Abstract

Three-dimensional classical ensembles are employed to study recollision dynamics in double ionization of atoms by 780-nm intense lasers. After recollision one electron typically remains bound to the atom for a portion of a laser cycle, during which time the nucleus strongly influences its direction of motion. The electron then escapes over a suppressed barrier, with its final momentum depending critically on the laser phase at escape. The other electron remains unbound after collision, and typically drifts out in a momentum hemisphere opposite from its motion just after the collision. Several example trajectories at intensity 0.4 PW/cm2 with various time delays between recollision and ionization are presented.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. N. Fittinghof, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang and K. C. Kulander, "Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Dorner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, R. Moshammer, J. Ulrich, and H. Schmidt-Bocking, "Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields," Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 48, 1-35 (2002).
  4. A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory," J. Phys. B 38, R1 -R56 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Becker, R. Dorner, and R. Moshammer, "Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses," J. Phys. B 38, S753-S772 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K.C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer and J.L. Krause, in Super Intense Laser-Atom Physics, B. Piraux, A. L’Huillier and K. Rzazewski, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1995), p. 95.
  8. K. C. Kulander, J. Cooper, and K. J. Schafer, "Laser-assisted inelastic rescattering during above-threshold ionization," Phys. Rev. A 51, 561-568 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G.L. Yudin andM. Y. Ivanov, "Physics of correlated double ionization of atoms in intense laser fields: Quasistatic tunneling limit," Phys. Rev. A 63, 033404 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. HugoW. van der Hart, "Sequential versus non-sequentail double ionization in strong laser fields," J. Phys. B 33, L699-L705 (2000).
  11. Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).
  12. R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schr¨oter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, "Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447-450 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V.L.B. de Jesus, A. Rudenko, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Reaction microsopes applied to study atomic and molecular fragmentation in intense laser fields: non-sequential double ionization of helium," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy 141, 127 -142 (2004).
  15. L.B. Fu, J. Liu, and S.G. Chen, "Correlated electron emission in laser-induced nonsequence double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. A 65, 021406 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "S-Matrix Analysis of Coincident Measurement of Two-Electron Energy Distribution for Double Ionization of He in an Intense Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 193003 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S.L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J.H. Eberly, "Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Thomas Brabec, Misha Yu. Ivanov, and Paul B. Corkum, "Coulomb focusing in intense field atomic processes," Phys. Rev. A 54R2551-4 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Dynamics of classical slow-down collisions in non-sequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Pierre Agostini and Louis F. DeMauro, "The physics of attosecond light pulses," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813-855 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G.G. Paulus, W. Becker, W. Nicklich, and H. Walther, "Rescattering effects in above-threshold ionization: a classical model," J. Phys. B 27, L703-L708 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S.L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J.H. Eberly, "Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory," J. Phys. B 38, R1 -R56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, R. Dorner, and R. Moshammer, "Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses," J. Phys. B 38, S753-S772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V.L.B. de Jesus, A. Rudenko, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Reaction microsopes applied to study atomic and molecular fragmentation in intense laser fields: non-sequential double ionization of helium," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy 141, 127 -142 (2004).

Pierre Agostini and Louis F. DeMauro, "The physics of attosecond light pulses," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813-855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

L.B. Fu, J. Liu, and S.G. Chen, "Correlated electron emission in laser-induced nonsequence double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. A 65, 021406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "S-Matrix Analysis of Coincident Measurement of Two-Electron Energy Distribution for Double Ionization of He in an Intense Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 193003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Dynamics of classical slow-down collisions in non-sequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Dorner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, R. Moshammer, J. Ulrich, and H. Schmidt-Bocking, "Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields," Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 48, 1-35 (2002).

2001 (1)

G.L. Yudin andM. Y. Ivanov, "Physics of correlated double ionization of atoms in intense laser fields: Quasistatic tunneling limit," Phys. Rev. A 63, 033404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

HugoW. van der Hart, "Sequential versus non-sequentail double ionization in strong laser fields," J. Phys. B 33, L699-L705 (2000).

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schr¨oter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, "Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447-450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Thomas Brabec, Misha Yu. Ivanov, and Paul B. Corkum, "Coulomb focusing in intense field atomic processes," Phys. Rev. A 54R2551-4 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. C. Kulander, J. Cooper, and K. J. Schafer, "Laser-assisted inelastic rescattering during above-threshold ionization," Phys. Rev. A 51, 561-568 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G.G. Paulus, W. Becker, W. Nicklich, and H. Walther, "Rescattering effects in above-threshold ionization: a classical model," J. Phys. B 27, L703-L708 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. N. Fittinghof, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang and K. C. Kulander, "Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Afanch, F.

