Abstract

Photonic crystal (PC) nanocavities based on silicon nitride membranes are studied as tools for the manipulation of spontaneous emission in the wavelength range between 550 nm and 800 nm. We observe a strong modification of the fluorescence spectrum of dye molecules spin-cast on top of the PC, indicating an efficient coupling of the dye emission to the cavity modes. The cavity design is optimized with respect to the quality factor and values of nearly 1500 are achieved experimentally. Taking into account the small mode volume, which leads to a strong Purcell enhancement, these nanocavities enable the realization of efficient single photon sources in the visible region of the spectrum. Furthermore, their fabrication is fully compatible with existing CMOS technology, making an integration into more complex optoelectronic devices feasible.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  28. M.-K. Kim, J.-K. Yang, Y.-H. Lee, and I.-K. Hwang, "Influence of etching slope on two-dimensional photonic crystal slab resonators," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 50, 1027-1031 (2007).
  29. A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Single photon quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (6)

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Nozaki, S. Kita, and T. Baba, "Room temperature continuous wave operation and controlled spontaneous emission in ultrasmall photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 15, 7506-7514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Bose, X. Yang, R. Chatterjee, J. Gao, and C. W. Wong, "Weak coupling interactions of colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystals with silicon photonic crystal nanocavities near 1.55 μm at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wu, Z. Mi, P. Bhattacharya, T. Zhu, and J. Xu, "Enhanced spontaneous emission at 1.55 μm from colloidal PbSe quantum dots in a Si photonic crystal microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Arita, S. Ishida, S. Kako, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "AlN air-bridge photonic crystal nanocavities demonstrating high quality factor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M.-K. Kim, J.-K. Yang, Y.-H. Lee, and I.-K. Hwang, "Influence of etching slope on two-dimensional photonic crystal slab resonators," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 50, 1027-1031 (2007).

2006 (7)

T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Analysis of the experimental Q-factors (~ 1 million) of photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 14, 1996-2002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Makarova, J. Vuˇckovi´c, H. Sanda, and Y. Nishi, "Silicon-based photonic crystal nanocavity light emitters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, T. Yoshie, X. Zhu, J. Xu, and A. Scherer, "Visible two-dimensional photonic crystal slab laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Gevaux, A. J. Bennett, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, J. Griffiths, D. Anderson, G. A. C. Jones, and D. A. Ritchie, "Enhancement and suppression of spontaneous emission by temperature tuning InAs quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Xia, Y. Ikegami, Y. Shiraki, N. Usami, and Y. Nakata, "Strong resonant luminescence from Ge quantum dots in photonic crystal microcavity at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Meier, K. Hennessy, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, Y.-S. Choi, K. McGroddy, S. Keller, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Visible resonant modes in GaN-based photonic crystal membrane cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Vučković, D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, "Generation and manipulation of nonclassical light using photonic crystals," Physica E 32, 466-470 (2006).

2005 (8)

W.-Y. Chen, W.-H. Chang, H.-S. Chang, T. M. Hsu, C.-C. Lee, C.-C. Chen, P. G. Luan, J.-Y. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, and J.-I. Chyi, "Enhanced light emission from InAs quantum dots in single-defect photonic crystal microcavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Fushman, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, "Coupling of PbS quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Laurent, S. Varoutsis, L. Le Gratiet, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, F. Raineri, A. Levenson, I. Robert-Philip, and I. Abram, "Indistinguishable single photons from a single-quantum dot in a two-dimensional photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 163107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoğlu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoda, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, E. L. Hu, and C. Meier, "GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kitamura, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "Enhanced light emission from an organic photonic crystal with a nanocavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Single photon quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1946 (1)

E. M. Purcell, "Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies," Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).

Abram, I.

S. Laurent, S. Varoutsis, L. Le Gratiet, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, F. Raineri, A. Levenson, I. Robert-Philip, and I. Abram, "Indistinguishable single photons from a single-quantum dot in a two-dimensional photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 163107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D.

