Abstract

We successfully demonstrated a low-loss, flat-passband, and athermal arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) multi/demultiplexer with a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) as an input router. Resin-filled trenches were formed in the longer arm of the MZI as well as the slab in the AWG to compensate for the temperature dependence. A 32-channel athermal multi/demultiplexer was fabricated using silica-based planar lightwave circuit (PLC) technology. A small temperature-dependent wavelength shift of 0.02 nm was obtained over the temperature range of-5 to 65oC with low-loss (3.3-3.7 dB) and flat-passband spectra.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Okamoto and H. Yamada, "Arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with flat spectral response," Opt. Lett. 20, 43-45 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns," Electron. Lett. 32, 1661-1662 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Dragone, "Efficient techniques for widening the passband of a wavelength router," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1895-1906 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kamalakis and T. Sphicopoulos, "An efficient technique for the design of an arrayed-waveguide grating with flat spectral response," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1716-1725 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J.-J. He, "Phase-dithered waveguide grating with flat passband and sharp transitions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1186-1193 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. H. B. Thompson, R. Epworth, C. Rogers, S. Day, and S. Ojha, "An original low-loss and pass-band flattened SiO2 on Si planar wavelength demultiplexer," in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC ’98), p. 77.
  8. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, and S. Shunk, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Dragone, "Theory of wavelength multiplexing with rectangular transfer functions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1168-1178 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and L. T. Gomez, "Low-loss rectangular-passband multiplexer consisting of a waveguide grating router synchronized to a three-arm interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2334-2336 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Maru, T. Mizumoto, and H. Uetsuka, "Modeling of multi-input arrayed waveguide grating and its application to design of flat-passband response using cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 544-555 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Maru, T. Mizumoto, and H. Uetsuka, "Demonstration of flat-passband multi/demultiplexer using multi-input arrayed waveguide grating combined with cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2187-2197 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Inoue, A. Kaneko, and F. Hanawa, "Athermal silica-based arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) multiplexer," in Proceedings of 23rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’97), TH3B, pp. 33-36.
  16. A. Kaneko, S. Kamei, Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, "Athermal silica-based arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) multiplexers with new low loss groove design," in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC’99), TuO1, pp. 204-206.
  17. K. Maru, M. Ohkawa, H. Nounen, S. Takasugi, S. Kashimura, H. Okano, and H. Uetsuka, "Athermal and center wavelength adjustable arrayed-waveguide grating," in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2000), WH3, pp. 130-132.
  18. K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Kawachi, "Silica waveguides on silicon and their application to integrated-optic components," Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391-416 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Okawa, K. Maru, H. Uetsuka, T. Hakuta, H. Okano, and K. Matsumoto, "Low loss and wide passband arrayed waveguide grating demultiplexer," in Proceedings of 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’98), vol. 1, pp. 323-324.
  21. Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, Y. Hashizume, Y. Hibino, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, "Novel birefringence compensating AWG design," in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2001), WB4.
  22. K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-? arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarisation compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and L. T. Gomez, "Low-loss rectangular-passband multiplexer consisting of a waveguide grating router synchronized to a three-arm interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2334-2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

J.-J. He, "Phase-dithered waveguide grating with flat passband and sharp transitions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1186-1193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, and S. Shunk, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Dragone, "Theory of wavelength multiplexing with rectangular transfer functions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1168-1178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns," Electron. Lett. 32, 1661-1662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1990 (1)

M. Kawachi, "Silica waveguides on silicon and their application to integrated-optic components," Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391-416 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-? arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarisation compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Amersfoort, M. R.

M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Andreadakis, N. C.

M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cappuzzo, M. A.

C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and L. T. Gomez, "Low-loss rectangular-passband multiplexer consisting of a waveguide grating router synchronized to a three-arm interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2334-2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, E. Y.

C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and L. T. Gomez, "Low-loss rectangular-passband multiplexer consisting of a waveguide grating router synchronized to a three-arm interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2334-2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and L. T. Gomez, "Low-loss rectangular-passband multiplexer consisting of a waveguide grating router synchronized to a three-arm interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2334-2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, and S. Shunk, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

C. Dragone, "Theory of wavelength multiplexing with rectangular transfer functions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1168-1178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Dragone, "Efficient techniques for widening the passband of a wavelength router," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1895-1906 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L. T.

C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and L. T. Gomez, "Low-loss rectangular-passband multiplexer consisting of a waveguide grating router synchronized to a three-arm interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2334-2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, T.

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-? arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarisation compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, J.-J.

J.-J. He, "Phase-dithered waveguide grating with flat passband and sharp transitions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1186-1193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Himi, S.

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-? arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarisation compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, H.

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kamalakis, T.

Kashimura, S.

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

M. Kawachi, "Silica waveguides on silicon and their application to integrated-optic components," Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391-416 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kitoh, I.

M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kohtoku, M.

M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, H. P.

M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Maru, K.

