Abstract

A ring resonator in SOI photonic wire waveguides is demonstrated using a compact MMI coupler with 3μm × 9 μm footprint as the coupling element. We achieved high bandwidth of 0.25 nm, and a quality factor Q of ∼ 6000 for rings with a radius of 50 μm. Unlike directional coupler based rings, these resonators have a wavelength independent Q and extinction ratio over more than 30 nm wavelength range, and there is no loss penalty for increasing the bandwidth. Compared to their directional coupler based counterparts, these resonators also have less demanding fabrication requirements and are compatible with high speed signal processing and optical delay lines.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Xu, X. Hong and W.-P. Huang, "Design optimization of integrated BiDi triplexer optical filter based on planar lightwave circuit," Opt. Express 14, 4675-4686 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (6)

Y.-H Kuo, H.-S Rong and M. Paniccia, "High bandwidth silicon ring resonator Raman amplifier," Proc. IEEE 3rd Group IV Photon. Conf., Ottawa, CD-F B2, 228-230 (2006).
[PubMed]

D.-X. Xu, S. Janz and P. Cheben, "Design of polarization-insensitive ring resonators in SOI using cladding stress engineering and MMI Couplers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 343-345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. Little O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, "Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12, 148155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, L. Sekaric and Y. Vlasov, "Mode conversion losses in silicon-on-insulator photonic wire based racetrack resonators," Opt. Express 14, 3872-3886 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Xu, X. Hong and W.-P. Huang, "Design optimization of integrated BiDi triplexer optical filter based on planar lightwave circuit," Opt. Express 14, 4675-4686 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M. Lipson, "Micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Emelett and R. Soref, "Design and simulation of silicon microring optical routing switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1800-1807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

M.-K. Chin, C.-L. Xu, W.-P. Huang, "Theoretical approach to a polarization-insensitive single-mode microring resonator," Opt. Express 12, 3245-3250 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Niehusmann, A. Vöckel, P. H. Bolivar, T. Wahlbrink and W. Henschel, "Ultrahigh-quality-factor silicon-insulator microring resonator," Opt. Lett. 29, 2861-2863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

A. Yariv, "Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides," Electron. Lett. 36, 321-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

C. K. Madsen, "Efficient architectures for exactly realizing optical filters with optimum bandpass designs," Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1136-1138 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

P. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann and H. Melchior, "New 2×2 and 1×3 multimode interference couplers with free selection of power splitting ratios," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286-2293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

L. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Impact of output coupler configuration on operating characteristics of semiconductor ring lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1500-1507 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. van Roijin, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stalen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek and J. M. M. van der Heijden, "Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753-1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Aldridge, J. C.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. Little O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, "Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12, 148155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V. R.

Augustin, L. M.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bachmann, M.

P. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann and H. Melchior, "New 2×2 and 1×3 multimode interference couplers with free selection of power splitting ratios," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286-2293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baert, R.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barabarin, Y.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beckx, S.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bente, E. A. J. M.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Besse, P.

P. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann and H. Melchior, "New 2×2 and 1×3 multimode interference couplers with free selection of power splitting ratios," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286-2293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bolivar, P. H.

Chbouki, N.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. Little O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, "Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12, 148155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheben, P.

D.-X. Xu, S. Janz and P. Cheben, "Design of polarization-insensitive ring resonators in SOI using cladding stress engineering and MMI Couplers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 343-345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chin, M.-K.

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cole, S.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De la Rue, R. M.

T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Impact of output coupler configuration on operating characteristics of semiconductor ring lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1500-1507 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Desai, T. A.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. Little O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, "Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12, 148155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Emelett, S. J.

Foresi, J.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

P. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann and H. Melchior, "New 2×2 and 1×3 multimode interference couplers with free selection of power splitting ratios," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286-2293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hanfoug, R.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Henschel, W.

Hong, X.

Hryniewicz, J.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. Little O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, "Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12, 148155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.-P.

Janz, S.

D.-X. Xu, S. Janz and P. Cheben, "Design of polarization-insensitive ring resonators in SOI using cladding stress engineering and MMI Couplers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 343-345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Karouta, F.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Impact of output coupler configuration on operating characteristics of semiconductor ring lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1500-1507 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y.-H

Y.-H Kuo, H.-S Rong and M. Paniccia, "High bandwidth silicon ring resonator Raman amplifier," Proc. IEEE 3rd Group IV Photon. Conf., Ottawa, CD-F B2, 228-230 (2006).
[PubMed]

Laine, J.-P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laybourn, P. J. R.

T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Impact of output coupler configuration on operating characteristics of semiconductor ring lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1500-1507 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leijtens, X. J. M.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M. Lipson, "Micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci and M. Lipson, "Nanotaper for compact mode conversion," Opt. Lett. 28, 1302-1304 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Luyssert, B.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, C. K.

C. K. Madsen, "Efficient architectures for exactly realizing optical filters with optimum bandpass designs," Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1136-1138 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

P. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann and H. Melchior, "New 2×2 and 1×3 multimode interference couplers with free selection of power splitting ratios," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286-2293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Niehusmann, J.

Oei, Y. S.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Panepucci, R. R.

Paniccia, M.

