Abstract

Third-order optical nonlinearities, χ (3) of GeS2-Ga2S3-AgCl chalcohalide glasses have been studied systematically utilizing the femtosecond time-resolved optical Kerr effect (OKE) technique at 820nm, showing that the value of χ (3) enhances with increasing atomic ratio of (S+Cl/2)/(Ge+Ga). From the compositional dependence of glass structure by Raman spectra, a strong dependence χ (3) upon glass structure has been found, i.e. compared with [ClxS3-xGe(Ga)-Ge(Ga)S3-xClx] ethane-like s.u. as the structural defectiveness, [Ge(Ga)S4-xClx] mixed tetrahedra make greater contribution to the enhancement of χ (3). The maximum χ (3) among the present glasses is as large as 5.26×10-13esu (A1 (80GeS2-10Ga2S3-10AgCl)), and the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of A1 glass is also up to 4.60×10-15 cm2/W. In addition, using Maker fringe technique, SHG was observed in the representative A1 glass poled by electron beam (25 kV, 25 nA, 15 min), and the second-order optical nonlinear susceptibility is estimated to be greater than 6.1 pm/V. There was no evident structural change detected in the as-prepared and after irradiated A1 glass by the Raman spectra, and maybe only electronic transition and distortion of electron cloud occurred in the glasses. The large third/second-order optical nonlinearities have made these GeS2-Ga2S3-AgCl chalcohalide glasses as promising materials applied in photoelectric fields.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H.Z. Tao, S. Mao, G.P. Dong, H.Y. Xiao and X.J. Zhao, "Raman scattering studies of the Ge-In sulfide glasses," Solid State Commun. 137, 408-412 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

K. Tanaka, "Optical nonlinearity in photonic glasses," J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 16, 633-643 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, X. J. Zhao, C. B. Jing, H. Yang, and S. Mao, "Raman scattering studies of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CsCl glassy system," Solid State Commun. 133, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mid, S. X. Qian, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film," Solid State Commun. 134, 513-517 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004

X. F. Wang, S. X. Gu, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and H. Z. Tao, "Formation and properties of chalcogenide glasses in the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS system," Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 284-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, Z. W. Wang, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, "Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass," Chem. Phys. Lett. 399, 230-233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Ogusu, J. Yamasaki, S. Maeda, M. Kitao, and M. Minakata, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag-As-Se chalcogenide glasses for all-optical switching," Opt. Lett. 29, 265-267 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

I. V. Kityk, "IR-induced second harmonic generation in Sb2Te3-BaF2-PbCl2 glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 10083-10087 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Boudebs, S. Cherukulappurath, H. Leblond, J. Troles, F. Smektala, and F. Sanchez, "Experimental and theoretical study of higher-order nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 219, 427-433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Narazaki, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, "Surface structure and second-order nonlinear optical properties of thermally poled WO3-TeO2 glasses doped with Na+," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 54-62 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

M. X. Qiu, F. Pi, and G. Orriols, "The role of lead component in second-harmnonic generation in lead silica by electron-beam irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3040-3042 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

T. Fujiwara, M. Talahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, "Second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass poled with ArF laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032-1034 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

1991

1990

M. K. Casstevens, M. Samoc, J. Pfleger, and P. N. Prasad, "Dynamics of third-order nonlinear optical processes in Langmuir-Blodgett and evaporated films of phthalocyanines," J. Chem. Phys. 92, 2019-2024 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1974

G. Lucovsky, F. L. Galeener, R. C. Kezer, R. H. Geils, and H. A. Six, "Structural interpretation of the infrared and raman spectra of glasses in the alloy system Ge1-x Sx," Phys. Rev. B 10, 5134-5146 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971

T. E. Everhart and P. H. Hoff, "Determination of kilovolt electron energy dissipation vs penetration distance in solid materials," J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5837-5846 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1964

R. C. Miller, "Optical second harmonic generation in piezoelec-tric crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17-19 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Aber, J. E.

Bailleux, S.

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boudebs, G.

