Abstract

A compact and efficient single longitudinal mode laser based on a femtosecond laser written waveguide is demonstrated. A maximum output power exceeding 50 mW was measured in single longitudinal and transverse mode operation, with 21% slope efficiency. The active waveguide was fabricated on erbium-ytterbium-doped phosphate glass by direct writing with femtosecond laser pulses from a diode-pumped cavity-dumped oscillator.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free-Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today's Networks, (Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, In., 2002).
  2. C. J. Karlsson, F. A. Olsson, D. Letalick, and M. Harris, "All-Fiber Multifunction Continuous-Wave Coherent Laser Radar at 1.55 µm for Range, Speed, Vibration, and Wind Measurements," Appl. Opt. 39, 3716-3726 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. K. Rastogi, Optical Measurement Techniques and Applications (Artech House, London, 1997).
  4. R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing, Fundamentals and Applications, (J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984).
  5. F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors, (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York - Basel, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Y. Voo, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, and W. H. Loh, "Anomalous linewidth behavior in short-cavity single-frequency fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 546-548 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263, 369-381 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes and J.E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K.M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A.M. Streltsov and N.F. Borrelli, "Fabrication and analysis of a directional coupler written in glass by nanojoule femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 26, 42-43 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping," Opt. Lett. 29, 1288-1290 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

N. Y. Voo, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, and W. H. Loh, "Anomalous linewidth behavior in short-cavity single-frequency fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 546-548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes and J.E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

Bastard, L.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes and J.E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blaize, S.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes and J.E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N.F.

Broquin, J.E.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes and J.E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cassagnetes, C.

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes and J.E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiodo, N.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, K.M.

Della Valle, G.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harris, M.

Hirao, K.

Horak, P.

N. Y. Voo, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, and W. H. Loh, "Anomalous linewidth behavior in short-cavity single-frequency fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 546-548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

Ibsen, M.

N. Y. Voo, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, and W. H. Loh, "Anomalous linewidth behavior in short-cavity single-frequency fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 546-548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaneda, Y.

Karlsson, C. J.

Killi, A.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping," Opt. Lett. 29, 1288-1290 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kopf, D.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping," Opt. Lett. 29, 1288-1290 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laporta, P.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, M.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, M. J.

Letalick, D.

Loh, W. H.

N. Y. Voo, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, and W. H. Loh, "Anomalous linewidth behavior in short-cavity single-frequency fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 546-548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Morgner, U.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping," Opt. Lett. 29, 1288-1290 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olsson, F. A.

Osellame, R.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peyghambarian, N.

Ramponi, R.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spiegelberg, C.

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Streltsov, A.M.

Sugimoto, N.

Svelto, O.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Taccheo, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, N. Chiodo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Er:Yb-doped waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2626-2628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taccheo, S.

Voo, N. Y.

N. Y. Voo, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, and W. H. Loh, "Anomalous linewidth behavior in short-cavity single-frequency fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 546-548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

N. Y. Voo, P. Horak, M. Ibsen, and W. H. Loh, "Anomalous linewidth behavior in short-cavity single-frequency fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 546-548 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes and J.E. Broquin "Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser arrays in Yb-Er codoped phosphate glass substrate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription with a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827-1829 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free-Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today's Networks, (Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, In., 2002).

D. L. Veasey, D. S. Funk, P. M. Peters, N. A. Sanford, G. E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A. P. Peskin, W.-C. Liu, S. N. Houde-Walter, J. S. Hayden, "Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263, 369-381 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Rastogi, Optical Measurement Techniques and Applications (Artech House, London, 1997).

R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing, Fundamentals and Applications, (J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984).

F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber Optic Sensors, (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York - Basel, 2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Waveguide linear laser cavity. A bi-directional pumping scheme is adopted. Pump interaction is removed by means of an optical isolator (ISO) and a half-wave polarization controller (PC λ/2).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured slope efficiency (triangles) and pump power threshold (circles) as a function of cavity output coupling.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Input-output characteristic of the 5.5-cm long waveguide laser cavity. Single mode operation provides up to 55 mW output power (circles). A maximum output power of about 80 mW is achieved in a slightly multimodal regime (triangles). Inset shows the relative intensity noise (RIN) of the laser when operating in single mode at 50 mW output power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Fabry-Perot laser spectrum of the 5.5-cm long laser cavity operating (a) in single longitudinal mode at 55 mW output power, and (b) in slightly multimodal regime at 80 mW output power.

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