Abstract

We investigated some magnetic metamaterials based on cut-wire pairs instead of split-ring resonators to quest for the possibility of a negative magnetic permeability. Several periodic structures of cut-wire pairs were designed and fabricated, and their transmission spectra were measured in the microwave-frequency regime. The width dependence of magnetic-resonance frequency was studied both theoretically and experimentally for the periodic structures of cut-wire pairs. It was found that, besides the length dependence, the magnetic-resonance frequency also depends significantly on the width of cut-wire pair. A simple equivalent-circuit model proposed by Zhou et al. [Opt. Lett. 31, 3620–3622 (2006)] was employed to elucidate this interesting phenomenon and to simulate the width dependence. In the simulation the magnetic and the electric energies of the cut-wire pair were directly calculated to obtain the magnetic-resonance frequency. The theoretical results are in good agreement with the experimental ones. It reveals that there is a rather easy way to manipulate the magnetic-resonance frequency of magnetic-magnetic metamaterials.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and Ppermittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. Guven, M. D. Caliskan, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of left-handed transmission in a bilayer metamaterial under normal-to-plane propagation," Opt. Express 14, 8685-8693 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (5)

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas, "Negative refraction in random photonic alloys of polaritonic and plasmonic microspheres," Phys. Rev. B 75, 035112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, "Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, "dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (6)

J. Zhou, E. N. Economon, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Unifying approach to left-handed material design," Opt. Lett. 31, 3620-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Guven, M. D. Caliskan, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of left-handed transmission in a bilayer metamaterial under normal-to-plane propagation," Opt. Express 14, 8685-8693 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas and N. V. Vitanov, "Photoexcitation-induced magnetism in arrays of semiconductor nanoparticles with a strong excitonic oscillator strength," Phys. Rev. B 74, 193304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, "Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2929-2936 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and Ppermittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aydin, K.

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, "dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, K. J. Malloy, S. R. J. Brueck, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Near-infrared double negative metamaterials," Opt. Express 13, 4922-4930 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulu, I.

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

Caliskan, M. D.

Chen, H.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, "Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U. K.

Chultz, S.

D. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and Ppermittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dolling, G.

Dong, Z. G.

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

Economon, E. N.

Enkrich, C.

Etrich, C.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, W.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, K. J. Malloy, S. R. J. Brueck, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Near-infrared double negative metamaterials," Opt. Express 13, 4922-4930 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gay-Balmaz, P.

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, "Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2929-2936 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gokkavas, M.

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grzegorczyk, T. M.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, "Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guven, K.

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Guven, M. D. Caliskan, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of left-handed transmission in a bilayer metamaterial under normal-to-plane propagation," Opt. Express 14, 8685-8693 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huangfu, J.

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kafesaki, M.

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

Kong, J.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, "Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kong, J. A.

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, T.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economon, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Unifying approach to left-handed material design," Opt. Lett. 31, 3620-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lei, S. Y.

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

Liu, H.

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Malloy, K. J.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, K. J. Malloy, S. R. J. Brueck, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Near-infrared double negative metamaterials," Opt. Express 13, 4922-4930 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, O. J. F.

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, "Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2929-2936 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nemat-Nesser, S.

D. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and Ppermittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osgood, R. M.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, K. J. Malloy, S. R. J. Brueck, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Near-infrared double negative metamaterials," Opt. Express 13, 4922-4930 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozbay, E.

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Guven, M. D. Caliskan, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental observation of left-handed transmission in a bilayer metamaterial under normal-to-plane propagation," Opt. Express 14, 8685-8693 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padilla, W.

D. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and Ppermittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, K. J. Malloy, S. R. J. Brueck, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Near-infrared double negative metamaterials," Opt. Express 13, 4922-4930 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Penciu, R. S.

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peng, L.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, "Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pertsch, T.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ran, L.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, "Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarychev, A. K.

Scharf, T.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuller, J. A.

