Abstract

We investigate femtosecond optical parametric oscillators (OPO’s) based on short pieces of microstructure fiber that generate sub-picosecond pulses with record average output power (50 mW) and >200 nm of wavelength tunability (yellow to near-IR). Signal and conjugate (idler) fields spanning an octave are also demonstrated. These systems can operate with a wide range of microstructure fibers, pump laser wavelengths and pulse durations, and our analysis shows that in terms of wavelength tunability and output power using short (less than a few cm’s) optical fibers leads to performance that is superior to that with longer lengths.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
Related Articles
Optical parametric oscillator based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber

Jay E. Sharping, Marco Fiorentino, Prem Kumar, and Robert S. Windeler
Opt. Lett. 27(19) 1675-1677 (2002)

Widely tunable photonic crystal fiber Fabry-Perot optical parametric oscillator

Y. Q. Xu, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, and J. D. Harvey
Opt. Lett. 33(12) 1351-1353 (2008)

Generation of sub-100-fs pulses from a microstructure-fiber-based optical parametric oscillator

Jay E. Sharping, Jeremy R. Sanborn, Mark A. Foster, Daniel Broaddus, and Alexander L. Gaeta
Opt. Express 16(22) 18050-18056 (2008)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286,1513–1517 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” San Diego: Academic Press (1996).
  3. M. Dantus and V. Lozovoy, “Experimental coherent laser control of physicochemical processes,” Chem. Rev. 104,1813–1859 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. F. Ganikhanov, S. Carrasco, X. Sunney Xie, M. Katz, W. Seitz, and D. Kopf, “Broadly tunable dual-wavelength light source for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 31,1292–1294 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, A. Coker, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26,1048–1050 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L.J. Wang, “Parametric amplification in a microstructure fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 81,801–805 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly nondegenerate femtosecond four-wave mixing in tapered microstructure fiber,” App. Phys. Lett. 81,1384–1386 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Chen, G. Wong, S. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. Harvey, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, “Widely tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30,762–764 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. T. Andersen, K. Hilligsøe, C. Nielsen, J. Thøgersen, K. Hansen, S. Keiding, and J. Larsen, “Continuous-wave wavelength conversion in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths,” Opt. Express 12,4113–4122 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).
  11. W. Margulis and U. Österberg, “Four-photon fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 12,519–521 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. K. Suzuki, M. Nakazawa, and H. A. Haus, “Parametric soliton laser,” Opt. Lett. 14,320–322 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, and T. E. Tsai, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27,1439–1441 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. K. Serkland and P. Kumar, “Tunable fiber-optic parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 24,92–94 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Optical parametric oscillator based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27,1675–1677 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  16. C. de Matos, J. Taylor, and K. Hansen, “Continuous-wave, totally fiber integrated optical parametric oscillator using holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29,983–985 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Deng, Q. Lin, F. Lu, G. Agrawal, and W. Knox, “Broadly tunable femtosecond parametric oscillator using a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30,1234–1236 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. R. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE–18,1062–1072 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,506–520 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear fiber optics,” 3rd ed. Diego San: Academic Press (2001).
  21. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, “Fundamentals of photonics,” New York: Wiley (1991).
  22. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22,961–963 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly nondegenerate femtosecond four-wave mixing in tapered microstructure fiber,” App. Phys. Lett. 81,1384–1386 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, and T. E. Tsai, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27,1439–1441 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Optical parametric oscillator based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27,1675–1677 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1999 (2)

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286,1513–1517 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Serkland and P. Kumar, “Tunable fiber-optic parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 24,92–94 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” San Diego: Academic Press (1996).

1991 (1)

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, “Fundamentals of photonics,” New York: Wiley (1991).

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

1982 (1)

R. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE–18,1062–1072 (1982).
[Crossref]

Abedin, K. S.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly nondegenerate femtosecond four-wave mixing in tapered microstructure fiber,” App. Phys. Lett. 81,1384–1386 (2002).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear fiber optics,” 3rd ed. Diego San: Academic Press (2001).

Alic, N.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

Andersen, T.

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Biancalana, F.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

R. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE–18,1062–1072 (1982).
[Crossref]

Carrasco, S.

Chen, A.

Coker, A.

Dantus, M.

M. Dantus and V. Lozovoy, “Experimental coherent laser control of physicochemical processes,” Chem. Rev. 104,1813–1859 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, Y.

Diels, J. C.

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” San Diego: Academic Press (1996).

Dogariu, A.

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L.J. Wang, “Parametric amplification in a microstructure fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 81,801–805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dunn, M. H.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286,1513–1517 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286,1513–1517 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Efimov, A.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly nondegenerate femtosecond four-wave mixing in tapered microstructure fiber,” App. Phys. Lett. 81,1384–1386 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fainman, Y.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

Fan, J.

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L.J. Wang, “Parametric amplification in a microstructure fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 81,801–805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fiorentino, M.

Ford, J.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

Ganikhanov, F.

Gopinath, J. T.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly nondegenerate femtosecond four-wave mixing in tapered microstructure fiber,” App. Phys. Lett. 81,1384–1386 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hansen, K.

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Harvey, J.

Haus, H. A.

Hedekvist, P. O.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hilligsøe, K.

