Abstract

A two-channel long-haul soliton propagation system is demonstrated. Extensive variations of system parameters were numerically studied to provide the optimized system reported. In this system each soliton carries 80 Gb/s pseudo-random bit signal over 14,000 km. Key system parameters, such as the input peak power, the non linear coefficient, average dispersion and the number of sections of fiber in one amplifier length, are optimized, while the Q factor is monitored. As the Q factor falls below the threshold of 6.0 (corresponding to a BER of one error in a billion bits) the propagation distance is noted. For this optimized system a Q-factor threshold distance of 12700 km was obtained. This yields a bit-rate-distance (BL) product in excess of 2 ∙ 1015 b/s km.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

J. Martensson and A. Berntson, "Dispersion-managed solitons for 160-Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 666-668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and E. Yamada, and Akio Sahara, "Recent progress in soliton transmission technology," Chaos 10, 486-514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirooka, T. Nakada and A. Hasegawa, "Feasibility of Densely Dispersion Managed Soliton Transmission at 160 Gb/s," IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 633-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. I. Lakoba and G. P Agrawal, "Optimization of the average-dispersion range for long-haul dispersion-managed soliton system," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1504-1512 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada, A. Sahara, "Ultrahigh-speed long distance TDM and WDM soliton transmission technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1997 (1)

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, "Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Agrawal, G. P

Berntson, A.

J. Martensson and A. Berntson, "Dispersion-managed solitons for 160-Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 666-668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dinda, P. T.

Edagawa, N.

Fatome, J.

Gordon, J. P.

Hasegawa, A.

T. Hirooka, T. Nakada and A. Hasegawa, "Feasibility of Densely Dispersion Managed Soliton Transmission at 160 Gb/s," IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 633-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hirooka, T.

T. Hirooka, T. Nakada and A. Hasegawa, "Feasibility of Densely Dispersion Managed Soliton Transmission at 160 Gb/s," IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 633-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, H.

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and E. Yamada, and Akio Sahara, "Recent progress in soliton transmission technology," Chaos 10, 486-514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada, A. Sahara, "Ultrahigh-speed long distance TDM and WDM soliton transmission technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lakoba, T. I.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, "Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Martensson, J.

J. Martensson and A. Berntson, "Dispersion-managed solitons for 160-Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 666-668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, "Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Millot, G.

Morita, I.

Nakada, T.

T. Hirooka, T. Nakada and A. Hasegawa, "Feasibility of Densely Dispersion Managed Soliton Transmission at 160 Gb/s," IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 633-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and E. Yamada, and Akio Sahara, "Recent progress in soliton transmission technology," Chaos 10, 486-514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada, A. Sahara, "Ultrahigh-speed long distance TDM and WDM soliton transmission technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pitois, S.

Sahara, A.

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada, A. Sahara, "Ultrahigh-speed long distance TDM and WDM soliton transmission technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada, A. Sahara, "Ultrahigh-speed long distance TDM and WDM soliton transmission technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and E. Yamada, and Akio Sahara, "Recent progress in soliton transmission technology," Chaos 10, 486-514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

Tanaka, K.

Wai, P. K. A.

D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, and P. K. A. Wai, "Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1746 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, E.

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and E. Yamada, and Akio Sahara, "Recent progress in soliton transmission technology," Chaos 10, 486-514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada, A. Sahara, "Ultrahigh-speed long distance TDM and WDM soliton transmission technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

Zhi,

Z. M. Liao and G. P. Agrawal, "High-bit-rate soliton transmission using distributed amplification and dispersion management," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 818-820 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chaos (1)

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, and E. Yamada, and Akio Sahara, "Recent progress in soliton transmission technology," Chaos 10, 486-514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, E. Yamada, A. Sahara, "Ultrahigh-speed long distance TDM and WDM soliton transmission technologies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 363-396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Martensson and A. Berntson, "Dispersion-managed solitons for 160-Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 666-668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. M. Liao and G. P. Agrawal, "High-bit-rate soliton transmission using distributed amplification and dispersion management," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 818-820 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Hirooka, T. Nakada and A. Hasegawa, "Feasibility of Densely Dispersion Managed Soliton Transmission at 160 Gb/s," IEEE Trans. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 633-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

A. R. Pratt, H. Murai, and Y. Ozeki, "40 Gb/s multiple dispersion managed soliton transmission over 2700 km" Massive WDM and TDM Soliton Transmission Systems, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 2000) pp. 306-309.

A. Hasegawa and Y. Kodama, "Interaction between solitons in the same channel" Solitons in Optical Communication, (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1995) pp 151-172.

VPItransmissionMaker WDM, VPIsystems Inc.

G. P.  Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 3rd Edition, 2001).

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1st Edition, 2001).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

System Diagram of 2 × 80-Gb/s DDMS system

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dispersion Map for 2 × 80-Gb/s DDMS system

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

BER/Q-Factor vs. Distance Characteristics for the Two-Soliton Experiment 1.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Channel 1 and 2 Eye Diagrams at 6451 km.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Channel 1 and 2 Eye Diagrams at 12854 km.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Three-Dimensional Graph in Frequency Domain.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Timing Jitter vs. Transmission Distance

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i u ξ + 1 2 2 u τ 2 + u 2 u = i 2 Γ u + 3 3 u τ 3 i s τ ( u 2 u ) + τ R u u 2 τ
δ 3 = β 3 6 β 2 T 0 , s = 1 ω 0 T 0 and τ R = T R T 0
S = λ 2 2 πc ( D 1 L 1 D 2 L 2 ) T FWHM 2
D avg = ( D 1 L 1 + D 2 L 2 ) L 1 + L 2

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