Abstract

Dual-polarization oscillations (DPO) on different transitions have been observed for the first time in a mirror-coated thin-slice Nd:GdVO4 laser possessing a large fluorescence anisotropy with laser-diode (LD) pumping. Oscillation spectra, input-output characteristics, pump-dependent pattern formations and noise power spectra are studied experimentally. Simultaneous oscillations of orthogonally-polarized different (higher-order) transverse modes and the resultant violation of inherent antiphase dynamics in multimode lasers have been demonstrated. The experimental results have been explained in terms of the reduced three-dimensional cross-saturation of population inversions among orthogonally-polarized modes peculiar to LD-pumped wide-aperture anisotropic lasers, in which a pumped area is larger than a lasing beam diameter.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. He and D. K. Killinger, "Dual-polarization modes and self-heterodyne noise in a single-frequency 2.1-μm microchip Ho,Tm:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 19,396-398 (1994).
    [PubMed]
  2. J. W. Czarske and H. Mueller, "Birefringent Nd:YAG microchip laser used in heterodyne vibrometry," Opt. Commun. 114,223-229 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. J. Wang, S. L. Zhang, G. Liu and L. G. Fei, "Self-Mixing Interference in Dual-PolarizationMicrochip Nd:YAG Lasers," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21,2175-2178 (2004).
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  6. M. Travagnin, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Influence of carrier dynamics on the polarization stability and noise-induced polarization hopping in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 56,1497-1507 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. M’egret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28,1543-1545 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, "Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 96,6002-6007 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Cabrera, S. Melle, O. G. Calder’on, and J. M. Guerra, "Evolution of the Correlation between Orthogonal Polarization Patterns in Broad-Area Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,233902 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Otsuka, K. Kubodera, and J. Nakano, "Stabilized Dual-Polarization Oscillation in a LiNd0.5La0.5P4O12 Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13,398-400 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Otsuka, "Oscillation Properties of Anisotropic Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14,49-55 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. G. Anderson, P. L. Summers, H. Weidner, P. Hong and E. E. Peal, "Interpretive crystal-field parameters: Application to Nd3+ in GdVO4 and YVO4," Phys. Rev. B 50,14802-14808 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. deMars, "Spectral Output and Spiking Behavior of Solid-State Lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289-2295 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Otsuka, R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, P. Mandel and E. A. Viktorov, "Simultaneous single-frequency oscillations on different transitions in a laser-diode-pumped LiNdP4O12 laser," Opt. Lett. 23,201-203 (1998).
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    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Kimura and K. Otsuka, "Thermal Effects of a Continuously Pumped Nd3+:YAG Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7,403-407 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Asakawa, R. Kawai, K. Ohki, and K. Otsuka, "Laser-Diode-Pumped Microchip LiNdP4O12 Lasers under Different Pump-Beam Focusing Conditions," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38,L515-L517 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, "Two-Mode Laser Power Spectra," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,2694- 2697 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. P. Mandel, B. A. Nguyen, and K. Otsuka, "Universal dynamical properties of three-mode Fabry-Perot lasers," Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9,365-380 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

E. Cabrera, S. Melle, O. G. Calder’on, and J. M. Guerra, "Evolution of the Correlation between Orthogonal Polarization Patterns in Broad-Area Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,233902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, "Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 96,6002-6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. J. Wang, S. L. Zhang, G. Liu and L. G. Fei, "Self-Mixing Interference in Dual-PolarizationMicrochip Nd:YAG Lasers," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21,2175-2178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. M’egret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28,1543-1545 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

Y. Asakawa, R. Kawai, K. Ohki, and K. Otsuka, "Laser-Diode-Pumped Microchip LiNdP4O12 Lasers under Different Pump-Beam Focusing Conditions," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38,L515-L517 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (3)

P. Mandel, B. A. Nguyen, and K. Otsuka, "Universal dynamical properties of three-mode Fabry-Perot lasers," Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9,365-380 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, K. Kubodera, and J. Nakano, "Stabilized Dual-Polarization Oscillation in a LiNd0.5La0.5P4O12 Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13,398-400 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Travagnin, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Influence of carrier dynamics on the polarization stability and noise-induced polarization hopping in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 56,1497-1507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, "Two-Mode Laser Power Spectra," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,2694- 2697 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

J. W. Czarske and H. Mueller, "Birefringent Nd:YAG microchip laser used in heterodyne vibrometry," Opt. Commun. 114,223-229 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

