Abstract

In the present work we report on the growth, spectroscopy and laser results of LiLuF4:Pr3+ 1.25% in the melt. Room temperature polarized absorption and emission spectra have been recorded and the decay time of the 3P0 manifold has been measured. Finally efficient room temperature laser emission have been obtained at 522.8 nm, 607.25 nm, 640.17 nm and 721.5 nm under 480 nm pumping by means of an optically pumped semiconductor laser.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Özen, O. Forte, and B . Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Özen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped YAlO3 and Y3Al5O12 laser crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1664-1671 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. Hömmerich, E.  Brown, P. Amedzake, S. B. Trivedi, and J. M. Zavada, "Mid-infrared (4.6 μm) emission properties of Pr3+ doped KPb2Br5," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113507 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, "Diode pumping of a continuous-wave Pr3+-doped LiYF4 laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2638-2670 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Richter, N. Pavel, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, "Continuous-wave ultraviolet generation at 320 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of red-emitting Praseodymium lasers," Opt. Express 14, 3282-3287 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

U. Hömmerich, E.  Brown, P. Amedzake, S. B. Trivedi, and J. M. Zavada, "Mid-infrared (4.6 μm) emission properties of Pr3+ doped KPb2Br5," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Richter, N. Pavel, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, "Continuous-wave ultraviolet generation at 320 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of red-emitting Praseodymium lasers," Opt. Express 14, 3282-3287 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B . Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped YAlO3 and Y3Al5O12 laser crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1664-1671 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Brown, E.

U. Hömmerich, E.  Brown, P. Amedzake, S. B. Trivedi, and J. M. Zavada, "Mid-infrared (4.6 μm) emission properties of Pr3+ doped KPb2Br5," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Abdulsabirov, R. Yu.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Allen, R.

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Amedzake, P.

U. Hömmerich, E.  Brown, P. Amedzake, S. B. Trivedi, and J. M. Zavada, "Mid-infrared (4.6 μm) emission properties of Pr3+ doped KPb2Br5," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, K.

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bartoli, F.

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bleckmann, A.

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Danger, T.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Decroix, E.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Di Bartolo, B

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B . Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Di Bartolo, B.

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped YAlO3 and Y3Al5O12 laser crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1664-1671 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

Esterovitz, L.

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Forte, O.

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped YAlO3 and Y3Al5O12 laser crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1664-1671 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B . Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L. S.

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Hömmerich, U.

U. Hömmerich, E.  Brown, P. Amedzake, S. B. Trivedi, and J. M. Zavada, "Mid-infrared (4.6 μm) emission properties of Pr3+ doped KPb2Br5," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

A. Richter, N. Pavel, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, "Continuous-wave ultraviolet generation at 320 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of red-emitting Praseodymium lasers," Opt. Express 14, 3282-3287 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, "Diode pumping of a continuous-wave Pr3+-doped LiYF4 laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2638-2670 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Isaev, N. P.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G.

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joubert, M.-F.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kamada, K.

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Karlov, V. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Korapleva, S. L.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kruer, M.

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X.

F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Linz, A.

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lyashenko, A. I.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ma, E.

F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V.P.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Minkovb, B. I.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, A. K.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nicolai, V. O.

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Nicolas, S.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nikl, M.

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Osiac, E.

Özen, G.

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B . Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped YAlO3 and Y3Al5O12 laser crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1664-1671 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, D.

Pavel, N.

Pavlovich, V. L.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pejchal, J.

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richter, A.

Sandrock, T.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seelert, W.

Semashko, V. V.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shinkevich, A. S.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Q.

F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

Tonelli, M.

Trivedi, S. B.

U. Hömmerich, E.  Brown, P. Amedzake, S. B. Trivedi, and J. M. Zavada, "Mid-infrared (4.6 μm) emission properties of Pr3+ doped KPb2Br5," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C.

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, F.

F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, A.

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

You, Z.

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zavada, J. M.

