Abstract

We demonstrate an all-fiber acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter exhibiting narrow optical bandwidth and negligible polarization dependence by employing a novel ultraviolet (UV)-induced core-mode blocker written in a high numerical aperture (NA) fiber. It was demonstrated that the device had the measured 3-dB optical bandwidth of 0.65 nm, the polarization-dependent center-wavelength splitting of 0.05 nm and the extinction ratio of -22dB at the wavelength around 1550 nm. The details of the transmission characteristics and the loss mechanism of the core-mode blocking element inscribed in the high NA fiber are discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile," Opt. Lett. 22, 1476 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers," J. Lightwave. Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. H. Yun and H. S. Kim, "Resonance in fiber-based acoustooptic devices via acoustic radiation to air," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 147 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. S. Lee, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, "Acousto-optic tunable bandpass Filter," in Proceedings of IEEE OptoElectronics and Communications Conference, WG Fibre Devices (OECC/IOOC, Sydney, Australia, 2001), pp. 324-325.
  5. D. A. Satorius, T. E. Dimmick, and G. L. Burdge, "Double-pass acoustooptic tunable bandpass filter with zero frequency shift and reduced polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1324 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Z. Dashti, C. -S. Kim, Q. Li, and H. P. Lee, "Demonstration of a Novel All-Fiber Bandpass Acousto-Optic Tunable Filter," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFC2. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2005-OFC2
  7. K. J. Lee, D. I. Yeom, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter using dispersion compensating fiber, in Proceedings of IEEE Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Toshi Center Kaikan, Tokyo, Japan, 2005), pp. 1082-1083.
  8. D. I. Yeom, H. S. Kim, M. S. Kang, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter with low polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2646 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, S. B. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Development of a novel core mode blocker with H2-loaded Ge-B co-doped fibers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1107 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, "All-fiber bandpass filter with adjustable transmission using cladding-mode coupling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. -L. Archambault, L. Reekie and P. St. J. Russell, "100% reflectivity Bragg reflectors produced in optical fibres by single excimer laser pulses," Electron. Lett. 29, 453 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. St. J. Russell, J. -L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, "Fibre gratings," Physics World  10, 41 (1993).
  13. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, "Photosensitivity in optical fibers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Janos, J. Canning, and M. G. Sceats, "Incoherent scattering losses in optical fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 21, 1827 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Renner, D. Johlen, and E. Brinkmeyer "Modal field deformation and transition losses in UV side-written optical fibers," Appl. Opt. 39, 933 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, "Photodarkening and photobleaching in fiber optic Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. I. Yeom, H. S. Kim, M. S. Kang, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter with low polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2646 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. H. Yun and H. S. Kim, "Resonance in fiber-based acoustooptic devices via acoustic radiation to air," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, S. B. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Development of a novel core mode blocker with H2-loaded Ge-B co-doped fibers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

D. A. Satorius, T. E. Dimmick, and G. L. Burdge, "Double-pass acoustooptic tunable bandpass filter with zero frequency shift and reduced polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1324 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers," J. Lightwave. Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, "All-fiber bandpass filter with adjustable transmission using cladding-mode coupling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, "Photodarkening and photobleaching in fiber optic Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile," Opt. Lett. 22, 1476 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1993 (3)

J. -L. Archambault, L. Reekie and P. St. J. Russell, "100% reflectivity Bragg reflectors produced in optical fibres by single excimer laser pulses," Electron. Lett. 29, 453 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, J. -L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, "Fibre gratings," Physics World  10, 41 (1993).

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, "Photosensitivity in optical fibers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J. -L.

J. -L. Archambault, L. Reekie and P. St. J. Russell, "100% reflectivity Bragg reflectors produced in optical fibres by single excimer laser pulses," Electron. Lett. 29, 453 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, J. -L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, "Fibre gratings," Physics World  10, 41 (1993).

Askins, C. G.

C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, "Photodarkening and photobleaching in fiber optic Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, "Photosensitivity in optical fibers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brinkmeyer, E.

Burdge, G. L.

D. A. Satorius, T. E. Dimmick, and G. L. Burdge, "Double-pass acoustooptic tunable bandpass filter with zero frequency shift and reduced polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1324 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

Chung, Y.

Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, S. B. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Development of a novel core mode blocker with H2-loaded Ge-B co-doped fibers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dimmick, T. E.

D. A. Satorius, T. E. Dimmick, and G. L. Burdge, "Double-pass acoustooptic tunable bandpass filter with zero frequency shift and reduced polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1324 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, "All-fiber bandpass filter with adjustable transmission using cladding-mode coupling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, "All-fiber bandpass filter with adjustable transmission using cladding-mode coupling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, S. B. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Development of a novel core mode blocker with H2-loaded Ge-B co-doped fibers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, "Photosensitivity in optical fibers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I. K.

Janos, M.

Johlen, D.

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, "Photosensitivity in optical fibers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kang, M. S.

D. I. Yeom, H. S. Kim, M. S. Kang, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter with low polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2646 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

D. I. Yeom, H. S. Kim, M. S. Kang, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter with low polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2646 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers," J. Lightwave. Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile," Opt. Lett. 22, 1476 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. S.