Y.-H Kuo, H.-S Rong and M. Paniccia, "High bandwidth silicon ring resonator Raman amplifier," Proc. IEEE 3rd Group IV Photon. Conf., Ottawa, CD-F B2, 228-230 (2006).
[PubMed]

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. van Roijin, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stalen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek and J. M. M. van der Heijden, "Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753-1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Popat, K. C.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. Little O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, "Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12, 148155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M. Lipson, "Micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rogers, D.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.-S

Y.-H Kuo, H.-S Rong and M. Paniccia, "High bandwidth silicon ring resonator Raman amplifier," Proc. IEEE 3rd Group IV Photon. Conf., Ottawa, CD-F B2, 228-230 (2006).
[PubMed]

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M. Lipson, "Micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sekaric, L.

Smit, M. K.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L.

L. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

Taillaert, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van der Heijden, J. M. M.

R. van Roijin, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stalen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek and J. M. M. van der Heijden, "Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753-1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

van der Tol, J. J. G. M.

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Dongen, T.

R. van Roijin, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stalen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek and J. M. M. van der Heijden, "Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753-1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

van Roijin, R.

R. van Roijin, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stalen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek and J. M. M. van der Heijden, "Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753-1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

van Stalen, M. J. N.

R. van Roijin, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stalen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek and J. M. M. van der Heijden, "Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753-1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Verbeek, B. H.

R. van Roijin, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stalen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek and J. M. M. van der Heijden, "Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753-1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

Vöckel, A.

Wahlbrink, T.

Wiaux, V.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wouters, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xia, F.

Xu, C.

Xu, C.-L.

Xu, D.-X.

D.-X. Xu, S. Janz and P. Cheben, "Design of polarization-insensitive ring resonators in SOI using cladding stress engineering and MMI Couplers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 343-345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M. Lipson, "Micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. Little O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, "Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12, 148155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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A. Yariv, "Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides," Electron. Lett. 36, 321-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. van Roijin, E. C. M. Pennings, M. J. N. van Stalen, T. van Dongen, B. H. Verbeek and J. M. M. van der Heijden, "Compact InP-based ring lasers employing multimode interference couplers and combiners," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1753-1755 (1994).
[CrossRef]

CD-F (1)

Y.-H Kuo, H.-S Rong and M. Paniccia, "High bandwidth silicon ring resonator Raman amplifier," Proc. IEEE 3rd Group IV Photon. Conf., Ottawa, CD-F B2, 228-230 (2006).
[PubMed]

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A. Yariv, "Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides," Electron. Lett. 36, 321-323 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Hanfoug, L. M. Augustin, Y. Barabarin, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, E. A. J. M. Bente, F. Karouta, D. Rogers, S. Cole, Y. S. Oei, X. J. M. Leijtens and M. K. Smit, "Reduced reflections from multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 42, 465-466 (2006).
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P. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann and H. Melchior, "New 2×2 and 1×3 multimode interference couplers with free selection of power splitting ratios," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286-2293 (1996).
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T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Impact of output coupler configuration on operating characteristics of semiconductor ring lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1500-1507 (1995).
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S. J. Emelett and R. Soref, "Design and simulation of silicon microring optical routing switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1800-1807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. (1)

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. Little O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, "Optical sensing of biomolecules using microring resonators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12, 148155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M. Lipson, "Micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

D.-X. Xu, S. Janz and P. Cheben, "Design of polarization-insensitive ring resonators in SOI using cladding stress engineering and MMI Couplers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 343-345 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baert, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Madsen, "Efficient architectures for exactly realizing optical filters with optimum bandpass designs," Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1136-1138 (1998).
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Other (2)

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, J. Poon and A. Yariv, "Towards the slowing and storage of light," Opt. Photon. News36-40, (2005).
[CrossRef]

D.-X. Xu, P. Cheben, A. Delâge, S. Janz, B. Lamontagne, E. Post, W. N. Ye, "Polarization-insensitive MMI-coupled ring resonators in silicon-on-insulator using cladding stress engineering," Photonics West 2007, SPIE Proc. 6477, 12 (2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). A ring resonator using an MMI coupler; (b) A close-up of the MMI section; (c) SEM image of an MMI-based ring resonator with a radius of 5 μm; (d) Close-up of the fabricated MMI section.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Simulated and (b) Measured self (t2) and cross (κ2) power coupling ratios of a standalone 2×2 MMI coupler, with a 3 μm × 9 μm footprint.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured transmission spectrum of the (a) DC-based and (b) MMI-based resonator. The quality factor Q is shown in triangle symbols. The ring radius is 50 μm in both cases.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured transmission spectrum of the MMI-coupled ring resonators with a 3 μm × 9 μm coupler, for (a) a ring radius of 50 μ m, and (b) a ring radius of 5 μm. The wavelength scan step was 5 pm. The loss includes the fiber to waveguide coupling loss and the waveguide coupling and propagation loss.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). Measured transmission spectrum of the MMI-ring resonator with a radius of 50 μm and a 4.5 μm × 20 μm coupler. The wavelength scan step was 5 pm. (b) a close-up of the resonance at 1540.6 nm.

Equations (3)

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T 2 = α MMI 2 [ α 2 2 α t cos θ + t 2 1 2 α t cos θ + α 2 t 2 ]
Q λ Δλ FWHM π n g L λ α t 1 α t
F FSR Δλ FWHM π α t 1 α t

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