Abstract

The switching behavior of a semiconductor cavity soliton laser is experimentally investigated, based on a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with frequency-selective feedback. In particular, we show the effect of frequency detuning between cavity solitons and the external injection, the temporal dynamics during ignition and erasure, and characterize the necessary injection pulse width versus its power for successful switching.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. J. Firth and C. O. Weiss, "Cavity and feedback solitons," Opt. Photon. News 13(2), 54-58 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. A. Lugiato, "Introduction to the feature section on cavity solitons: An overview," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 193-196 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, eds., Dissipative solitons, Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, New York, 2005) Vol. 661.
  4. G. S. McDonald and W. J. Firth, "Spatial solitary-wave optical memory," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1328-1335 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. N. Rosanov, "Switching waves, autosolitons, and parallel digital-analogous optical computing," Proc. SPIE 1840, 130-143 (1991).
  6. S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. B. Taranenko, C. O. Weiss, and B. Schäpers, "From coherent to incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators," Phys. Rev. A 65, 013812 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Barbay, Y. Ménesguen, X. Hachair, L. Leroy, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, "Incoherent and coherent writing and erasure of cavity solitons in an optically pumped semiconductor amplifier," Opt. Lett. 31, 1504-1506 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Mitschke, R. Deserno, J. Mlynek, and W. Lange, "Transients in all-optical bistability using transverse optical pumping: observation of critical slowing down," Opt. Commun. 46, 135-140 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. E. Grant and H. J. Kimble, "Transient response in absorptive bistability," Opt. Commun. 44, 415-420 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Cribier, E. Giacobino, and G. Grynberg, "Quantitative investigation of critical slowing down in all-optical optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 47, 170-172 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Mandel, "Scaling properties of switching pulses," Opt. Commun. 55, 293-296 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Segard, J. Zemmouri, and B. Macke, "Noncritical slowing down in optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 63, 339-343 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. B. Willemsen, M. P. V. Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337-4340 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. A. Lugiato, "Theory of optical bistability," Progress in Optics 21, 70-216 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Schäpers, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, "Robust control of switching of localized structures and its dynamics in a single-mirror feedback scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 707-715 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. S. McDonald and W. J. Firth, "Switching dynamics of spatial solitary wave pixels," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1081-1089 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Kreuzer, A. Schreiber, and B. Thüring, "Evolution and switching dynamics of solitary spots in nonlinear optical feedback systems," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 91-105 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  20. V. B. Taranenko, K. Staliunas, and C. O. Weiss, "Spatial soliton laser: localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1582-1591 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. N. Rosanov, Spatial hysteresis and optical patterns, Springer Series in Synergetics (Springer, Berlin, 2002).
  22. M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, and R. Jäger, "Realization of a semiconductor-based cavity soliton-laser," arXiv:0709.2575 (2007).
  25. V. B. Taranenko and C. O. Weiss, "Incoherent optical switching of semiconductor resonator solitons," Appl. Phys. B 72, 893-895 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, and R. J¨ager, "Characteristics of bistable localized emission states in broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with frequency-selective feedback," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053824 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  28. T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  29. G. Vaschenko, M. Giudici, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, J. R. Tredicce, and S. Balle, "Temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5536-5539 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  30. A. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, K. F. Jentsch, and T. Ackemann, "Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback." Opt. Commun. 259, 823-833 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  31. S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, and R. J¨ager, "Characteristics of bistable localized emission states in broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with frequency-selective feedback," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, K. F. Jentsch, and T. Ackemann, "Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback." Opt. Commun. 259, 823-833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbay, Y. Ménesguen, X. Hachair, L. Leroy, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, "Incoherent and coherent writing and erasure of cavity solitons in an optically pumped semiconductor amplifier," Opt. Lett. 31, 1504-1506 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

L. A. Lugiato, "Introduction to the feature section on cavity solitons: An overview," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 193-196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. B. Taranenko, C. O. Weiss, and B. Schäpers, "From coherent to incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators," Phys. Rev. A 65, 013812 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Firth and C. O. Weiss, "Cavity and feedback solitons," Opt. Photon. News 13(2), 54-58 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Schäpers, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, "Robust control of switching of localized structures and its dynamics in a single-mirror feedback scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 707-715 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

V. B. Taranenko and C. O. Weiss, "Incoherent optical switching of semiconductor resonator solitons," Appl. Phys. B 72, 893-895 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. V. Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337-4340 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. Vaschenko, M. Giudici, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, J. R. Tredicce, and S. Balle, "Temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5536-5539 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. B. Taranenko, K. Staliunas, and C. O. Weiss, "Spatial soliton laser: localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1582-1591 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Kreuzer, A. Schreiber, and B. Thüring, "Evolution and switching dynamics of solitary spots in nonlinear optical feedback systems," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 91-105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

N. N. Rosanov, "Switching waves, autosolitons, and parallel digital-analogous optical computing," Proc. SPIE 1840, 130-143 (1991).