C. He and D. K. Killinger, "Dual-polarization modes and self-heterodyne noise in a single-frequency 2.1-μm microchip Ho,Tm:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 19,396-398 (1994).
[PubMed]

F. G. Anderson, P. L. Summers, H. Weidner, P. Hong and E. E. Peal, "Interpretive crystal-field parameters: Application to Nd3+ in GdVO4 and YVO4," Phys. Rev. B 50,14802-14808 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. Otsuka, "Transverse Effects on Antiphase Laser Dynamics," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,L1414-L1417 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

K. Otsuka, "Oscillation Properties of Anisotropic Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14,49-55 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

T. Kimura and K. Otsuka, "Thermal Effects of a Continuously Pumped Nd3+:YAG Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7,403-407 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

H. Kogelnik and T. Li, "Laser beams and resonators," Proc. IEEE 54,1312-1329 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. deMars, "Spectral Output and Spiking Behavior of Solid-State Lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289-2295 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Amon, A.

Anderson, F. G.

F. G. Anderson, P. L. Summers, H. Weidner, P. Hong and E. E. Peal, "Interpretive crystal-field parameters: Application to Nd3+ in GdVO4 and YVO4," Phys. Rev. B 50,14802-14808 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Asakawa, Y.

Y. Asakawa, R. Kawai, K. Ohki, and K. Otsuka, "Laser-Diode-Pumped Microchip LiNdP4O12 Lasers under Different Pump-Beam Focusing Conditions," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38,L515-L517 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, P. Mandel and E. A. Viktorov, "Simultaneous single-frequency oscillations on different transitions in a laser-diode-pumped LiNdP4O12 laser," Opt. Lett. 23,201-203 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Avrutin, E. A.

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, "Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 96,6002-6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barbay, S.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, M.

Cabrera, E.

E. Cabrera, S. Melle, O. G. Calder’on, and J. M. Guerra, "Evolution of the Correlation between Orthogonal Polarization Patterns in Broad-Area Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,233902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calder’on, O. G.

E. Cabrera, S. Melle, O. G. Calder’on, and J. M. Guerra, "Evolution of the Correlation between Orthogonal Polarization Patterns in Broad-Area Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,233902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Czarske, J. W.

J. W. Czarske and H. Mueller, "Birefringent Nd:YAG microchip laser used in heterodyne vibrometry," Opt. Commun. 114,223-229 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Danckaert, J.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

deMars, G.

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. deMars, "Spectral Output and Spiking Behavior of Solid-State Lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289-2295 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Fei, L. G.

X. J. Wang, S. L. Zhang, G. Liu and L. G. Fei, "Self-Mixing Interference in Dual-PolarizationMicrochip Nd:YAG Lasers," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21,2175-2178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Giacomelli, G.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guerra, J. M.

E. Cabrera, S. Melle, O. G. Calder’on, and J. M. Guerra, "Evolution of the Correlation between Orthogonal Polarization Patterns in Broad-Area Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,233902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, C.

Hong, P.

F. G. Anderson, P. L. Summers, H. Weidner, P. Hong and E. E. Peal, "Interpretive crystal-field parameters: Application to Nd3+ in GdVO4 and YVO4," Phys. Rev. B 50,14802-14808 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, R.

Y. Asakawa, R. Kawai, K. Ohki, and K. Otsuka, "Laser-Diode-Pumped Microchip LiNdP4O12 Lasers under Different Pump-Beam Focusing Conditions," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38,L515-L517 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, P. Mandel and E. A. Viktorov, "Simultaneous single-frequency oscillations on different transitions in a laser-diode-pumped LiNdP4O12 laser," Opt. Lett. 23,201-203 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Killinger, D. K.

Kimura, T.

T. Kimura and K. Otsuka, "Thermal Effects of a Continuously Pumped Nd3+:YAG Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7,403-407 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik and T. Li, "Laser beams and resonators," Proc. IEEE 54,1312-1329 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

K. Otsuka, K. Kubodera, and J. Nakano, "Stabilized Dual-Polarization Oscillation in a LiNd0.5La0.5P4O12 Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13,398-400 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

H. Kogelnik and T. Li, "Laser beams and resonators," Proc. IEEE 54,1312-1329 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G.

X. J. Wang, S. L. Zhang, G. Liu and L. G. Fei, "Self-Mixing Interference in Dual-PolarizationMicrochip Nd:YAG Lasers," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21,2175-2178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, P.

