Abstract

We demonstrate a narrowband, continuously tunable Yb:KYW laser locked by a volume Bragg grating at oblique incidence in a retroreflector configuration. The tuning range was 997 nm to 1050 nm (15 THz) with bandwidth < 0.1 nm and a maximum output power of 4.7 W. In a high-quality beam with M2 < 1.3, the maximum output power was 1.7 W. We also demonstrate 3 W output power at 1064 nm from the same Yb:KYW laser with the grating at normal incidence.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, and J. Wang, "Efficient continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser with self-Raman conversion," Opt. Lett. 30, 2427-2429 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Brenier, "A new evaluation of Yb3+-doped crystals for laser application," J. Lumin. 92, 199-204 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, H. Zeng, W. Lu, G. Zhao, C. Yan, L. Su and Jun Xu, "Low-threshold and continuously tunable Yb:Gd2SiO5 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101125-1-3 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Single-frequency operation of diode-pumped Yb:KYW at 1003.4 nm and 501.7 nm by intracavity second harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. B 85, 69-72 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, "Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter," Opt. Eng. 43, 2017-2021 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Efimov, L. Glebov, L. Glebova, K. Richardson and V. Smirnov, "High-efficiency Bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass," Appl. Opt. 38, 619-627 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B.  Volodin, S.  Dolgy, E.  Melnik, E.  Downs, J.  Shaw and V.  Ban, "Wavelength stabilization and spectrum narrowing of high-power multimode laser diodes and arrays by use of volume Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 29, 1891-1893 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Tunable single-longitudinal-mode ErYb:glass laser locked by a bulk glass Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 1663-1665 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Chung, A. Rapaport, V. Smirnov, L. B. Glebov, M. C. Richardson, and M. Bass, "Solid-state laser spectral narrowing using a volumetric photothermal refractive Bragg grating cavity mirror," Opt. Lett. 31, 229-231 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Single-longitudinal-mode Nd-laser with a Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot cavity," Opt. Express 20, 9284-9292 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Jacobsson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrowband bulk bragg grating optical paramentric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 30, 2281-2283 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. Jacobsson, J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Transversal mode transformation in reflective volume Bragg gratings, theory and experiments," Advanced Solid-State Photonics (2007).
  15. J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius: "Laser performance and thermal lensing in high-power diode pumped Yb:KGW with athermal orientation," Appl. Phys. B 83, 55-59 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Tunable single-longitudinal-mode ErYb:glass laser locked by a bulk glass Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 1663-1665 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chung, A. Rapaport, V. Smirnov, L. B. Glebov, M. C. Richardson, and M. Bass, "Solid-state laser spectral narrowing using a volumetric photothermal refractive Bragg grating cavity mirror," Opt. Lett. 31, 229-231 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Single-longitudinal-mode Nd-laser with a Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot cavity," Opt. Express 20, 9284-9292 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Single-frequency operation of diode-pumped Yb:KYW at 1003.4 nm and 501.7 nm by intracavity second harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. B 85, 69-72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius: "Laser performance and thermal lensing in high-power diode pumped Yb:KGW with athermal orientation," Appl. Phys. B 83, 55-59 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2002

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Brenier, "A new evaluation of Yb3+-doped crystals for laser application," J. Lumin. 92, 199-204 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

Aka, G

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aron, A.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Augé, F.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Single-frequency operation of diode-pumped Yb:KYW at 1003.4 nm and 501.7 nm by intracavity second harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. B 85, 69-72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ban, V.

Bass, M.

Bjurshagen, S.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius: "Laser performance and thermal lensing in high-power diode pumped Yb:KGW with athermal orientation," Appl. Phys. B 83, 55-59 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, "A new evaluation of Yb3+-doped crystals for laser application," J. Lumin. 92, 199-204 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chénais, S.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chung, T.

Courjaud, A.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dolgy, S.

Downs, E.

Druon, F.

M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Single-frequency operation of diode-pumped Yb:KYW at 1003.4 nm and 501.7 nm by intracavity second harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. B 85, 69-72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, O.

Georges, P.