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

B. Segard, J. Zemmouri, and B. Macke, "Noncritical slowing down in optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 63, 339-343 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

P. Mandel, "Scaling properties of switching pulses," Opt. Commun. 55, 293-296 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

L. A. Lugiato, "Theory of optical bistability," Progress in Optics 21, 70-216 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (3)

F. Mitschke, R. Deserno, J. Mlynek, and W. Lange, "Transients in all-optical bistability using transverse optical pumping: observation of critical slowing down," Opt. Commun. 46, 135-140 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Grant and H. J. Kimble, "Transient response in absorptive bistability," Opt. Commun. 44, 415-420 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. Cribier, E. Giacobino, and G. Grynberg, "Quantitative investigation of critical slowing down in all-optical optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 47, 170-172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ackemann, T.

A. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, K. F. Jentsch, and T. Ackemann, "Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback." Opt. Commun. 259, 823-833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, and R. J¨ager, "Characteristics of bistable localized emission states in broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with frequency-selective feedback," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Schäpers, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, "Robust control of switching of localized structures and its dynamics in a single-mirror feedback scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 707-715 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bache, M.

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Balle, S.

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Vaschenko, M. Giudici, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, J. R. Tredicce, and S. Balle, "Temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5536-5539 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barbay, S.

Barland, S.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, M.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caboche, E.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cara, M.

Cribier, S.

S. Cribier, E. Giacobino, and G. Grynberg, "Quantitative investigation of critical slowing down in all-optical optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 47, 170-172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Deserno, R.

F. Mitschke, R. Deserno, J. Mlynek, and W. Lange, "Transients in all-optical bistability using transverse optical pumping: observation of critical slowing down," Opt. Commun. 46, 135-140 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dommers, S.

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ebeling, K. J.

T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Exter, M. P. V.

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. V. Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337-4340 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Firth, W. J.

Furfaro, L.

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

S. Cribier, E. Giacobino, and G. Grynberg, "Quantitative investigation of critical slowing down in all-optical optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 47, 170-172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Giudici, M.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vaschenko, M. Giudici, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, J. R. Tredicce, and S. Balle, "Temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5536-5539 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gomis, J.

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grabherr, M.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grabherr, P.M.

Grant, D. E.

D. E. Grant and H. J. Kimble, "Transient response in absorptive bistability," Opt. Commun. 44, 415-420 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Grynberg, G.

S. Cribier, E. Giacobino, and G. Grynberg, "Quantitative investigation of critical slowing down in all-optical optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 47, 170-172 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hachair, X.

S. Barbay, Y. Ménesguen, X. Hachair, L. Leroy, I. Sagnes, and R. Kuszelewicz, "Incoherent and coherent writing and erasure of cavity solitons in an optically pumped semiconductor amplifier," Opt. Lett. 31, 1504-1506 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J¨ager, R.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, and R. J¨ager, "Characteristics of bistable localized emission states in broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with frequency-selective feedback," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jäger, R.

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Javaloyes, J.

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jentsch, K. F.

A. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, K. F. Jentsch, and T. Ackemann, "Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback." Opt. Commun. 259, 823-833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kheradmand, R.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

D. E. Grant and H. J. Kimble, "Transient response in absorptive bistability," Opt. Commun. 44, 415-420 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Knödel, T.

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kreuzer, M.

M. Kreuzer, A. Schreiber, and B. Thüring, "Evolution and switching dynamics of solitary spots in nonlinear optical feedback systems," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 91-105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuszelewicz, R.

Laemmlin, M.

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lange, W.

B. Schäpers, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, "Robust control of switching of localized structures and its dynamics in a single-mirror feedback scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 707-715 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Mitschke, R. Deserno, J. Mlynek, and W. Lange, "Transients in all-optical bistability using transverse optical pumping: observation of critical slowing down," Opt. Commun. 46, 135-140 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Leroy, L.