U. Hömmerich, E.  Brown, P. Amedzake, S. B. Trivedi, and J. M. Zavada, "Mid-infrared (4.6 μm) emission properties of Pr3+ doped KPb2Br5," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z.

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

X. Lu, Z. You, J. Li, Z. Zhu, G. Jia, B. Wu, and C. Tu, "Optic characteristics of Pr3+ doped NaY(MoO2)2 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 85, 585-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, A. Bleckmann, and G. Huber, " Stimulated emission and laser action of Pr3+-doped YA1O3," Appl. Phys. B 58, 413-420 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, "Efficient Continuous Wave-Laser Emission of Pr3+-Doped Fluorides at Room Temperature," Appl. Phys. B 58, 149-151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

F. Xiong, X. Lin, Z. Luo, Q. Tan, E. Ma, and Y. Huang, "Spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions in biaxial LaB3O6 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 064905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Esterovitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, "Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4 laser operated at room temperature," J. Appl. Phys. 48, 650-652 (1977).
[CrossRef]

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B . Di Bartolo, "Downconversion and upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped Y3Al5O12 crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

U. Hömmerich, E.  Brown, P. Amedzake, S. B. Trivedi, and J. M. Zavada, "Mid-infrared (4.6 μm) emission properties of Pr3+ doped KPb2Br5," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 113507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

A. Yoshikawa, K. Kamada, M. Nikl, K. Aoki, H. Sato, J. Pejchal, and T. Fukuda, "Growth and luminescent properties of Pr:KY3F10 single crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 285, 445-449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

N. V. Kuleshov, V. G. Shcherbitsky, A. A. Lagatsky, V. P. Mikhailov, B. I. Minkovb, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Spectroscopy, excited-state absorption and stimulated emission in Pr3+-doped Gd2SiO5 and Y2SiO5 crystals," J. Lumin. 71, 27-35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (3)

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, "4f2 to 4f5d excited state absorption in Pr3+-doped crystals," Opt. Mater. 16, 233-242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. S. Shinkevich, V. G. Shcherbitsky, V.P. Mikhailov, T. Danger, T. Sandrock, and G. Huber, "Luminescence and time-resolved excited state absorption measurements in Pr3+-doped La2Be2O5 and KGd(WO4)2 crystals," Opt. Mater. 5, 111-118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Özen, O. Forte, and B. Di Bartolo, "Upconversion dynamics in Pr-doped YAlO3 and Y3Al5O12 laser crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1664-1671 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, "Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ =0.6395 μm and an average output power of 2.3 W," Quantum Electron. 28, 187-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Energy level scheme of Pr:LLF. In blue the pumping laser at 479.5 nm, and in other colors the laser transitions under analysis. Energy level position after Ref. [1].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Picture of the boule of LiLuF4:Pr3+ sample as grown.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Room temperature polarized absorption spectra of LiLuF4:Pr. The maximum absorption is 13 cm-1 in the Ec polarization at 479.2 nm with a FWHM of 0.46 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Room temperature polarized emission spectra of Pr:LLF.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Decay time curve of the 3P0 manifold in Pr:LLF.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output power at 640 nm as a function of the absorbed power for the 4.07 mm long Pr:LLF sample.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Findlay-Clay (a) and Caird (b) analysis of the laser emission at 640 nm for the 4.07 mm long Pr:LLF crystal.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Output power at 720 nm as a function of the absorbed power for the 4.07 mm long Pr:LLF sample.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Output power at 607 nm (a) and 522 nm (b) as a function of the absorbed power for the 4.07 mm long Pr:LLF sample.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Emission cross section of Pr:LLF at the lasing wavelengths.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Comparison of the laser results of the 4.07 mm and 9.2 mm long samples for the laser emission at 640.2 nm.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Summary of the laser results of Pr:LLF as a function of the emission wavelength for the 4.07 mm long sample. In addition the overlap efficiency and the optical conversion efficiency are reported.

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