Abstract

We report on the in-depth micro-modifications induced by femtosecond laser ablation in Nd:YAG crystals. Near Field Optical experiments have revealed that, below the ablated volume, a permanent change in the Nd:YAG reflectivity, extending parallel to the irradiation direction, has been induced. Micro-luminescence experiments have provided experimental evidence that these permanent changes in the surface reflectivity are accompanied by strong changes in the luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions revealing relevant micro structural modifications in the Nd:YAG system.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Okhrimchuk, A. V. Shestakov, I. Khrushchev, and J. Mitchell. “Depressed cladding, buried waveguide laser formed in a YAG:Nd3+ crystal by femtosecond laser writing” Opt. Lett. 30,2248–2250 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, and L. Roso. “Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation” Appl. Phys. B. Submitted
  4. E. Betzig and J.K. Trautman. “Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit” Science. 257189–195 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. A. Kaminskii. “Crystalline Lasers: Physical Processes and Operation Schemes” (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1996).
  6. S. N. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, “Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14,2716–2721 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L. Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 14,1329–1338 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-3-1329
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, “Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities” J. Phys. D 37,1132–1136 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  12. B. Henderson and G. F. Imbush. “Optical spectroscopy of inorganic solids” Clarendon Press, UK (1989).
  13. S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski. “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2006 (5)

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L. Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 14,1329–1338 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-3-1329
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski. “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, “Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities” J. Phys. D 37,1132–1136 (2004).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

E. Betzig and J.K. Trautman. “Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit” Science. 257189–195 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agullo-Rueda, F.

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arias, I.

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, and L. Roso. “Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation” Appl. Phys. B. Submitted

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig and J.K. Trautman. “Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit” Science. 257189–195 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chichkov, B. N.

Galanciak, D.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski. “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Greif, R.

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, “Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities” J. Phys. D 37,1132–1136 (2004).
[Crossref]

Guizard, S.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

Henderson, B.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbush. “Optical spectroscopy of inorganic solids” Clarendon Press, UK (1989).

Imbush, G. F.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbush. “Optical spectroscopy of inorganic solids” Clarendon Press, UK (1989).

Jacobs, H.

Jaque, D.

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kaminska, A.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski. “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii. “Crystalline Lasers: Physical Processes and Operation Schemes” (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1996).

Khrushchev, I.

Kobyakov, S.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski. “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Malinowski, M.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski. “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mao, S. S.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mao, X.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, “Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities” J. Phys. D 37,1132–1136 (2004).
[Crossref]

Martin, P.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mendez, C.

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, and L. Roso. “Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation” Appl. Phys. B. Submitted

Méndez, C.

Mitchell, J.

Momma, C.

Moreno, P.

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nolte, S. N.

Okhrimchuk, G.

Petite, G.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

Quére, F.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rodenas, A.

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
[Crossref]

Roso, L.

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L. Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 14,1329–1338 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-3-1329
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, and L. Roso. “Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation” Appl. Phys. B. Submitted

Rosso, L.

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
[Crossref]

Russo, R. E.

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, “Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities” J. Phys. D 37,1132–1136 (2004).
[Crossref]

Russo, R.E.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sanz Garcia, J. A.

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shestakov, A. V.

Suchocki, A.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski. “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Torchia, G. A.

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, and L. Roso. “Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation” Appl. Phys. B. Submitted

Torchia, G.A.

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Trautman, J.K.

E. Betzig and J.K. Trautman. “Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit” Science. 257189–195 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Wellegehausen, B.

Welling, H.

Wen, S.-B.

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, “Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities” J. Phys. D 37,1132–1136 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, “Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities” J. Phys. D 37,1132–1136 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A. (1)

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite, and P. Martin. “Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics” Appl. Phys. A. 79,1695–1709 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas, and D. Jaque. “Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals” Appl. Phys. B. 83,559–563 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski. “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno, and F. Agullo-Rueda. “Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, “Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities” J. Phys. D 37,1132–1136 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science. (1)

E. Betzig and J.K. Trautman. “Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit” Science. 257189–195 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. A. Kaminskii. “Crystalline Lasers: Physical Processes and Operation Schemes” (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1996).

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, and L. Roso. “Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation” Appl. Phys. B. Submitted

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbush. “Optical spectroscopy of inorganic solids” Clarendon Press, UK (1989).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Scheme of the writing process. (b).- Optical micrograph corresponding to the ablation groove obtained for a laser fluence of 2.75 J/cm2. The system of coordinates used all along this work has been included.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Topographical (a) and reflectivity (b) images obtained for the ablation groove produced with a laser fluence of 2.75 J/cm2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Topographical (blue) and reflectivity (black) profiles obtained along the x and y directions (3(a) and 3(b), respectively).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

4 F 3/24 I 9/2 Micro-luminescence emission spectra of Nd3+ ions obtained at different x positions and for a fixed value of y = 2 μm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) 4 F 3/24 I 9/2 Integrated luminescence intensity of Nd3+ ions as a function of the x position for a fixed value of y = 2. (b). FWHM (black) and energy position (blue) of the most intense peak within the 4 F 3/24 I 9/2 obtained as a function of the x position for a fixed value of y = 2.

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