D. G. Gevaux, A. J. Bennett, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, J. Griffiths, D. Anderson, G. A. C. Jones, and D. A. Ritchie, "Enhancement and suppression of spontaneous emission by temperature tuning InAs quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

M. Arita, S. Ishida, S. Kako, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "AlN air-bridge photonic crystal nanocavities demonstrating high quality factor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kitamura, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "Enhanced light emission from an organic photonic crystal with a nanocavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoda, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arita, M.

M. Arita, S. Ishida, S. Kako, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "AlN air-bridge photonic crystal nanocavities demonstrating high quality factor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Analysis of the experimental Q-factors (~ 1 million) of photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 14, 1996-2002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Atatüre, M.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoğlu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, P.

D. G. Gevaux, A. J. Bennett, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, J. Griffiths, D. Anderson, G. A. C. Jones, and D. A. Ritchie, "Enhancement and suppression of spontaneous emission by temperature tuning InAs quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

Badolato, A.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoğlu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, A. J.

D. G. Gevaux, A. J. Bennett, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, J. Griffiths, D. Anderson, G. A. C. Jones, and D. A. Ritchie, "Enhancement and suppression of spontaneous emission by temperature tuning InAs quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beveratos, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Single photon quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bhattacharya, P.

Z. Wu, Z. Mi, P. Bhattacharya, T. Zhu, and J. Xu, "Enhanced spontaneous emission at 1.55 μm from colloidal PbSe quantum dots in a Si photonic crystal microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bose, R.

R. Bose, X. Yang, R. Chatterjee, J. Gao, and C. W. Wong, "Weak coupling interactions of colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystals with silicon photonic crystal nanocavities near 1.55 μm at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brouri, R.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Single photon quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.-S.

W.-Y. Chen, W.-H. Chang, H.-S. Chang, T. M. Hsu, C.-C. Lee, C.-C. Chen, P. G. Luan, J.-Y. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, and J.-I. Chyi, "Enhanced light emission from InAs quantum dots in single-defect photonic crystal microcavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.-Y.

W.-Y. Chen, W.-H. Chang, H.-S. Chang, T. M. Hsu, C.-C. Lee, C.-C. Chen, P. G. Luan, J.-Y. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, and J.-I. Chyi, "Enhanced light emission from InAs quantum dots in single-defect photonic crystal microcavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.-H.

W.-Y. Chen, W.-H. Chang, H.-S. Chang, T. M. Hsu, C.-C. Lee, C.-C. Chen, P. G. Luan, J.-Y. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, and J.-I. Chyi, "Enhanced light emission from InAs quantum dots in single-defect photonic crystal microcavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chatterjee, R.

R. Bose, X. Yang, R. Chatterjee, J. Gao, and C. W. Wong, "Weak coupling interactions of colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystals with silicon photonic crystal nanocavities near 1.55 μm at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-C.

W.-Y. Chen, W.-H. Chang, H.-S. Chang, T. M. Hsu, C.-C. Lee, C.-C. Chen, P. G. Luan, J.-Y. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, and J.-I. Chyi, "Enhanced light emission from InAs quantum dots in single-defect photonic crystal microcavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.-Y.

W.-Y. Chen, W.-H. Chang, H.-S. Chang, T. M. Hsu, C.-C. Lee, C.-C. Chen, P. G. Luan, J.-Y. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, and J.-I. Chyi, "Enhanced light emission from InAs quantum dots in single-defect photonic crystal microcavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y.-S.

C. Meier, K. Hennessy, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, Y.-S. Choi, K. McGroddy, S. Keller, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Visible resonant modes in GaN-based photonic crystal membrane cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, E. L. Hu, and C. Meier, "GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chyi, J.-I.

W.-Y. Chen, W.-H. Chang, H.-S. Chang, T. M. Hsu, C.-C. Lee, C.-C. Chen, P. G. Luan, J.-Y. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, and J.-I. Chyi, "Enhanced light emission from InAs quantum dots in single-defect photonic crystal microcavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S. P.

