Abstract

Passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Yb:LYSO laser at 1060 nm with a Yb3+ ions-doped CaF2 crystal without the excited-state absorption (ESA) was demonstrated. An average output power of 174 mW with pulse duration of 5.6 μs and repetition rate of 27 kHz have been obtained under the unoptimized conditions. And the Q-switching conversion efficiency was as high as 51.7%.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Kalisky, "Cr4+-doped crystals: their use as lasers and passive Q-switches," Prog. in Quant.Electron. 28, 249-303 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. X. Bai, N. L. Wu, J. Zhang, J. Q. Li, S. Q. Li, J. Xu and P. Z. Deng, "Passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser with a Cr4+:YAG crystal saturable absorber," Appl. Opt. 36, 2468-2472 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, "Short pulse, high-repetition rate, passively Q-switched Er:yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser at 1.6 microns," Appl. Phys. Lett.  87, 241118-1-241118-2 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, N. V. Kuleshov, and R. Moncorge, "Excited state absorption and passive Q-switch performance of Co2+-doped oxide crystals," J. Alloys Compound. 341, 366 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, and K. Spariosu, "Novel erbium-doped crystal saturable absorber Q-switches for the Er:glass laser," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting 8, 115-116 (1994).
  7. R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, and M. Birnbaum, "Passive Q-switch at 1.53μm using divalent uranium ions in calcium fluoride," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 2959-2961(1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. H. Xiao, and M. Bass, "A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excieted state absorption in the saturable absorber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 33, 41-44 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. B. Su, J. Xu, Y. H. Xue, Q. Y. Wang, L. Chai, X. D. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, "Low-threshold diode-pumped Yb3+,Na+:CaF2 self-Q-switched laser," Opt. Express 13, 5635-5640 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Braun, F. X. Kartner, G. Zhang, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "56-ps passively Q-switched diode-pumped microchip laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 381-383 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Szabo, and R. A. Stein, "Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber," J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1562-1566 (1965)
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Rudolph and H. Weber, "Analysis of saturable absorbers, interacting with gaussian pulses," Opt. Commun. 34, 491-496 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Sennaroglu, U. Demirbas, S. Ozharar, and F. Yaman, "Accurate determination of saturation parameters for Cr4+-doped solid-state saturable absorbers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 241-249 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. B. Su, J. Xu, H. J. Li, W. Q. Yang, Z. W. Zhao, J. L. Si, Y. J. Dong, and G. Q. Zhou, "Codoping Na+ to modulate the spectroscopy and photoluminescence properties of Yb3+ in CaF2 laser crystal," Opt. Lett. 30, 1003-1005 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Hercher, "An analysis of saturable absorbers," Appl. Opt. 6,947-954 (1967).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

Y. Kalisky, "Cr4+-doped crystals: their use as lasers and passive Q-switches," Prog. in Quant.Electron. 28, 249-303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, N. V. Kuleshov, and R. Moncorge, "Excited state absorption and passive Q-switch performance of Co2+-doped oxide crystals," J. Alloys Compound. 341, 366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1995 (1)

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, and M. Birnbaum, "Passive Q-switch at 1.53μm using divalent uranium ions in calcium fluoride," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 2959-2961(1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

W. Rudolph and H. Weber, "Analysis of saturable absorbers, interacting with gaussian pulses," Opt. Commun. 34, 491-496 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

1965 (1)

A. Szabo, and R. A. Stein, "Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber," J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1562-1566 (1965)
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y. X.

Bass, M.

G. H. Xiao, and M. Bass, "A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excieted state absorption in the saturable absorber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 33, 41-44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, and M. Birnbaum, "Passive Q-switch at 1.53μm using divalent uranium ions in calcium fluoride," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 2959-2961(1995).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

Camargo, M. B.

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, and M. Birnbaum, "Passive Q-switch at 1.53μm using divalent uranium ions in calcium fluoride," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 2959-2961(1995).
[CrossRef]

Chai, L.

Chase, L. L.

L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Conroy, R. S.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Deloach, L. D.

L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Demirbas, U.

Deng, P. Z.

Denisov, I. A.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, N. V. Kuleshov, and R. Moncorge, "Excited state absorption and passive Q-switch performance of Co2+-doped oxide crystals," J. Alloys Compound. 341, 366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y. J.

Hercher, M.

Kalisky, Y.

