Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Bromage, “Raman amplification for fiber communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 79–93 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Powerful solution for simulating nonlinear coupled equations describing bidirectionally pumped broadband Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 4, 545–550 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, and X. Li, “A novel method to optimize optical-fiber Raman amplifiers using equally spaced low-power laser diode pumps,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 2, 124–127 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Optimal design for ultra-broad-band amplifer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, (2003).

P. C. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. M. Liu, “A new optimal algorithm for multipump sources of distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 2, 206–208 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Minhui Yan, Jianping Chen, Wenning Jiang, Jianlang Li, Junfeng Chen, and Xin Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 948–950 (2001).

Xiang Zhou, Chao Lu, Ping Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 945–947 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 11, 1486–1488 (2000).

H. Kirdof, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, and E. Ribarijaona, “Pump amplification in a 100 nm bandwidth Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 530–532 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J.C. Lagarias, J. A. Reeds, M. H. Wright, and P. E. Wright, “Convergence Properties of the Nelder-Mead Simplex Method in Low Dimensions,” SIAM J. Optim. 9, 112–147(1998).

[CrossRef]

C. Headley and G. P. Agrawal, Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems, (San Diego, CA: Academic, 2005), chap. 3.

B. Neto, S. Stevan, A. Teixeira, and P. André, “Efficient simulation of Raman ampliers propagation equations using optimization techniques,” in Proceedings of 11th European Conference on Netwoks & Optical Communication-NOC 2006, (2006), pp. 381–386.

J. Bromage, “Raman amplification for fiber communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 79–93 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, and X. Li, “A novel method to optimize optical-fiber Raman amplifiers using equally spaced low-power laser diode pumps,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 2, 124–127 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Minhui Yan, Jianping Chen, Wenning Jiang, Jianlang Li, Junfeng Chen, and Xin Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 948–950 (2001).

Minhui Yan, Jianping Chen, Wenning Jiang, Jianlang Li, Junfeng Chen, and Xin Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 948–950 (2001).

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Xiang Zhou, Chao Lu, Ping Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 945–947 (2001).

[CrossRef]

D. E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning (Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley co, 1989).

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

C. Headley and G. P. Agrawal, Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems, (San Diego, CA: Academic, 2005), chap. 3.

P. C. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. M. Liu, “A new optimal algorithm for multipump sources of distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 2, 206–208 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Minhui Yan, Jianping Chen, Wenning Jiang, Jianlang Li, Junfeng Chen, and Xin Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 948–950 (2001).

H. Kirdof, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, and E. Ribarijaona, “Pump amplification in a 100 nm bandwidth Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 530–532 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J.C. Lagarias, J. A. Reeds, M. H. Wright, and P. E. Wright, “Convergence Properties of the Nelder-Mead Simplex Method in Low Dimensions,” SIAM J. Optim. 9, 112–147(1998).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Optimal design for ultra-broad-band amplifer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, (2003).

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 11, 1486–1488 (2000).

Minhui Yan, Jianping Chen, Wenning Jiang, Jianlang Li, Junfeng Chen, and Xin Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 948–950 (2001).

J. Zhou, J. Chen, and X. Li, “A novel method to optimize optical-fiber Raman amplifiers using equally spaced low-power laser diode pumps,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 2, 124–127 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Minhui Yan, Jianping Chen, Wenning Jiang, Jianlang Li, Junfeng Chen, and Xin Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 948–950 (2001).

P. C. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. M. Liu, “A new optimal algorithm for multipump sources of distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 2, 206–208 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Powerful solution for simulating nonlinear coupled equations describing bidirectionally pumped broadband Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 4, 545–550 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Optimal design for ultra-broad-band amplifer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, (2003).

Xiang Zhou, Chao Lu, Ping Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 945–947 (2001).

[CrossRef]

H. Kirdof, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, and E. Ribarijaona, “Pump amplification in a 100 nm bandwidth Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 530–532 (1999).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 11, 1486–1488 (2000).

M. Mitchell, An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms (Massachusetts: MIT Press co, 1998), Chap. 5.

B. Neto, S. Stevan, A. Teixeira, and P. André, “Efficient simulation of Raman ampliers propagation equations using optimization techniques,” in Proceedings of 11th European Conference on Netwoks & Optical Communication-NOC 2006, (2006), pp. 381–386.