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O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
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A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoğlu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
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A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Single photon quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
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D. G. Gevaux, A. J. Bennett, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, J. Griffiths, D. Anderson, G. A. C. Jones, and D. A. Ritchie, "Enhancement and suppression of spontaneous emission by temperature tuning InAs quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131101 (2006).
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S. Laurent, S. Varoutsis, L. Le Gratiet, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, F. Raineri, A. Levenson, I. Robert-Philip, and I. Abram, "Indistinguishable single photons from a single-quantum dot in a two-dimensional photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 163107 (2005).
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S. Laurent, S. Varoutsis, L. Le Gratiet, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, F. Raineri, A. Levenson, I. Robert-Philip, and I. Abram, "Indistinguishable single photons from a single-quantum dot in a two-dimensional photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 163107 (2005).
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M. Makarova, J. Vuˇckovi´c, H. Sanda, and Y. Nishi, "Silicon-based photonic crystal nanocavity light emitters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221101 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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C. Meier, K. Hennessy, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, Y.-S. Choi, K. McGroddy, S. Keller, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Visible resonant modes in GaN-based photonic crystal membrane cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, E. L. Hu, and C. Meier, "GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shields, A. J.

D. G. Gevaux, A. J. Bennett, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, J. Griffiths, D. Anderson, G. A. C. Jones, and D. A. Ritchie, "Enhancement and suppression of spontaneous emission by temperature tuning InAs quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shiraki, Y.

J. S. Xia, Y. Ikegami, Y. Shiraki, N. Usami, and Y. Nakata, "Strong resonant luminescence from Ge quantum dots in photonic crystal microcavity at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoda, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.-S.

T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Analysis of the experimental Q-factors (~ 1 million) of photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 14, 1996-2002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, R. M.

D. G. Gevaux, A. J. Bennett, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, J. Griffiths, D. Anderson, G. A. C. Jones, and D. A. Ritchie, "Enhancement and suppression of spontaneous emission by temperature tuning InAs quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Usami, N.

J. S. Xia, Y. Ikegami, Y. Shiraki, N. Usami, and Y. Nakata, "Strong resonant luminescence from Ge quantum dots in photonic crystal microcavity at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Varoutsis, S.

S. Laurent, S. Varoutsis, L. Le Gratiet, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, F. Raineri, A. Levenson, I. Robert-Philip, and I. Abram, "Indistinguishable single photons from a single-quantum dot in a two-dimensional photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 163107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Villing, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Single photon quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vu?ckovi´c, J.

M. Makarova, J. Vuˇckovi´c, H. Sanda, and Y. Nishi, "Silicon-based photonic crystal nanocavity light emitters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

J. Vučković, D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, "Generation and manipulation of nonclassical light using photonic crystals," Physica E 32, 466-470 (2006).

I. Fushman, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, "Coupling of PbS quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoda, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Waks, E.

J. Vučković, D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, "Generation and manipulation of nonclassical light using photonic crystals," Physica E 32, 466-470 (2006).

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoda, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Winger, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C. W.

R. Bose, X. Yang, R. Chatterjee, J. Gao, and C. W. Wong, "Weak coupling interactions of colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystals with silicon photonic crystal nanocavities near 1.55 μm at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

Z. Wu, Z. Mi, P. Bhattacharya, T. Zhu, and J. Xu, "Enhanced spontaneous emission at 1.55 μm from colloidal PbSe quantum dots in a Si photonic crystal microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xia, J. S.

J. S. Xia, Y. Ikegami, Y. Shiraki, N. Usami, and Y. Nakata, "Strong resonant luminescence from Ge quantum dots in photonic crystal microcavity at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Z. Wu, Z. Mi, P. Bhattacharya, T. Zhu, and J. Xu, "Enhanced spontaneous emission at 1.55 μm from colloidal PbSe quantum dots in a Si photonic crystal microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, T. Yoshie, X. Zhu, J. Xu, and A. Scherer, "Visible two-dimensional photonic crystal slab laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

J. Vučković, D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, "Generation and manipulation of nonclassical light using photonic crystals," Physica E 32, 466-470 (2006).

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoda, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-K.

M.-K. Kim, J.-K. Yang, Y.-H. Lee, and I.-K. Hwang, "Influence of etching slope on two-dimensional photonic crystal slab resonators," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 50, 1027-1031 (2007).