M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Single-frequency operation of diode-pumped Yb:KYW at 1003.4 nm and 501.7 nm by intracavity second harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. B 85, 69-72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L.

Glebov, L. B.

Glebova, L.

Griebner, U.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, and J. Wang, "Efficient continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser with self-Raman conversion," Opt. Lett. 30, 2427-2429 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Havermeyer, F.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, "Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter," Opt. Eng. 43, 2017-2021 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hellström, J. E.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius: "Laser performance and thermal lensing in high-power diode pumped Yb:KGW with athermal orientation," Appl. Phys. B 83, 55-59 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsson, B.

Jacquemet, M.

M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Single-frequency operation of diode-pumped Yb:KYW at 1003.4 nm and 501.7 nm by intracavity second harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. B 85, 69-72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Liu, J.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, and J. Wang, "Efficient continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser with self-Raman conversion," Opt. Lett. 30, 2427-2429 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, "Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter," Opt. Eng. 43, 2017-2021 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Melnik, E.

Moser, C.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, "Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter," Opt. Eng. 43, 2017-2021 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mougel, F.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius: "Laser performance and thermal lensing in high-power diode pumped Yb:KGW with athermal orientation," Appl. Phys. B 83, 55-59 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Tunable single-longitudinal-mode ErYb:glass laser locked by a bulk glass Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 1663-1665 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Single-longitudinal-mode Nd-laser with a Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot cavity," Opt. Express 20, 9284-9292 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Jacobsson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Narrowband bulk bragg grating optical paramentric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 30, 2281-2283 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petrov, V.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, and J. Wang, "Efficient continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser with self-Raman conversion," Opt. Lett. 30, 2427-2429 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Psaltis, D.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, "Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter," Opt. Eng. 43, 2017-2021 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rapaport, A.

Richardson, K.

Richardson, M. C.

Salin, F.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J.

Smirnov, V.

Steckman, G. J.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, "Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter," Opt. Eng. 43, 2017-2021 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tiihonen, M.

Vivien, D.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Volodin, B.

Wang, J.

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Single-frequency operation of diode-pumped Yb:KYW at 1003.4 nm and 501.7 nm by intracavity second harmonic generation," Appl. Phys. B 85, 69-72 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius: "Laser performance and thermal lensing in high-power diode pumped Yb:KGW with athermal orientation," Appl. Phys. B 83, 55-59 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

A. Brenier, "A new evaluation of Yb3+-doped crystals for laser application," J. Lumin. 92, 199-204 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, and G. J. Steckman, "Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter," Opt. Eng. 43, 2017-2021 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mat.

F. Druon, S. Chénais, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J. P. Chambaret, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G Aka and D. Vivien, "High-power diode-pumped Yb:GdCOB laser: from continuous-wave to femtosecond regime," Opt. Mat.,  19, 73-80 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, H. Zeng, W. Lu, G. Zhao, C. Yan, L. Su and Jun Xu, "Low-threshold and continuously tunable Yb:Gd2SiO5 laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101125-1-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Jacobsson, J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Transversal mode transformation in reflective volume Bragg gratings, theory and experiments," Advanced Solid-State Photonics (2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Laser setups A, B and C.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Comparison between the spectra of the Bragg locked laser in cavity A (solid green) and of the free running laser in cavity C (dashed brown), both at 19 W pump power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Tunability of the Bragg locked laser in cavity A with respect to the total power P1+P2 using R1=HR (green squares) and with respect to P3 using R1=85 % (purple circles). The output power of cavity B is also shown (blue triangle). The pump power is 19 W.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Thresholds of incident pump power (green squares) and slope efficiencies (brown circles) of cavity A with respect to total power P1+P2 using R1=HR. The blue dashed line is the predicted threshold from absorption and emission cross section data together with mirror reflectivities.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Deduced volume Bragg grating reflectivities for different incidence angles and for two different output couplers at 19 W pump power. Shown is also the value at normal incidence.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output power characteristics for cavity A and cavity C at 1030 nm, and for cavity B at 1064 nm.

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