Ippen, E. P.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly nondegenerate femtosecond four-wave mixing in tapered microstructure fiber,” App. Phys. Lett. 81,1384–1386 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, R.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

Katz, M.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Keiding, S.

Kerbage, C. E.

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly nondegenerate femtosecond four-wave mixing in tapered microstructure fiber,” App. Phys. Lett. 81,1384–1386 (2002).
[Crossref]

Knight, J.

Knight, J. C.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22,961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knox, W.

Kopf, D.

Kumar, P.

Larsen, J.

Leonhardt, R.

Li, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

Lozovoy, V.

M. Dantus and V. Lozovoy, “Experimental coherent laser control of physicochemical processes,” Chem. Rev. 104,1813–1859 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, F.

Margulis, W.

Marhic, M. E.

Matos, C. de

McKinstrie, C.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

Murdoch, S.

Nakazawa, M.

Nezhad, M.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

Nielsen, C.

Ominetto, F.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Österberg, U.

Radic, S.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

Reeves, W. H.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudolph, W.

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” San Diego: Academic Press (1996).

Russell, P.

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, “Fundamentals of photonics,” New York: Wiley (1991).

Saperstein, R.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

Seitz, W.

Serkland, D. K.

Sharping, J. E.

Skryabin, D. V.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stolen, R.

R. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE–18,1062–1072 (1982).
[Crossref]

Sunney Xie, X.

Suzuki, K.

Taylor, A. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, J.

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, “Fundamentals of photonics,” New York: Wiley (1991).

Thøgersen, J.

Tsai, T. E.

Wadsworth, W.

Wang, L.J.

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L.J. Wang, “Parametric amplification in a microstructure fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 81,801–805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

Wong, G.

Wong, K. K. Y.

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. S. Abedin, J. T. Gopinath, E. P. Ippen, C. E. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly nondegenerate femtosecond four-wave mixing in tapered microstructure fiber,” App. Phys. Lett. 81,1384–1386 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L.J. Wang, “Parametric amplification in a microstructure fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 81,801–805 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

M. Dantus and V. Lozovoy, “Experimental coherent laser control of physicochemical processes,” Chem. Rev. 104,1813–1859 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm “Parametric Amplification and Frequency Conversion in Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE–18,1062–1072 (1982).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8,506–520 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultrashort pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424,511–515 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (11)

A. Chen, G. Wong, S. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. Harvey, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, “Widely tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30,762–764 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ganikhanov, S. Carrasco, X. Sunney Xie, M. Katz, W. Seitz, and D. Kopf, “Broadly tunable dual-wavelength light source for coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 31,1292–1294 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, A. Coker, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26,1048–1050 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Margulis and U. Österberg, “Four-photon fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 12,519–521 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Suzuki, M. Nakazawa, and H. A. Haus, “Parametric soliton laser,” Opt. Lett. 14,320–322 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, and T. E. Tsai, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27,1439–1441 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. K. Serkland and P. Kumar, “Tunable fiber-optic parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 24,92–94 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Optical parametric oscillator based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27,1675–1677 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. de Matos, J. Taylor, and K. Hansen, “Continuous-wave, totally fiber integrated optical parametric oscillator using holey fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29,983–985 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Deng, Q. Lin, F. Lu, G. Agrawal, and W. Knox, “Broadly tunable femtosecond parametric oscillator using a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30,1234–1236 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22,961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286,1513–1517 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” San Diego: Academic Press (1996).

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “375 THz parametric translation of modulated signal from 1550 nm to visible band,” Postdeadline paper (PDP16) presented at the 2006 conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC ‘06), Anaheim, CA (2006).

G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear fiber optics,” 3rd ed. Diego San: Academic Press (2001).

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, “Fundamentals of photonics,” New York: Wiley (1991).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Plots of Eq. (1) showing the device performance as the fiber length is reduced. (a) The gain is plotted versus wavelength for fiber lengths ranging from 3 mm to 2.1 m. Calculation parameters are: λ 0 = 730 nm, λ p = 737 nm, γ= 94 (W km)-1, β 2 = -6.8 × 10-28 s2/m, β 4 = -4.2 × 10-56 s4/m. (b) The expected output pulse energy (squares, left axis) and gain bandwidth (solid line, right axis) are plotted versus fiber length.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Left: Schematic of the experimental apparatus. Right: Typical output spectrum where the FWM orders are labeled, and the system is configured to oscillate in the +1 order. See Table 1 for NL-1.8-730 test parameters.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) A composite of optical spectra (with the central pump peak removed) of the output of the FOPO. (b) The measured output powers versus wavelength for the -1, -2, and -3 output modes. See Table 1 for NL-1.8-730 test parameters.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) A plot of output average power as a function of pump power where the oscillation threshold is 390 mW, and the slope efficiency is 58 %. Inset in (a) is an intensity autocorrelation (AC) of the output where τ ac = 810 fs. (b) The spectral tuning capability of the system for which oscillation is in the -1 (short-wavelength) mode. See Table 1 for NL-2.3-790 test parameters.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

A composite of optical spectra showing the broad phase matching capability afforded by using a very short fiber. See Table 1 for Low Air-Fill test parameters.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of FOPO devices

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G S = P S ( L ) P S ( 0 ) = 1 + [ γ P P g sinh ( gL ) ] 2 ,

Metrics