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

H. Kirdof, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, and E. Ribarijaona, “Pump amplification in a 100 nm bandwidth Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 530–532 (1999).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 11, 1486–1488 (2000).

J.C. Lagarias, J. A. Reeds, M. H. Wright, and P. E. Wright, “Convergence Properties of the Nelder-Mead Simplex Method in Low Dimensions,” SIAM J. Optim. 9, 112–147(1998).

[CrossRef]

H. Kirdof, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, and E. Ribarijaona, “Pump amplification in a 100 nm bandwidth Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 530–532 (1999).

[CrossRef]

H. Kirdof, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, and E. Ribarijaona, “Pump amplification in a 100 nm bandwidth Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 530–532 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Xiang Zhou, Chao Lu, Ping Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 945–947 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Neto, S. Stevan, A. Teixeira, and P. André, “Efficient simulation of Raman ampliers propagation equations using optimization techniques,” in Proceedings of 11th European Conference on Netwoks & Optical Communication-NOC 2006, (2006), pp. 381–386.

B. Neto, S. Stevan, A. Teixeira, and P. André, “Efficient simulation of Raman ampliers propagation equations using optimization techniques,” in Proceedings of 11th European Conference on Netwoks & Optical Communication-NOC 2006, (2006), pp. 381–386.

J.C. Lagarias, J. A. Reeds, M. H. Wright, and P. E. Wright, “Convergence Properties of the Nelder-Mead Simplex Method in Low Dimensions,” SIAM J. Optim. 9, 112–147(1998).

[CrossRef]

J.C. Lagarias, J. A. Reeds, M. H. Wright, and P. E. Wright, “Convergence Properties of the Nelder-Mead Simplex Method in Low Dimensions,” SIAM J. Optim. 9, 112–147(1998).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. M. Liu, “A new optimal algorithm for multipump sources of distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 2, 206–208 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Minhui Yan, Jianping Chen, Wenning Jiang, Jianlang Li, Junfeng Chen, and Xin Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 948–950 (2001).

P. C. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. M. Liu, “A new optimal algorithm for multipump sources of distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 2, 206–208 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Chen, and X. Li, “A novel method to optimize optical-fiber Raman amplifiers using equally spaced low-power laser diode pumps,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 2, 124–127 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Xiang Zhou, Chao Lu, Ping Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 945–947 (2001).

[CrossRef]

H. Kirdof, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma, and E. Ribarijaona, “Pump amplification in a 100 nm bandwidth Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 11, 530–532 (1999).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 11, 1486–1488 (2000).

P. C. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Huang, and J. M. Liu, “A new optimal algorithm for multipump sources of distributed fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 2, 206–208 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Minhui Yan, Jianping Chen, Wenning Jiang, Jianlang Li, Junfeng Chen, and Xin Li, “Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 948–950 (2001).

Xiang Zhou, Chao Lu, Ping Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. 9, 945–947 (2001).

[CrossRef]

J. Bromage, “Raman amplification for fiber communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 1, 79–93 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Optimal design for ultra-broad-band amplifer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, (2003).

J. Zhou, J. Chen, and X. Li, “A novel method to optimize optical-fiber Raman amplifiers using equally spaced low-power laser diode pumps,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 2, 124–127 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Powerful solution for simulating nonlinear coupled equations describing bidirectionally pumped broadband Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 4, 545–550 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J.C. Lagarias, J. A. Reeds, M. H. Wright, and P. E. Wright, “Convergence Properties of the Nelder-Mead Simplex Method in Low Dimensions,” SIAM J. Optim. 9, 112–147(1998).

[CrossRef]

M. Mitchell, An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms (Massachusetts: MIT Press co, 1998), Chap. 5.

D. E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning (Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley co, 1989).

B. Neto, S. Stevan, A. Teixeira, and P. André, “Efficient simulation of Raman ampliers propagation equations using optimization techniques,” in Proceedings of 11th European Conference on Netwoks & Optical Communication-NOC 2006, (2006), pp. 381–386.

C. Headley and G. P. Agrawal, Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems, (San Diego, CA: Academic, 2005), chap. 3.