," in Laser Beam Control and Applications IX, A.V. Kudryashov et al. eds., Proc. SPIE 6101, 52-58 (2006).

K. Osvay, K. Varju, A. P. Kovacs and G. Kurdi, "Higher order dispersion control in CPA lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2001 Technical Digest, paper CTuM10.

D. R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (Boca Raton CRC Press, 1998) p. 10-218.

SCHOTT Technical Information, TIE-29: Refractive Index and Dispersion, April (2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental arrangement with details of the spatial phase modulator (left side) and its integration into the femtosecond pulse shaping setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Phase response to a 5 modulator pixel wide stripe with a spatial width of 2.2 mm and a grey scale value of 255. (b) Phase shift as a function of grey scale value. Here, the whole active area of the modulator was homogeneously illuminated.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Oscillator spectrum and (b) intensity profile (dash-dotted line) applied to the TO-SLM. The dots represent the measured phase and the solid line a polynomial fit.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

FROG traces of (a). the original oscillator pulse, (b) the pulse broadened by 47 mm of BK7 glass, and (c) the optimized pulse.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Sinusoidal phase modulation: Measured FROG traces (top row) for (a) 13 periods with ∆t = 213 fs and (c) 8 periods with ∆t = 137 fs. Simulated FROG traces (bottom row) for (b) 13 periods and (d) 8 periods.

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