Loiko, N. A.

A. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, K. F. Jentsch, and T. Ackemann, "Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback." Opt. Commun. 259, 823-833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lugiato, L. A.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, "Introduction to the feature section on cavity solitons: An overview," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 193-196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
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L. A. Lugiato, "Theory of optical bistability," Progress in Optics 21, 70-216 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Macke, B.

B. Segard, J. Zemmouri, and B. Macke, "Noncritical slowing down in optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 63, 339-343 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Maggipinto, T.

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandel, P.

P. Mandel, "Scaling properties of switching pulses," Opt. Commun. 55, 293-296 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Martin, U.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Pastor, J.

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, G. S.

Ménesguen, Y.

Menoni, C. S.

G. Vaschenko, M. Giudici, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, J. R. Tredicce, and S. Balle, "Temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5536-5539 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Michalzik, R.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M.

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mitschke, F.

F. Mitschke, R. Deserno, J. Mlynek, and W. Lange, "Transients in all-optical bistability using transverse optical pumping: observation of critical slowing down," Opt. Commun. 46, 135-140 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

F. Mitschke, R. Deserno, J. Mlynek, and W. Lange, "Transients in all-optical bistability using transverse optical pumping: observation of critical slowing down," Opt. Commun. 46, 135-140 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Naumenko, A.

A. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, K. F. Jentsch, and T. Ackemann, "Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback." Opt. Commun. 259, 823-833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pedaci, F.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prati, F.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Protsenko, I.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

G. Vaschenko, M. Giudici, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, J. R. Tredicce, and S. Balle, "Temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5536-5539 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rosanov, N. N.

N. N. Rosanov, "Switching waves, autosolitons, and parallel digital-analogous optical computing," Proc. SPIE 1840, 130-143 (1991).

Sagnes, I.

Schäpers, B.

V. B. Taranenko, C. O. Weiss, and B. Schäpers, "From coherent to incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators," Phys. Rev. A 65, 013812 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Schäpers, T. Ackemann, and W. Lange, "Robust control of switching of localized structures and its dynamics in a single-mirror feedback scheme," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 707-715 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, A.

M. Kreuzer, A. Schreiber, and B. Thüring, "Evolution and switching dynamics of solitary spots in nonlinear optical feedback systems," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 91-105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Segard, B.

B. Segard, J. Zemmouri, and B. Macke, "Noncritical slowing down in optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 63, 339-343 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sondermann, M.

A. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, K. F. Jentsch, and T. Ackemann, "Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback." Opt. Commun. 259, 823-833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spinelli, L.

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Staliunas, K.

V. B. Taranenko, K. Staliunas, and C. O. Weiss, "Spatial soliton laser: localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1582-1591 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanguy, Y.

Y. Tanguy, T. Ackemann, and R. J¨ager, "Characteristics of bistable localized emission states in broad-area vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with frequency-selective feedback," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053824 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taranenko, V. B.

V. B. Taranenko, C. O. Weiss, and B. Schäpers, "From coherent to incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators," Phys. Rev. A 65, 013812 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Taranenko and C. O. Weiss, "Incoherent optical switching of semiconductor resonator solitons," Appl. Phys. B 72, 893-895 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Taranenko, K. Staliunas, and C. O. Weiss, "Spatial soliton laser: localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1582-1591 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Temnov, V. V.

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thüring, B.

M. Kreuzer, A. Schreiber, and B. Thüring, "Evolution and switching dynamics of solitary spots in nonlinear optical feedback systems," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 91-105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tissoni, G.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tredicce, J.

X. Hachair, L. Furfaro, J. Javaloyes, M. Giudici, S. Balle, J. Tredicce, G. Tissoni, L. A. Lugiato, M. Brambilla, and T. Maggipinto, "Cavity-solitons switching in semiconductor microcavities," Phys. Rev. A 72, 013,815 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tredicce, J. R.

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ackemann, S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Cara, S. Balle, R. Jäger, P.M. Grabherr, M. Miller, and K. J. Ebeling, "Spatial structure of broad-area vertical-cavity regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 814-816 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Vaschenko, M. Giudici, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, J. R. Tredicce, and S. Balle, "Temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5536-5539 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Unold, H. J.

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vaschenko, G.

G. Vaschenko, M. Giudici, J. J. Rocca, C. S. Menoni, J. R. Tredicce, and S. Balle, "Temporal dynamics of semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5536-5539 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, C. O.

