Abstract

We demonstrate an enhanced circularly polarized laser emission whose handedness is opposite to the cholesteric helix by the stacked cholesteric polymeric films. The dye-doped right-handed cholesteric polymer film is sandwiched between a mirror and a cholesteric polymer reflector. Due to the stimulated amplification and light recycling effects, the original laser emission from the middle active layer is not only dramatically enhanced but also converted to a left-handed circularly polarized emission with high purity. Moreover, a single 15 μm dye-doped cholesteric film is found to lase more efficiently when the top side faces the pump source than when the bottom side does. This phenomenon is attributed to the band gap broadening of the bottom side.

©2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. T. Wu and D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays. (Wiley, New York, 2001)
  2. J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys 75,1896–1899 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett 23,1707–1709 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. EI-Kady, “Experimental observation of photonic-crystal emission near a photonic band edge,” Appl. Phys. Lett 83,593–595 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater 14,306–309 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photopolymerized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett 81,3741–3743 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Huang, L. P. Chen, C. Doyle, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped cholesteric polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett 89,111106 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater 13,1069–1072 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  11. K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, “Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett 87,231107 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S. T. Wu, “Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector,” Opt. Express 14,4479–4485 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, T. H. Lin, L. P. Chen, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, “Directional controllable linearly polarized laser from a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 14,5571–5580 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Huang, T. H. Lin, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, “Enhancing the laser power by stacking multiple dye-doped chiral polymer films,” Opt. Express 14,11299–11303 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

2005 (4)

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, “Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett 87,231107 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. EI-Kady, “Experimental observation of photonic-crystal emission near a photonic band edge,” Appl. Phys. Lett 83,593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater 14,306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photopolymerized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett 81,3741–3743 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater 13,1069–1072 (2001)
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett 23,1707–1709 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys 75,1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Amemiya, K.

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

Araoka, F.

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bailey, C.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bass, M.

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, “Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett 87,231107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bloemer, M. J.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys 75,1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bowden, C. M.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys 75,1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
[Crossref]

Carvalho, I. C. S.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. P.

Y. Huang, L. P. Chen, C. Doyle, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped cholesteric polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett 89,111106 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, T. H. Lin, L. P. Chen, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, “Directional controllable linearly polarized laser from a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 14,5571–5580 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dowling, J. P.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys 75,1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Doyle, C.

Y. Huang, L. P. Chen, C. Doyle, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped cholesteric polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett 89,111106 (2006).
[Crossref]

EI-Kady, I.

S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. EI-Kady, “Experimental observation of photonic-crystal emission near a photonic band edge,” Appl. Phys. Lett 83,593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fan, B.

V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett 23,1707–1709 (1998).
[Crossref]

Finkelmann, H.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater 13,1069–1072 (2001)
[Crossref]

Fleming, J. G.

S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. EI-Kady, “Experimental observation of photonic-crystal emission near a photonic band edge,” Appl. Phys. Lett 83,593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Funamoto, K.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photopolymerized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett 81,3741–3743 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ganzke, D.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater 14,306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Genack, A. Z.

V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett 23,1707–1709 (1998).
[Crossref]

Haase, W.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater 14,306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hong, Q.

Huang, Y.

Ishikawa, K.

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ishkawa, K.

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kasano, M.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater 14,306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. T.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater 13,1069–1072 (2001)
[Crossref]

Kopp, V. I.

V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett 23,1707–1709 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. Y.

S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. EI-Kady, “Experimental observation of photonic-crystal emission near a photonic band edge,” Appl. Phys. Lett 83,593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lin, T. H.

Matsui, T.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photopolymerized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett 81,3741–3743 (2002).
[Crossref]

Moreira, M. F.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
[Crossref]

Munoz, A.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater 13,1069–1072 (2001)
[Crossref]

Nagata, T.

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nishimura, S.

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ohta, T.

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photopolymerized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett 81,3741–3743 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater 14,306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, R.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photopolymerized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett 81,3741–3743 (2002).
[Crossref]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater 13,1069–1072 (2001)
[Crossref]

Park, B.

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rapaport, A.

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, “Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett 87,231107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Scalora, M.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys 75,1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Shin, K. C.

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Song, M. H.

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Taheri, B.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater 13,1069–1072 (2001)
[Crossref]

Takanishi, Y.

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Takezoe, H.

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Toyooka, T.

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsunoda, Y.

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vithana, H. K. M.

V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett 23,1707–1709 (1998).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, J.

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Y. Huang, L. P. Chen, C. Doyle, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped cholesteric polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett 89,111106 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S. T. Wu, “Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector,” Opt. Express 14,4479–4485 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, T. H. Lin, L. P. Chen, Q. Hong, and S. T. Wu, “Directional controllable linearly polarized laser from a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Express 14,5571–5580 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, T. H. Lin, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, “Enhancing the laser power by stacking multiple dye-doped chiral polymer films,” Opt. Express 14,11299–11303 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, “Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett 87,231107 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. T. Wu and D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays. (Wiley, New York, 2001)

Yang, D. K.

S. T. Wu and D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays. (Wiley, New York, 2001)

Yoshino, K.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photopolymerized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett 81,3741–3743 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater 14,306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Adv. Mater (2)

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater 14,306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater 13,1069–1072 (2001)
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett (5)

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, “Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector,” Appl. Phys. Lett 87,231107 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photopolymerized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett 81,3741–3743 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, L. P. Chen, C. Doyle, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped cholesteric polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett 89,111106 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Lin, J. G. Fleming, and I. EI-Kady, “Experimental observation of photonic-crystal emission near a photonic band edge,” Appl. Phys. Lett 83,593–595 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, “Cholesteric liquid-crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett 85,2691–2693 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys (1)

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys 75,1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys (4)

T. Ohta, M. H. Song, Y. Tsunoda, T. Nagata, K. C. Shin, F. Araoka, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishkawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Monodomain film formation and lasing in dye-doped polymer cholesteric liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43,6142–6144 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, T. Nagata, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Enhancement of laser emission intensity in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals with single-output window,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,3748–3750 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,7966–7971 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Lasing from thick anisotropic layer sandwiched between polymeric cholesteric liquid crystal films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 44,8165–8167 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett (1)

V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett 23,1707–1709 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

S. T. Wu and D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays. (Wiley, New York, 2001)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup: BS: Beam splitter; QW: Quarter-wave plate; CF: Color filter; LCP: left-handed circularly polarized light.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Top side reflection bands of the 15 μm active film (red) and the 8 μm passive film (blue), and the lasing spectrum at 53 μJ/pulse pump (green).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The pump energy dependent laser output power of the total emission and LCP component from a {mirror/active CLC film/reflecting CLC film} laser and a {mirror/active CLC film} laser.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Sample layout in the experimental setup: (a) top side of the active film is facing the pump beam and (b) bottom side of the active film is facing the pump beam. The 3-layer stack CLC laser: mirror (dark green) / active CLC film (magenta) / passive CLC film (blue).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The pump energy dependent laser output power from a single 15 μm active CLC film with the top side facing the pump source and the bottom side facing the pump source.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. The top side (blue) and bottom side (red) reflection bands of the CLC polymer film: (a) the 15 μm dye-doped CLC polymer film (b) the 8 μm passive CLC polymer film.

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