D. I. Yeom, H. S. Kim, M. S. Kang, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter with low polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2646 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Yun and H. S. Kim, "Resonance in fiber-based acoustooptic devices via acoustic radiation to air," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile," Opt. Lett. 22, 1476 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, S. B. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Development of a novel core mode blocker with H2-loaded Ge-B co-doped fibers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, S. B. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Development of a novel core mode blocker with H2-loaded Ge-B co-doped fibers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, "Photosensitivity in optical fibers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U. C.

Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, S. B. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Development of a novel core mode blocker with H2-loaded Ge-B co-doped fibers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. S.

D. I. Yeom, H. S. Kim, M. S. Kang, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter with low polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2646 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers," J. Lightwave. Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Putnam, M. A.

C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, "Photodarkening and photobleaching in fiber optic Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

P. St. J. Russell, J. -L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, "Fibre gratings," Physics World  10, 41 (1993).

J. -L. Archambault, L. Reekie and P. St. J. Russell, "100% reflectivity Bragg reflectors produced in optical fibres by single excimer laser pulses," Electron. Lett. 29, 453 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Renner, H.

Russell, P. St. J.

J. -L. Archambault, L. Reekie and P. St. J. Russell, "100% reflectivity Bragg reflectors produced in optical fibres by single excimer laser pulses," Electron. Lett. 29, 453 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, J. -L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, "Fibre gratings," Physics World  10, 41 (1993).

Satorius, D. A.

D. A. Satorius, T. E. Dimmick, and G. L. Burdge, "Double-pass acoustooptic tunable bandpass filter with zero frequency shift and reduced polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1324 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

Song, K. Y.

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers," J. Lightwave. Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D. S.

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, "All-fiber bandpass filter with adjustable transmission using cladding-mode coupling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, D. I.

D. I. Yeom, H. S. Kim, M. S. Kang, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter with low polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2646 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

S. H. Yun and H. S. Kim, "Resonance in fiber-based acoustooptic devices via acoustic radiation to air," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers," J. Lightwave. Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile," Opt. Lett. 22, 1476 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, and D. C. Johnson, "Photosensitivity in optical fibers," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. -L. Archambault, L. Reekie and P. St. J. Russell, "100% reflectivity Bragg reflectors produced in optical fibres by single excimer laser pulses," Electron. Lett. 29, 453 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Han, S. H. Kim, S. B. Lee, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Development of a novel core mode blocker with H2-loaded Ge-B co-doped fibers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

D. S. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, and J. Feinberg, "All-fiber bandpass filter with adjustable transmission using cladding-mode coupling," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1590 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Satorius, T. E. Dimmick, and G. L. Burdge, "Double-pass acoustooptic tunable bandpass filter with zero frequency shift and reduced polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1324 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Yun and H. S. Kim, "Resonance in fiber-based acoustooptic devices via acoustic radiation to air," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Yeom, H. S. Kim, M. S. Kang, H. S. Park, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter with low polarization sensitivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2646 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave. Technol. (2)

C. G. Askins and M. A. Putnam, "Photodarkening and photobleaching in fiber optic Bragg gratings," J. Lightwave. Technol. 15, 1363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers," J. Lightwave. Technol. 20, 1864 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Physics World (1)

P. St. J. Russell, J. -L. Archambault, and L. Reekie, "Fibre gratings," Physics World  10, 41 (1993).

Other (3)

M. S. Lee, I. K. Hwang, and B. Y. Kim, "Acousto-optic tunable bandpass Filter," in Proceedings of IEEE OptoElectronics and Communications Conference, WG Fibre Devices (OECC/IOOC, Sydney, Australia, 2001), pp. 324-325.

P. Z. Dashti, C. -S. Kim, Q. Li, and H. P. Lee, "Demonstration of a Novel All-Fiber Bandpass Acousto-Optic Tunable Filter," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFC2. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2005-OFC2

K. J. Lee, D. I. Yeom, and B. Y. Kim, "Narrow-bandwidth acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter using dispersion compensating fiber, in Proceedings of IEEE Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Toshi Center Kaikan, Tokyo, Japan, 2005), pp. 1082-1083.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of an acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Microscopic image of the damage track at the core-cladding boundary of the UV-exposed DCF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Core mode loss of the fabricated core mode blocker.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The spectral characteristic of the fabricated core mode blocker irradiated from the side with (a) parallel and (b) perpendicularly polarized UV light to the longitudinal axis of the DCF.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental configuration for measuring the power of side-scattered light from the core mode blocker. ASE, amplified spontaneous emission.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Polar plot of scattered light from the core mode blocker. The large arrow at the left indicates the direction of incident UV irradiation.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a). Measured transmission spectrum of the acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter for the acoustic frequency of 2.636 MHz and (b) Center wavelength of the acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter as a function of the acoustic frequency. The Inset shows optical transmission spectra for two orthogonal input polarizations.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P ( Z , Φ ) = p ( z , φ ) G ( Z z , Φ φ ) dzdφ
P ( Z , Φ ) = Z Z + l p ( z ) dz . Φ θ 2 Φ + θ 2 p ( φ )

Metrics