G. Boudebs, S. Cherukulappurath, H. Leblond, J. Troles, F. Smektala, and F. Sanchez, "Experimental and theoretical study of higher-order nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 219, 427-433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Casstevens, M. K.

M. K. Casstevens, M. Samoc, J. Pfleger, and P. N. Prasad, "Dynamics of third-order nonlinear optical processes in Langmuir-Blodgett and evaporated films of phthalocyanines," J. Chem. Phys. 92, 2019-2024 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cherukulappurath, S.

G. Boudebs, S. Cherukulappurath, H. Leblond, J. Troles, F. Smektala, and F. Sanchez, "Experimental and theoretical study of higher-order nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 219, 427-433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. S.

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G. P.

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.P.

H.Z. Tao, S. Mao, G.P. Dong, H.Y. Xiao and X.J. Zhao, "Raman scattering studies of the Ge-In sulfide glasses," Solid State Commun. 137, 408-412 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G.P. Dong, H.Z. Tao, X.D. Xiao, C.G. Lin, X.J. Zhao, S. Mao, "Mechanism of electron beam poled SHG in 0.95GeS2·0.05In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids (doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2006.10.002).

Everhart, T. E.

T. E. Everhart and P. H. Hoff, "Determination of kilovolt electron energy dissipation vs penetration distance in solid materials," J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5837-5846 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

T. Fujiwara, M. Talahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, "Second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass poled with ArF laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032-1034 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Galeener, F. L.

G. Lucovsky, F. L. Galeener, R. C. Kezer, R. H. Geils, and H. A. Six, "Structural interpretation of the infrared and raman spectra of glasses in the alloy system Ge1-x Sx," Phys. Rev. B 10, 5134-5146 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F. X.

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mid, S. X. Qian, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film," Solid State Commun. 134, 513-517 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Garetz, B. A.

Geils, R. H.

G. Lucovsky, F. L. Galeener, R. C. Kezer, R. H. Geils, and H. A. Six, "Structural interpretation of the infrared and raman spectra of glasses in the alloy system Ge1-x Sx," Phys. Rev. B 10, 5134-5146 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q. H.

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, Z. W. Wang, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, "Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass," Chem. Phys. Lett. 399, 230-233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gu, S. X.

X. F. Wang, S. X. Gu, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and H. Z. Tao, "Formation and properties of chalcogenide glasses in the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS system," Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 284-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guignard, M.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, H. T.

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Hoff, P. H.

T. E. Everhart and P. H. Hoff, "Determination of kilovolt electron energy dissipation vs penetration distance in solid materials," J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5837-5846 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Ikushima, A. J.

T. Fujiwara, M. Talahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, "Second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass poled with ArF laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032-1034 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jing, C. B.

H. Z. Tao, X. J. Zhao, C. B. Jing, H. Yang, and S. Mao, "Raman scattering studies of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CsCl glassy system," Solid State Commun. 133, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kamal, A.

Kazansky, P. G.

Kezer, R. C.

G. Lucovsky, F. L. Galeener, R. C. Kezer, R. H. Geils, and H. A. Six, "Structural interpretation of the infrared and raman spectra of glasses in the alloy system Ge1-x Sx," Phys. Rev. B 10, 5134-5146 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kitao, M.

Kityk, I. V.

I. V. Kityk, "IR-induced second harmonic generation in Sb2Te3-BaF2-PbCl2 glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 10083-10087 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Kudlinski, A.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leblond, H.

G. Boudebs, S. Cherukulappurath, H. Leblond, J. Troles, F. Smektala, and F. Sanchez, "Experimental and theoretical study of higher-order nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 219, 427-433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. G.

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.G.

G.P. Dong, H.Z. Tao, X.D. Xiao, C.G. Lin, X.J. Zhao, S. Mao, "Mechanism of electron beam poled SHG in 0.95GeS2·0.05In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids (doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2006.10.002).

Liu, C. L.

X. F. Wang, Z. W. Wang, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, "Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass," Chem. Phys. Lett. 399, 230-233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, S. X. Gu, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and H. Z. Tao, "Formation and properties of chalcogenide glasses in the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS system," Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 284-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q. M.