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, "dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Smith, D.

D. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and Ppermittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economon, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Unifying approach to left-handed material design," Opt. Lett. 31, 3620-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, "Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30, 3198-3200, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taubner, T.

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, "dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tuttle, G.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vier, D.

D. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and Ppermittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vitanov, N. V.

V. Yannopapas and N. V. Vitanov, "Photoexcitation-induced magnetism in arrays of semiconductor nanoparticles with a strong excitonic oscillator strength," Phys. Rev. B 74, 193304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F. M.

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

Xu, M. X.

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yannopapas, V.

V. Yannopapas, "Negative refraction in random photonic alloys of polaritonic and plasmonic microspheres," Phys. Rev. B 75, 035112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas and N. V. Vitanov, "Photoexcitation-induced magnetism in arrays of semiconductor nanoparticles with a strong excitonic oscillator strength," Phys. Rev. B 74, 193304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, H-K.

Zhang, H.

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, "Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, K. J. Malloy, S. R. J. Brueck, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, "Near-infrared double negative metamaterials," Opt. Express 13, 4922-4930 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economon, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Unifying approach to left-handed material design," Opt. Lett. 31, 3620-3622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J. F.

Zhu, S. N.

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, "dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Huangfu, L. Ran, H. Chen, X. M. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Experimental con-firmation of negative refractive index of a metamaterial composed of ∧-like metallic patterns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1537-1539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, "Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2929-2936 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (5)

M. Gokkavas, K. Guven, I. Bulu, K. Aydin, R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, "Experimental demonstration of a left-handed metamaterial operating at 100 GHz," Phys. Rev. B 73, 193103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Dong, S. Y. Lei, Q. Li, M. X. Xu, H. Liu, T. Li, F. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, "Non-left-handed transmission and bianisotropic effect in a π-shaped metallic metamaterial," Phys. Rev. B 75, 075117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, L. Zhang, G. Tuttle, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Negative index materials using simple short wire pairs," Phys. Rev. B 73, 041101(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas and N. V. Vitanov, "Photoexcitation-induced magnetism in arrays of semiconductor nanoparticles with a strong excitonic oscillator strength," Phys. Rev. B 74, 193304 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas, "Negative refraction in random photonic alloys of polaritonic and plasmonic microspheres," Phys. Rev. B 75, 035112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

H. Chen, L. Ran, J. Huangfu, X. Zhang, K. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, "Left-handed materials composed of only S-shaped resonators," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057605 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and T. Scharf, "Design of an artificial three-dimensional composite metamaterial with magnetic resonances in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 017401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Peng, L. Ran, H. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Kong, and T. M. Grzegorczyk, "Experimental observation of left-handed behavior in an array of standard dielectric resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 157403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Schuller, R. Zia, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, "dielectric metamaterials based on electric and magnetic resonances of silicon carbide particles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 107401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Smith, W. Padilla, D. Vier, S. Nemat-Nesser, and S. Chultz, "Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and Ppermittivity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184-4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, "Negative refraction makes a perfect lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, "Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies," Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. S. Hong and M. J. Lanscaster, Microstrip Filters for RF/Microwave Application (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2000).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(Color online) (a) Geometry of the cut-wire pair. (b) Top view of the cut-wire pair medium. The unit cell dimensions in the x and the y directions ax =3.5 mm and ay =7.0 mm. Length l=5.5 mm, and width w=0.7 mm, 1.0 mm and 1.8 mm. (c) Photo of one side of the fabricated cut-wire pair medium with w=1.0 mm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured transmission spectra of the cut-wire pair medium with different widths of the cut-wire

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured transmission spectra of the cut-wire pair medium with different distances between the cut-wire pairs. The inset shows the transmission spectra of the cut-wire pair media with different numbers of layers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Plot of simulated magnetic-resonance frequency as a function of the width of cut-wire pair. The experimental data are also plotted.

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