Yang, X.

R. Bose, X. Yang, R. Chatterjee, J. Gao, and C. W. Wong, "Weak coupling interactions of colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystals with silicon photonic crystal nanocavities near 1.55 μm at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshie, T.

Z. Zhang, T. Yoshie, X. Zhu, J. Xu, and A. Scherer, "Visible two-dimensional photonic crystal slab laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoda, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, T. Yoshie, X. Zhu, J. Xu, and A. Scherer, "Visible two-dimensional photonic crystal slab laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, T.

Z. Wu, Z. Mi, P. Bhattacharya, T. Zhu, and J. Xu, "Enhanced spontaneous emission at 1.55 μm from colloidal PbSe quantum dots in a Si photonic crystal microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

Z. Zhang, T. Yoshie, X. Zhu, J. Xu, and A. Scherer, "Visible two-dimensional photonic crystal slab laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (14)

S. Laurent, S. Varoutsis, L. Le Gratiet, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, F. Raineri, A. Levenson, I. Robert-Philip, and I. Abram, "Indistinguishable single photons from a single-quantum dot in a two-dimensional photonic crystal cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 163107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W.-Y. Chen, W.-H. Chang, H.-S. Chang, T. M. Hsu, C.-C. Lee, C.-C. Chen, P. G. Luan, J.-Y. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, and J.-I. Chyi, "Enhanced light emission from InAs quantum dots in single-defect photonic crystal microcavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Fushman, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, "Coupling of PbS quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Gevaux, A. J. Bennett, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, J. Griffiths, D. Anderson, G. A. C. Jones, and D. A. Ritchie, "Enhancement and suppression of spontaneous emission by temperature tuning InAs quantum dots to photonic crystal cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 131101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Xia, Y. Ikegami, Y. Shiraki, N. Usami, and Y. Nakata, "Strong resonant luminescence from Ge quantum dots in photonic crystal microcavity at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Bose, X. Yang, R. Chatterjee, J. Gao, and C. W. Wong, "Weak coupling interactions of colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystals with silicon photonic crystal nanocavities near 1.55 μm at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wu, Z. Mi, P. Bhattacharya, T. Zhu, and J. Xu, "Enhanced spontaneous emission at 1.55 μm from colloidal PbSe quantum dots in a Si photonic crystal microcavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Meier, K. Hennessy, E. D. Haberer, R. Sharma, Y.-S. Choi, K. McGroddy, S. Keller, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and E. L. Hu, "Visible resonant modes in GaN-based photonic crystal membrane cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Choi, K. Hennessy, R. Sharma, E. Haberer, Y. Gao, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, E. L. Hu, and C. Meier, "GaN blue photonic crystal membrane nanocavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 243101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Arita, S. Ishida, S. Kako, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "AlN air-bridge photonic crystal nanocavities demonstrating high quality factor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, T. Yoshie, X. Zhu, J. Xu, and A. Scherer, "Visible two-dimensional photonic crystal slab laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 071102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kitamura, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, "Enhanced light emission from an organic photonic crystal with a nanocavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151119 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Makarova, J. Vuˇckovi´c, H. Sanda, and Y. Nishi, "Silicon-based photonic crystal nanocavity light emitters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

M.-K. Kim, J.-K. Yang, Y.-H. Lee, and I.-K. Hwang, "Influence of etching slope on two-dimensional photonic crystal slab resonators," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 50, 1027-1031 (2007).

Nature (3)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. (1)

E. M. Purcell, "Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies," Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoda, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, "Single photon quantum cryptography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Physica E (1)

J. Vučković, D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, and Y. Yamamoto, "Generation and manipulation of nonclassical light using photonic crystals," Physica E 32, 466-470 (2006).

Science (2)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoğlu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, "Enhanced light emission of InxGa1−xAs quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic-crystal defect microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303(R) (2002).

A. Kress, F. Hofbauer, N. Reinelt,M. Kaniber, H. J. Krenner, R.Meyer, G. B¨ohm, and J. J. Finley, "Manipulation of the spontaneous emission dynamics of quantum dots in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 71, 241304(R) (2005).

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