Abstract

We report on the in-depth micro-modifications induced by femtosecond laser ablation in Nd:YAG crystals. Near Field Optical experiments have revealed that, below the ablated volume, a permanent change in the Nd:YAG reflectivity, extending parallel to the irradiation direction, has been induced. Micro-luminescence experiments have provided experimental evidence that these permanent changes in the surface reflectivity are accompanied by strong changes in the luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions revealing relevant micro structural modifications in the Nd:YAG system.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Okhrimchuk, A. V. Shestakov, I. Khrushchev, J. Mitchell. "Depressed cladding, buried waveguide laser formed in a YAG:Nd3+ crystal by femtosecond laser writing," Opt. Lett. 30, 2248-2250 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias and L. Roso. "Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation," Appl. Phys. B.Submitted
  4. E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman. "Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit," Science. 257, 189-195 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline Lasers: Physical Processes and Operation Schemes (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1996).
  6. S. N. Nolte, C. Momma, H. Jacobs, A. Tünnermann, B. N. Chichkov, B. Wellegehausen, and H. Welling, "Ablation of metals by ultrashort laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2716-2721 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L. Roso, "Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 14, 1329-1338 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-3-1329
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, "Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities," J. Phys. D 37, 1132-1136 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Henderson and G. F. Imbush. Optical spectroscopy of inorganic solids (Clarendon Press, UK, 1989).
  13. S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak and M. Malinowski. "Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (5)

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak and M. Malinowski. "Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L. Roso, "Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 14, 1329-1338 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-3-1329
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, "Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities," J. Phys. D 37, 1132-1136 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman. "Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit," Science. 257, 189-195 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agullo-Rueda, F.

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arias, I.

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias and L. Roso. "Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation," Appl. Phys. B.Submitted

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman. "Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit," Science. 257, 189-195 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chichkov, B. N.

Galanciak, D.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak and M. Malinowski. "Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Greif, R.

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, "Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities," J. Phys. D 37, 1132-1136 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guizard, S.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, H.

Jaque, D.

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaminska, A.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak and M. Malinowski. "Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khrushchev, I.

Kobyakov, S.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak and M. Malinowski. "Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, M.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak and M. Malinowski. "Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mao, S. S.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mao, X.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, "Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities," J. Phys. D 37, 1132-1136 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martin, P.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mendez, C.

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias and L. Roso. "Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation," Appl. Phys. B.Submitted

Méndez, C.

Mitchell, J.

Momma, C.

Moreno, P.

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S. N.

Okhrimchuk, G.

Petite, G.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quére, F.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rodenas, A.

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roso, L.

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L. Roso, "Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 14, 1329-1338 (2006) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-3-1329
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias and L. Roso. "Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation," Appl. Phys. B.Submitted

Rosso, L.

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Russo, R. E.

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, "Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities," J. Phys. D 37, 1132-1136 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Russo, R.E.

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sanz Garcia, J. A.

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A. V.

Suchocki, A.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak and M. Malinowski. "Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Torchia, G. A.

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias and L. Roso. "Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation," Appl. Phys. B.Submitted

Torchia, G.A.

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trautman, J. K.

E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman. "Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit," Science. 257, 189-195 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Wellegehausen, B.

Welling, H.

Wen, S.-B.

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, "Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities," J. Phys. D 37, 1132-1136 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, X.

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, "Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities," J. Phys. D 37, 1132-1136 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A. (1)

S. S. Mao, F. Quére, S. Guizard, X. Mao, R.E. Russo, G. Petite and P. Martin. "Dynamics of femtosecond laser interactions with dielectrics," Appl. Phys. A. 79, 1695-1709 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (2)

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Rosso, A. Rodenas and D. Jaque. "Laser gain in femtosecond microstructured Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Phys. B. 83, 559-563 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias and L. Roso. "Surface waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG crystals by femtosecond laser ablation," Appl. Phys. B.Submitted

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak and M. Malinowski. "Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal as a near infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, P. Moreno and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Femtosecond laser induced micromodifications in Nd:SBN crystals: Amorphization and luminescence inhibition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Rodenas, J. A. Sanz Garcia, D. Jaque, G.A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso and F. Agullo-Rueda. "Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in Neodymium doped Lithium Niobate crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

X. Zeng, X. Mao, S.-B. Wen, R. Greif, and R. E. Russo, "Energy deposition and shock wave propagation during pulsed laser ablation in fused silica cavities," J. Phys. D 37, 1132-1136 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science. (1)

E. Betzig and J. K. Trautman. "Near-Field Optics: Microscopy, Spectroscopy, and Surface Modification Beyond the Diffraction Limit," Science. 257, 189-195 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline Lasers: Physical Processes and Operation Schemes (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1996).

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbush. Optical spectroscopy of inorganic solids (Clarendon Press, UK, 1989).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Scheme of the writing process. (b).- Optical micrograph corresponding to the ablation groove obtained for a laser fluence of 2.75 J/cm2. The system of coordinates used all along this work has been included.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Topographical (a) and reflectivity (b) images obtained for the ablation groove produced with a laser fluence of 2.75 J/cm2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Topographical (blue) and reflectivity (black) profiles obtained along the x and y directions (3(a) and 3(b), respectively).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

4 F 3/24 I 9/2 Micro-luminescence emission spectra of Nd3+ ions obtained at different x positions and for a fixed value of y = 2 μm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) 4 F 3/24 I 9/2 Integrated luminescence intensity of Nd3+ ions as a function of the x position for a fixed value of y = 2. (b). FWHM (black) and energy position (blue) of the most intense peak within the 4 F 3/24 I 9/2 obtained as a function of the x position for a fixed value of y = 2.

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