Y. Kalisky, "Cr4+-doped crystals: their use as lasers and passive Q-switches," Prog. in Quant.Electron. 28, 249-303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, N. V. Kuleshov, and R. Moncorge, "Excited state absorption and passive Q-switch performance of Co2+-doped oxide crystals," J. Alloys Compound. 341, 366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. J.

Li, J. Q.

Li, S. Q.

Malyarevich, A. M.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, N. V. Kuleshov, and R. Moncorge, "Excited state absorption and passive Q-switch performance of Co2+-doped oxide crystals," J. Alloys Compound. 341, 366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

Ozharar, S.

Payne, S. A.

L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Posnov, N. N.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, N. V. Kuleshov, and R. Moncorge, "Excited state absorption and passive Q-switch performance of Co2+-doped oxide crystals," J. Alloys Compound. 341, 366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

W. Rudolph and H. Weber, "Analysis of saturable absorbers, interacting with gaussian pulses," Opt. Commun. 34, 491-496 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sennaroglu, A.

Si, J. L.

Sinclair, B. D.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stein, R. A.

A. Szabo, and R. A. Stein, "Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber," J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1562-1566 (1965)
[CrossRef]

Stultz, R. D.

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, and M. Birnbaum, "Passive Q-switch at 1.53μm using divalent uranium ions in calcium fluoride," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 2959-2961(1995).
[CrossRef]

Su, L. B.

Szabo, A.

A. Szabo, and R. A. Stein, "Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber," J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1562-1566 (1965)
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. Y.

Weber, H.

W. Rudolph and H. Weber, "Analysis of saturable absorbers, interacting with gaussian pulses," Opt. Commun. 34, 491-496 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Wu, N. L.

Xiao, G. H.

G. H. Xiao, and M. Bass, "A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excieted state absorption in the saturable absorber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 33, 41-44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Xu, X. D.

Xue, Y. H.

Yaman, F.

Yang, W. Q.

Yumashev, K. V.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, N. V. Kuleshov, and R. Moncorge, "Excited state absorption and passive Q-switch performance of Co2+-doped oxide crystals," J. Alloys Compound. 341, 366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, J.

Zhao, G. J.

Zhao, Z. W.

Zhou, G. Q.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch diode-pimped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 67, 555~558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. (1)

Y. Kalisky, "Cr4+-doped crystals: their use as lasers and passive Q-switches," Prog. in Quant.Electron. 28, 249-303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (2)

G. H. Xiao, and M. Bass, "A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excieted state absorption in the saturable absorber," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 33, 41-44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. Deloach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Evalution of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser application," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 29,1179-1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compound. (1)

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, N. V. Kuleshov, and R. Moncorge, "Excited state absorption and passive Q-switch performance of Co2+-doped oxide crystals," J. Alloys Compound. 341, 366 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

R. D. Stultz, M. B. Camargo, and M. Birnbaum, "Passive Q-switch at 1.53μm using divalent uranium ions in calcium fluoride," J. Appl. Phys. 78, 2959-2961(1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Szabo, and R. A. Stein, "Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber," J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1562-1566 (1965)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Rudolph and H. Weber, "Analysis of saturable absorbers, interacting with gaussian pulses," Opt. Commun. 34, 491-496 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, "Short pulse, high-repetition rate, passively Q-switched Er:yttrium-aluminium-garnet laser at 1.6 microns," Appl. Phys. Lett.  87, 241118-1-241118-2 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, and K. Spariosu, "Novel erbium-doped crystal saturable absorber Q-switches for the Er:glass laser," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting 8, 115-116 (1994).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental arrangement of Yb:LYSO passive Q-switching with Na,Yb:CaF2 saturable absorber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Room-temperature absorption and emission spectra of 5.0 at% Yb:LYSO

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A sequence of Q-switched Yb:LYSO laser pulses by Na,Yb:CaF2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The repetition rate and FWHM width of Q-switched Yb:LYSO laser pulses by Na,Yb:CaF2 versus the incident pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Average output power of Yb:LYSO laser without or with Na,Yb:CaF2 as a saturable absorber versus absorbed pump power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Nonlinear transmission of Na,Yb:CaF2 as a function of incident pump intensity (CW case) at 1060 nm. The solid line is the result of computer simulation to fit experimental data using the equation (4).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ p = 1.76 2 T R Δ R ,
T R = 2 L c ,
T = T 0 s 1 ( 1 + I I ) ,
( σ a σ g ) ( A g A a ) > 1 ,

Metrics