K. Otsuka, R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, P. Mandel and E. A. Viktorov, "Simultaneous single-frequency oscillations on different transitions in a laser-diode-pumped LiNdP4O12 laser," Opt. Lett. 23,201-203 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Mandel, B. A. Nguyen, and K. Otsuka, "Universal dynamical properties of three-mode Fabry-Perot lasers," Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9,365-380 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, "Two-Mode Laser Power Spectra," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,2694- 2697 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marin, F.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Melle, S.

E. Cabrera, S. Melle, O. G. Calder’on, and J. M. Guerra, "Evolution of the Correlation between Orthogonal Polarization Patterns in Broad-Area Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,233902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mueller, H.

J. W. Czarske and H. Mueller, "Birefringent Nd:YAG microchip laser used in heterodyne vibrometry," Opt. Commun. 114,223-229 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nagler, B.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, J.

K. Otsuka, K. Kubodera, and J. Nakano, "Stabilized Dual-Polarization Oscillation in a LiNd0.5La0.5P4O12 Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13,398-400 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, B. A.

P. Mandel, B. A. Nguyen, and K. Otsuka, "Universal dynamical properties of three-mode Fabry-Perot lasers," Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9,365-380 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohki, K.

Y. Asakawa, R. Kawai, K. Ohki, and K. Otsuka, "Laser-Diode-Pumped Microchip LiNdP4O12 Lasers under Different Pump-Beam Focusing Conditions," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38,L515-L517 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

Y. Asakawa, R. Kawai, K. Ohki, and K. Otsuka, "Laser-Diode-Pumped Microchip LiNdP4O12 Lasers under Different Pump-Beam Focusing Conditions," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38,L515-L517 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, R. Kawai, Y. Asakawa, P. Mandel and E. A. Viktorov, "Simultaneous single-frequency oscillations on different transitions in a laser-diode-pumped LiNdP4O12 laser," Opt. Lett. 23,201-203 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, K. Kubodera, and J. Nakano, "Stabilized Dual-Polarization Oscillation in a LiNd0.5La0.5P4O12 Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13,398-400 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Mandel, B. A. Nguyen, and K. Otsuka, "Universal dynamical properties of three-mode Fabry-Perot lasers," Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9,365-380 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, "Two-Mode Laser Power Spectra," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,2694- 2697 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Otsuka, "Transverse Effects on Antiphase Laser Dynamics," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32,L1414-L1417 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka, "Oscillation Properties of Anisotropic Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14,49-55 (1978).
[CrossRef]

T. Kimura and K. Otsuka, "Thermal Effects of a Continuously Pumped Nd3+:YAG Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7,403-407 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Panajotov, K.

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, "Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 96,6002-6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. M’egret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28,1543-1545 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peal, E. E.

F. G. Anderson, P. L. Summers, H. Weidner, P. Hong and E. E. Peal, "Interpretive crystal-field parameters: Application to Nd3+ in GdVO4 and YVO4," Phys. Rev. B 50,14802-14808 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, M.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pieroux, D.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J. Wang, and D. Pieroux, "Two-Mode Laser Power Spectra," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76,2694- 2697 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryvkin, B. S.

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, "Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 96,6002-6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sciamanna, M.

Statz, H.

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. deMars, "Spectral Output and Spiking Behavior of Solid-State Lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289-2295 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Summers, P. L.

F. G. Anderson, P. L. Summers, H. Weidner, P. Hong and E. E. Peal, "Interpretive crystal-field parameters: Application to Nd3+ in GdVO4 and YVO4," Phys. Rev. B 50,14802-14808 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

C. L. Tang, H. Statz, and G. deMars, "Spectral Output and Spiking Behavior of Solid-State Lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2289-2295 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

B. S. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, E. A. Avrutin, I. Veretennicoff, and H. Thienpont, "Optical-injection-induced polarization switching in polarization-bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 96,6002-6007 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. M’egret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28,1543-1545 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Travagnin, M.

M. Travagnin, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Influence of carrier dynamics on the polarization stability and noise-induced polarization hopping in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 56,1497-1507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vallet, M.

van Exter, M. P.

M. Travagnin, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Influence of carrier dynamics on the polarization stability and noise-induced polarization hopping in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 56,1497-1507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Veretennicoff, I.

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[CrossRef]

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. M’egret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28,1543-1545 (2003).
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B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Viktorov, E. A.