V. B. Taranenko, C. O. Weiss, and B. Schäpers, "From coherent to incoherent hexagonal patterns in semiconductor resonators," Phys. Rev. A 65, 013812 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Firth and C. O. Weiss, "Cavity and feedback solitons," Opt. Photon. News 13(2), 54-58 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Taranenko and C. O. Weiss, "Incoherent optical switching of semiconductor resonator solitons," Appl. Phys. B 72, 893-895 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Taranenko, K. Staliunas, and C. O. Weiss, "Spatial soliton laser: localized structures in a laser with a saturable absorber in a self-imaging resonator," Phys. Rev. A 56, 1582-1591 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Willemsen, M. B.

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. V. Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337-4340 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woerdman, J. P.

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. V. Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, "Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337-4340 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woggon, U.

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zemmouri, J.

B. Segard, J. Zemmouri, and B. Macke, "Noncritical slowing down in optical bistability," Opt. Commun. 63, 339-343 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

V. B. Taranenko and C. O. Weiss, "Incoherent optical switching of semiconductor resonator solitons," Appl. Phys. B 72, 893-895 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity soliton laser based on VCSEL with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 81, 913-920 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Dommers, V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Gomis, J. Martinez-Pastor, M. Laemmlin, and D. Bimberg, "Complete ground state gain recovery after ultrashort double pulses in quantum dot based semiconductor optical amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033,508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. A. Lugiato, "Introduction to the feature section on cavity solitons: An overview," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 193-196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, R. Michalzik, U. Martin, H. J. Unold, and K. J. Ebeling, "High-Power VCSEL’s: Single Devices and Densely Packed 2-D-Arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 495-502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Hachair, F. Pedaci, E. Caboche, S. Barland, M. Giudici, J. R. Tredicce, F. Prati, G. Tissoni, R. Kheradmand, L. A. Lugiato, I. Protsenko, and M. Brambilla, "Cavity solitons in a driven VCSEL above threshold," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 339-351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

M. Kreuzer, A. Schreiber, and B. Thüring, "Evolution and switching dynamics of solitary spots in nonlinear optical feedback systems," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 282, 91-105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. Barland, J. R. Tredicce, M. Brambilla, L. A. Lugiato, S. Balle, M. Giudici, T. Maggipinto, L. Spinelli, G. Tissoni, T. Knödel, M. Miller, and R. Jäger, "Cavity solitons as pixels in semiconductors," Nature 419, 699-702 (2002).
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Opt. Commun. (6)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental apparatus. The self-imaging external cavity consists of a 8 mm focal length aspherical lens (C), a 300 mm focal length lens and a holographic grating (1800 lines/mm). OI: Optical Isolator, M: mirror, BS: beam sampler, HWP: half wave-plate, AOM: Acousto optic modulator. The tunable laser is used for injection of the WB. The detection branch contains CCD cameras for imaging of the VCSEL near and far-field, an avalanche photodiode to record fast temporal dynamics, and a scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer to monitor frequency spectra.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Power versus current for a single CS. The rugged appearance of the upper bistability branch is due to competition between different external cavity modes. The inset on the right shows the near-field intensity distribution of the CS, the transverse size is 34 µm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Minimal pulse width needed to switch on a CS in dependence on the detuning between WB frequency and the CS frequency for a fixed power in the WB (220 µW). The WB is in the perpendicular polarization to the CS, and its frequency was fine tuned for each data point such that it was maximally resonant in the external cavity. At higher detunings than 25 GHz the WB is increasingly distorted.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transient dynamics during a) switch-on with parallel polarization, b) switch-on with orthogonal polarization and c) switch-off with parallel polarization. The time traces ofWB pulses are in brown, while the response of the system is in black. Time traces from the WB pulses were recorded separately, with the pulse trigger ensuring proper synchronisation. The detector is AC-coupled with a lower cut-off of 16 kHz.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Necessary WB pulse widths for switch-on (left) and switch-off (right) of the CS, versus the WB power. The curves are recorded for three different currents, at one, two and three mA below the limit point. Two curves are recorded for each current, displaying experimental uncertainties. The detuning between the WB and CS is +6 GHz (+4 GHz) for the switch-on (switch-off), and is readjusted for each current to take into account temperature change from Joule effect.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Same data as in Fig. 5, but the WB energy is plotted instead, versus the WB power.

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