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-? arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarisation compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, T. Mizumoto, and H. Uetsuka, "Modeling of multi-input arrayed waveguide grating and its application to design of flat-passband response using cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 544-555 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, T. Mizumoto, and H. Uetsuka, "Demonstration of flat-passband multi/demultiplexer using multi-input arrayed waveguide grating combined with cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2187-2197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, K.

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns," Electron. Lett. 32, 1661-1662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto and H. Yamada, "Arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with flat spectral response," Opt. Lett. 20, 43-45 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okawa, M.

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-? arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarisation compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pafchek, R.

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, and S. Shunk, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rajhel, A.

M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, I.

M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shunk, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, and S. Shunk, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soole, J. B. D.

M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sphicopoulos, T.

Stulz, L. W.

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, and S. Shunk, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns," Electron. Lett. 32, 1661-1662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Uetsuka, H.

K. Maru, T. Mizumoto, and H. Uetsuka, "Modeling of multi-input arrayed waveguide grating and its application to design of flat-passband response using cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 544-555 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, T. Mizumoto, and H. Uetsuka, "Demonstration of flat-passband multi/demultiplexer using multi-input arrayed waveguide grating combined with cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2187-2197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-? arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarisation compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wong-Foy, A.

C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and L. T. Gomez, "Low-loss rectangular-passband multiplexer consisting of a waveguide grating router synchronized to a three-arm interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2334-2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, H.

Electron. Lett. (5)

M. Kohtoku, H. Takahashi, I. Kitoh, I. Shibata, Y. Inoue, and Y. Hibino, "Low-loss flat-top passband arrayed waveguide gratings realised by first-order mode assistance method," Electron. Lett. 38, 792-794 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, K. Matsui, H. Ishikawa, Y. Abe, S. Kashimura, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Super-high-? athermal arrayed waveguide grating with resin-filled trenches in slab region," Electron. Lett. 40, 374-375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Maru, M. Okawa, Y. Abe, T. Hakuta, S. Himi, and H. Uetsuka, "Silica-based 2.5%-? arrayed waveguide grating using simple polarisation compensation method with core width adjustment," Electron. Lett. 43, 26-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Amersfoort, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, and C. Caneau, "Passband broadening of integrated arrayed waveguide filters using multimode interference couplers," Electron. Lett. 32, 449-451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns," Electron. Lett. 32, 1661-1662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and L. T. Gomez, "Low-loss rectangular-passband multiplexer consisting of a waveguide grating router synchronized to a three-arm interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2334-2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, R. Pafchek, and S. Shunk, "Compact and low-loss manner of waveguide grating router passband flattening and demonstration in a 64-channel blocker/multiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 56-58 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Dragone, "Theory of wavelength multiplexing with rectangular transfer functions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1168-1178 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. He, "Phase-dithered waveguide grating with flat passband and sharp transitions," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1186-1193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Kawachi, "Silica waveguides on silicon and their application to integrated-optic components," Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 391-416 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

M. Okawa, K. Maru, H. Uetsuka, T. Hakuta, H. Okano, and K. Matsumoto, "Low loss and wide passband arrayed waveguide grating demultiplexer," in Proceedings of 24th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC ’98), vol. 1, pp. 323-324.

Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, Y. Hashizume, Y. Hibino, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, "Novel birefringence compensating AWG design," in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2001), WB4.

G. H. B. Thompson, R. Epworth, C. Rogers, S. Day, and S. Ojha, "An original low-loss and pass-band flattened SiO2 on Si planar wavelength demultiplexer," in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC ’98), p. 77.

Y. Inoue, A. Kaneko, and F. Hanawa, "Athermal silica-based arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) multiplexer," in Proceedings of 23rd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’97), TH3B, pp. 33-36.

A. Kaneko, S. Kamei, Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, "Athermal silica-based arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) multiplexers with new low loss groove design," in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC’99), TuO1, pp. 204-206.

K. Maru, M. Ohkawa, H. Nounen, S. Takasugi, S. Kashimura, H. Okano, and H. Uetsuka, "Athermal and center wavelength adjustable arrayed-waveguide grating," in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2000), WH3, pp. 130-132.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical circuit of flat-passband athermal multi/demultiplexer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Layout of 32-channel multi/demultiplexer with 100-GHz channel spacing.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral responses for 16th output port of fabricated chips (a) with resin-filled trenches, and (b) without resin-filled trenches.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Chromatic dispersion for 16th output port of fabricated chip with resin-filled trenches.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectral responses for all 32 output ports of chip with resin-filled trenches.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Design parameters of 32-channel athermal multi/demultiplexer

Equations (4)

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Δ S = ( n r n s ) L t D θ L s ,
d d T ( Δ S + n a Δ A W G ) = 0 ,
θ = L s Δ L L t D d n a d T + n a α d n s d T d n r d T + ( n s n r ) α ,
d d T ( S t r + n a Δ L M Z I ) = 0 ,

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