Abstract

We have demonstrated a generation of 71st harmonic at a photon energy of 110 eV (wavelength 11.2 nm) using low ionized vanadium ions in a laser-ablation plume. The conversion efficiency of this harmonic was estimated to be 1.6×10-7. Such high harmonic generation occurred from the interaction of a femtosecond laser pulse with a doubly charged ion, which has high third ionization potential. This work shows the extension of HHG cutoff energy can be achieved by using the doubly charged ion.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Higher-order harmonic generation in Xenon at 1064 nm: The role of phase matching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200-2203 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. GordonIII, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766-769, (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Generation of Coherent Soft X Rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Seres, J. Seres, and C. Spielmann, "X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the keV range with laser generated high harmonic radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 181919/1-3 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C.-G. Wahlström, S. Borgström, J. Larsson, and S.-G. Pettersson "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions using a near-infrared laser," Phys. Rev. A 51, 585-591, (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  13. M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Anomalous enhancement of a single high-order harmonic by using a laser-ablation tin plume at 47 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 3306-3308 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling Ionization of Noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, and T. Ozaki, "Time-resolved studies of plasma conditions for optimizing harmonic generation from gold plasma," submitted in Phys. Rev. A.

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, "Generation of strong coherent extreme ultraviolet radiation from the laser plasma produced on the surface of solid targets," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081-1089 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103-109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "High-order harmonic generation from boron plasma in the extreme-ultraviolet range," Opt. Lett. 30, 768-770, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Generation of Coherent Soft X Rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

C.-G. Wahlström, S. Borgström, J. Larsson, and S.-G. Pettersson "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions using a near-infrared laser," Phys. Rev. A 51, 585-591, (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. GordonIII, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766-769, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Higher-order harmonic generation in Xenon at 1064 nm: The role of phase matching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200-2203 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling Ionization of Noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, Y.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Augst, S.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling Ionization of Noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baba, M.

Borgström, S.

C.-G. Wahlström, S. Borgström, J. Larsson, and S.-G. Pettersson "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions using a near-infrared laser," Phys. Rev. A 51, 585-591, (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyer, K.

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, N. H.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Generation of Coherent Soft X Rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling Ionization of Noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling Ionization of Noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feit, M. D.

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

Gibson, G.

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, C. L.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. GordonIII, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766-769, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jara, H.

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

Johann, U.

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kan, C.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Generation of Coherent Soft X Rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kmetec, J. D.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. GordonIII, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766-769, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koppitsch, R.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, S.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Higher-order harmonic generation in Xenon at 1064 nm: The role of phase matching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200-2203 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuroda, H.

L’Huillier, A.

A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Higher-order harmonic generation in Xenon at 1064 nm: The role of phase matching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200-2203 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larsen, J. T.

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, J.

C.-G. Wahlström, S. Borgström, J. Larsson, and S.-G. Pettersson "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions using a near-infrared laser," Phys. Rev. A 51, 585-591, (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lenzner, M.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

Macklin, J. J.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. GordonIII, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766-769, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsunawa, Y.

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McIntyre, I. A.

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

McPherson, A.

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling Ionization of Noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Generation of Coherent Soft X Rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, Y.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Obara, M.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozaki, T.

Perry, M. D.

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pettersson, S.-G.

C.-G. Wahlström, S. Borgström, J. Larsson, and S.-G. Pettersson "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions using a near-infrared laser," Phys. Rev. A 51, 585-591, (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhodes, C. K.

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, M.

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, A.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Generation of Coherent Soft X Rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "Higher-order harmonic generation in Xenon at 1064 nm: The role of phase matching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2200-2203 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schnurer, M.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling Ionization of Noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, M.

Tashiro, H.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toyoda, K.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wahlström, C.-G.

C.-G. Wahlström, S. Borgström, J. Larsson, and S.-G. Pettersson "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions using a near-infrared laser," Phys. Rev. A 51, 585-591, (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Generation of Coherent Soft X Rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wobrauschek, P.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, "Generation of strong coherent extreme ultraviolet radiation from the laser plasma produced on the surface of solid targets," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1081-1089 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, M. D. Perry, J. T. Larsen, "Numerical simulation of ultra-short laser pulse energy deposition and bulk transport for material processing," Appl. Surf. Sci. 129, 193-198 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am B. (1)

A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, "Studies of multiphoton production of vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the rare gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am B. 4, 595-601, (1987).
[CrossRef]

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Phys. Lett. A (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103-109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576-4582, (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-G. Wahlström, S. Borgström, J. Larsson, and S.-G. Pettersson "High-order harmonic generation in laser-produced ions using a near-infrared laser," Phys. Rev. A 51, 585-591, (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling Ionization of Noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Generation of Coherent Soft X Rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997, (1993).
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Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, "Generation of high-order harmonic using laser-produced rare-gas-like ions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176-2179, (1992).
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Science (1)

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, "Generation of Coherent X-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses," Science 278, 661-664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

E. Seres, J. Seres, and C. Spielmann, "X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the keV range with laser generated high harmonic radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 181919/1-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, and T. Ozaki, "Time-resolved studies of plasma conditions for optimizing harmonic generation from gold plasma," submitted in Phys. Rev. A.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

HHG from the (a) vanadium and (b) silver plumes irradiated by femtosecond laser pulse. The spectrum (a) was recorded by the accumulation of 100 shots. The spectrum (b) was recorded by the accumulation of 10 shots. The 71st harmonic at the photon energy of 110 eV was obtained using the laser-ablation vanadium plume.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The vanadium plasma spectrum at the wavelength range of 280–500 nm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Calculations of the laser-ablation vanadium plume characteristics (electron density, ionization level, and ion density) as the functions of prepulse intensity.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Maximum observed cutoff energies of the HHG from the titanium, vanadium, lead, and germanium plumes and their second and third ionization potentials.

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