Abstract

We propose a new WDM-PON architecture using Fabry-Pérot laser diodes (FP-LDs) that are injection-locked by continuous wave (CW) seed light. The modulation characteristics of the CW light injection-locked FP-LD are first investigated. Both uplink and downlink transmissions at 10 Gb/s are experimentally demonstrated using the proposed CW injection-locked FP-LDs. It is shown that up to 16 laser cavity modes can be selectively injection-locked with side mode suppression ratio larger than 30dB. The effects of the location of FP-LD cavity modes, transmission distance, and injection wavelength detuning on the overall transmission performance are investigated. The possibility of eliminating polarization dependence of the proposed CW injection scheme is also experimentally demonstrated by properly configuring a depolarizer. The deployment cost for the proposed WDM PON is potentially low from the fact that the CW laser sources located at the central office can be shared by many WDM-PONs and low-cost FP-LDs are used as light sources for data rates as high as 10 Gb/s.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Bock and J. Prat, "WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data," Opt. Express 13, 2887-2891 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, and T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299- 301 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. L. Woodward, P. P Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, "A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1337-1339 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. J. Wen and C. J. Chae, "WDM-PON upstream transmission using Fabry-Perot laser diodes externally injected by polarization-insensitive spectrum-sliced supercontinuum pulses," Opt. Comm. 260, 691-695 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, C. J. Chae, Y. Wang, and C. Lu "10 Gb/s WDM-PON upstream transmission using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC06), JThB72 (2006).
  16. T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33,1865-1866 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Jahanpanah and R. Loudon, "Theory of laser-amplifier injection locking," Phys. Rev. A 54, 6210-5226 (1996).
  19. M. Martinelli and J. C. Palais, "Dual fiber-ring depolarizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 899-905 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. J. Wen, C.-J. Chae, and H. F. Liu, "Time-domain polarization interleaving of signal to allow polarization-insensitive all optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1304-1306 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006

S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, and T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299- 301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wen and C. J. Chae, "WDM-PON upstream transmission using Fabry-Perot laser diodes externally injected by polarization-insensitive spectrum-sliced supercontinuum pulses," Opt. Comm. 260, 691-695 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Bock and J. Prat, "WDM/TDM PON experiments using the AWG free spectral range periodicity to transmit unicast and multicast data," Opt. Express 13, 2887-2891 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wen, C.-J. Chae, and H. F. Liu, "Time-domain polarization interleaving of signal to allow polarization-insensitive all optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1304-1306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli and J. C. Palais, "Dual fiber-ring depolarizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 899-905 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. L. Woodward, P. P Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, "A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1337-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33,1865-1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

J. Jahanpanah and R. Loudon, "Theory of laser-amplifier injection locking," Phys. Rev. A 54, 6210-5226 (1996).

Anderson, T.

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299- 301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, A.

Bang, Y. C.

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bock, C.

Chae, C. J.

Y. J. Wen and C. J. Chae, "WDM-PON upstream transmission using Fabry-Perot laser diodes externally injected by polarization-insensitive spectrum-sliced supercontinuum pulses," Opt. Comm. 260, 691-695 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C.-J.

Y. J. Wen, C.-J. Chae, and H. F. Liu, "Time-domain polarization interleaving of signal to allow polarization-insensitive all optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1304-1306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. K.

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chan, L. Y.

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. K.

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. Y.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K.-M.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. H.

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, F.

Frigo, N. J.

S. L. Woodward, P. P Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, "A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1337-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, K. H.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33,1865-1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, A.

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33,1865-1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S. T.

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iannone, P. P

S. L. Woodward, P. P Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, "A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1337-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Imai, T.

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, O.

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33,1865-1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jahanpanah, J.

J. Jahanpanah and R. Loudon, "Theory of laser-amplifier injection locking," Phys. Rev. A 54, 6210-5226 (1996).

Jeong, G.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D. K

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D. K.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S.-G.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G.-Y.

S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, and T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

Kimura, H.

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, S.