V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Afaneh, F.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Agostini, P.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory," J. Phys. B 38, R1 -R56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, R. Dorner, and R. Moshammer, "Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses," J. Phys. B 38, S753-S772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "S-Matrix Analysis of Coincident Measurement of Two-Electron Energy Distribution for Double Ionization of He in an Intense Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 193003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Becker, W.

G.G. Paulus, W. Becker, W. Nicklich, and H. Walther, "Rescattering effects in above-threshold ionization: a classical model," J. Phys. B 27, L703-L708 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bolton, P. R.

D. N. Fittinghof, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang and K. C. Kulander, "Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Breen, L.

S.L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J.H. Eberly, "Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, B.

D. N. Fittinghof, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang and K. C. Kulander, "Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.G.

L.B. Fu, J. Liu, and S.G. Chen, "Correlated electron emission in laser-induced nonsequence double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. A 65, 021406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, J.

K. C. Kulander, J. Cooper, and K. J. Schafer, "Laser-assisted inelastic rescattering during above-threshold ionization," Phys. Rev. A 51, 561-568 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef]

de Jesus, V.L.B.

V.L.B. de Jesus, A. Rudenko, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Reaction microsopes applied to study atomic and molecular fragmentation in intense laser fields: non-sequential double ionization of helium," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy 141, 127 -142 (2004).

V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DiMauro, L. F.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dorn, A.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schr¨oter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, "Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447-450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J.H.

S.L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J.H. Eberly, "Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Dynamics of classical slow-down collisions in non-sequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Faisal, F.H.M.

A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory," J. Phys. B 38, R1 -R56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "S-Matrix Analysis of Coincident Measurement of Two-Electron Energy Distribution for Double Ionization of He in an Intense Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 193003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feuerstein, B.

V.L.B. de Jesus, A. Rudenko, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Reaction microsopes applied to study atomic and molecular fragmentation in intense laser fields: non-sequential double ionization of helium," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy 141, 127 -142 (2004).

V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schr¨oter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, "Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447-450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, D.

V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghof, D. N.

D. N. Fittinghof, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang and K. C. Kulander, "Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.B.

L.B. Fu, J. Liu, and S.G. Chen, "Correlated electron emission in laser-induced nonsequence double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. A 65, 021406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Haan, S.L.

S.L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J.H. Eberly, "Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Dynamics of classical slow-down collisions in non-sequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ho, Phay J.

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hugo,

HugoW. van der Hart, "Sequential versus non-sequentail double ionization in strong laser fields," J. Phys. B 33, L699-L705 (2000).

Ivanov, M. Y.

G.L. Yudin andM. Y. Ivanov, "Physics of correlated double ionization of atoms in intense laser fields: Quasistatic tunneling limit," Phys. Rev. A 63, 033404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jagutzki, O.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Karim, A.

S.L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J.H. Eberly, "Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kulander, K. C.

K. C. Kulander, J. Cooper, and K. J. Schafer, "Laser-assisted inelastic rescattering during above-threshold ionization," Phys. Rev. A 51, 561-568 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghof, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang and K. C. Kulander, "Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

L.B. Fu, J. Liu, and S.G. Chen, "Correlated electron emission in laser-induced nonsequence double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. A 65, 021406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mergel, V.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Moshammer, R.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schr¨oter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, "Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447-450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nicklich, W.

G.G. Paulus, W. Becker, W. Nicklich, and H. Walther, "Rescattering effects in above-threshold ionization: a classical model," J. Phys. B 27, L703-L708 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Panfili, R.

R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Dynamics of classical slow-down collisions in non-sequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G.G.

G.G. Paulus, W. Becker, W. Nicklich, and H. Walther, "Rescattering effects in above-threshold ionization: a classical model," J. Phys. B 27, L703-L708 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rudenko, A.

V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V.L.B. de Jesus, A. Rudenko, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Reaction microsopes applied to study atomic and molecular fragmentation in intense laser fields: non-sequential double ionization of helium," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy 141, 127 -142 (2004).

Schafer, K. J.