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mid, S. X. Qian, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film," Solid State Commun. 134, 513-517 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Lucovsky, G.

G. Lucovsky, F. L. Galeener, R. C. Kezer, R. H. Geils, and H. A. Six, "Structural interpretation of the infrared and raman spectra of glasses in the alloy system Ge1-x Sx," Phys. Rev. B 10, 5134-5146 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, S.

Mao, S.

H.Z. Tao, S. Mao, G.P. Dong, H.Y. Xiao and X.J. Zhao, "Raman scattering studies of the Ge-In sulfide glasses," Solid State Commun. 137, 408-412 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, X. J. Zhao, C. B. Jing, H. Yang, and S. Mao, "Raman scattering studies of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CsCl glassy system," Solid State Commun. 133, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G.P. Dong, H.Z. Tao, X.D. Xiao, C.G. Lin, X.J. Zhao, S. Mao, "Mechanism of electron beam poled SHG in 0.95GeS2·0.05In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids (doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2006.10.002).

Martinelli, G.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mid, J.

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mid, S. X. Qian, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film," Solid State Commun. 134, 513-517 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. C.

R. C. Miller, "Optical second harmonic generation in piezoelec-tric crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17-19 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Minakata, M.

Minoshima, K.

Narazaki, A.

Nazabal, V.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Newstein, M. C.

Ogusu, K.

Orriols, G.

M. X. Qiu, F. Pi, and G. Orriols, "The role of lead component in second-harmnonic generation in lead silica by electron-beam irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3040-3042 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pfleger, J.

M. K. Casstevens, M. Samoc, J. Pfleger, and P. N. Prasad, "Dynamics of third-order nonlinear optical processes in Langmuir-Blodgett and evaporated films of phthalocyanines," J. Chem. Phys. 92, 2019-2024 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pi, F.

M. X. Qiu, F. Pi, and G. Orriols, "The role of lead component in second-harmnonic generation in lead silica by electron-beam irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3040-3042 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

M. K. Casstevens, M. Samoc, J. Pfleger, and P. N. Prasad, "Dynamics of third-order nonlinear optical processes in Langmuir-Blodgett and evaporated films of phthalocyanines," J. Chem. Phys. 92, 2019-2024 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Qian, S. X.

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mid, S. X. Qian, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film," Solid State Commun. 134, 513-517 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M. X.

M. X. Qiu, F. Pi, and G. Orriols, "The role of lead component in second-harmnonic generation in lead silica by electron-beam irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3040-3042 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Quiquempois, Y.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

Samoc, M.

M. K. Casstevens, M. Samoc, J. Pfleger, and P. N. Prasad, "Dynamics of third-order nonlinear optical processes in Langmuir-Blodgett and evaporated films of phthalocyanines," J. Chem. Phys. 92, 2019-2024 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

G. Boudebs, S. Cherukulappurath, H. Leblond, J. Troles, F. Smektala, and F. Sanchez, "Experimental and theoretical study of higher-order nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 219, 427-433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Six, H. A.

G. Lucovsky, F. L. Galeener, R. C. Kezer, R. H. Geils, and H. A. Six, "Structural interpretation of the infrared and raman spectra of glasses in the alloy system Ge1-x Sx," Phys. Rev. B 10, 5134-5146 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Smektala, F.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Boudebs, S. Cherukulappurath, H. Leblond, J. Troles, F. Smektala, and F. Sanchez, "Experimental and theoretical study of higher-order nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 219, 427-433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Taiji, M.

Talahashi, M.

T. Fujiwara, M. Talahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, "Second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass poled with ArF laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032-1034 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

Tao, H. Z.

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, X. J. Zhao, C. B. Jing, H. Yang, and S. Mao, "Raman scattering studies of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CsCl glassy system," Solid State Commun. 133, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, S. X. Gu, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and H. Z. Tao, "Formation and properties of chalcogenide glasses in the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS system," Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 284-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tao, H.Z.

H.Z. Tao, S. Mao, G.P. Dong, H.Y. Xiao and X.J. Zhao, "Raman scattering studies of the Ge-In sulfide glasses," Solid State Commun. 137, 408-412 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G.P. Dong, H.Z. Tao, X.D. Xiao, C.G. Lin, X.J. Zhao, S. Mao, "Mechanism of electron beam poled SHG in 0.95GeS2·0.05In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids (doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2006.10.002).

Troles, J.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Boudebs, S. Cherukulappurath, H. Leblond, J. Troles, F. Smektala, and F. Sanchez, "Experimental and theoretical study of higher-order nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 219, 427-433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. F.

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. F.

X. F. Wang, Z. W. Wang, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, "Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass," Chem. Phys. Lett. 399, 230-233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, S. X. Gu, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and H. Z. Tao, "Formation and properties of chalcogenide glasses in the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS system," Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 284-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. W.

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, Z. W. Wang, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, "Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass," Chem. Phys. Lett. 399, 230-233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, H.Y.

H.Z. Tao, S. Mao, G.P. Dong, H.Y. Xiao and X.J. Zhao, "Raman scattering studies of the Ge-In sulfide glasses," Solid State Commun. 137, 408-412 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X. D.

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.D.

G.P. Dong, H.Z. Tao, X.D. Xiao, C.G. Lin, X.J. Zhao, S. Mao, "Mechanism of electron beam poled SHG in 0.95GeS2·0.05In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids (doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2006.10.002).

Yamasaki, J.

Yang, H.

H. Z. Tao, X. J. Zhao, C. B. Jing, H. Yang, and S. Mao, "Raman scattering studies of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CsCl glassy system," Solid State Commun. 133, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J. G.

X. F. Wang, S. X. Gu, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and H. Z. Tao, "Formation and properties of chalcogenide glasses in the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS system," Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 284-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, Z. W. Wang, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, "Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass," Chem. Phys. Lett. 399, 230-233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeghlache, H.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, Y. B.

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X. J.

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mid, S. X. Qian, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film," Solid State Commun. 134, 513-517 (2005)
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, X. J. Zhao, C. B. Jing, H. Yang, and S. Mao, "Raman scattering studies of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CsCl glassy system," Solid State Commun. 133, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, S. X. Gu, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and H. Z. Tao, "Formation and properties of chalcogenide glasses in the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS system," Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 284-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Wang, Z. W. Wang, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, "Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass," Chem. Phys. Lett. 399, 230-233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.J.

H.Z. Tao, S. Mao, G.P. Dong, H.Y. Xiao and X.J. Zhao, "Raman scattering studies of the Ge-In sulfide glasses," Solid State Commun. 137, 408-412 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G.P. Dong, H.Z. Tao, X.D. Xiao, C.G. Lin, X.J. Zhao, S. Mao, "Mechanism of electron beam poled SHG in 0.95GeS2·0.05In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids (doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2006.10.002).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. C. Miller, "Optical second harmonic generation in piezoelec-tric crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17-19 (1964).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujiwara, M. Talahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, "Second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass poled with ArF laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032-1034 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. X. Qiu, F. Pi, and G. Orriols, "The role of lead component in second-harmnonic generation in lead silica by electron-beam irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3040-3042 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

X. F. Wang, Z. W. Wang, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, "Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass," Chem. Phys. Lett. 399, 230-233 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

T. E. Everhart and P. H. Hoff, "Determination of kilovolt electron energy dissipation vs penetration distance in solid materials," J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5837-5846 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

M. K. Casstevens, M. Samoc, J. Pfleger, and P. N. Prasad, "Dynamics of third-order nonlinear optical processes in Langmuir-Blodgett and evaporated films of phthalocyanines," J. Chem. Phys. 92, 2019-2024 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron.

K. Tanaka, "Optical nonlinearity in photonic glasses," J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 16, 633-643 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. B

I. V. Kityk, "IR-induced second harmonic generation in Sb2Te3-BaF2-PbCl2 glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 10083-10087 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids

G.P. Dong, H.Z. Tao, X.D. Xiao, C.G. Lin, X.J. Zhao, S. Mao, "Mechanism of electron beam poled SHG in 0.95GeS2·0.05In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids (doi:10.1016/j.jpcs.2006.10.002).

Mater. Chem. Phys.

X. F. Wang, S. X. Gu, J. G. Yu, C. L. Liu, X. J. Zhao, and H. Z. Tao, "Formation and properties of chalcogenide glasses in the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS system," Mater. Chem. Phys. 83, 284-288 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

G. Boudebs, S. Cherukulappurath, H. Leblond, J. Troles, F. Smektala, and F. Sanchez, "Experimental and theoretical study of higher-order nonlinearities in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 219, 427-433 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, X. J. Zhao, Q. H. Gong, X. D. Xiao, and C. G. Lin, "Study on the structure dependent ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-In2S3 chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Commun. 270, 373-378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, "Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express. 13, 789-795 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

G. Lucovsky, F. L. Galeener, R. C. Kezer, R. H. Geils, and H. A. Six, "Structural interpretation of the infrared and raman spectra of glasses in the alloy system Ge1-x Sx," Phys. Rev. B 10, 5134-5146 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Proc SPIE

F. Smektala, J. Troles, V. Couderc, A. Barthelemy, G. Boudebs, F. Sanchez, H. Zeghlache, G. Martinelli, Y. Quiquempois, and S. Bailleux, "Third and second order nonlinear optical properties of Ge-Se-S-As chalcogenide glasses," Proc SPIE 4628, 30-38 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun.

H. Z. Tao, G. P. Dong, Y. B. Zhai, H. T. Guo, X. J. Zhao, Z. W. Wang, S. S. Chu, S. F. Wang, and Q. H. Gong, "Femtosecond third-order optical nonlinearity of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CdI2 new chalcohalide glasses," Solid State Commun. 138, 485-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H.Z. Tao, S. Mao, G.P. Dong, H.Y. Xiao and X.J. Zhao, "Raman scattering studies of the Ge-In sulfide glasses," Solid State Commun. 137, 408-412 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Tao, X. J. Zhao, C. B. Jing, H. Yang, and S. Mao, "Raman scattering studies of the GeS2-Ga2S3-CsCl glassy system," Solid State Commun. 133, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mid, S. X. Qian, "Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film," Solid State Commun. 134, 513-517 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Other

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, S. R. J. Brueck, "Large second-order nonlinearity in poled fused silica," 16, 1732-1734 (1991).

G. P. Dong, H. Z. Tao, X. D. Xiao, C. G. Lin, and X. J. Zhao, "Study on the formation, thermal, optical and physical properties of GeS2-Ga2S3-AgCl novel chalcohalide glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids (Submit).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Linear absorption spectrum of the representative A1 (80GeS2-10Ga2S3-10AgCl) glass

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Time-resolved OKE signals of (a) a standard CS2 reference and (b) A1 (80GeS2-10Ga2S3-10AgCl) and B4 (64GeS2-16Ga2S3-20AgCl) glasses at a wavelength of 820nm

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Raman spectra of pseudo-binary (100-x)GeS2-xGa2S3 (x=0, 10, 20, 30) glasses

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Raman spectra of the pseudo-ternary glasses on Series B

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The ratio of IS/IR and (S+Cl/2)/(Ge+Ga) collected as a function of the content of AgCl for the pseudo-ternary glasses on Series B

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Optical Kerr signal ratio of IS/IR collected as a function of the values of (S+Cl/2)/(Ge+Ga) for the glasses on three Series

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Maker fringe pattern of the A1 (80GeS2-10Ga2S3-10AgCl) glass poled by the electron beam

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Raman spectra of the as-prepared 80GeS2-10Ga2S3-10AgCl glass and the irradiated one

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties of GeS2-Ga2S3-AgCl glasses

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ S ( 3 ) = χ R ( 3 ) ( I S I R ) 1 2 ( n S n R ) 2
v f μ

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