Abstract

We report on a high repetition rate noncollinear optical parametric amplifier system (NOPA) based on a cavity dumped Ti:Sapphire oscillator providing the signal, and an Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier pumping the device. Temporally synchronized NOPA pump pulses are created via soliton generation in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. This soliton is fiber amplified to high pulse-energies at high repetition rates. The broadband Ti:Sapphire laser pulses are parametrically amplified either directly or after additional spectral broadening. The approach of fiber-based pump-pulse generation from a femtosecond laser, that emits in the spectral region of NOPA–gain, offers enhanced long-term stability and pulse quality compared to conventional techniques, such as signal pulse generation from a high power laser system via filamentation in bulk media. The presented system produces high-energy ultra-short pulses with pulse-durations down to 15.6 fs and pulse-energies up to 500 nJ at a repetition rate as high as 2 MHz.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
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    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. Hansen, J. Broeng, and A. Tünnermann, "Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity," Opt. Express 13, 7621-7630 (2005).
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2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

J. Dudley and S. Coen, "Fundamental limits to few-cycle pulse generation from compression of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2423-2428 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification" Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, "Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839, (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aguergaray, C.

Akahane, Y.

Andersen, T. V.

Aoyama, M.

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

Bartelt, H.

Broeng, J.

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chi, R.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification" Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

Cormier, E.

Descamps, D.

Dudley, J.

Durfee, C.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Fujita, M.

Guofu, C.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification" Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, K.

Harimoto, T.

Hongjun, L.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification" Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iliew, R.

Jacobsen, C.

Kapteyn, H. C.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawanaka, J.

Killi, A.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Visible pulse compression to 4 fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control," Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kobelke, J.

Krausz, F.

Lederer, F.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Matsushima, I.

Montant, S.

Morgner, U.

Murnane, M. M.

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, H.

Ogawa, K.

Ortac, B.

Ortaç, B.

Palmer, G.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, A.

Petit, S.

Rademaker, K.

Röser, F.

Rothhard, J.

Rothhardt, J.

Sakane, I.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

Schimpf, D.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, A.

Sugiyama, A.

Takasaka, M.

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tavella, F.

Tomie, T.

Tropper, A.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, K.

Tünnermann, A.

Wei, Z.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification" Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, E.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, "Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, "Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, "Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, "Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

Yashiro, H.

Yishan, W.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification" Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification" Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, H.

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, "Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification" Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Zheng, J. Wu, H. Xu, K. Wu, and E. Wu, "Generation of accurately synchronized pump source for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 837-839, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Shirakawa, I. Sakane, M. Takasaka, and T. Kobayashi, "Sub-5-fs pulse generation by pulse-front-matched noncollinear optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2268-2270 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. Tropper, and D. Hanna, "Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1049-1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 233-244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

G. Cerullo and S. Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Backus, C. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn. "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

C. Schriever, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Tunable 20 fs red pulses with up to 200 nJ energy from a 2 MHz Yb-doped fiber laser oscillator/amplifier system,"in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies 2007 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2007), CMT5.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

www.sandia.gov/imrl/X1118/xxtal.htm.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Measured output spectrum of 1.1 nJ pulses with central wavelength of 810 nm coupled into 1m PCF NL-3.7-975 (red dots) and output spectrum of numerical simulation (blue) (b) Spectral evolution of 1.1 nJ pulses during numerical propagation in 1 m of PCF NL-3.7-975. The spectral intensity is shown in logarithmic scale.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup of the high power fiber amplifier

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Autocorrelation trace of the compressed pulses at 1 µJ (black) and 10 µJ (red) compressed pulse energy

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Second harmonic power (red) and conversion efficiency (blue) versus compressed output power of fiber chirped pulse amplifier

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental setup of the parametric amplifier

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Spectrum of the seed pulses (red) and the amplified pulses (blue).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Autocorrelation trace of the amplified pulses (red dots) and a corresponding sech2-pulse (blue)

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Normalized spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire oscillator (green), the spectrally broadened pulse (red) and amplified spectrum (blue)

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Output spectra of the NOPA with full pump power (blue) and without pump (blue)

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Measured autocorrelation trace of the compressed pulses (red) and fourier transformation of the measured spectrum (green). The measured autocorrelation width corresponds to 15.6 fs pulse duration.

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