Abstract

We report on the operation of a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser made of purely positive dispersion fibers and mode-locked by using the nonlinear polarization rotation technique. It was experimentally found that apart from the gain-guided soliton operation the laser can also emit a kind of noise-like pulse. We show numerically that the noise-like pulse emission is caused by the peak power clamping effect of the laser cavity on the gain-guided soliton.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-2228 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. A. Bélanger, L. Gagnon, and C. Paré, "Solitary pulses in an amplified nonlinear dispersive medium," Opt. Lett. 14, 943-945 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. I. Chernykh and S. K. Turitsyn, "Soliton and collapse regimes of pulse generation in passively mode-locking laser systems," Opt. Lett. 20, 398-400 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, "Noise-like pulses with a broadband spectrum generated from an erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 799-801 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, "Soliton collapse and bunched noise-like pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 13, 2289-2294 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, "Control of noise-like pulse generation in Erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 10, 1389-1391 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. U. Kang, "Broadband quasi-stationary pulses in mode-locked fiber ring laser," Optics Communications 182, 433-436 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, "Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 553-557 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. L. Dennis, M. A. Putnam, J. U. Kang, T.-E. Tsai, I. N. Duling III, and E. J. Friebele, "Grating sensor array demodulation by use of a passively mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 1362-1364 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, "87 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 399-400 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, "Gain-guided Soliton in a positive group dispersion fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31,1788-1790 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse mode-locking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-207 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, "Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 553-557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, "Gain-guided Soliton in a positive group dispersion fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31,1788-1790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, "Soliton collapse and bunched noise-like pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 13, 2289-2294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, "87 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 399-400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. U. Kang, "Broadband quasi-stationary pulses in mode-locked fiber ring laser," Optics Communications 182, 433-436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, "Control of noise-like pulse generation in Erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 10, 1389-1391 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse mode-locking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Barad, Y.

Bélanger, P. A.

Chernykh, A. I.

Gagnon, L.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse mode-locking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse mode-locking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J.,

J. U. Kang, "Broadband quasi-stationary pulses in mode-locked fiber ring laser," Optics Communications 182, 433-436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, "87 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 399-400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leblond, H.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M.,

Matsas, V. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Newson, T. P.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ozeki, Y.

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, "87 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 399-400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paré, C.

Payne, D. N.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Salhi, M.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Takushima, Y.

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, "87 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 399-400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse mode-locking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, "Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 553-557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, "Gain-guided Soliton in a positive group dispersion fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31,1788-1790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, "Soliton collapse and bunched noise-like pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 13, 2289-2294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Wu, J.

Yasunaka, K.

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, "87 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 399-400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, "Soliton collapse and bunched noise-like pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 13, 2289-2294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, L. M.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, "Gain-guided Soliton in a positive group dispersion fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 31,1788-1790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, "Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 553-557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and B. Zhao, "Soliton collapse and bunched noise-like pulse generation in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 13, 2289-2294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. M. Zhao and D. Y. Tang, "Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 553-557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

Y. Takushima, K. Yasunaka, Y. Ozeki, and K. Kikuchi, "87 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation from erbium-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 399-400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-2228 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Selfstarting passively mode-locked fibre ring soliton laser exploiting nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse mode-locking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. (1)

M. Horowitz and Y. Silberberg, "Control of noise-like pulse generation in Erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 10, 1389-1391 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optics Communications (1)

J. U. Kang, "Broadband quasi-stationary pulses in mode-locked fiber ring laser," Optics Communications 182, 433-436 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, "Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Optical spectrum and (b) autocorrelation trace of the noise-like pulse.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Variation of the optical spectrum with pump power under fixed orientations of the wave plates (array direction indicating pump power increasing).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Numerically calculated variation of the pulse profile and optical spectrum with pump strength. The linear cavity phase delay bias is fixed at Ph=1.3π. (a) Pulse profiles (noise-like pulse profile is shifted to avoid confusion); (b) optical spectra;

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