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G.

Kumozaki, K.

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, J. W.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. K.

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-L.

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299- 301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-M.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K. W.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. F.

Y. J. Wen, C.-J. Chae, and H. F. Liu, "Time-domain polarization interleaving of signal to allow polarization-insensitive all optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1304-1306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, R.

J. Jahanpanah and R. Loudon, "Theory of laser-amplifier injection locking," Phys. Rev. A 54, 6210-5226 (1996).

Martinelli, M.

M. Martinelli and J. C. Palais, "Dual fiber-ring depolarizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 899-905 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moon, J.-H.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

Mun, S.-G.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y. J.

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33,1865-1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33,1865-1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Palais, J. C.

M. Martinelli and J. C. Palais, "Dual fiber-ring depolarizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 899-905 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Park, M. Y.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-J.

S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, and T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, T.-S.

S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, and T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Prat, J.

Reichmann, K. C.

S. L. Woodward, P. P Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, "A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1337-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shim, C.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D. J.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shin, H. S.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J.

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Son, E. S.

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.

Tong, D. T. K.

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wen, Y. J.

Y. J. Wen and C. J. Chae, "WDM-PON upstream transmission using Fabry-Perot laser diodes externally injected by polarization-insensitive spectrum-sliced supercontinuum pulses," Opt. Comm. 260, 691-695 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wen, C.-J. Chae, and H. F. Liu, "Time-domain polarization interleaving of signal to allow polarization-insensitive all optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1304-1306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wong, E.

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299- 301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, S. L.

S. L. Woodward, P. P Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, "A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1337-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

Yoshida, T.

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han, and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals," Electron. Lett. 37, 308-309 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, "Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA," Electron. Lett. 42, 299- 301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Shin, D. K Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 oC temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39,1331-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33,1865-1866 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Woodward, P. P Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, "A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry-Perot lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1337-1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, and Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Wen, C.-J. Chae, and H. F. Liu, "Time-domain polarization interleaving of signal to allow polarization-insensitive all optical clock recovery," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1304-1306 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightw. Technol.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 187-195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Martinelli and J. C. Palais, "Dual fiber-ring depolarizer," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 899-905 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw.

Opt. Comm.

Y. J. Wen and C. J. Chae, "WDM-PON upstream transmission using Fabry-Perot laser diodes externally injected by polarization-insensitive spectrum-sliced supercontinuum pulses," Opt. Comm. 260, 691-695 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

S.-J. Park, G.-Y. Kim, and T.-S. Park, "WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 162-169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

J. Jahanpanah and R. Loudon, "Theory of laser-amplifier injection locking," Phys. Rev. A 54, 6210-5226 (1996).

Other

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, C. J. Chae, Y. Wang, and C. Lu "10 Gb/s WDM-PON upstream transmission using injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC06), JThB72 (2006).

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Figures (12)

Fig.1.
Fig.1.

Proposed WDM-PON architecture using CW-injection-locked FP-LDs.

Fig.2.
Fig.2.

Small signal modulation responses of a FP-LD with different CW injection powers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectra of FP-LD outputs before and after injection with injection power of -8 dBm. (a) full span spectra, (b) close look of the cavity mode at 1556.8 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured back-to-back eye diagrams of a FP-LD without (upper) and with injection locking (lower). (b) Simulated waveforms of a FP-LD without (left) and with injection locking (right).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental setup for WDM-PON uplink transmission.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured receiver sensitivity as a function of the injected CW optical power.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured SMSR of the FP-LD and minimum required injected CW optical power

Fig.8.
Fig.8.

BER vs. injection wavelength detuning.

Fig.9.
Fig.9.

Measured bit error rate versus received optical power for different transmission distances

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Eye diagrams of FP-LD after 21 km uplink transmission.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

BER versus the received optical power for different downlink transmission distances. Insets: the eye diagrams with 160 km and 240 km transmission.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

BER performance as a function of rotation angle of half-wave plate in the polarization controller.

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