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[CrossRef]

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F. G. Anderson, P. L. Summers, H. Weidner, P. Hong and E. E. Peal, "Interpretive crystal-field parameters: Application to Nd3+ in GdVO4 and YVO4," Phys. Rev. B 50,14802-14808 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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M. Travagnin, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Influence of carrier dynamics on the polarization stability and noise-induced polarization hopping in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 56,1497-1507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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X. J. Wang, S. L. Zhang, G. Liu and L. G. Fei, "Self-Mixing Interference in Dual-PolarizationMicrochip Nd:YAG Lasers," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21,2175-2178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. J. Wang, S. L. Zhang, G. Liu and L. G. Fei, "Self-Mixing Interference in Dual-PolarizationMicrochip Nd:YAG Lasers," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21,2175-2178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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M. Travagnin, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Influence of carrier dynamics on the polarization stability and noise-induced polarization hopping in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 56,1497-1507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 68,013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. G. Anderson, P. L. Summers, H. Weidner, P. Hong and E. E. Peal, "Interpretive crystal-field parameters: Application to Nd3+ in GdVO4 and YVO4," Phys. Rev. B 50,14802-14808 (1994).
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Supplementary Material (3)

» Media 1: MOV (1109 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (1704 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (437 KB)     

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of a LD-pumped wide aperture thin-slice Nd:GdVO4 laser. LD: laser diode, AP: anamorphic prism pair, OL: objective lens, BS: beam splitter, PD: pho-todiode receiver, WM: multiwavelength meter, CCD: charge-coupled device, DO: digital oscilloscope, SA: rf spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Global oscillation spectra at several pump levels. The lasing threshold is 62 mW. (b) Stark energy levels (in cm-1) of 4 I 11/2 and 4 F 3/2 for Nd+3 in GdVO4 crystals. l 1 represents the transition for modes 1 and 1’, while l 2 and l 2 correspond to the transitions for modes 2 and 3 in (a).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Input-output characteristics of a LD-pumped wide aperture thin-slice Nd:GdVO4 laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The LD-pumped wide-aperture thin-slice Nd:GdVO4 laser operating in the three-transition oscillation regime: (a) the global oscillation spectra with the angle of the polarizer parallel (θ = 0°) and perpendicular (θ = 90°) to the c-axis of the crystal; (b) the relative intensities of lasing modes as a function of the angle θ of the polarizer to the c-axis of the crystal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Far-field lasing pattern changes of π- and δ-polarization modes with increasing pump power. The associated movie file, indicating the pump-dependent far-field lasing patterns, has a size of 1.08 Mbytes for the p-polarization mode and 1.66 Mbytes for the s-polarization mode, respectively. [Media 1] [Media 2]

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Calculated lasing beam spot sizes w 1 and w 2 at input and output mirrors as a function of effective focal length. The dashed line indicates the pumping spot size for a microscopic objective lens with 10× magnification. Changes of pump and lasing beams within the laser cavity are depicted in the inset. Left: end view, right: side view.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The Nd:GdVO4 laser operating on a two-transition regime at pump power 195 mW: (a) the global oscillation spectrum; (b) The power spectra of the total, π- and δ-polarization lasing beams; and (c) transverse mode pattern of π- and δ-polarization beams.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

The Nd:GdVO4 laser was pumped to a three-transition regime by pump power 106 mW: (a) the global oscillation spectrum; (b) The power spectra of the total, π- and δ-polarization lasing beams; and (c) transverse mode pattern of π- and δ-polarization beams. Movie (436 Kbytes) demonstrates the different sizes and positions of the transverse patterns, when the angle of the polarizer changes from 0° to 180°. [Media 3]

Equations (6)

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w i 2 = λ n 0 L π g i g 1 g 2 1 g 1 g 2
1 f L e A 2 K C [ dn dT + α E ( n 0 1 ) ]
β ij = crystal I i x y z I j x y z exp ( α P ' z ) dxdydz crystal I i x y z I j x y z exp ( α P ' z ) dxdydz
I 1 x y z = exp [ 2 ( x 2 + y 2 ) w 2 ( z ) ] sin 2 ( k 1 z )
I x y z = exp [ 2 ( x 2 + y 2 ) w 2 ( z ) ] sin 2 ( k z )
I 3 x y z = 8 x 2 w 2 ( z ) exp [ 2 ( x 2 + y 2 ) w 2 ( z ) ] sin 2 ( k 3 z )

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