K. C. Kulander, J. Cooper, and K. J. Schafer, "Laser-assisted inelastic rescattering during above-threshold ionization," Phys. Rev. A 51, 561-568 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, W.

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schr¨oter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, "Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447-450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Spielberger, L.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Staudte, A.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Urbasch, G.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Vollmer, M.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Walker, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

G.G. Paulus, W. Becker, W. Nicklich, and H. Walther, "Rescattering effects in above-threshold ionization: a classical model," J. Phys. B 27, L703-L708 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Weber, Th.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Weckenbrock, M.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Yudin, G.L.

G.L. Yudin andM. Y. Ivanov, "Physics of correlated double ionization of atoms in intense laser fields: Quasistatic tunneling limit," Phys. Rev. A 63, 033404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zrost, K.

V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V.L.B. de Jesus, A. Rudenko, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Reaction microsopes applied to study atomic and molecular fragmentation in intense laser fields: non-sequential double ionization of helium," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy 141, 127 -142 (2004).

Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (1)

R. Dorner, Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, M. Hattass, R. Moshammer, J. Ulrich, and H. Schmidt-Bocking, "Multiple Ionization in Strong Laser Fields," Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 48, 1-35 (2002).

J. Phys. B (5)

A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "Intense-field many-body S-matrix theory," J. Phys. B 38, R1 -R56 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, R. Dorner, and R. Moshammer, "Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses," J. Phys. B 38, S753-S772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V.L.B. de Jesus, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, D. Fischer, A. Rudenko, F. Afanch, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Atomic structure dependence of nonsequential double ionization of He, Ne, and Ar in strong laser pulses," J. Phys. B 37, L161-L167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

HugoW. van der Hart, "Sequential versus non-sequentail double ionization in strong laser fields," J. Phys. B 33, L699-L705 (2000).

G.G. Paulus, W. Becker, W. Nicklich, and H. Walther, "Rescattering effects in above-threshold ionization: a classical model," J. Phys. B 27, L703-L708 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy (1)

V.L.B. de Jesus, A. Rudenko, B. Feuerstein, K. Zrost, C.D. Schr¨oter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, "Reaction microsopes applied to study atomic and molecular fragmentation in intense laser fields: non-sequential double ionization of helium," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy 141, 127 -142 (2004).

Phys. Rev. A (4)

L.B. Fu, J. Liu, and S.G. Chen, "Correlated electron emission in laser-induced nonsequence double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. A 65, 021406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thomas Brabec, Misha Yu. Ivanov, and Paul B. Corkum, "Coulomb focusing in intense field atomic processes," Phys. Rev. A 54R2551-4 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Kulander, J. Cooper, and K. J. Schafer, "Laser-assisted inelastic rescattering during above-threshold ionization," Phys. Rev. A 51, 561-568 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G.L. Yudin andM. Y. Ivanov, "Physics of correlated double ionization of atoms in intense laser fields: Quasistatic tunneling limit," Phys. Rev. A 63, 033404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

D. N. Fittinghof, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang and K. C. Kulander, "Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, "Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1227 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Panfili, S.L. Haan, and J.H. Eberly, "Dynamics of classical slow-down collisions in non-sequential double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker and F.H.M. Faisal, "S-Matrix Analysis of Coincident Measurement of Two-Electron Energy Distribution for Double Ionization of He in an Intense Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 193003 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S.L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J.H. Eberly, "Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Moshammer, B. Feuerstein, W. Schmitt, A. Dorn, C. D. Schr¨oter, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, K. Hoffmann, and W. Sandner, "Momentum Distributions of Nen+ Ions Created by an Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 447-450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

Pierre Agostini and Louis F. DeMauro, "The physics of attosecond light pulses," Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813-855 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K.C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer and J.L. Krause, in Super Intense Laser-Atom Physics, B. Piraux, A. L’Huillier and K. Rzazewski, Eds. (Plenum, New York, 1995), p. 95.

Th. Weber, M. Weckenbrock, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, F. Afaneh, G. Urbasch, M. Vollmer, H. Giessen, and R. D¨orner, "Recoil-Ion Momentum Distributions for Single and Double Ionization of Helium in Strong Laser Fields," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 443-446 (2000).

Supplementary Material (7)

» Media 1: MOV (130 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (957 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (237 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (785 KB)     
» Media 5: MOV (72 KB)     
» Media 6: MOV (238 KB)     
» Media 7: MOV (62 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics